Presentation on theme: "GOOD MORNING What are these posters examples of? Identify each of the posters by stating what the poster is advertising and how it will help the US during."— Presentation transcript:
GOOD MORNING What are these posters examples of? Identify each of the posters by stating what the poster is advertising and how it will help the US during WWII.
Daily Life in Wartime America FDR was worried that mobilizing the economy might result in inflation. Wages and prices began to rise quickly during the war because of the demand for workers and raw materials. To stabilize this, Roosevelt set up the agencies to regulate wages and prices of products. They managed to keep inflation under control.
What was Rationing? Rationing, started by the OPA, was a system that provided everyone with the same amount of scarce goods. The system was designed to keep prices low and to make sure people had what they needed.
Some things were scarce because they were needed to supply the military - gas, oil, meat, metal and other food, for example. Some things were scarce because they normally were imported from countries with whom we were at war with or because they had to be brought in by a ship from a foreign country. Sugar and coffee were very scarce. They didn't make Coca- Cola during the war because sugar was so scarce. Why would people support the idea of rations?
But rationing made sure no one went hungry. Everyone was given a ration book with a number of stamps in it. Grocers and other business people would post what your ration stamps could buy that week. The items at the store still cost money, but you couldnt even buy the item without a ration stamp.
Instructions on the Back of Ration Books 1. This book is valuable. Don't lose it. 2. Each stamp authorizes you to purchase rationed goods in the quantities and at the times designated by the Office of Price Administration. Without the stamps you will be unable to purchase these goods. 3. Detailed instructions concerning the use of the book and the stamps will be issued. Watch for those instructions so that you will know how to use your book and stamps. Your Local War Price and Rationing Board can give you full information. 4. Do not throw this book away when all of the stamps have been used, or when the time for their use has expired. You may be required to present this book when you apply for subsequent books.
5. Rationing is a vital part of your country's war effort. Any attempt to violate the rules is an effort to deny someone his share and will create hardship and help the enemy. 6. This book is your Government's assurance of your right to buy your share of certain goods made scarce by war. Price ceilings have also been established for your protection. Dealers must post these prices conspicuously. Don't pay more. 6. Give your whole support to rationing and thereby conserve our vital goods. Be guided by the rule: "If you don't need it, DON'T BUY IT." US Government Printing Office 1943
Victory Gardens: People were encouraged by the government to plant Victory Gardens and grow their own vegetables to supplement the foods they could buy with their ration stamps.
For Americans at home, living without was not that difficult because many people remembered the Depression. By comparison, things were not that bad. Most people were glad to have some way to help and take an active part in the war.
Paying for the War: The war cost the United States more than $300 billion. In order to raise money, the government raised taxes however that only covered less than half of the costs. The government again issued bonds to raise money for the rest of the cost (Just as they did during WWI). When Americans bought bonds they were loaning money to the federal government and the government promised that the bonds could be redeemed at a future date for the price of the bond plus interest.
The Changing Ways of Women When the United States entered the Second World War, "Rosie the Riveter" became the symbol for women workers in the American defense industries.
Japanese Internment Images of Internment
Korematsu v. United States Victims of Japanese internment brought their case to the Supreme Court, where it was upheld that forced evacuation was a reasonable wartime emergency measure. In 1988, Congress voted to pay $20,000 to each of the 60,000 surviving Americans who had been interned.
BBC News Clip US Dropping of the Bomb
Modified OPVL groups of two:
Was Truman Justified in the Dropping of the Atomic Bomb? –it would end the war successfully at the earliest possible moment –it justified the effort and expense of building the atomic bombs –it offered hope of achieving diplomatic gains in the growing rivalry with the Soviet Union –there were a lack of incentives not to use the weapons –because of America's hatred of the Japanese and a desire for vengeance Trinity Project