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Cost Allocation and Applying for an Indirect Cost Rate

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Presentation on theme: "Cost Allocation and Applying for an Indirect Cost Rate"— Presentation transcript:

1 Cost Allocation and Applying for an Indirect Cost Rate
Presented by: Division of Cost Determination April/May 2010 USDOL/Cost Determination

2 USDOL/Cost Determination
This is a basic course. USDOL/Cost Determination

3 USDOL/Cost Determination
Topics We Will Cover What is an indirect rate? How do you prepare an indirect rate proposal? Where do you submit the proposal, and when is it due? USDOL/Cost Determination

4 USDOL/Cost Determination
Federal vs. Upper-Tier DOL is responsible for negotiating indirect cost rates with organizations with direct federal funding Upper-tier grantees stand in-place of the federal government with respect to ensuring that the lower-tier grantees comply with A-122 Upper-tier grantees negotiate rates with lower-tier grantees Most sub awards have a flow-down clause for recovery of questioned costs due to non compliance with federal requirements (continued) USDOL/Cost Determination

5 USDOL/Cost Determination
Federal vs. Upper-Tier Upper-tier (continued) If a federal monitor questions costs at a sub grantee, the feds take it from the federal awardee The upper-tier takes it from you USDOL/Cost Determination

6 USDOL/Cost Determination
Types Of Costs USDOL/Cost Determination

7 USDOL/Cost Determination
Direct costs Indirect costs Administrative costs – separate workshop Program costs – separate workshop Allowable costs – separate workshop Unallowable costs – separate workshop USDOL/Cost Determination

8 USDOL/Cost Determination
Direct costs… Those costs that can be specifically identified with a particular cost objective. Examples: (program specific) Salaries – program and admin direct staff Space – sq. ft. occupied by direct staff Materials and Supplies – used by direct staff Communications – used by direct staff USDOL/Cost Determination

9 USDOL/Cost Determination
Indirect Costs… Incurred for common or joint objectives Cannot be readily identified with a grant or project. The cost is necessary to the general operation of the organization. (cont…) USDOL/Cost Determination

10 Levels of Indirect For Large Entities
States, Counties, Other Organizations: SWCAP or COWCAP or ORGCAP Central Services cost examples LOCAP/Umbrella entity Entity that labor is usually cognizant agency for who operate multiple programs Art, please look at this an word it…..suggested area that should be covered here though it may be covered later…it fits as a preliminary issue…how does this rollout and how should it look for certain classes of cost; who approves these cost and why, USDOL/Cost Determination

11 Indirect Rates vs. Cost Allocation Plans
Non-profits: negotiate a rate State or local government (as defined by OMB Circular A-87): Either ICR or CAP Note: submission requirements the same under either method USDOL/Cost Determination

12 What are Indirect Costs?
Boy Oh Boy! USDOL/Cost Determination

13 USDOL/Cost Determination
Indirect Costs … Allocated using an indirect cost rate Be aware: Allocable vs. allowable Be aware: Allocable Indirect vs. Allocable Direct USDOL/Cost Determination

14 USDOL/Cost Determination
Indirect costs… Examples Salaries – Executive Director, Finance Officer, Receptionist, etc (allocable portion) Space – sq. ft. occupied by indirect staff Supplies – used by indirect staff If less than 100% of salaries are indirect, must keep time distribution reports.. USDOL/Cost Determination

15 Briefly, Indirect Costs vs. Administrative Costs
Admin costs are generally support-type costs Are defined in the federal statute or grant May be either direct or indirect USDOL/Cost Determination

16 Are administrative costs and indirect costs the same?
No! USDOL/Cost Determination

17 USDOL/Cost Determination

18 USDOL/Cost Determination
ICR and “Admin” Div. of Cost Determination (DCD) negotiates an ICR based on the appropriate cost principles (e.g., A-122) DCD does not negotiate an admin rate by program (e.g., WIA admin) USDOL/Cost Determination

19 USDOL/Cost Determination
ICR and “Admin” (cont.) ETA determines compliance with admin limits Grantees should work with their regional ETA fiscal officer to determine how to support compliance grant admin limits USDOL/Cost Determination

20 USDOL/Cost Determination
INDIRECT RATE… An indirect cost rate is simply a method used to determine what proportion of indirect costs each program (funding source) should pay. USDOL/Cost Determination

Indirect Costs (POOL) == RATE Direct Costs (BASE) USDOL/Cost Determination

22 Example: Indirect Cost Rate
Simple Example: Indirect Cost (Pool) = $ 10,000 Direct Costs (Base) = $100,000 (E.g., Direct Salaries & Benefits) Indirect Cost Rate = % USDOL/Cost Determination

23 USDOL/Cost Determination

24 USDOL/Cost Determination

25 Indirect Cost Rate Most Common Allocation Bases
Direct Salaries/Wages, including Fringes Direct S/W including release time, but excluding all other fringes Modified Total Direct Cost (various) Total Direct Costs excluding capital expenditures and flow-through funding Usually excluding contracts in excess of 25K Talk about when 25K contracts are usually excluded USDOL/Cost Determination

26 USDOL/Cost Determination
Do I Even Need a Rate? No rate is needed if an organization has only one project No rate is needed if all federal funding consists of fixed price awards A rate is required if the organization has more than projects USDOL/Cost Determination

27 Multiple Funding Sources
Multiple projects Private Funding DOL Funding State Funding ICR Proposal Needed Multiple Funding Sources USDOL/Cost Determination

28 USDOL/Cost Determination
Multiple projects Caution: Fundraising and lobbying are treated as funding sources Included in the base to absorb its share of indirect costs Even if not reimbursed USDOL/Cost Determination

29 So, a rate is needed. Where do I submit it?
If you have an award directly with the federal government An indirect cost rate proposal should be submitted to the organization’s cognizant Federal agency USDOL/Cost Determination

30 Cognizant Agency Concept
The Federal agency with the most funding directly with the grantee Typically will not be changed for 3 years Cognizant agency negotiates a rate on behalf of all Federal agencies USDOL/Cost Determination

31 To whom is the rate submitted?
If DOL is your cognizant agency, submit your proposal to office in Appendix III of the DOL’s “Guide for Indirect Cost Rate Determination” booklet. To find the Guide on-line: Search (as in Google) “DOL Indirect” USDOL/Cost Determination

32 So, a rate is needed. Where do I submit it?
If you do NOT have an award directly with the federal government Each upper-tier federal awardee USDOL/Cost Determination

33 Why do you need an approved indirect cost rate?
Compliance with Federal regulations; e.g., OMB Circulars A-122/A-87 Management Information Documentation for monitors and auditors USDOL/Cost Determination

34 USDOL/Cost Determination
Types of Rates 90-day Billing (initial grant award) Approved by DOL Grant Officers If rate proposal is submitted and not yet approved – may request extension of the billing rate Provisional/Final (most common) Fixed with carry forward (mainly gov’t) Predetermined (rare) Explain when extension may be granted. Does the GO confer with OCD prior to extension - process USDOL/Cost Determination

35 USDOL/Cost Determination
Billing Rate Rate stated in the award To allow recovery of indirect costs until an indirect cost proposal is completed and submitted. Typically valid for 90 days USDOL/Cost Determination

36 USDOL/Cost Determination
Provisional Rate Budgetary rate based on projected information, historical information, or a combination of the two for the organization’s current and future fiscal years Allows for recovery of indirect costs during the contract/grant period until the rate can be finalized USDOL/Cost Determination

37 USDOL/Cost Determination
Final Rate Experienced indirect rate based on actual data for the organization’s fiscal year (in other words, an actual rate) All provisional indirect cost rates must eventually be “finalized” USDOL/Cost Determination

38 USDOL/Cost Determination
Proposal Submission USDOL/Cost Determination

39 How do you prepare an indirect cost rate proposal?
Use the checklist on page II-4 of the DOL Guide for Indirect Rates. The next set of slides will show the basic documents which must be submitted in the indirect cost rate proposal. USDOL/Cost Determination

40 ICR Proposal Documentation
Background information Organization chart (Checklist 1a) Should reconcile with the accounting structure USDOL/Cost Determination

41 Direct vs. Indirect Costs
CPS Ind S/W Supplies Space Program S/W Supplies Space USDOL/Cost Determination

42 ICR Proposal Documentation
Background information A listing of awarded grants and contacts by Federal agency, total dollar amount, period of performance, and cost limitations (if any) (Checklist 5) USDOL/Cost Determination

43 ICR Proposal Documentation
Cost Policy Statement See example at Page III-14 (Checklist 1c) Personnel Costs Worksheet See example at Page III-2 (Checklist 2a) USDOL/Cost Determination

44 ICR Proposal Documentation
Allocation of Personnel Worksheet See example at Page III-4 (Checklist 2b) Statement of Employee Benefits See example at Page III-6 (Checklist 2c) USDOL/Cost Determination

45 ICR Proposal Documentation
Statement of Total Costs See examples at Pages III-7&9 (Checklist 2d) Statement of Indirect Costs See left-hand corner of III-7&9 (Checklist 2e) USDOL/Cost Determination

46 ICR Proposal Documentation
Audited financial statements (Checklist 3) OMB A-133 and supplemental information Or, IRS Form 990 (non-profits) if audited financial statements not required. USDOL/Cost Determination

47 ICR Proposal Documentation
Note: The Statement of Total Costs (2d. above) must reconcile to Financial Statements. USDOL/Cost Determination

48 ICR Proposal Documentation
Certificate of Indirect Costs See Page III-19 (Checklist 4a and 4b) This must be signed and dated or the proposal will be rendered unacceptable USDOL/Cost Determination

49 So when is this proposal due?
For lower-tier grantees with no awards directly from the federal government -- TALK TO YOUR UPPER-TIER AWARDING AGENCY! For your first indirect cost rate Proposal due three months after sub-grant award For all subsequent proposals Proposal due six months after the close of the organization’s fiscal year. USDOL/Cost Determination

50 So when is this proposal due?
For your first Federally-approved indirect cost rate Proposal due three months after the effective date of the DOL award For all subsequent proposals Proposal due six months after the close of the organization’s fiscal year. Extensions of time may be granted USDOL/Cost Determination

51 I don’t have a federal grant. Can I get a federally-approved rate?
No USDOL/Cost Determination

52 The IC Rate Negotiation Process
USDOL/Cost Determination

53 USDOL/Cost Determination
If you have no awards directly with the federal government Talk to the appropriate upper-tier official to discuss the negotiation process USDOL/Cost Determination

54 USDOL/Cost Determination
If you have awards directly with the federal government DCD reviews proposal for unallowable, unallocable and/or unreasonable costs DCD negotiators may expand review and documentation submittal if necessary Trend analyses are typically prepared in on-going reviews/negotiations USDOL/Cost Determination

55 USDOL/Cost Determination
Unless there are extenuating circumstances, proposals are reviewed within 120 days from receipt of an adequately documented proposal Negotiations ensue. We will: request additional documentation if needed advise of unallowable, unallocable or unreasonable items USDOL/Cost Determination

56 USDOL/Cost Determination
DCD prepares rate agreement and sends to grantee for countersigning DCD signs two originals for countersigning – one is returned Any agreement which is not signed and returned is invalid USDOL/Cost Determination

57 USDOL/Cost Determination
Both parties keep an original; one is kept in D.C. USDOL/Cost Determination

58 Example of an Indirect Cost Rate Agreement
USDOL/Cost Determination

(An Example -- See Appendix II-1)) NEGOTIATED INDIRECT COST RATE AGREEMENT NONPROFIT ORGANIZATION ORGANIZATION: DATE: December 1, 2010 XYZ Nonprofit Agency, Inc FILE REF: This replaces the Chico, CA negotiation agreement dated October 12, October 30, 2000 The indirect cost rate(s) contained herein are for use on grants and contracts with the Federal Government to which OMB Circular A-122 applies subject to the limitations contained in the Circular and Section II-A, below. The rate(s) were negotiated by XYZ Nonprofit Agency, Inc. and the U. S. Department of Labor in accordance with the authority contained in Attachment A, Section E, of the Circular. USDOL/Cost Determination

60 USDOL/Cost Determination
The rate(s) were negotiated by XYZ Nonprofit Agency, Inc. and the U. S. Department of Labor in accordance with the authority contained in Attachment A, Section E, of the Circular. Effective Period Type From To Rate* Location Applicable to Final 7/1/08 6/30/ % All All Programs Final 7/1/09 6/30/ % All All Programs Provisional 7/1/10 6/30/ % All All Programs Provisional 7/1/11 6/30/ % All All Programs (See Special Remarks) USDOL/Cost Determination

61 USDOL/Cost Determination
* BASE: Total direct salaries and wages including vacation, holiday and sick pay but excluding all other fringe benefits. TREATMENT OF FRINGE BENEFITS: Fringe benefits are specifically identified to each employee and are charged individually as direct costs. The directly claimed fringe benefits are listed in the Special Remarks Section of this Agreement. TREATMENT OF PAID ABSENCES: Vacation, holiday, sick leave and other paid absences are included in salaries and wages and are claimed on grants, contracts and other agreements as part of the normal cost for salaries and wages. Separate claims for these absences are not made. USDOL/Cost Determination

62 USDOL/Cost Determination
A. LIMITATIONS: Use of the rate(s) contained in this Agreement is subject to any statutory or administrative limitations and is applicable to a given grant or contract only to the extent that funds are available. Acceptance of the rate(s) agreed to herein is predicated upon the following conditions: (1) that no costs other than those incurred by the grantee/contractor or allocated to the grantee/contractor via an approved central service cost allocation plan were included in its indirect cost pool as finally accepted and that such incurred costs are legal obligations of the grantee/contractor and allowable under the governing cost principles, (2) that the same costs that have been treated as indirect costs have not been claimed as direct costs, (3) that similar types of costs have been accorded consistent treatment, and (4) that the information provided by the grantee/contractor which was used as a basis for acceptance of the rate(s) agreed to herein is not subsequently found to be materially inaccurate. The elements of indirect cost and the type of distribution base(s) used in computing provisional rates are subject to revision when final rates are negotiated. Also, the rates cited in this Agreement are subject to audit. USDOL/Cost Determination

63 USDOL/Cost Determination
B. CHANGES: The grantee/contractor is required to provide written notification to the indirect cost negotiator prior to implementing any changes which could affect the applicability of the approved rates. Changes in the indirect cost recovery plan, which may result from changes such as the method of accounting or organizational structure, require the prior written approval of the Division of Cost Determination (DCD). Failure to obtain such approval may result in subsequent cost disallowance. C. NOTIFICATION TO FEDERAL AGENCIES: A copy of this document is to be provided by this organization to other Federal funding sources as a means of notifying them of the Agreement contained herein. USDOL/Cost Determination

64 USDOL/Cost Determination
D. PROVISIONAL-FINAL RATES: The grantee/contractor must submit a proposal to establish a final rate within six months after their fiscal year end. Billings and charges to Federal awards must be adjusted if the final rate varies from the provisional rate. If the final rate is greater than the provisional rate and there are no funds available to cover the additional indirect costs, the organization may not recover all indirect costs. Conversely, if the final rate is less than the provisional rate, the organization will be required to pay back the difference to the funding agency. Indirect costs allocable to a particular award or other cost objective may not be shifted to other Federal awards to overcome funding deficiencies, or to avoid restrictions imposed by law or by the terms of the award. USDOL/Cost Determination

65 USDOL/Cost Determination
E. SPECIAL REMARKS: 1. Indirect costs charged to Federal grants/contracts by means other than the rate(s) cited in this Agreement should be adjusted to the applicable rate cited herein and applied to the appropriate base to identify the proper amount of indirect costs allocable to the program. 2. Grants/contracts providing for ceilings as to the indirect cost rate(s) or amount(s) which are indicated in Section I above, will be subject to the ceilings stipulated in the contract or grant agreements. The ceiling rate or the rate(s) cited in this Agreement, whichever is lower, will be used to determine the maximum allowable indirect cost on the grant or contract agreement. USDOL/Cost Determination

66 USDOL/Cost Determination
ACCEPTANCE BY THE COGNIZANT AGENCY BY THE ORGANIZATION: ON BEHALF OF THE FED GOV: XYZ Nonprofit Agency, Inc U. S. Department of Labor (Organization) (Agency) (Signature) (Signature) Jane Doe Victor M. Lopez (Name) (Name) Executive Director Chief, Division of Cost Determination (Title) (Title) December 1, 2010 (Date) (Date) USDOL Negotiator: A Non Telephone No.: (555) USDOL/Cost Determination

67 USDOL/Cost Determination
OK, I finally have an agreement. I don’t have to talk to you again, right? As long as you have an award directly with the federal government, you are required to submit a new proposal annually No later than six months after the close of the organization’s fiscal year Even if grant costs only incurred during part of the year USDOL/Cost Determination

68 Question: Do the Indirect Cost Rates Apply To Non-Federal Funding?
Not necessarily Indirect cost rates are used to allocate pooled expenses to all activities, including fundraising and other non-federal activities (i.e., the accounting for costs) Once the costs are allocated to all activities, the reimbursement of indirect costs is between you and the non-federal funding source (i.e., the payment of costs) USDOL/Cost Determination

69 USDOL/Cost Determination
Question: The negotiated rates are higher than what I proposed in the grant. I must bill using your rates, right? The rates represent the maximum allowable under OMB Circular A-122 Can bill all, some, or none Subject to any grant ceilings and statutory limitations USDOL/Cost Determination

70 USDOL/Cost Determination
Question: Why do I need an indirect rate? My grant gave me 15% for admin. WIA 15% admin limit is NOT a useable, billable rate. It is a cap based on total grant award! Billable costs include all allowable, allocable, and reasonable direct costs plus indirect costs. Indirect costs are determined through the application of an indirect rate Remember: All costs subject to grant ceilings Admin  Indirect USDOL/Cost Determination

71 USDOL/Cost Determination
Recap Indirect costs and rates, Where (what agency) should the entity submit the proposal (i.e., cognizance), Required components of a proposal, and Frequency of submissions. USDOL/Cost Determination

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Questions? USDOL/Cost Determination

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II-4 Back USDOL/Cost Determination

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III-14 USDOL/Cost Determination

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Back USDOL/Cost Determination

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III-2 Back USDOL/Cost Determination

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III-4 Back USDOL/Cost Determination

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III-7-9 USDOL/Cost Determination

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Back USDOL/Cost Determination

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III-6 Back USDOL/Cost Determination

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III-19 CEO or VP Finance USDOL/Cost Determination Back

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Back USDOL/Cost Determination

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Back USDOL/Cost Determination

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