4OREGON’S MOST POPULAR “REROOF”/RECOVER FOR SCHOOLS SAD, BUT TRUE………Seldom meets code for wind, slope, vapor retarder, puncture resistance, and plumbing.Requires additional insulation to be equal in energy efficiency to fully adhered assemblies.Fosters condensation where ponding water occurs without adequate insulation or venting between vapor retarder and roof covering.Poor base of financially responsible contractors with good performance records.Spotty service performance.Currently, mechanically attached recovers are the cheapest and riskiest to install and poorest in energy conservation in Oregon.
5Oregon’s Most Popular Method for Reroofing…Has it’s drawbacks!!!
6WHY ARE MOST SCHOOL RECOVERS or REROOFS MECHANICALLY ATTACHED? Purchasers Price Motivated.Lack of Experience or Equipment to Install other methods or roof assemblies.Less Training for Roofers.Less Compliant With Codes or Accepted Practices Which, to Comply With, Would Increase Installed Cost.Cheapest Assembly is Always Easiest to Sell
7THE OSFMA ROOF ASSEMBLY PERFORMANCE CRITERIARoof assemblies code compliant for it’s location for new construction, recovers and reroofing.Roof assemblies that are energy efficient.Roof assemblies with a verifiable record of long term performance of 20 or more years.Practical resistance to vandalism or other roof traffic.Installed by financially responsible contractors capable of bonding project(s) including verifiable record of exemplary performance.Competitively priced while meeting performance criteria.
8Today’s information is factual WHAT A DILEMMA…….Today’s information is factualBUT….It may contradict much of what you’ve heard and believed about roofs until today.
9MOST OF TODAY’S INFORMATION IS FROM…. Oregon State Structural Specialty CodeFederal-DOE-Oakridge LabsWSCRA 10 Year TPO TestingSPRI – Laboratory TestingFirestone, Carlisle, DOW (JP Stevens), Soprema, NRCA, NRC & RCIWUFIOregon SRC Field ExperienceA Bibliography is Included
10HOW DO ROOF ASSEMBLY PROBLEMS BEGIN? METAL ROOF The metal roof supplier will not guarantee their roof against condensation. BUT The metal roof salesman or your architect can’t tell you how to design their roofs to avoid, or prevent, condensation. SHINGLE ROOF The insulation supplier recommends a vapor retarder under the shingles. The vapor retarder is excluded from the architect’s specifications because is wasn’t “required”. WHY Roofs with vapor retarders can cost 5-7% more.
11Horizontal Wrinkles Completed The “Picture Framing” THE RECOMMENDED VAPOR RETARDER WAS OMITTED & CONDENSATION DEVELOPEDWaverly # 129: KS wRJHorizontal Wrinkles Completed The “Picture Framing”
12RESPONSIBILITY AVERSION & CONFLICT CREATIONA technical drawing illustrated the size and attachment pattern on the top of a wall andThe architect said……..“That’s far more detail than we ever show, and a good deal of it falls under the Contractors Means and Methods of how to install a roof.”An attorney receives an award for “opining”…….“The contractor is not responsible for the adequacy of the performance OR design criteria required by the contract”.OOPS!!!
13ROOFING FACT THE MOST COMMON SOURCE FOR “TECHNICAL” INFORMATION COMES FROM SALESMEN WHO CARRY NOPROFESSIONAL LIABILITY INSURANCEAND HAVE NO CONTRACTURALAGREEMENTS WITH THE DISTRICTOR THE ARCHITECTS THEY WORK FOR
14FULLY ADHERED COOL ROOF WITHOUT VAPOR RETARDER Specifications Provided by Sales Rep and Followed by Architect, Owner and RooferProvidence # 38ROOF COMPLIED WITH REQUIREMENTS FOR WIND UPLIFT BUT COULDN’T WITHSTAND INTERIOR VAPOR MIGRATION AND BALLOONED ITSELF APART.
16THE CODE FOR OREGON IS:THE 2010 OREGON STRUCTURAL SPECIALTY CODE It is based primarily on the International Building Code.
17CODES DO NOT APPLY TO ONE KIND OF ROOF ASSEMBLY…. BUT NOT TO ANOTHER Codes are Based onMinimum Standards
18The insulation under the metal roof assembly had none. This new school had 2 kinds of roof assemblies.The insulation under the built-up roof assemblyhad a vapor retarder.The insulation under the metal roof assembly had none.
19WHAT IS A ROOF “ASSEMBLY”? AND WHAT DOES IT DO? A Roof “Assembly” is:All of the components necessary to keep water out of the building from the “roof” covering.AndAll of the components necessary to keep water out of the roof “assembly” from the inside.A roof failure is a failure of any roof assembly component, regardless of it’s location.
20CHAPTER 15 ROOF ASSEMBLIES AND ROOFTOP STRUCTURES Oregon Structural Specialty Code DEFINITIONROOF ASSEMBLY; A system designed to provide weather protection and resistance to wind loads. A roof assembly includes the roof deck, vapor retarder, substrate or thermal barrier, insulation and roof covering.
21ONE LITTLE WALL WITHOUT A VAPOR RETARDER….. Waverly # 129: KS wRJCaused condensation that showed with a wrinkle at every insulation joint
22A ROOF ASSEMBLY IS THE SUM OF IT’S PARTS Decking, plumbing, sheet metal, seismic anchors, HVAC, electrical, skylights and insulation add up to a ROOF ASSEMBLY.Carpenters, Electricians, Welders, HVAC Contractors, Plumbers, Sheet Metal Workers, and General Contractors work impacts the ROOF ASSEMBLIES PERFORMANCE.Manufacturers, Mechanical Engineers, Structural Engineers and Architects designs affect the ROOF ASSEMBLIES PERFORMANCE.
23Material OR workmanship COMPONENT OF THE ROOF ASSEMBLY WHAT IS “ROOF” FAILURE?A “roof” failure isA failure of any design,Material OR workmanship COMPONENT OF THE ROOF ASSEMBLYOnly a few of the roof assembly components aredesigned or installed by a roofer
24Roof Insulation Chapter 13 Energy Conservation Chapter 13 ROOF ASSEMBLIES MUST COMPLY WITH REQUIREMENTS FOUND WITHIN THE FOLLOWING CODE CHAPTERSVentilation Chapter 12Roof Insulation Chapter 13Energy Conservation Chapter 13Drainage Chapter 16Wind Chapter 16The Plumbing CodeAND……………
25SOMETIMES THE REQUIREMENTS ARE HARD TO FIND The code for vapor retardersis listed inSection 1312Exterior Envelope-Other BuildingsThere is no cross reference in the Roof Assembly Chapter to help in locating the requirements for a vapor retarder.
26ROOF ASSEMBLIES MUST COMPLY WITH THE FOLLOWING STANDARDS Impact Puncture Resistance: CGSB 37-GP-52M or FM4470 Section 5.5Material Standards. Thermoset single- ply: ASTM D 4637, ASTM 5019, orASTM 4434, or CGSB CAN/CGSBRoof Insulation: FM4450 or UL1266.( Includes passing dart drop testing)
27CHAPTER 13 ENERGY CONSERVATION Oregon Structural Specialty Code Moisture Control. A 1-perm vapor retarder shall be installed on the warm side(in winter) in all exterior floors, walls and ceilings of heated buildings.MOST SCHOOLS IN OREGON ARE HEATED(There is only one exception which is for insulation installed in ceilings in an existing structure and where ventilation has been provided as specified in Section 1203).
28CODE COMPLIANCE ROOF DRAINAGE SECTION 1504.1 ROOF DRAINAGE. Roofs shall be sloped a minimum of 1 unit vertical in 48 units horizontal (2-percent slope) for drainage unless designed for water accumulation in accordance with Section and approved by the building official. (requires verification to preclude progressive deflection)SECTIONOverflow drains and scuppers. Drains must have overflows, the same size as the drain or overflow scuppers three times the size of the drain with minimum height of 4”.
30CODE COMPLIANCE REROOFING General. Materials and methods of application used for recovering or replacing an existing roof covering shall comply with the requirements ofChapter 15.Literally, whatever is required for new roofs isrequired for reroofs or recovers.
31CODE COMPLIANCE Does the code require a 2% slope for ALL roofs including reroofs and recovers?SECTIONREROOFINGException : If the roof doesn’t have a 2% slope it is required to provide positive roof drainage which is defined as-POSITIVE ROOF DRAINAGE. The drainage condition in which consideration has been made for all loading deflections of the roof deck, and additional slope has been provided to ensure drainage of the roof within 48 hours of precipitation.There are NO exclusions (“excuses” for ponding water) on any type of roof.
32A CODE CONUNDRUM!Building officials don’t interpret the code consistently.Failing to obtain a building permit has little “consequences”.Few contractors have code manuals and few building officials have roofing manuals.Building departments do not carry liability insurance for incorrect decisions, interpretations or failures to uphold the code.
33CODE COMPLIANCE THE CODE IS THE SAME FOR REROOFING AS OREGON’S REROOFING CODESECTION 1511REROOFINGGeneral. Materials and methods of application used for recovering or replacing an existing roof covering shall comply with the requirements of Chapter 15.Exception: Reroofing shall not be required to meet the minimum design slope requirement of one-quarter unit vertical in 12 units horizontal (2-percent slope) in Section for roofs that provide positive roof drainage.Structural and construction loads. Structural roof components shall be capable of supporting the roof-covering system and the material and equipment loads that will beencountered during installation of the system.IN LAYMAN’S TERMS!Requires compliance for drain sizes, installation of overflows, vapor retarders, ventilation and applicable cross-references to other sections.Requires positive drainage with additional slope provided to ensure drainage within 48 hours of precipitation (applies to all types of roofs with no exclusions).New structural codes often consider structures to be overloaded with one roof only. Even a 10% increase in weight triggers seismic upgrades.THE CODE IS THE SAME FOR REROOFING ASIT IS FOR NEW CONSTRUCTION!
36Being Cool Has Consequences That someone will have to pay for.
37A BIG CONUNDRUM Fully-adhered (compact) cool roof system WHAT DOE RECOMENDS IS NOT INSTALLEDFully-adhered (compact) cool roof systemis the only system recommended by DOEIt is the most expensive for both materials and labor- It is the least risky for condensation andhighest in energy efficiencyHOWEVERMechanically-attached cool roofs installedover other roofs is popular in Oregon- It is the least expensive- It has the highest risk for condensation& the lowest energy efficiencyCAN YOU AFFORD TO SAVE MONEY AND BE COOL?
39ROGUE RIVER HIGH SCHOOL WESTERN OREGON EXPERIENCEROGUE RIVER HIGH SCHOOLTo my knowledge…Oregon’s most expensive per square foot cool roof condensation failure required nearly 60% of steel decking to be replaced
40The Cool Roof Savings Calculator COOL? BUT NOT IN OREGONThe Cool Roof Savings CalculatorCOOL………………The DOE/WUFI Cool Roof Savings Calculator will calculate your conversion to a cool roof in 2 minutes.NOT SO COOL…………It only compares black roofs to cool roofs (more than 90% of Oregon’s conventional roofs have white ceramic surfaces)REALLY NOT COOL……………..The Cool Roof Savings Calculator’s formula is based on fully adhered roofs with insulation and not for Oregon’s most popular method for installing cool roofs- mechanically attached. Roofs that are vented were not tested.
41COOL ROOF SAVINGS CALCULATOR TELLS IT LIKE IT ISFrom Oakridge National Labs“The calculator was designed for compact low slope roofs only. It is probably OK for unvented assemblies not for vented roofs.”NOTE: Most cool roofs recovers are mechanically attached over vented roof spaces which will not enhance cool roof savings.From Lew Seagraves, Licensed Mechanical Engineer“Using applicable energy rates and mechanical efficiencies revealed that none of the listed locations (Astoria, Burns, Eugene, Medford, North Bend, Pendleton, Portland, Redmond and Salem) would retain any cool savings without addressing, or re-engineering the amount of insulation required to show a savings when converting from a black surface to a cool roof rated surface. The black surface requires less insulation to achieve maximum savings.”NO savings for any location in Oregon. AND, not valid for Oregon’s most common construction and widely used cool roof method of installation.
42RECOMMENDS 45 MIL THICK TPO VAPOR RETARDER AND THICKER MEMBRANES WSRCA 10 YEAR FIELD TESTINGRECOMMENDS 45 MIL THICK TPO VAPOR RETARDER AND THICKER MEMBRANES“TPO Roof Research & Testing Project 10th –Year Update (Excerpts)“However, the presence of moisture is of serious concern to the authors, and brings the subject of vapor retarders back to remind manufacturers, architects and roof designers, as well as contractors, that prudent vapor retarder practices cannot be overlooked, especially in mechanically-attached single-ply systems in cool climates.” ( Vapor retarders of 45 mils are suggested).Western States continues to suggest “that when TPO is considered for a roofing project in the western regions of North America, a white, 60 mil minimum (or thicker) membrane be used. Based on this study, 60 mil and thicker TPO membranes, where appropriate, are a reasonable option in the single-ply roofing system category.CommentWestern States recommendations adds substantially to the cost of the most popular TPO Cool Roof Membrane – After just 10 years the TPO Cool Roofs are exhibiting no characteristics of being sustainable.
44ROOFING FACT GUARANTEES ARE WRITTEN BY ATTORNEYS WHOSE SOLE JOB IS TO LIMIT THEIR EMPLOYER’SLIABILITYYour Attorneys know Legalese, butthey probably don’t know roofing too well
45WHEN ATTORNEYS WRITE GUARANTEES…. Limited to cost of materials.Workmanship covered only if done correctly.Design not covered, nor reviewed.Excludes components not sold or furnished by guarantor.If roof fails, you must by a new one from company whose roof failed.30 year guarantee-a series of 5 year maintenance requirements, inspections, and renewal fees all at your expense.Guarantee voided if roof not kept clean.Guarantee not in effect until the roof hasn’t’ leaked for two continuous years.Any disputes (arbitration, court, etc.) must be settled in supplier’s home town.Valleys, waterways, and gutters not included.
47EVERY ROOF (ANY ROOF) INSTALLED IN OREGON SHOULD LAST 20 YEARS… THE OSFMA ROOF &HOW YOU CAN GET ITEVERY ROOF (ANY ROOF) INSTALLED IN OREGON SHOULD LAST 20 YEARS…Even on Schools !
48RELATING TO ROOFS SHOULD KNOW AND THE OSFMA ROOF &HOW YOU CAN GET ITANYONE DOING ANYTHINGRELATING TO ROOFS SHOULD KNOW ANDBE RESPONSIBLE FORWHAT THEY’RE DOING…Especially on Schools…
49THE OSFMA ROOF & HOW YOU CAN GET IT EVERYONE DOING ANYTHING TO A SCHOOLS’ ROOF MUST PROVIDE ROOFS THAT:Meet CodeAre Correctly DesignedWill Last 20 YearsAre Correctly InstalledHave Realistic Guarantees
50EVERYONE DOING ANYTHING RELATING TO A SCHOOLS’ ROOF… THE OSFMA ROOF &HOW YOU CAN GET ITEVERYONE DOING ANYTHING RELATING TO A SCHOOLS’ ROOF…SHOULD PLAY FOR THE SAME TEAM!Does it leave room for opinions? YesDoes it leave roof for code violations? No
51WE PAY HIGHER INSURANCE PREMIUMS AS A RESULT OF CODE VIOLATIONS WHO PAYS FOR POOR DESIGN?WE PAY HIGHER INSURANCE PREMIUMS AS A RESULT OF CODE VIOLATIONSSDAO (Special Districts Association of Oregon), Oregon’s largest school facilities insurer reports:Only 1 loss in 27 was installed to meet Oregon’s code for wind uplift resistance.Roof losses as a result of code violations are involved in over 70% of all claims.Your District pays for bad advice, designs, or poor workmanship….Unless, you’re able to sue successfully.
52THE OSFMA ROOF & HOW YOU CAN GET IT GETTING STARTED Step 1: Supply Statistical Information About Codes, Condensation and Guarantees to Anyone Who Will Listen.Step 2: Provide Training of Building Officials Through The Oregon Building Codes Officials Association. Develop Pool of Roofing Special Inspectors in Outlying Areas.Step 3: Add Roof Assembly Plan Review to Permit Process for Schools and 1 ½% of Roof Assembly Contract Amount.
53$ 2.4 to $ 2.6 Million in THE OSFMA ROOF & HOW YOU CAN GET IT Is There Money for Increased Project Inspection?RCA/Wholesalers Estimate$ 2.4 to $ 2.6 Million inUncollected Permit Fees
54Requirement: Library & Dissemination Fees Paid by “Applicants”. THE OSFMA ROOF &HOW YOU CAN GET ITStep 4: Furnish OSFMA Roof Requirements to Design Professionals, AGC, Roofing Contractors, Consultants and Material Suppliers.Requirement: Library & Dissemination Fees Paid by “Applicants”.
55THE OSFMA ROOF & HOW YOU CAN GET IT Step 5: Create and Maintain a Roofing Technical Library and/or Blog for Internet Access From Schools.Step 6: Thorough Analysis, Design and Installation Process Project Commissioning by Trained & Licensed OSFMA Roof Protectors.
56THE OSFMA ROOF & HOW YOU CAN GET IT Step 7: Write Realistic Oregon OSFMA Roof Guarantees That Protect Schools.Step 8: Receive DISCOUNT from Insurance Carriers for CODE-Compliant Guaranteed Roofs That are Commissioned.