Presentation on theme: "Search and Rescue Operations"— Presentation transcript:
1Search and Rescue Operations USC CERTSearch and Rescue Operations
2Unit Objectives Identify sizeup requirements Describe most common search techniquesUse safe techniques for debris removalUse safe techniques for victim extricationDescribe ways to protect rescuers
3Search and RescueIn a disaster, CERT teams assist with light search & rescueA team may be assigned to search a particular building or areaLIGHT search & rescue = certHeavy rescue (collapsed building) done by USAR professionals
4Search and Rescue Operations People trapped after a disaster can survive hours or even daysThe more quickly they are rescued the better their chance of survivalTypical survival rates of trapped victims:• 30 minutes 91 % survive• 1 day 81 % survive• 2 days 36.7 % survive• 3 days 33.7 % survive• 4 days 19 % survive• 5 days 7.4 % survive
5Search and Rescue Operations Assess damage/size-up situationLocate victims.Document location.RescueExtricate victimsTriage/stabilizeMove victimsMark location as searched
6Goals Of Search And Rescue Rescue greatest number in shortest amount of timeRescue walking wounded and lightly trapped victims firstAlways protect rescuer safety
7Decision To Attempt Rescue Risk involved to the rescuerMost important person is YOU, the rescuer!Greatest good for greatest number of people
8REMEMBER: CERT SIZEUP IS A CONTINUAL PROCESS Gather FactsAssess DamageConsider ProbabilitiesAssess Your SituationEstablish PrioritiesMake DecisionsDevelop Plan of ActionTake ActionEvaluate Progress
9Gather facts Time of event and day of the week Construction type/terrainOccupancyWeatherHazards
10Three levels of damage Light damage Moderate damage Major damage Assess DamageThree levels of damageLight damageModerate damageMajor damage
11When to Search & Rescue: LIGHT DAMAGEYESMODERATE DAMAGECautiouslyHEAVY DAMAGENO
12LIGHT DAMAGE Superficial damage Broken windows Fallen or cracked plasterMinor damage to interior contentsFew small hairline cracksDamage is light (superficial or cosmetic damage, superficial cracks or breaks in the wall surface, minor damage to the interior contents) The CERT mission is to locate; triage; treat airway, major bleeding, and shock; continue sizeup; and document.
13LIGHT DAMAGEThe CERT mission is to locate; triage; treat airway, major bleeding, and shock; continue sizeup; and document.
15MODERATE DAMAGE Multiple visible cracks in walls Substantial damage in many areasMultiple visible cracks in wallsSubstantial damage to interior such asmany toppled furnishings,fallen ceilings
16MODERATE DAMAGEThe CERT mission is to locate; treat airway, major bleeding, and shock; evacuate; warn others; continue sizeup while minimizing the number of rescuers and time spent inside the structure.
21MAJOR DAMAGE Secure the building perimeter Vocal triage DO NOT enter the buildingWait for heavy rescue teams
22Wood Frame: light damage to masonry/chimneys Single-Family DwellingsWood Frame: light damage to masonry/chimneysPre-1940: House may slide off foundationHillside: ground failure and considerable damage
23Bricks on edge every 5-7 rows Pre-1933 Unreinforced Brick/Masonry:Bricks on edge every 5-7 rowsExpect Heavy Damage unless well reinforcedWalls collapse first, then the roof
47Rescue Operations Primary Functions: Creating a safe rescue environmentLift objects out of the wayUse tools to remove objectsRemove debrisTriaging or stabilizing victimsRemoving victims
48Creating A Safe Environment Maintain rescuer safetyTriage in lightly damaged buildingsStabilize and evacuate victims quickly from moderately damaged buildingsNote: Never attempt a rescue from a stuck elevator
49Allow victims to extricate themselves when possible. Removing VictimsTypes of victim removal include ...Self-removal or assistLifts and dragsAllow victims to extricatethemselves when possible.
50Extrication Method Depends upon ... General stability of immediate environmentNumber of rescuers availableStrength and ability of rescuersCondition of victim
51Lifting/Cribbing“Lifting” using a lever to lift an object.“Cribbing” using boards, blocks etc. to stabilize something we have lifted“Box Cribbing” arranging boards in a box configuration to stabilize heavy objects
55Moving VictimsAvoid strength movesThink rescuer and victim safetyVisualize and verbalize
56REMEMBER: Let the walking wounded walk! Patient CarriesAssist a lightly injured person to walkREMEMBER: Let the walking wounded walk!
57Use a blanket to drag a victim Patient CarriesUse a blanket to drag a victim
58Patient CarriesUse the Chair Carry to move patients through tight areas
59This helps the rescuers maintain good control over the patient Two Person CarryThis helps the rescuers maintain good control over the patient
60Using the Evacu-Trac Chair The Evacu-Trac brake is normally on. To descend the stairs, release the brake by slowly squeezing the brake lever. Descent speed can be slowed by reducing pressure on this lever. A governor limits the maximum descent speed to about 3' per second, allowing even a small attendant to safely transport heavier riders.
61Using the Evacu-Trac Chair On stairs, the tracks securely grip the stair noses and control the descent speed regardless of the stair covering. On flat surfaces, Evacu-Trac can be pushed on its wheels as easily as a stroller. This features allows the user to be transported to an area clear of the emergency rather than to an area of refuge.