# SCHOOL FINANCE ESSENTIALS WASDA NEW ADMINISTRATORS WORKSHOP Deb Brown & Erin Fath School Finance Team – DPI November 13, 2012 1.

## Presentation on theme: "SCHOOL FINANCE ESSENTIALS WASDA NEW ADMINISTRATORS WORKSHOP Deb Brown & Erin Fath School Finance Team – DPI November 13, 2012 1."— Presentation transcript:

SCHOOL FINANCE ESSENTIALS WASDA NEW ADMINISTRATORS WORKSHOP Deb Brown & Erin Fath School Finance Team – DPI November 13, 2012 1

Agenda – today we will review: Equalization Aid/General Aid Revenue Limits Explaining the Tax Levy Referenda Community Service Fund WUFAR Getting Started on Your Budget 2

Review of Underlying Principles of Equalization Aid Discuss Aid Adjustments, including Special Adjustment (aka Hold Harmless) Aid 3 3

Why do you need to know how to calculate aid when DPI calculates it for you? Because you will be asked by your board members, constituents and the media. So you can figure out why your aid has changed AND explain why. Because you may want to do estimates and run what if scenarios … Equalization Aid Review 4

State shares in district cost Aid is based on a districts ability to pay, as measured by its property wealth per member The formula operates under the principle of equal tax rate for equal per pupil expenditures Basic premise: The more property wealth per member a district has, the lower the proportion of shared costs that will be aided by the state through the equalization aid formula. Equalization Aid Review 5 5

6 2011-2012 data (May 2012 values, based on assessments as of January 1, 2011, DOR) Property Value per Member The local Property Tax is one of the primary source of K-12 funding and property values vary greatly across the state:

7 Property Value per Member Because property values vary so greatly across the state, the resources districts can raise from just their tax base also vary:

8 Property Value Per Member Districts with less property value per member are aided at a higher proportion than wealthier districts. Blue = State Portion (Equalization Aid) Red: Local Portion (Property Tax)

Compute equalization aid District Value Per Member State Guaranteed Value Per Member Compare, then How Does the State Share in Costs? 9

District Factors - shared cost - equalized property value - membership State Factors - cost ceilings - guaranteed valuations per member - total amount of funding available for distribution What determines where a district is in the formula? Equalization Aid Review 10

DISTRICT FACTORS 1. Pupils (Membership) 2. Costs (Shared Cost) 3. Wealth (Property Tax Base) * * * All Prior-Year Data (2011-12 data is used for 2012-13 aid.) * * * This is a cost-reimbursement formula. Equalization Aid Review 11

F.T.E. = full-time equivalent 2 halftime (.50) K students = 1 F.T.E. Summer School = 48,600 minutes = 1 F.T.E. Average of September 3rd Friday F.T.E. January 2nd Friday F.T.E. plus (+) Summer School F.T.E. (2012-13 aid uses September 2011, January 2012, and Summer 2011 numbers – summer starts the school year for aid / revenue limit purposes) DISTRICT FACTOR #1: Pupils Equalization Aid Review 12

Total General Fund (Fund 10) Expenditures plus (+) Total Debt Service Funds (Funds 38 & 39) Expenditures minus (-) all local misc. revenue, grant revenue, and categorical aid. equals (=) Shared Cost (the costs the state shares in) DISTRICT FACTOR #2: Shared Costs Equalization Aid Review 13

Property Tax base is used to determine wealth and ability to support district expenditures Uses Equalized Valuation (Fair Market Value) NOT Assessed Value Values provided by WI Department of Revenue DISTRICT FACTOR #3: Wealth Equalization Aid Review 14

Measured as Equalized Value per Member (Total Equalized Value ÷ Membership) \$400,000,000 ÷ 800 = 500,000/member \$400,000,000 ÷ 1,000 = 400,000/member DISTRICT FACTOR #3: Wealth Equalization Aid as a proportion of shared costs will be higher for the second district. Equalization Aid Review 15

Equalization Aid is calculated in three parts – Primary Aid, Secondary Aid and Tertiary Aid. The lines separating the levels are the cost ceilings: PRIMARY Cost Ceiling = \$1,000. The first \$1,000 of shared cost per pupil are aided in the Primary level. Set in statute. SECONDARY Cost Ceiling = 90% of the state-wide shared costs average. For 2012-13, it is \$9,005 (Oct 15 th Aid Cert). Costs between \$1,000 and the Secondary Cost Ceiling are aided in the Secondary level. Shared costs above the Secondary Cost Ceiling are aided in the Tertiary level. STATE FACTOR #1: Cost Ceilings Equalization Aid Review 16

STATE FACTOR #1: Cost Ceilings Equalization Aid Review 17 \$1,000 (primary costs) \$8,005 (secondary costs) \$1,000 (tertiary costs)

STATE FACTOR #1: Cost Ceilings Equalization Aid Review 18 \$7,653 \$20,598 \$10,230

Equalization Aid is calculated in three parts – Primary Aid, Secondary Aid and Tertiary Aid. Within each level, the share of state vs. local costs is based on the districts wealth compared to state determined levels: PRIMARY Guaranteed Value = \$1,930,000. This is written in statute. SECONDARY Guaranteed Value is a floating number calculated by DPI to expend the full appropriation. For 2012-13: \$1,105,090 (Oct 15 th Aid Cert) TERTIARY Guaranteed Value = the state-wide average property value per member. For 2012-13: \$555,356 (Oct 15 th Aid Cert) STATE FACTOR #2: Guaranteed Values Equalization Aid Review 19

District Wealth is then compared to the Guaranteed Values. This determines the level of support that will come from the state. Fairly Normal School District: \$500,000 Property Value/Member \$10,000 Shared Cost/Member Equalization Aid Review STATE FACTOR #2: Guaranteed Values 20

Equalization Aid Review STATE FACTOR #2: Guaranteed Values Fairly Normal School District: \$500,000 Property Value/Member \$10,000 Shared Cost/Member 21 Prop ValueGuaranteed Value Local Share State Share Shared CostState Aid / Member Primary\$500,000\$1,930,00025.91%74.09%\$1,000\$740.93 Secondary\$500,000\$1,105,09045.25%54.75%\$8,005\$4,383.12 Tertiary\$500,000\$555,35690.03%9.97%\$995\$99.18 TOTAL 52.23%\$10,000\$5,223.23

What happens when a districts value/member exceeds the guaranteed value per member? NEGATIVE AID 166 districts are negatively aided at the tertiary level because their property value/member is greater than the tertiary guarantee. Of these districts: 41 Districts received just Primary Aid; and 20 districts receive no Equalization Aid (i.e., do not qualify for even Primary Aid). [All but 2 qualify for Special Adjustment Aid – more in later slide]. Equalization Aid Review 22

Equalization Aid Review Fairly Normal School District: \$750,000 Property Value/Member \$10,000 Shared Cost/Member NEGATIVE AID 23 Prop ValueGuaranteed Value Local Share State Share Shared CostState Aid / Member Primary\$750,000\$1,930,00038.86%61.14%\$1,000\$611.40 Secondary\$750,000\$1,105,09067.87%32.13%\$8,005\$2,572.18 Tertiary\$750,000\$555,356135.05%-35.05%\$995(\$348.73) TOTAL 28.35%\$10,000\$2,834.85

Equalization Aid Review Fairly Normal School District: \$1,250,000 Property Value/Member \$10,000 Shared Cost/Member NEGATIVE AID – Primary Aid Guarantee 24 Prop ValueGuaranteed Value Local Share State Share Shared CostState Aid / Member Primary\$1,250,000\$1,930,00064.77%35.23%\$1,000\$352.33 Secondary\$1,250,000\$1,105,090113.11%-13.11%\$8,005(\$1,049.69) Tertiary\$1,250,000\$555,356225.08%-125.08%\$995(\$1,244.55) TOTAL 3.52%\$10,000\$352.33

Equalization Aid Review Fairly Normal School District: \$2,000,000 Property Value/Member \$10,000 Shared Cost/Member NEGATIVE AID – No Equalization Aid 25 Prop ValueGuaranteed Value Local Share State Share Shared CostState Aid / Member Primary\$2,000,000\$1,930,000103.63%-3.63%\$1,000(\$36.27) Secondary\$2,000,000\$1,105,090180.98%-80.98%\$8,005(\$6,482.51) Tertiary\$2,000,000\$555,356360.13%-260.13%\$995(\$2,588.29) TOTAL 0.00%\$10,000\$0.00

It is important to know where your district is in the formula to understand how the formula impacts your district, vis-à-vis changes in shared costs. Negative Tertiary districts that increase shared cost see a decrease in state aid Positive Tertiary districts that increase shared cost see an increase in state aid NEGATIVE AID Equalization Aid Review 26

Simply put: the amount of dollars appropriated by the State Legislature and approved by the Governor for use as general aids to schools. STATE FACTOR #3: Appropriation Equalization Aid Review 27

28 General Aid Appropriation Over Time Aid Year General Aid (Billions) % Change from Prior Year 2000-01 \$3.932 2001-02 \$4.0523.0% 2002-03 \$4.2013.7% 2003-04 \$4.2731.7% 2004-05 \$4.3181.0% 2005-06 \$4.6146.9% 2006-07 \$4.7232.4% 2007-08 \$4.7230.0% 2008-09 \$4.8001.6% 2009-10 \$4.653-3.1% 2010-11 \$4.6530.0% 2011-12 \$4.262-8.4% 2012-13 \$4.2940.7% Equalization Aid

Sometimes called hold harmless aid Part of the General Aid Allocation Equal to 85% of the gross general aid (equalization + special adjustment + Inter/Intra District Integration Aids) for which the district was eligible in the previous year* Acts as a parachute for districts with declining aid (often result of rapidly declining enrollment) Very property wealthy districts may be out of the aid formula but continue to receive Special Adjustment Aid for years. 30 Special Adjustment Aid *Less any prior year Revenue Limit Penalty (because that amount was deducted from the districts prior year general aid payment).

31 Adjustments to General Aid Reductions/adjustments to general aid eligibility: 1.Independent (2r) Charter Schools: cost is spread over all districts via an equal % reduction to gross general aid (equalization/special adjust/inter/intra aids) October 15 th aid certification for 2012-13 aid: -1.394% 2.Prior Year (October to June) adjustment: the difference in general aid amounts calculated between the October 15 th aid certification and the final aid run of the prior year (+ or – value) 3.Parental Choice Program: reduction in aid to partially offset the cost of the program – affects Milwaukee and Racine only

Knowing where your district is in the formula will help you better explain how changes in local finances might affect your state aid. What if we under-spend our budget? How does that affect our aid? If we go to referendum, how will our aid change? Equalization Aid Review 32

1.One pot of money is split over 424 school districts based on district values, membership, and expenditures. Changes in individual district data affect every other districts aid. 2.Aid Membership = average of September + January FTE, plus 100% of Summer FTE. Different from Revenue Limit Membership. 3.Depending on district value-per member, some districts increase their aid by increasing expenses, while others decrease their aid by increasing expenses. Its important to know where your district is in the formula (Negative Aid vs. Positive Aid). 4.There is a hold harmless provision called Special Adjustment Aid to ensure that districts receive at least 85% of the general aid awarded the previous year. 5.Be aware of what is happening to your district over time. Equalization Aid Takeaways 33

Resources on the DPI Website http://sfs.dpi.wi.gov/sfs_aid_worksheets October 15, 2012-13 General Aid Worksheets http://sfs.dpi.wi.gov/sfs_buddev_eq Ten Year Longitudinal Analysis of General and Equalization Aid Formula Components View whats happening to your district over time October 15, 2012-13 Equalization Aid Computation – Percentage Method – Algebraic Format Computed Aid at each cost level http://sfs.dpi.wi.gov/ View Webcast on the General Aids Computation Choose Webcast Presentations under General Information (School Financial Services Team) 34

Similar presentations