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Carolee Dean, April Halprin Wayland, Caroline Starr Rose, Lisa Schroeder Social Issues in Contemporary Fiction and Verse Novels: Recognizing Literary Devices.

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Presentation on theme: "Carolee Dean, April Halprin Wayland, Caroline Starr Rose, Lisa Schroeder Social Issues in Contemporary Fiction and Verse Novels: Recognizing Literary Devices."— Presentation transcript:

1 Carolee Dean, April Halprin Wayland, Caroline Starr Rose, Lisa Schroeder Social Issues in Contemporary Fiction and Verse Novels: Recognizing Literary Devices and the Implications for Struggling Readers

2 2 Permission is granted to use the material in this power point for classroom purposes. For other uses contact Carolee Dean for permission at: To find the power point exploring literary devices for TAKE ME THERE by Carolee Dean visit the Teacher Resources section at:

3 3 Objectives Discover why verse novels have become popular among struggling readers. Discover why verse novels have become popular among struggling readers. Find out how to get students to recognize literary and poetic devices. Find out how to get students to recognize literary and poetic devices. If time permits - Listen to poets debate the use of plotting outlines vs. the more organic approach that many poets favor. If time permits - Listen to poets debate the use of plotting outlines vs. the more organic approach that many poets favor.

4 Modern Stories Told in Verse

5 5 The History of Verse Novels-Carolee Dean

6 Explosion of Novels in Verse With authors like Ellen Hopkins and Sonya Sones, there has been an explosion of verse novels in the past decade.

7 A Brief History of Novels in Verse Are verse novels a YA/middle grade fad, a new art form, or something else? Are they even really poetry? Were there verse novels before Out of the Dust won the Newbery in 1998?

8 Before Out of the Dust there was… Soda Jerk by Cynthia Rylant in Soda Jerk by Cynthia Rylant in Make Lemonade by Virginia Euwer Wolff in Make Lemonade by Virginia Euwer Wolff in 1993.

9 AND IF WE GO BACK JUST A LITTLE FURTHER IN TIME…

10 10 Homer (not Simpson) Lived around 850 b.c. – the presumed creator of The Iliad and the Odyssey (Greek epic poems)

11 These are among the oldest surviving works of Western literature and continue to inspire modern retellings

12 Other Dead Poets Ovid - 8 a.d. created Metamorphoses Ovid - 8 a.d. created Metamorphoses Virgil – 20 b.c. created Aeneid Virgil – 20 b.c. created Aeneid

13 13 Is it Poetry or is it Algebra? 6 feet (beats) x (1 long +2 short syllables) = Dactylic Hexameter

14 Beowulf Written by an unknown anglo- saxon poet between the 8 th and 11 th centuries. Written by an unknown anglo- saxon poet between the 8 th and 11 th centuries. It is considered an Old English heroic epic poem written in alliterative long lines. It is considered an Old English heroic epic poem written in alliterative long lines.

15 Seamus Heaney Translation Sometimes we dont recognize that these older works are written in verse because the poetry is lost in the translation, but in Beowulf, Heaney (2000) tried to stay true to the original poetry form. Sometimes we dont recognize that these older works are written in verse because the poetry is lost in the translation, but in Beowulf, Heaney (2000) tried to stay true to the original poetry form.

16 Seamus Version a balm in bed to the battle-scarred Swede.

17 Shakespeares Plays Though not novels, parts of some of Shakespeare's plays (i.e. Julius Ceasar and Hamlet) were written in blank verse, unrhymed lines of iambic pentameter.

18 Dantes Divina Commedia Written Written preeminent work of Italian literature preeminent work of Italian literature First known use of Terza rima: ABA, BCB, CDC, etc. First known use of Terza rima: ABA, BCB, CDC, etc. Any number of stanzas are permissable, but the sequence always ends with a rhyming couplet. Any number of stanzas are permissable, but the sequence always ends with a rhyming couplet.

19 Back to Modern Stories

20 20 Listen to the following poem and see if you can figure out the form being used. Its written like prose to hide the structure, but the structure is there…

21 21 Name That Form-Round 1

22 22 My House from Forget Me Not p. 171 by Carolee Dean Back in my room I lie awake all night, tossing, turning. Getting out of bed, I look out the window at the sky, say a silent prayer, and bang my head against the glass. Hear my fathers voice as he complains about the cost of bread, ingratitude, why Mom cant make a choice to leave the couch. Shes stuck to it like glue. I hear him threaten that hell use some force to get her moving. Says hell show her who is boss. I hear him stumble as he falls into a chair, too drunk to follow through. I sneak out of my room and down the hall. Heading for the door, I hear him cry. Hear him whisper even as he bawls. If there really is a God then why did Frankie have to be the one to die?

23 23 The form is Terza Rima just like in Dantes Divina Commedia

24 An example of Terza Rima from My House pg. 171 Forget Me Not Back in my room I lie awake all night, A tossing, turning. Getting out of bed, B I look out the window at the sky, A (slant rhyme) say a silent prayer, and bang my head B (enjambment) against the glass. Hear my fathers voice C (enjambment) as he complains about the cost of bread, B (enjambment) ingratitude, why Mom cant make a choice C (enjambment) to leave the couch. Shes stuck to it like glue. D I hear him threaten that hell use some force C (slant rhyme)

25 Forget Me Not (continued) to get her moving. Says hell show her who D (enjambment) is boss. I hear him stumble as he falls E (enjambment) into a chair, too drunk to follow through. D (end rhyme) I sneak out of my room and down the hall. E (end rhyme) Heading for the door, I hear him cry. F (end rhyme) Hear him whisper even as he bawls. E (end rhyme) If there really is a God then why F (enjambment) did Frankie have to be the one to die? F (end rhyme)

26 26 Readability Statistics Found in Microsoft Word While in Spell Check go to Options Mark show readability statistics When you are finished with spell check, the statistics will appear.

27 27 Readability Statistics for My House Version One-Prose- Words-140Characters-542Paragraphs-2 Sentences - 11 Sentences per paragraph – 5.5 Words per sentence-12.7 Characters per word -3.7 Flesch-Kincaid Grade -3.1 Version Two-Poem Words-140Characters-542Paragraphs-17 Sentences - 11 Sentences per paragraph- 1.8 Words per sentence-5.7 Characters per word -3.7 Flesch-Kincaid Grade -0.3

28 28 What increases the difficulty of the reading level? -Length of words words -Length of sentences -Length of paragraphs

29 29 April Halprin Wayland

30 30 Verse Novel vs. Novel in Poems 1) Mentored my Myra Cohn Livingston 1) Mentored my Myra Cohn Livingston 2) Girl Coming in for a Landing was submitted for 10 years 2) Girl Coming in for a Landing was submitted for 10 years 3) Penny Markey, Library Administrator for Youth Services for the County of Los Angeles Public Library, in charge of 85 County libraries' children's programs, encouraged me to keep trying because "Novels in poems were flying off the shelves in juvenile halls. If a student has never finished reading a whole novel before, he or she can read a novel in one sitting and feel triumphant" 3) Penny Markey, Library Administrator for Youth Services for the County of Los Angeles Public Library, in charge of 85 County libraries' children's programs, encouraged me to keep trying because "Novels in poems were flying off the shelves in juvenile halls. If a student has never finished reading a whole novel before, he or she can read a novel in one sitting and feel triumphant"

31 31 Novels in verse are perfect for low readers because they often… -Use short words and sentences with few true paragraphs -Build in natural pauses -Leave a lot of white space on the page -Are descriptive but use mostly nouns and verbs, allowing the reader to form concrete images -Incorporate sensory images -Present complete ideas in a short space. Each poem is its own unit. You can talk about the main idea after one page instead of muddling through a 15 page chapter.

32 32 How do you feel when you see a page like this?

33 33 Versus a page like this?

34 34 Name That Form-Round 2

35 35 From Girl Coming in for a Landing by April Halprin Wayland When do I count the clock that tells the time and see my whole day gone and all its light; when I sort out this (poems) classic rhyme and try to comprehend with all my might; when it occurs to me that Ill be teased by fellow students after they have heard my (poem) said upon these trembling knees, my fervent wish? That Im disguised (with beard). Then of my wisdom do I question make. What was I thinking when I said Id try for Drama Clubwas I not yet awake? Now I must climb from this black hole hereby; for nothing gainst Mr. J. can make defense Save bribes, to brave him when he hears me hence. Save bribes, to brave him when he hears me hence. Flesch Kincaid Grade Level 3.7

36 36 My Version of William Shakespeares Sonnet Number Twelve From Girl Coming in for a Landing by April Halprin Wayland When do I count the clock that tells the time And see my whole day gone and all its light; When I sort out this sonnets classic rhyme And try to comprehend with all my might; When it occurs to me that Ill be teased By fellow students after they have heard My sonnet said upon these trembling knees, My fervent wish? That Im disguised (with beard). Then of my wisdom do I question make. What was I thinking when I said Id try For Drama Clubwas I not yet awake? Now I must climb from this black hole hereby; For nothing gainst Mr. J. can make defense Save bribes, to brave him when he hears me hence. Flesch Kincaid Grade Level 0.9 Flesch Kincaid Grade Level 0.9

37 37 Lisa Schroeder

38 38 Verse novels can be used to make students more aware of the sounds within words. - Alliteration (The repetition of initial consonant sounds.) - Assonance (The repetition of vowel sounds without similar consonants) - Consonance (The repetition of consonant sounds across word positions, usually at the end). Note: Definitions of consonance vary

39 39 Sugar and Spies from The Day Before by Lisa Schroeder We get in Madisons Kia, (assonance) and before I can even get the words out, shes reading my mind like a best friend should. Were following him, right? she asks. I reach into my bag. (alliteration) Jelly beans for dinner. Right as raspberry. (alliteration)Right as raspberry. (alliteration)

40 From the Experts: Lisa Schroeder, author of four verse novels, most recently The Day Before For me, verse is all about atmosphere. I choose to do it because it helps me to create an atmosphere I cant get with regular prose. It also allows me to get to the emotional truths of the story, and to accentuate them. I didnt choose the verse as much as it chose me, and with each book Ive written in verse, it added to the story rather than detracted from it. Not all stories are going to work in verse. In fact, Id probably argue, most stories wont work in verse. But when it does, its a beautiful thing, I think! I didnt choose the verse as much as it chose me, and with each book Ive written in verse, it added to the story rather than detracted from it. Not all stories are going to work in verse. In fact, Id probably argue, most stories wont work in verse. But when it does, its a beautiful thing, I think!

41 41 Caroline Starr Rose

42 42 More Bang for Your Buck Verse novels tend to provide more examples of figurative language (the kind of stuff frequently found on SBA tests) than traditional novels: Metaphor (drawing a comparison between two things) Simile (using the word like or as to draw a comparison) Personification (giving human attributes to something non-human) Allusion (reference to another literary work, history, art, person, event, etc.)

43 43 Hunger is a Wild Dog Teachers guide for HOME OF THE BRAVE by Katherine Applegate available in TEACHER RESOURCES at

44 44 Excerpts from May B. by Caroline Starr Rose #82 – metaphor Sometimes I see wagon ruts, a memory pressed in dried mud. #90 – personification Wind runs across the prairie, swirling snowflakes and brittle grass. #147- simile I am content to feel the wind at my cheeks, to take in the stars scattered like marbles across the heavens.

45 May B. Caroline Starr Rose 11 I play a game inside my head, (assonance) counting plum trees that dot a creek bed, rabbits that scatter at the sound of wagon wheels, (assonance) clouds that skirt the sky. (alliteration) For hours, that is all, and grass, always grass, in different shades and textures (Internal rhyme) like the braids in a rag rug. (simile) (alliteration) Miss Sanders told us that lines never end, (consonance) and numbers go on forever. Here, in short-grass country, I understand infinity.

46 46 Literary & Poetic Devices Treasure Hunt Literary & Poetic Devices Treasure Hunt Put up examples of literary and poetic devices around the classroom. Tell students what they are looking for and how many examples there are of each. Have them complete a chart listing the examples. Or use this power point which weve provided for you in your handouts.

47 47 Take Me There by Carolee Dean The River p. 209 Blood is a river. One drop follow another One drop follow another until they all reach the bottom until they all reach the bottom of the of the deep deep blue blue sea sea

48 48 ANSWER - Metaphor

49 49 May B. by Caroline Starr Rose Excerpt from #4 p. 8 I grab a fistful of shorn hair. I am no better than Samson once that Delilah cut his hair, once his strength was gone.

50 50 Answer - Allusion

51 51 Girl Coming in for a Landing by April Halprin Wayland An excerpt from Reviews p. 119 Carlo smiles right into my eyes And says Illiant-bray! Silly old bear.

52 52 Answer - Allusion

53 53 The Day Before by Lisa Schroeder Excerpt from Together Again p. 192 Back in his Beetle, a dozen questions circle my mind like vultures. I cant let them move in on this moment though.

54 54 Answer - Simile

55 55 Take Me There by Carolee Dean Excerpt from The Heart of Texas-3 p. 308 In the heart of Texas, theres a sound, the sound of weeping in the halls. The witnesses are drawing near to press their faces to the glass. Watching minutes ticking past.

56 56 Answer - Consonance

57 57 May B. by Caroline Starr Rose Excerpt from #110 p. 164 I bang ice from the hay logs. The few buffalo chips must stay as they are, too fragile to pound on the floor. My hands move like wet leather dried out in the sun.

58 58 Answer - Simile

59 59 Girl Coming in for a Landing by April Halprin Wayland excerpt from Those School Dances p. 36 I wander back to the fringe of the cool gym to heat my wall spot. Other wall-warmers are whisked away. I work hard, hiding my fingertips from inspection.

60 60 Answer - Alliteration

61 61 The Day Before by Lisa Schroeder Excerpt from Soaking Wet p. 161 I run after him, the warm sand gripping my feet with each step as if it were trying to tell me to go slowly, carefully.

62 62 Answer - Personification

63 63 Girl Coming in for a Landing by April Halprin Wayland Taking Violin p. 22 I open my case tighten my bow pluck a string to tune. I love to listen to it chirp across the echoing room. My friends are in class reading about a famous English king, but I am training this wooden bird upon my arm to sing.

64 64 Answer – Implied Metaphor

65 65 The Day Before by Lisa Schroeder Excerpt from Hearts in the Sand Its still dark, but the moon glows, smiling down on us.

66 66 Answer - Personification

67 67 Take Me There by Carolee Dean THE ROAD Life isnt a destination. Its a journey. But you gotta be heading somewhere or youre just a mouse going round. Even if the place you wind up isnt the place you were bound.

68 68 Answer – Extended Metaphor

69 69 May B. by Caroline Starr Rose Excerpt from #25 p. 40 Like a shadow, Mrs. Oblinger floats about, Sometimes outside, Sometimes in. Is she at the creek fetching water?

70 70 Answer - Simile

71 71 If Time Permits Writing Activities will Follow

72 try the following exercises… try the following exercises…

73 73 Suggestion #1 Counting Syllables Write an entire scene or description as a series of haiku or tanka. Write an entire scene or description as a series of haiku or tanka.

74 74 Suggestion #2 Metaphor Create a metaphor for an abstract term like hunger and then continue exploring that idea. (i.e. Hunger is…)

75 75 Suggestion #3 Alliteration 1) Come up with one word for each of the five senses for things you would find in a restaurant. 2) Use each word to write a sentence and make at least one more word in the sentence start with the same sound as your word.

76 76 THE END THE END


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