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Located in west central Portugal, in the region of Leiria and approximately 110 kilometers north of Lisbon, the small town of Fatima is one of the most.

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Presentation on theme: "Located in west central Portugal, in the region of Leiria and approximately 110 kilometers north of Lisbon, the small town of Fatima is one of the most."— Presentation transcript:

1 Located in west central Portugal, in the region of Leiria and approximately 110 kilometers north of Lisbon, the small town of Fatima is one of the most visited Marian shrines in the world today. But unlike many of Europe's great Marian pilgrimage sites, the sanctity of Fatima dates not from the Middle Ages but only from early in the 20 th century. Fatima was then a small rural village in a rocky region whose main product was olive oil. There are no historical or legendary accounts of the village or surrounding area having any religious importance in earlier times. In the years 1916 and 1917 a series of apparitions were seen by three young children that were to profoundly alter both their own lives and the atmosphere of the peasant village.

2 Visit World Heritage monuments, fairy tale palaces and sandy beaches... Lisbon was the first true world city, the capital of "the Portuguese discoveries" spreading over all continents. Offering breathtaking panoramas, from age of Discovery buildings to colorful streets and squares, a medieval maze of alleys, grandiose monuments, museums, stunning architecture... It was from Lisbon that the Portuguese open new worlds to the world! Boasting springtime temperatures during the winter and cool summers freshened by a breeze from the Atlantic, the capital of Portugal on the southwestern coast, offers a rich and impressively integrated diversity.

3 The most visited pilgrimage shrine in the Christian world, Lourdes is not an ancient site but of more recent development. Lourdes is the site of a Marian apparition in The pilgrimage season at Lourdes lasts from April through October, with the main day being August 15, the Marian Feast of Assumption. Four to six million pilgrims visit the shrine each year, from around the world, and it is estimated that more than 200 million pilgrims have come to Lourdes since 1860 The most visited pilgrimage shrine in the Christian world, Lourdes is not an ancient site but of more recent development. Lourdes is the site of a Marian apparition in The pilgrimage season at Lourdes lasts from April through October, with the main day being August 15, the Marian Feast of Assumption. Four to six million pilgrims visit the shrine each year, from around the world, and it is estimated that more than 200 million pilgrims have come to Lourdes since 1860

4 Iron structure in Paris, France, just over 300 m/984 ft high. It was designed by Gustave Eiffel to demonstrate French engineering skills for the exhibition commemorating the centennial of the 1789 revolution, and was erected from 1887 to 1889 in the Champ-de- Mars, on the south bank of the River Seine. The tower is used for radio and television transmission, as a meteorological recording station, and has a restaurant. When first built, it was the tallest structure in Paris. It consists of three storeys or platforms, and lifts take visitors to the top.Eiffel Iron structure in Paris, France, just over 300 m/984 ft high. It was designed by Gustave Eiffel to demonstrate French engineering skills for the exhibition commemorating the centennial of the 1789 revolution, and was erected from 1887 to 1889 in the Champ-de- Mars, on the south bank of the River Seine. The tower is used for radio and television transmission, as a meteorological recording station, and has a restaurant. When first built, it was the tallest structure in Paris. It consists of three storeys or platforms, and lifts take visitors to the top.Eiffel

5 Lucerne, the gateway to central Switzerland, sited on Lake Lucerne, is embedded within an impressive mountainous panorama. Thanks to its attractions, its souvenir and watch shops, the beautiful lakeside setting and the nearby excursion mountains of the Rigi, Pilatus and Stanserhorn, the town is a destination for many travel groups and individuals on their journey through central Switzerland.

6 This picture perfect glacier is conveniently located just a short distance from Lucerne, an international cultural venue in Switzerland. A paradise at 10,000 feet, it offers a snow and ice experience on the highest viewpoint in Central Switzerland

7 The Holy House of Loreto is one of the most revered Marian shrines in the world. Since medieval times, the Holy House has been believed to be the very home in which the Virgin Mary lived, conceived and raised the young Jesus. A large basilica has been built around the small shrine, and the sacred site attracts as many as 4 million Catholic pilgrims and visitors each year. The Holy House of Loreto is one of the most revered Marian shrines in the world. Since medieval times, the Holy House has been believed to be the very home in which the Virgin Mary lived, conceived and raised the young Jesus. A large basilica has been built around the small shrine, and the sacred site attracts as many as 4 million Catholic pilgrims and visitors each year.

8 Padua's biggest tourist attraction is the Scrovegni Chapel (Cappella degli Scrovegni), with its priceless frescoes by Giotto. Despite the town's many other interesting sights, this is the only place in Padua where tourism has taken over. The Basilica of St. Anthony of Padua (known simply as Il Santo) is also on some tourism/pilgrimage circuits but through the rest of town you're more likely to encounter students and smartly-dressed businesspeople than tourists.

9 Approximately 90 miles north of Rome, in the rolling hills of Umbria, stands the exceptionally well-preserved medieval town of Assisi. Known primarily as the birthplace of St. Francis ( AD), the town has been a sacred place since long before the Franciscan era. Little is known regarding the original founding of the town. One legend tells that the ancient town, called Assisium, came into existence around a holy spring that was later venerated by the Etruscans (9th – 5th centuries BC) and, following them, by the Romans. Another legend tells that the town was begun by Dardanus 865 years before the founding of Rome (April 21, 753 BC). Sometime in the 1st century BC a temple of Minerva, the Roman goddess of art, handicrafts and the professions, was constructed at the sacred spring. During the early Christian era the sanctuary of Minerva was destroyed, a series of churches were erected at the site, and the sacred spring stopped flowing. In 238 AD Assisi was converted to Christianity by bishop Rufino, who was martyred at Costano. According to tradition, his remains rest in the Cathedral Church of San Rufino in Assisi.Rufino Approximately 90 miles north of Rome, in the rolling hills of Umbria, stands the exceptionally well-preserved medieval town of Assisi. Known primarily as the birthplace of St. Francis ( AD), the town has been a sacred place since long before the Franciscan era. Little is known regarding the original founding of the town. One legend tells that the ancient town, called Assisium, came into existence around a holy spring that was later venerated by the Etruscans (9th – 5th centuries BC) and, following them, by the Romans. Another legend tells that the town was begun by Dardanus 865 years before the founding of Rome (April 21, 753 BC). Sometime in the 1st century BC a temple of Minerva, the Roman goddess of art, handicrafts and the professions, was constructed at the sacred spring. During the early Christian era the sanctuary of Minerva was destroyed, a series of churches were erected at the site, and the sacred spring stopped flowing. In 238 AD Assisi was converted to Christianity by bishop Rufino, who was martyred at Costano. According to tradition, his remains rest in the Cathedral Church of San Rufino in Assisi.Rufino

10 SAINT SEBASTIAN CATACOMBS - CATACOMBE DI SAN SEBASTIANO St Sebastian who was martyred under Diocletian in 288, was buried here. From the 3C to the 9C this was the most venerated area of subterranean Rome. SAINT SEBASTIAN CATACOMBS - CATACOMBE DI SAN SEBASTIANO St Sebastian who was martyred under Diocletian in 288, was buried here. From the 3C to the 9C this was the most venerated area of subterranean Rome.

11 COLOSSEUM The Colosseum of Rome was built in bricks and clad of travertine in a valley among the Palatino, Esquilino and Celio hills after having dried a small lake that Nerone was using for the Domus Aurea. The edifice of four floors, with a total height of 52 metres and an extension covering and elliptical area of about square metres, is with no doubt the most reknown symbol of Rome all over the world.For the enjoyment of Rom e people, here were organized fights between gladiators or against wild animals and fabulous spectacles as "naumachie", real navy battlements in the arena filled with water. Under the arena of the Colosseum there were numerous corridors and rooms aimed at welcoming the gladiators and the ferocious beasts that could be brought at the centre of the arena thanks to elevator carriages and access ramps.

12 VATICAN MUSEUM The Vatican Museums is one of the most important Museum complexes in the world housing very important masterpieces from the Egyptian Age to late Renaissance. The museums are composed of several sections: - the Gregorian Etruscan Museum - the Pinacoteca - the Missionary-Ethnological Museum - the Raphael Stanze - the Sistine Chapel.

13 TREVI FOUNTAIN In 1732, Pope Clement XII commissioned Nicola Salvi to create a large fountain at the Trevi Square. A previous undertaking to build the fountain after a design by Bernini was halted a century earlier after the death of Pope Urban VIII. Construction of the monumental baroque fountain was finally completed in The central figure of the fountain, in front of a large niche, is Neptune, god of the sea. He is riding a chariot in the shape of a shell, pulled by two sea horses. Each sea horse is guided by a Triton. One of the horses is calm and obedient, the other one restive. They symbolize the fluctuating moods of the sea. The water at the bottom of the fountain represents the sea. Legend has it you will return to Rome if you throw a coin into the water. You should toss it over your shoulder with your back to the fountain. TREVI FOUNTAIN In 1732, Pope Clement XII commissioned Nicola Salvi to create a large fountain at the Trevi Square. A previous undertaking to build the fountain after a design by Bernini was halted a century earlier after the death of Pope Urban VIII. Construction of the monumental baroque fountain was finally completed in The central figure of the fountain, in front of a large niche, is Neptune, god of the sea. He is riding a chariot in the shape of a shell, pulled by two sea horses. Each sea horse is guided by a Triton. One of the horses is calm and obedient, the other one restive. They symbolize the fluctuating moods of the sea. The water at the bottom of the fountain represents the sea. Legend has it you will return to Rome if you throw a coin into the water. You should toss it over your shoulder with your back to the fountain.

14 The Spanish Steps (Italian: Scalinata della Trinità dei Monti) are a set of steps in Rome, Italy, climbing a steep slope between the Piazza di Spagna at the base and Piazza Trinità dei Monti, dominated by the church of Trinità dei Monti. The Scalinata is the longest and widest staircase in Europe.ItalianRomeItalyTrinità dei Monti The monumental stairway of 138 steps was built with French diplomat Étienne Gueffiers bequeathed funds of 20,000 scudi, in 1723–1725, linking the Bourbon Spanish Embassy to the Holy See, today still located in Palazzo Monaldeschi in the piazza below, with the Trinità dei Montim the church that was under the patronage of the Bourbon kings of France.scudiBourbonSpanish EmbassyHoly See The Spanish Steps (Italian: Scalinata della Trinità dei Monti) are a set of steps in Rome, Italy, climbing a steep slope between the Piazza di Spagna at the base and Piazza Trinità dei Monti, dominated by the church of Trinità dei Monti. The Scalinata is the longest and widest staircase in Europe.ItalianRomeItalyTrinità dei Monti The monumental stairway of 138 steps was built with French diplomat Étienne Gueffiers bequeathed funds of 20,000 scudi, in 1723–1725, linking the Bourbon Spanish Embassy to the Holy See, today still located in Palazzo Monaldeschi in the piazza below, with the Trinità dei Montim the church that was under the patronage of the Bourbon kings of France.scudiBourbonSpanish EmbassyHoly See

15 Castel Gandolfo (Papal Residence) The Pontifical Villas of Castel Gandolfo comprise about 55 hectares (11 more than Vatican City) of which 30 make up a garden while 25 are used for farming. The latter is carried out with full regard for the aesthetics proper to countryside gardening. The entire papal residence enjoys all the privileges of extraterritoriality. The properties which make up the villas include the Papal Palace (comprising also the Vatican Observatory), the Barberini Palace, apartment housing for 21 employees, an electrical plant, offices, farm buildings and animal stables. Also contained in the villas are buildings in the Villa Cybo set aside for the religious community of the Maestre Pie Filippini and their school, and two cloistered convents housing the Poor Clare and Basilian Nuns. In the piazza in front of the Papal Palace, the parish house assigned to the Salesians stands alongside the Pontifical Church of St Thomas of Villanova. Castel Gandolfo (Papal Residence) The Pontifical Villas of Castel Gandolfo comprise about 55 hectares (11 more than Vatican City) of which 30 make up a garden while 25 are used for farming. The latter is carried out with full regard for the aesthetics proper to countryside gardening. The entire papal residence enjoys all the privileges of extraterritoriality. The properties which make up the villas include the Papal Palace (comprising also the Vatican Observatory), the Barberini Palace, apartment housing for 21 employees, an electrical plant, offices, farm buildings and animal stables. Also contained in the villas are buildings in the Villa Cybo set aside for the religious community of the Maestre Pie Filippini and their school, and two cloistered convents housing the Poor Clare and Basilian Nuns. In the piazza in front of the Papal Palace, the parish house assigned to the Salesians stands alongside the Pontifical Church of St Thomas of Villanova.

16 SAINT PAUL At the beginning of the 4th century, with the end of the persecutions and the promulgation of the Edicts of Tolerance in favour of Christianity, Emperor Constantine ordered the excavation of the cella memoriae, the place where Christians venerated the memory of Saint Paul the Apostle, beheaded under Nero around A.D. Above his grave, located along the Ostiense Way, about two kilometers outside the Aurelian Walls surrounding Rome, Constantine built a Basilica which was consecrated by Pope Sylvester in 324. SAINT PAUL At the beginning of the 4th century, with the end of the persecutions and the promulgation of the Edicts of Tolerance in favour of Christianity, Emperor Constantine ordered the excavation of the cella memoriae, the place where Christians venerated the memory of Saint Paul the Apostle, beheaded under Nero around A.D. Above his grave, located along the Ostiense Way, about two kilometers outside the Aurelian Walls surrounding Rome, Constantine built a Basilica which was consecrated by Pope Sylvester in 324.

17 PAPAL AUDIENCE Witness the audience at Vatican City. Experience the awe and wonder which occurs at the Papal Audience as Cardinals read in various languages reaching out to pilgrims and visitors from the far corners of the world. Then hear the Pope's weekly message as he enters the central stage. Feel free to sing along with the spiritual leaders of the Church and pray with the Pope, the head of State of Vatican City or just sit back and observe this amazing tradition taking place. PAPAL AUDIENCE Witness the audience at Vatican City. Experience the awe and wonder which occurs at the Papal Audience as Cardinals read in various languages reaching out to pilgrims and visitors from the far corners of the world. Then hear the Pope's weekly message as he enters the central stage. Feel free to sing along with the spiritual leaders of the Church and pray with the Pope, the head of State of Vatican City or just sit back and observe this amazing tradition taking place.

18 The church of the Eucharistic Miracle is located in the center of the town. But what is the center of the town today was the outskirts of the town back in the Eighth Century, when the Eucharistic Miracle occured. At the time, it was called the Church of St. Legontian and St. Domitian, and was under the custody of the Basilian Monks of the Greek Orthodox Rite.This was prior to the Great Schism of 1054.

19 Lord, make me an instrument of your peace. Where there is Hatred, let me sow Love. Where there is Injury, Pardon. Where there is Doubt, Faith. Where there is Despair, Hope. Where there is Darkness, Light, and Where there is Sadness, Joy. O Divine Master, Grant that I may not so much Seek to be consoled as to console, To be understood, as to understand, To be loved, as to love, For it is in giving that we receive, It is in pardoning that we are pardoned, And it is in dying that we are born to Eternal Life Lord, make me an instrument of your peace. Where there is Hatred, let me sow Love. Where there is Injury, Pardon. Where there is Doubt, Faith. Where there is Despair, Hope. Where there is Darkness, Light, and Where there is Sadness, Joy. O Divine Master, Grant that I may not so much Seek to be consoled as to console, To be understood, as to understand, To be loved, as to love, For it is in giving that we receive, It is in pardoning that we are pardoned, And it is in dying that we are born to Eternal Life


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