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Art History Timeline 30,000 BC- present. Stone Age 30,000-10,000 b.c. 40,000 years ago Humans were hunter-gatherers– day revolved around food Portable.

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Presentation on theme: "Art History Timeline 30,000 BC- present. Stone Age 30,000-10,000 b.c. 40,000 years ago Humans were hunter-gatherers– day revolved around food Portable."— Presentation transcript:

1 Art History Timeline 30,000 BC- present

2 Stone Age 30,000-10,000 b.c. 40,000 years ago Humans were hunter-gatherers– day revolved around food Portable art- could take with them Stationary art- cave walls, stayed forever Art was about FOOD or FERTILITY Artists unknown EnglandIreland

3 Egyptian 5,000 b.c a.d. Painting and sculpture Symbolic: animals, colors, size Emphasis on life after death

4 CLASSICAL ART Greek & Roman b.c. Classical Arts main medium was sculpture Greek: Athletics, Mythology, Daily life, Doric/Ionic columns Athens Most famous temple: Parthenon (dedicated to Athena) Perfection, balance, idealism Roman: Mythology, Real people, Historical events, Corinthian columns Rome Most famous temple: Pantheon (dedicated to 7 gods) Practical, realism

5 Roman Art Sarcófago Ludovisi– The Battle of Rome Vatican City- St. Peters Basillica Colosseum Pantheon Ancient Ruins The Senate

6 Asian 653 b.c-1900 a.d Chinese, Japanese, Indian Oldest and continuous kind of art– traditional Painting, sculpture, pottery, decorative arts Ceramic factories showed wealth and power of emperors (still have today) Serene, meditative art; Nature Ink on silk or paper

7 Chinese Art Terracotta Soldiers– more than 7,000 total Buddha- Yungang Grottoes- over 51,000 Buddha statues in this cave Hanshan Temple- bell rings at Chinese New Year- there is one in Japan too Hanging Temple- for 3 religions: Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism

8 Byzantine a.d Eastern Rome More abstract & symbolic than Roman art Flat or One-dimensional Why the change? Debate over whether there was a decline in artistic talent or if there was an oriental influence. Artists were members of the religious house Long, Narrow, Solemn faces– Bodies faced front Religion- icon image of Jesus Christ Dedication of Constantinople- capitol city, ruled by Constantine Illumination of biblical texts Ivory reliefs, no sculptures-- idolatry

9 Byzantine Art Giunta Pisano, Crucifix in Bologna, Italy San Vitale Basillica in Ravenna, Italy Mosaics

10 Islamic a.d Architecture, calligraphy, painting, glass, ceramics, textiles (rugs) Maze-like designs, repeating elements- arabesques Only God is perfect Infinite and indivisible nature of God People were not portrayed in art- idolizing Secret miniatures Architecture: Mosque, Tomb, Palace, Fort

11 Middle Ages Also known as the Dark Ages: decrease in prosperity, stability, and population Art was associated with churches because it was costly, so almost all art was religious Over 1,000 years of art in Europe; includes many major art movements: Romanesque: Piestic paintings- religious, large churches, no portraits, muted colors Gothic art: brighter colors, sculptures, realism, naturalism, stained glass, symmetry

12 Middle Ages Art fresco Vaulted ceilings & Flying buttresses

13 Renaissance Rebirth of Classical traditions– but apply scientific advancements & religious changes Naturalism, 3D, lifelike rescuing and restoring art from the crude Byzantine style Anatomy & human emotion Themes: religious altar pieces, fresco cycles, and small works for private collections Techniques: perspective, foreshortening, sfumato, chiaroscuro, balance, proportion

14 Renaissance Techniques foreshortening sfumatochiaroscuro

15 Mannerism Break rules Artifice over nature Intellectual sophistication Beautiful, has style Compositional tension & instability rather than balance & clarity of the Renaissance Elongated proportions, stylized poses, no clear perspective, theatrical lighting, strange settings

16 Baroque Started by Catholic church- the arts should communicate religious themes Art as a weapon in the religious wars- church wanted to speak to the illiterate, not just the well informed To impress visitors– express triumph, power, & control The name was at first given as an insult– too many unnecessary details, noisy--translates to elaborate Exaggerated motion, clear details

17 Romanticism Not love romance, but GLORIFICATION– glorified concepts such as liberty, survival, ideals, hope, awe, heroism, despair, and the various feelings that nature evokes in humans (views & sunsets) First start seeing feelings of the artist, not everyone feels the same Creation from nothingness– originality Characteristics: Emotional emphasis Nature can kill you (shipwrecks, lots of shipwrecks) Current events No exact style, technique, or subject matter The Raft of the Medusa Sea of Ice, Wreck of Hope Liberty Leading the People The Nightmare Wanderer above the Sea of Fog

18 Realism Focus on every day life Represent art truthfully– portray exactly what they saw Rejected Romanticism– avoided over exaggerated emotionalism and drama, instead portrayed things as they really were with no emotions involved Included all classes of people in all aspects of life (even if it was ugly) Ordinary people in ordinary life Photography was introduced and became popular The End of the Working Day Bonjour, Monsiuer Corbet The Arnolfini Portrait

19 Impressionism Began in Paris by a group of artists Name comes from Monets painting, Impression Sunrise Characteristics Small, thin, visible brushstrokes Ordinary subject matter Capturing effects of natural light & how it changes Unusual visual angles Movement Colors often arent mixed, instead laid side by side Avoids using black paint, grays (complimentary colors to shade) Didnt wait for paint to dry Painted in evenings to create shadows & studied natural colors of light Haystacks Lydia Leaning on Her Arms

20 Post-Impressionism Continued impressionist style, but emphasized geometric forms Exaggerated an aspect of impressionism Impasto- thick application of paint– shows off texture and paint marks Used unnatural color Pointillism

21 Fauvism Led by Matisse and Derain Only had 3 exhibitions, lasted a short time Wild brushstrokes Strong color Not realistic; abstract; simple Color theory study

22 Cubism Considered most influential movement of 20 th century Objects are analyzed, broken up, and rearranged Many viewpoints instead of just one Abstract Inspired movements in other art forms (music, literature, theatre)

23 Surrealism Painting dreams Exploring the unconscious– automatic writing Illogical scenes that looked realistic Made creatures out of every day objects Element of surprise

24 Abstract Expressionism First American-only influenced movement-- NYC Spontaneous, automatic, subconscious Its better to catch the spirit of the sea, rather than all its tiny ripples.

25 Modernism 1960-present Freedom of expression Experimentation Pop-Art Consumerism Radicalism Startled audiences Collage, installations ready-mades Performance art

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