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Art History Timeline 30,000 BC- present.

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Presentation on theme: "Art History Timeline 30,000 BC- present."— Presentation transcript:

1 Art History Timeline 30,000 BC- present

2 Stone Age 30,000-10,000 b.c. England Ireland 40,000 years ago Humans were hunter-gatherers– day revolved around food Portable art- could take with them Stationary art- cave walls, stayed forever Art was about FOOD or FERTILITY Artists unknown

3 Egyptian 5,000 b.c.- 300 a.d. Painting and sculpture
Symbolic: animals, colors, size Emphasis on life after death

4 CLASSICAL ART Greek & Roman 1700-1400 b.c.
Classical Art’s main medium was sculpture Greek: Athletics, Mythology, Daily life, Doric/Ionic columns Athens Most famous temple: Parthenon (dedicated to Athena) Perfection, balance, idealism Roman: Mythology, Real people, Historical events, Corinthian columns Rome Most famous temple: Pantheon (dedicated to 7 gods) Practical, realism CLASSICAL ART Greek & Roman b.c.

5 Roman Art The Senate Ancient Ruins Sarcófago Ludovisi–
The Battle of Rome Pantheon Vatican City- St. Peter’s Basillica Colosseum

6 Asian 653 b.c-1900 a.d Chinese, Japanese, Indian
Oldest and continuous kind of art– traditional Painting, sculpture, pottery, decorative arts Ceramic factories showed wealth and power of emperors (still have today) Serene, meditative art; Nature Ink on silk or paper

7 Chinese Art Hanshan Temple- bell rings at Chinese New Year- there is one in Japan too Hanging Temple- for 3 religions: Buddhism, Confucianism, and Taoism Terracotta Soldiers– more than 7,000 total Buddha- Yungang Grottoes- over 51,000 Buddha statues in this cave

8 Byzantine a.d. 476-1853 Eastern Rome
More abstract & symbolic than Roman art Flat or One-dimensional Why the change? Debate over whether there was a decline in artistic talent or if there was an oriental influence. Artists were members of the religious house Long, Narrow, Solemn faces– Bodies faced front Religion- icon image of Jesus Christ Dedication of Constantinople- capitol city, ruled by Constantine Illumination of biblical texts Ivory reliefs, no sculptures-- idolatry

9 Byzantine Art San Vitale Basillica in Ravenna, Italy Mosaics
Giunta Pisano, Crucifix in Bologna, Italy

10 Islamic a.d Architecture, calligraphy, painting, glass, ceramics, textiles (rugs) Maze-like designs, repeating elements- arabesques Only God is perfect Infinite and indivisible nature of God People were not portrayed in art- idolizing Secret miniatures Architecture: Mosque, Tomb, Palace, Fort

11 Middle Ages Also known as the Dark Ages: decrease in prosperity, stability, and population Art was associated with churches because it was costly, so almost all art was religious Over 1,000 years of art in Europe; includes many major art movements: Romanesque: Piestic paintings- religious, large churches, no portraits, muted colors Gothic art: brighter colors, sculptures, realism, naturalism, stained glass, symmetry

12 Middle Ages Art fresco Vaulted ceilings & Flying buttresses

13 Renaissance Rebirth of Classical traditions– but apply scientific advancements & religious changes Naturalism, 3D, lifelike “rescuing and restoring art” from the “crude Byzantine style” Anatomy & human emotion Themes: religious altar pieces, fresco cycles, and small works for private collections Techniques: perspective, foreshortening, sfumato, chiaroscuro, balance, proportion

14 Renaissance Techniques
foreshortening sfumato chiaroscuro

15 Mannerism 1527-1580 Break rules Artifice over nature
Intellectual sophistication Beautiful, “has style” Compositional tension & instability rather than balance & clarity of the Renaissance Elongated proportions, stylized poses, no clear perspective, theatrical lighting, strange settings

16 Baroque Started by Catholic church- the arts should communicate religious themes Art as a weapon in the religious wars- church wanted to speak to the illiterate, not just the well informed To impress visitors– express triumph, power, & control The name was at first given as an insult– too many unnecessary details, noisy--translates to “elaborate” Exaggerated motion, clear details

17 Wanderer above the Sea of Fog
Romanticism The Nightmare Sea of Ice, Wreck of Hope Liberty Leading the People Not love romance, but GLORIFICATION– glorified concepts such as liberty, survival, ideals, hope, awe, heroism, despair, and the various feelings that nature evokes in humans (views & sunsets) First start seeing feelings of the artist, not everyone feels the same Creation from nothingness– originality Characteristics: Emotional emphasis Nature can kill you (shipwrecks, lots of shipwrecks) Current events No exact style, technique, or subject matter The Raft of the Medusa

18 Realism 1848-1900 Focus on every day life
The End of the Working Day Realism Focus on every day life Represent art truthfully– portray exactly what they saw Rejected Romanticism– avoided over exaggerated emotionalism and drama, instead portrayed things as they really were with no emotions involved Included all classes of people in all aspects of life (even if it was ugly) Ordinary people in ordinary life Photography was introduced and became popular Bonjour, Monsiuer Corbet The Arnolfini Portrait

19 Impressionism 1865-1885 Began in Paris by a group of artists
Name comes from Monet’s painting, “Impression Sunrise” Characteristics Small, thin, visible brushstrokes Ordinary subject matter Capturing effects of natural light & how it changes Unusual visual angles Movement Colors often aren’t mixed, instead laid side by side Avoids using black paint, grays (complimentary colors to shade) Didn’t wait for paint to dry Painted in evenings to create shadows & studied natural colors of light Haystacks Lydia Leaning on Her Arms

20 Post-Impressionism Continued impressionist style, but emphasized geometric forms Exaggerated an aspect of impressionism Impasto- thick application of paint– shows off texture and paint marks Used unnatural color Pointillism

21 Fauvism 1900-1910 Led by Matisse and Derain
Only had 3 exhibitions, lasted a short time Wild brushstrokes Strong color Not realistic; abstract; simple Color theory study

22 Cubism 1905-1920 Considered most influential movement of 20th century
Objects are analyzed, broken up, and rearranged Many viewpoints instead of just one Abstract Inspired movements in other art forms (music, literature, theatre)

23 Surrealism 1917-1950 Painting dreams
Exploring the unconscious– automatic writing Illogical scenes that looked realistic Made creatures out of every day objects Element of surprise

24 Abstract Expressionism 1940-1960
First American-only influenced movement-- NYC Spontaneous, automatic, subconscious “It’s better to catch the spirit of the sea, rather than all it’s tiny ripples.”

25 Modernism 1960-present Freedom of expression Experimentation Pop-Art
Consumerism Radicalism Startled audiences Collage, installations “ready-mades” Performance art


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