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The Armenian American Community: An Opinion Survey 2005 Conducted By: Dr. Garbis Der-Yeghiayan Illustrations By: Roupen Avsharian, Esq. Copyright © 2005.

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Presentation on theme: "The Armenian American Community: An Opinion Survey 2005 Conducted By: Dr. Garbis Der-Yeghiayan Illustrations By: Roupen Avsharian, Esq. Copyright © 2005."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Armenian American Community: An Opinion Survey 2005 Conducted By: Dr. Garbis Der-Yeghiayan Illustrations By: Roupen Avsharian, Esq. Copyright © 2005 Mashdots College, Glendale, CA Mashdots College Glendale, California

2 2 CONTENTS Introduction 3 Research Methodology10 Profile & Demographic Statistics13 Family Structure & Affiliations29 Charity Contributions & Community Support42 Community Leadership & Organizational Evaluation53 Inter-Ethnic Relations78 Armenia & Armenia-Related Issues85 Political Participation 114 Affects of September Volunteerism 145 The Role of Media & Publications 155 Moral, Ethical & Spiritual Issues 183 Views & Opinions 258 Priorities 303 Do You Have REVIEW BY GLENDALE NEWS PRESS/LA TIMES 352

3 3 INTRODUCTION This comprehensive and demographically representative new survey of Armenian Americans reveals an array of attitudes, beliefs. Views, values, perceptions and experiences about a broad range of subjects. Among the topics covered are: Armenian identity; family structure and interests; inter-ethnic issues; Armenia-related issues; volunteerism; political participation; the role of the media and publications; moral, ethical and spiritual issues community involvement; economic and financial status and priorities; attitudes towards education and religion; political participation assimilation challenges; the affects of September 11; individual and community concerns, priorities and opportunities.

4 4 There are approximately eight million Armenians in the world today, of which 55 percent live in Armenia and other countries of the former Soviet Union. Of the 45 percent who live in the Diaspora, about one million have settled in the United States. California is the state with the largest Armenian population; and the largest concentration of Armenians in the Diaspora today is located in the greater Los Angeles area.

5 5 19th century, about 20,000 Armenians fled their homeland for America. The second wave of immigrants came during the first decade of the 20th century. In 1914, there about 30 Armenian church communities in the United States and the total Armenian population had grown to about 100,000.

6 6 The third wave of immigrants came after the 1915 Genocide, in which 1.5 million Armenians perished at the hands of the Ottoman Turks. Between 1914 and 1924, about 25,000 Armenians entered America. A fourth wave of Armenian immigrants came at the end of World War II as a consequence of social, political and economic oppression in numerous countries. A fifth wave of immigration was largely from the Middle East, because of the civil war in Lebanon and the fundamentalist Moslem influence in Iran. Emigration has also increased from Armenia due to economic problems.

7 7 In order to propagate their rich cultural heritage, traditions and Values, Armenians have established in the United States important institutions and organizations which include: a score of churches and schools; research centers and libraries; radio and television programs;, daily, weekly and monthly newspapers and journals;, numerous cultural, educational, political, youth, athletic, compatriotic, literary, professional, alumni and student organizations.

8 8 Many Armenian families have had to cope with the hardships of their parents uprooting and resettlement, and have had to build a new life in a new country. They have worked very hard to secure financial stability for their families. The hardships endured by their parents (in most cases survivors of the Genocide) have had profound influences on their lives. Their parents suffering has imbued them with a great loyalty to the homeland and s fierce determination to establish themselves successfully in a new society. As the new wave of immigrants settled in Armenian communities within the United States, they added a new dimension to the existing Armenian cultural and economic life, complementing and supplementing the tremendous efforts made by the Armenian Americans who preceded them.

9 9 The challenges and prospects Armenian Americans face today are not the same that the Genocide generation faced a century ago. The lifestyle of the new society, the loss of family and cultural values, globalization vs. regionalism challenges, the influence of the media, daily economic and social pressures, and the materialistic environment that surround them, are constantly creating new challenges individually and collectively. This study is a preliminary attempt to define and understand the status, role and prospects of Armenian Americans with the earnest hope that it may stimulate further interest and action among the religious, educational, political and civic leaders who serve the community.

10 10 It was evident from the nature of the research issue, that a unique questionnaire was needed to be devised. No existing instrument adequately captured the research needs of such a study and a fresh approach to the entire issue was needed. Questions included in the initial survey were based on the writers experience within the Armenian community in the United States, as well as invaluable input from three research scientists and numerous religious, educational, political, cultural and civic leaders and community members. The questionnaire was tested on 200 randomly selected Armenian Americans. The enthusiastic response to this trial run re-enforced the research belief that the study was examining sensitive and important issues. After the initial test of the preliminary version of the instrument, a revised questionnaire was sent to three professionals in the field of research with the request that they change the wording or add items, wherever they felt alteration was indicated. These qualitative responses provided invaluable assistance in refining the survey instrument. The input from the three research scientists, provided the basic pool of information for the questions to be included in the final version of the survey instrument. RESEARCH METHODOLOGY

11 11 The questionnaire was mailed to 8,624 Armenian Americans residing in 22 states from California to New York. It was felt that this cross-country sampling would be most representative of the Armenian American community. The names were randomly selected from a demographically representative master list of 75,000 addresses compiled from the following sources: Mashdots College, Church, Armenian community, Armenian yellow pages, alumni, compatriotic, professional, and school/university directories. Responses totaled 3,014 or 35%. The study was conducted between May and December of In all cases, respondents were instructed not to give their names, so that complete anonymity would be observed and questions would be answered as honestly as possible. Incomplete or double answers were not included in the final collection of data, although the number of incomplete or unusable responses was surprisingly small.

12 12 The completed questionnaires from across the country were scored, coded, tabulated and statistically analyzed. The margin of error for the sample as a whole is plus or minus 3 percentage points.

13 13 Profile & Demographic Statistics

14 14 Total Number of Respondents: 3,014 Gender Breakdown Male: 1,691 – 56% Female: 1,323 – 44%

15 15 Age Distribution Respondents: 2,910 (96.5%) Ages18 to 27: 447(15%) Ages28 to 46: 763(26%) Ages47 to 65:1,026(36%) Ages66 and over: 674(23%)

16 16 Country of Birth Distribution: 3,014 Armenia % Australia311% Azerbaijan130.40% Canada611.70% Cyprus421.40% Egypt872.90% Ethiopia110.40% Georgia140.50% Greece411.40% Iraq642.10% Iran % Israel301% Jordan391.30% Kuwait210.70% Lebanon % Palestine371.20% Russia471.60% S. Arabia100.30% Sudan120.40% Syria % Turkey % Ukraine130.40% U.A.E.291% U.S.A % Europe541.80% S. America511.70%

17 17 Country of Birth Distribution...

18 18 Regional Distribution... Respondents:2,901 (96.3%) Western U.S.A. 2,116 (73%) Eastern U.S.A. 378 (23%) Mid-West U.S.A. 107 (4%)

19 19 Household Size... Respondents: 2,838 (94.2%) 1426(14%)5312(10%) 2568(20%)6 85 (6%) 3624(22%)7 56 (2%) 4766(26%)

20 20 Household Income Distribution Respondents: 2,976 (98%) Under $30, (11%) $30,001 to $50, (14%) $50,001 to $75,001 1,073(35%) $75,001 and more 1,177(40%)

21 21 Marital Status of Respondents: 2,991 (99.2%) Single: 654(22%) Married: 1727(57%) Widowed: 259(9%) Divorced: 351(12%)

22 22 Do Both Spouses Work? Respondents: 1,712 (56.8%) YES: 1,025 (60%) NO: 678 (40%)

23 23 Education of Respondents: 2,998 (99.5%) Less than High School: 182 (6%) High School Graduate: 751 (25%) Some College: 602 (20%) College Graduate: 846 (28%) Graduate School: 617 (21%)

24 24 Occupation: Respondents 2,990 Accountant76 Actor/Actress 8 Advertising10 Anthropologist 8 Architect42 Artist13 Athletic Therapist11 Attorney71 Auto Repair: 12 Banker: 5 Business Manager239 Biologist 11 Caterer 5 Chiropractor 26 Comp. Programmer 38 Contractor 12 Counselor 17 Dental Assistant 21 Dentist 52 Educator, Childhood 79

25 25 Occupation... Economist26 Editor 5 Engineer 75 Entertainer 7 Entrepreneur 77 Financial Planner 53 Florist 9 Funeral Director 4 Graphic Designer 25 Grocer 8 Health Care 27 Homemaker 386 Human Resources 16 Insurance Agent 43 Interior Designer 16 Interpreter 7 Jeweler 15 Journalist 11 Kinesiologist 9 Loan Officer 13

26 26 Occupation... Management Const. 12 Marriage Therapist 7 Mathematician 9 Med Lab Technician 12 Minister 42 Musician 11 Non Profit Org. 28 Nurse 57 Nutritionist 5 Office Manager 29 Optician 8 Optometrist 7 Paralegal 10 Pharmacist 9 Photographer 7 Physician 82 Physician's Assistant 24 Podiatrist 4 Printer 6 Psychologist 8

27 27 Occupation... Public Rel. Officer 12 Public Servant 5 Publisher 6 R.E. Agent/Broker 85 Recreation Director 17 Restaurant Owner 26 Retired327 Retirement Home 6 Sales Director 256 School Counselor 16 School Principal 5 Service Station 14 Social Worker 11 Student264 Surgeon 35 Tax Advisor 12 Teacher117 T.V. Prog. Producer 5 Travel Agent 22 University Adm. 15

28 28 Occupation... University Professor 49 Veterinarian 4 Web Designer 12 Writer 23 X Ray Technician 14 Youth Worker 36 Zoologist 5 Unemployed 109

29 29 Family Structure & Affiliations

30 30 Do You Have Kids Under 18? Respondents: 2,986 (99.1%) YES: 922 (31%)NO: 2,064 (69%)

31 31 If Yes, do they Attend Armenian Schools? Yes, Day Schools: 271 (29%) Yes, Saturday Schools: 174 (19%) No: 477 (52%)

32 32 Language(s) Spoken At Home Respondents: 2,997 (99.4%) Armenian:798(27%) More Armenian than English:626(21%) English:904(30%) More English than Armenian:608(20%) Other: 61 (2%)

33 33 Denominational Affiliation Respondents: 2,986 (99.1%) Armenian Apostolic: 1,681(57%) Armenian Catholic: 189 (6%) Armenian Protestant/Evangelical: 507 (17%) Other: 329 (11%) None: 280 (9%)

34 34 Denominational Affiliation Respondents: 2,986 (99.1%)

35 35 On Social Policy Issues... Respondents: 2,960 (98.2%) Mostly Conservative: 857 (29%) Moderate: 1,219 (41%) Mostly Liberal: 782 (27%) Dont Know: 102 (3%)

36 36 On Social Policy Issues... Respondents: 2,960 (98.2%)

37 37 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Mostly Conservative Moderate Mostly Liberal Dont Know AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

38 38 You Would Like to be Called... Respondents: 2,924 (97%) Armenian: 1,058 (36%) American: 276 (10%) Armenian-American: 1,079 (37%) American-Armenian: 468 (16%) Other: 43 (1%)

39 39 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Armenian American Armenian-American American-Armenian Other AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

40 40 Languages Spoken Armenian: 2,077 Arabic: 710 English: 2,767 Farsi: 344 French: 425 Greek: 98 Portuguese: 32 Russian 423 Spanish: 534 Turkish: 744 Other: 78

41 41 Languages Spoken...

42 42 Charity Contributions & Community Support

43 43 Any Contribution to Charities in the Past 6 Months? Respondents: 2,642 (87.7%) Armenian: 626(24%) American:444(17%) Both:770(29%) None:802(30%)

44 44 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Armenian American Both None AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

45 45 In the Next 6 Months, Will You Make a Contribution to any Armenian Charities? Respondents: 2,268 (75.3%) More Money: 178 (8%) Less Money: 725 (32%) Same Amount: 977 (43%) Dont Know: 388 (17%)

46 46 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST More Money Less Money Same Amount Dont Know AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

47 47 In the Next 6 Months, Will You Make a Contribution to any American Charities? Respondents: 2,297 (76.2%) More Money: 211 (9%) Less Money: 464 (20%) Same Amount:1,321 (58%) Dont Know: 301 (13%)

48 48 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST More Money Less Money Same Amount Dont Know AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

49 49 Have You Financially Supported the Armenia Fund Telethon? Respondents: 2,067 (68.6%) YES: 602(29%) NO:1,465(71%)

50 50 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST YES NO AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

51 51 Do You Provide Financial Assistance to Relatives or Friends in Armenia? Respondents: 2,367 (78.5%) YES, Regularly: 443(19%) YES, Occasionally: 679(28%) NO:1,245(53%)

52 52 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST YES, Regularly YES, Occasionally NO AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

53 53 Armenian American Community: Leadership & Organizational Evaluation

54 54 How Trustworthy are the Leaders of American Non-Profit Organizations? Respondents: 2,928 (97.2%) Very Trustworthy: 1,098 (38%) Somewhat Trustworthy : 1,166(40%) Not Too Trustworthy : 554 (18%) Not at all Trustworthy: 110 (4%)

55 55 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Trustworthy Somewhat Trustworthy Not Too Trustworthy Not at all Trustworthy AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

56 56 How Trustworthy are the Leaders of Armenian Non-Profit Organizations? Respondents: 2,999 (99.5%) Very Trustworthy: 476 (16%) Somewhat Trustworthy : 1,334(44%) Not Too Trustworthy : 879 (29%) Not at all Trustworthy: 310 (11%)

57 57 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Trustworthy Somewhat Trustworthy Not Too Trustworthy Not at all Trustworthy AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

58 58 Respondents Trust in American vs. Armenian Leaders AmericanArmenian

59 59 Do You Attend Armenian Community Functions? Respondents: 2,932 (97.3%) No: 911(31%) 1-3 Times a year:873(30%) 4 -7 Times a year: 476(16%) Times a year:381(13%) 12 or More a year:291(10%)

60 60 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST No Times Times a year Times a year or More a year AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

61 61 In the Past 6 Months, How Many non-Armenian Events Did You Attend, Excluding Church Services? Respondents: 2,717 (90.2%) 1-3 Times: 384 (13%) 4-7 Times: 405 (15%) 8-11 Times: 292 (11%) 12 or More: 245 (9%) None: 1,116 (42%)

62 62 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST 1-3 Times Times Times or More None AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

63 63 How Would You Evaluate Armenian Cultural Events In the U.S.? Respondents: 2,867 (95.2%) Outstanding: – 598 (21%) Good: – 1,017 (35%) Mediocre: – 945 (33%) Poor: – 309 (11%)

64 64 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Outstanding Good Mediocre Poor AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

65 65 How Would You Evaluate the Performance of Armenian Religious Leaders in the U.S.? Respondents: 2,659 (88.2%) Outstanding: – 221 (8%) Good: – 896 (34%) Mediocre: – 996 (37%) Poor: – 546 (21%)

66 66 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Outstanding Good Mediocre Poor AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

67 67 How Would You Evaluate the Performance of Armenian Political Leaders in the U.S.? Respondents: 2,527 (83.8%) Outstanding: – 198 (8%) Good: – 644 (25%) Mediocre: – 1,278 (51%) Poor: – 407 (16%)

68 68 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Outstanding Good Mediocre Poor AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

69 69 How Would You Evaluate the Performance of Armenian Educational Leaders in the U.S.? Respondents: 2,527 (83.8%) Outstanding: – 488 (19%) Good: – 1,298 (52%) Mediocre: – 569 (22%) Poor: – 187 (7%)

70 70 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Outstanding Good Mediocre Poor AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

71 71 How Would You Evaluate the Performance of Armenian Non- Profit Organization Leaders ? Respondents: 2,527 (83.8%) Outstanding: – 309 (14%) Good: – 997 (47%) Mediocre: – 601 (28%) Poor: – 243 (11%)

72 72 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Outstanding Good Mediocre Poor AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

73 73 How Would You Evaluate the Quality of Education in Armenian Schools in the U.S.? Respondents: 2,908 (96.5%) Outstanding: – 419 (14%) Good: – 1,317 (45%) Mediocre: – 866 (30%) Poor: – 306 (11%)

74 74 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Outstanding Good Mediocre Poor AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

75 75 How Would You Evaluate the Quality of Education in Public Schools in the U.S.? Respondents: 2,911 (96.6%) Outstanding: – 321 (11%) Good: – 654 (22%) Mediocre: – 1,277 (44%) Poor: – 659 (23%)

76 76 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Outstanding Good Mediocre Poor AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

77 77 Respondents Evaluation of the Quality of Armenian vs. Public Schools in U.S. ArmenianArmenian Armenian Public

78 78 Inter-Ethnic Relations

79 79 How Well do Armenian Americans Get Along With... Whites3,008 (99.8%) – Very Well 798 (29%) – Quite Well1,623 (44%) – Needs Improvement 587 (27%) African Americans 2,959 (98.2%) – Very Well 469 (16%) – Quite Well 979 (33%) – Needs Improvement : 1,511 (51%)

80 80 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Whites Very Well Quite Well Needs Improvement AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

81 81 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST African Americans Very Well Quite Well Needs Improvement AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

82 82 How Well do Armenian Americans Get Along With... Hispanics2,874(95.4%) – Very Well: 332 (12%) – Quite Well: 655 (23%) – Needs Improvement: 1,887 (65%) Asians2,928(97.2%) – Very Well: 409 (14%) – Quite Well: 668 (23%) – Needs improvement: 1,851 (63%)

83 83 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Hispanics Very Well Quite Well Needs Improvement AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

84 84 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Asians Very Well Quite Well Needs Improvement AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

85 85 Armenia & Armenia-Related Issues

86 86 If Youre Not From Armenia, Have You Visited Armenia? Respondents: 2,285 (75.8%) YES 609(27%) NO 1,876(73%) Times Visited: 1-3 Times: Times: or More: 79

87 87 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST YES NO AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

88 88 Things be Better in Armenia 10 Years from Now Respondents: 2,975 (98.7%) Strongly Agree: – 498 (17%) Somewhat Agree: – 1,280 (42%) Somewhat Disagree: – 391 (13%) Strongly Disagree: – 284 (10%) Dont Know: – 522 (18%)

89 89 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Strongly Agree Somewhat Agree Somewhat Disagree Strongly Disagree Dont Know AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

90 90 Things Be Better In Nagorno-Karabagh 10 Years From Now Respondents: 2,889 (95.9%) Strongly Agree: – 602 (21%) Somewhat Agree: – 1,298 (45%) Somewhat Disagree: – 388 (13%) Strongly Disagree: – 149 (5%) Dont Know: – 452 (16%)

91 91 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Strongly Agree Somewhat Agree Somewhat Disagree Strongly Disagree Dont Know AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

92 92 How Would You Evaluate the Performance Armenian Religious Leaders in Armenia Today? Respondents: 2,527 (83.8%) Outstanding: – 209 (9%) Good: – 481 (20%) Mediocre: – 1,113 (47%) Poor: – 572 (24%)

93 93 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Outstanding Good Mediocre Poor AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

94 94 How Would You Evaluate the Performance of Armenian Political Leaders in Armenia Today? Respondents: 2,477 (82.2%) Outstanding: – 151 (6%) Good: – 306 (12%) Mediocre: – 1,332 (54%) Poor: – 688 (28%)

95 95 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Outstanding Good Mediocre Poor AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

96 96 How Would You Evaluate the Performance of Armenian Educational Leaders in Armenia? Respondents: 2,482 (82.4%) Outstanding: – 323 (13%) Good: – 794 (32%) Mediocre: – 927 (37%) Poor: – 438 (18%)

97 97 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Outstanding Good Mediocre Poor AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

98 98 What is Your Level of Interest in Current Affairs In Armenia? Respondents: 2,972 (98.6%) Quite Interested:1,779(60%) Somewhat Interested: 946(32%) Not Interested: 247 (8%)

99 99 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Quite Interested Somewhat Interested Not Interested AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

100 100 If Conditions Improve in Armenia, Would You Consider Living There? Respondents: 2,691 (89.3%) Most Likely: 382(14%) Somewhat Likely: 511(19%) Least Likely:1,798(67%)

101 101 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Most Likely Somewhat Likely Least Likely AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

102 102 How Important is the Return of Occupied Lands to Armenia? Respondents: 2,990 (99.2%) Quite Important:1,987(66%) Somewhat Important: 649(22%) Not Very Important: 354(12%)

103 103 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Quite Important Somewhat Important Not Very Important AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

104 104 If Occupied Lands are Returned, Would You Consider Living There? Respondents: 2,753 (91.3%) Most Likely: 281(10%) Somewhat Likely: 338(12%) Least Likely:2,134(78%)

105 105 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Most Likely Somewhat Likely Least Likely AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

106 106 How Important is the Use of Peaceful Means to Resolve the Armenian Question? Respondents: 2,902 (96.3%) Very Important: – 1,635 (56%) Somewhat Important: – 839 (29%) Not Very Important: – 428 (15%)

107 107 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Important: Somewhat Important: Not Very Important: AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

108 108 The Recognition of the Armenian Genocide by Turkey is a Prerequisite for Normalization of Relations Between Armenia & Turkey Respondents: 2,988 (93%) Strongly Agree: -1,677 (56%) Somewhat Agree: (30%) Somewhat Disagree: (10%) Strongly Disagree: - 88 (3%) Dont Know: - 21 (1%)

109 109 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Strongly Agree Somewhat Agree Somewhat Disagree Strongly Disagree Dont Know AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

110 110 Do You Agree that the American Government has a Moral Obligation to Recognize the Armenian Genocide? Respondents: 2,866 (95.1%) Strongly Agree: - 2,067 (71%) Somewhat Agree: (12%) Somewhat Disagree: (8%) Strongly Disagree: (7.5%) Dont Know: - 45 (1.5%)

111 111 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Strongly Agree Somewhat Agree Somewhat Disagree Strongly Disagree Dont Know AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

112 112 How Interested are You in International Current Affairs? Respondents: 2,977 (98.8%) Very Interested: 1,489(50%) Somewhat Interested: 1,323(44%) Not Interested: 165 (6%)

113 113 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Interested Somewhat Interested Not Interested AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

114 114 Political Participation

115 115 Voter Registration Respondents: 2,971 (98.6%) Not Registered:471(17%) Independent:356(12%) Democrat:898(30%) Republican:793(26%) Other (Non-Citizen):453(15%)

116 116 Voter Registration

117 117 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Not Registered Independent Democrat Republican Other (Non-Citizen) AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

118 118 Have You Contributed to any Candidate for Public Office? Respondents: 2,964 (98.3%) YES: 868(29%) NO: 2,096(71%)

119 119 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST YES NO AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

120 120 Have You Worked for a Political Candidate as a Volunteer? Respondents: 2,827 (93.8%) YES: 636(23%) NO: 2,191(77%)

121 121 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST YES NO AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

122 122 If Worked for a Political Candidate, Was the Candidate... ? Armenian: – 129 (20%) Non-Armenian: – 418 (67%) Both: – 89 (13%)

123 123 RESPONSES WESTERN EASTERN &MID-WEST Armenian Non-Armenian Both AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

124 124 I am More Likely to Vote if There are Armenian candidates on the Ballot... Respondents: 2,235 (74.2%) Agree: 709 (32%) Disagree: 1,526 (68%)

125 125 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Agree Disagree AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

126 126 I Will Pick an Armenian Candidate Even if There is a Better Qualified non-Armenian Candidate on the Ballot... Respondents: 2,311 (76.7%) Agree: 605 (26%) Disagree: 1,706 (74%)

127 127 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Agree Disagree AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

128 128 I am More Likely to Vote for Armenian Candidates Instead of non-Armenian Candidates of similar Qualifications... Respondents: 2,354 (78.1%) Agree: 1,488(63%) Disagree: 866(37%)

129 129 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Agree Disagree AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

130 130 How Much Attention Do You Pay to American Politics & Government? Respondents: 2,524 (83.8%) A Lot: (33%) A Fair Amount: - 1,327 (52%) Not Much: (13%) Not At All: -52 (2%)

131 131 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST A Lot A Fair Amount Not Much Not At All AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

132 132 U.S. Citizens May Have a Strong Influence on Government by Voting & Engaging in Political Activities. Respondents: 2,702 (89.7%) Agree: 2,128(79%) Disagree: 498(18%) Dont Know: 76 (3%)

133 133 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Agree Disagree Dont Know AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

134 134 September 11...

135 135 September 11 Events Laid the Groundwork for Incidents of Prejudice & Discrimination Toward Immigrants, Including Armenian Americans. Respondents: 2,952 (97.9%) Totally Agree: 384(13%) Somewhat Agree:1,422(48%) Do Not Agree: 829(28%) No Opinion: 317(11%)

136 136 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Totally Agree Somewhat Agree Do Not Agree No Opinion AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

137 137 Since the Terrorist Attacks of September 11, I feel... Respondents: 2,933 (97.3%) More Secure: 367(13%) Less Secure: 727(25%) About the Same:1,839(62%)

138 138 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST More Secure Less Secure About the Same AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

139 139 I Worry More About the Future than I Did Before September 11. Respondents: 2,933 (97.3%) Totally Agree: 191 (7%) Somewhat Agree: 834(28%) Do Not Agree: 1,385(47%) No Opinion: 523(18%)

140 140 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Totally Agree Somewhat Agree Do Not Agree No Opinion AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

141 141 It Will Be Necessary to Give Up Some Civil Liberties in Order to Combat Terrorism... Respondents: 2,935 (97.4%) Totally Agree: (11%) Somewhat Agree: - 1,126 (39%) Do Not Agree: - 1,472 (50%)

142 142 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Totally Agree Somewhat Agree Do Not Agree AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

143 143 Do You Favor Military Action to Retaliate Against Terrorist Attacks? Respondents: 2,964 (98.3%) Favor: 1,839 (61%) Oppose: 588 (20%) Dont Know: 556 (19%)

144 144 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Favor Oppose Dont Know AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

145 145 Volunteerism

146 146 Do You Currently Perform any Volunteer Service? Respondents: 2,900 (96.2%) YES, Armenian Community: – 701 (24%) YES, Community At Large: – 879 (30%) YES, Both: – 588 (21%) NO: – 732 (25%)

147 147 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST YES, Armenian Community YES, Community at Large YES, Both NO AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

148 148 Where Do You Volunteer? Hospitals428 Child Care113 School493 Cultural Org.581 Youth Ctr.379 Adult Care156 Religious Org.622 Non-Profit Org.587 Someone's Home109 Library181 Service Clubs203 Shelter53 Orphanage49 Scouting54 Media23

149 149 How Often Do You Volunteer? Respondents: 2,168 (80%) Daily: (9%) 2-3 Times/Week: (17%) Weekly: (25%) 2-3 Times/Month: (18%) 1-2 Times/Year: (31%)

150 150 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Daily Times/Week Weekly Times/Month Times/Year AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

151 151 Where Do You Volunteer?

152 152 Most Important Reason for Volunteering... Respondents: 2,168 (71.9%) To Change Things: 418 (19%) To Glorify God: 433 (19%) Spend Time With People:177 (8%) To Serve Humanity: 665 (31%) To Raise Money: 366 (17%) To Feel good: 98 (5%) Other: 11 (1%)

153 153 Most Important Reason for Volunteering... Respondents: 2,168 (71.9%)

154 154 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST To Change Things To Glorify God Spend Time With People To Serve Humanity To Raise Money To Feel good Other AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

155 155 Media & Its Influence

156 156 How Many Hours of T.V. Do You Watch During Weekdays? Respondents: 2,414 (80%) Less Than 1 Hour:567(23%) 1-2 Hours:583(24%) 2-3 Hours:778(33%) 4-5 Hours:311(13%) More Than 5 Hours: 121 (5%) None: 54 (2%)

157 157 How Many Hours of T.V. Do You Watch During Weekdays? Respondents: 2,946 (97.7%)

158 158 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Less Than 1 Hour Hours Hours Hours More Than 5 Hours None AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

159 159 Do You Subscribe to Cable/Satellite T.V.? Respondents: 2,920 (96.9%) -YES: 2,467(84%) - NO: 453(16%)

160 160 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST YES NO AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

161 161 Do You Subscribe to Armenian Cable/Satellite T.V.? Respondents: 2,961 (98.2%) -YES: 943(12%) -NO/NOT AVAILABLE - 2,018 (88%)

162 162 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST YES NO/SERVICE NOT AVAILABLE AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

163 163 Do You Watch Christian TV Programs? Respondents: 2,797 (92.8%) YES: 454(16%) NO: 2,343(84%)

164 164 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST YES NO AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

165 165 How Enjoyable are American T.V. Programs? Respondents: 2,430 (80.6%) Very Enjoyable: – 365 (15%) Somewhat Enjoyable: – 932 (38%) Not Too Enjoyable: – 790 (33%) Not At All Enjoyable: – 343 (14%)

166 166 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Enjoyable Somewhat Enjoyable Not Too Enjoyable Not At All Enjoyable AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

167 167 How Enjoyable are Armenian T.V. Programs? Respondents: 1,332 (44.2%) Very Enjoyable: – 257 (19%) Somewhat Enjoyable: – 411 (31%) Not Too Enjoyable : – 477 (36%) Not At All Enjoyable: – 187 (14%)

168 168 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Enjoyable Somewhat Enjoyable Not Too Enjoyable Not At All Enjoyable AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

169 169 Armenian vs. American T.V. Programs: ARMENIANAMERICAN

170 170 Do You... Listen to Christian Programs on the Radio? – Respondents: 2,757 (91.5%) YES: 376(14%) NO:2,381(86%) Buy & Read Christian Oriented Books? – Respondents: 2,316 (76.8%) YES: 633(27%) NO:1,683(73%)

171 171 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Listen to Christian Programs on the Radio? YES NO Buy & Read Christian Oriented Books? YES NO AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

172 172 Do You... Buy & Read Armenian Books? – Respondents: 2,746 (91.1%) YES: 533(19.5%) NO:2,213(80.5%) Subscribe to Armenian Newspapers? – Respondents: 2,881 (95.6%) YES: 489 (17%) NO:2,392(83%)

173 173 AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID- WEST Buy & Read Armenian Books? YES: NO: Subscribe to Armenian Newspapers? YES: NO:

174 174 I Would Buy Books More Frequently, if... Respondents: 2,019 (67%) I had more time to read:659(33%) Books did not cost so much:688(34%) I find more quality material329(16%) I find more on subject I enjoy:262(13%) I have no desire to buy more: 81 (4%)

175 175 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST I had more time to read Books did not cost so much I find more quality material I find more on subject I enjoy I have no desire to buy more AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

176 176 How Instructive are Armenian Newspapers? Respondents: 1,007 (33.4%) Very Instructive: – 206 (20%) Somewhat Instructive: – 414 (41%) Not Too Instructive: – 279 (28%) Not At All Instructive: – 108 (11%)

177 177 RESPONSES WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Instructive Somewhat Instructive Not Too Instructive Not At All Instructive AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

178 178 Do You Subscribe to Christian Magazines? Respondents: 2,901 (96.3%) - YES: 719(25%) - NO: 2,182(75%)

179 179 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST YES NO AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

180 180 If Yes, How Instructive are Christian Magazines? Respondents:719 Very Instructive: – 345 (48%) Somewhat Instructive: – 233 (32%) Not Too Instructive: – 128 (18%) Not At All Instructive: – 13 (2%)

181 181 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Instructive Somewhat Instructive Not Too Instructive Not At All Instructive AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

182 182 Armenian vs. Christian Magazines Armenian Christian

183 183 Moral, Ethical & Spiritual Issues

184 184 Ethical & Moral Standards of Armenian Americans are Just as High as Ever Respondents: 2,990 (99.2%) Strongly Agree: (12%) Somewhat Agree: (18%) Somewhat Disagree: -1,342(44%) Strongly Disagree: (19%) Dont Know: (7%)

185 185 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Strongly Agree Somewhat Agree Somewhat Disagree Strongly Disagree Dont Know AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

186 186 I Expect Church Leaders to Live Up to Higher Standards than Others... Respondents: 2,836 (94.0) Strongly Agree: - 1,254(44%) Somewhat Agree: - 1,141 (40%) Somewhat Disagree: - 336(12%) Strongly Disagree: - 76 (3%) Dont Know: - 29 (1%)

187 187 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Strongly Agree Somewhat Agree Somewhat Disagree Strongly Disagree Dont Know AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

188 188 How Well Do You Live Up to Your Moral Standards? Respondents Admitted to the Following Unethical Behaviors: Driving faster:91% Telling white lies:84% Parking illegally:71% Call in sick: 52% Personal calls at work:39% Deceiving best friend: 31% Cutting into line:29% Cheating on my expense account:28% Taking home office supplies: 26% Cheating on examinations:25% Driving while drunk: 24% Lying to my spouse: 23% Lying to my children: 22% Cheating a customer: 19% Buying stolen merchandise: 9%

189 189 When You Make a Moral or Ethical Decision, What Do You Base it on? Respondents: 2,828 (93.8%) Available Choices & Likely Outcomes: – 723 (26%) My Past Experience: – 798 (28%) Advice of Friends & Family: – 410 (14%) Advice of my Church Pastor: – 167 (6%) Biblical Principles: – 504 (18%) Other: – 226 (8%)

190 190 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Available Choices & Likely Outcomes My Past Experience Advice of Friends & Family Advice of my Church Pastor Biblical Principles Other AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

191 191 If Traditional Armenian Family Values Fall Apart, Stability of the Armenian Society Will Collapse Respondents: 2,970 (98.5%) Strongly Agree: - 1,642(55%) Somewhat Agree: (28%) Somewhat Disagree: (10.5%) Strongly Disagree: - 76 (2.5%) Dont Know: (4%)

192 192 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Strongly Agree Somewhat Agree Somewhat Disagree Strongly Disagree Dont Know AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

193 193 Compared to 10 Years Ago, What Influence does Marriage Have on the Armenian Society? Respondents: 2,986 (99.1%) More Influence: – 217 (7%) Same Influence: – 547 (18%) Less Influence: -1,673 (57%) Dont Know: – 549 (18%)

194 194 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST More Influence Same Influence Less Influence Dont Know AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

195 195 Most Important Factor in Choosing a Life Partner is... Respondents: 2,174(72.1%) Armenian Heritage: 674 (31%) Strong Adherence to Christian Beliefs: 348 (16%) Both Armenian & Christian Beliefs: 630 (29%) Natl/Religious Identity Not Necessary: 522 (24%)

196 196 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Armenian Heritage Strong Adherence to Christian Beliefs Both Armenian & Christian Beliefs Natl/Religious Identity Not Necessary AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

197 197 The Extent of Adherence to Armenian Christian Traditions & Principles in the U.S. is: Respondents: 2,981 (98.9%) Increasing: 526 (18%) Decreasing: 1,797 (60%) About the Same: 658 (22%)

198 198 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Increasing Decreasing About the Same AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

199 199 Religion is a Private Matter. It Should be Kept Out of Public Debates Respondents: 2,628 (87.2%) Agree: 1,710 (65%) Disagree: 841 (32%) No Opinion: 77 (3%)

200 200 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Agree Disagree No Opinion AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

201 201 Armenian Churches in the U.S. Adequately Meet the Spiritual Needs of the Community... Respondents: 2,964 (98.4%) Strongly Agree: (5%) Somewhat Agree: - 510(18%) Somewhat Disagree: - 1,335(45%) Strongly Disagree: (24%) Dont Know: (8%)

202 202 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Strongly Agree Somewhat Agree Somewhat Disagree Strongly Disagree Dont Know AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

203 203 Armenian Schools in the U.S. Adequately Meet the Educational Needs of the Community. Respondents: 2,976 (98.7%) Strongly Agree: - 287(10%) Somewhat Agree: - 694(24%) Somewhat Disagree: - 1,174(39%) Strongly Disagree: (17%) Dont Know: (10%)

204 204 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Strongly Agree Somewhat Agree Somewhat Disagree Strongly Disagree Dont Know AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

205 205 Armenian Youth Centers in the U.S. Adequately Meet the Needs of the Community. Respondents: 2,965 (98.4%) Strongly Agree: - 93 (3%) Somewhat Agree: - 778(27%) Somewhat Disagree: - 1,139(38%) Strongly Disagree: (20%) Dont Know: (13%)

206 206 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Strongly Agree Somewhat Agree Somewhat Disagree Strongly Disagree Dont Know AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

207 207 The Armenian Apostolic Church Today is the Loyal Torchbearer of the Sacred Mission of its Founding Fathers in Preaching the Gospel... Respondents: 2,991 (99.2%) Strongly Agree: - 761(25%) Somewhat Agree: - 682(23%) Somewhat Disagree: - 609(20%) Strongly Disagree: (21%) Dont Know: (11%)

208 208 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Strongly Agree Somewhat Agree Somewhat Disagree Strongly Disagree Dont Know AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

209 209 How Important is Religion in Your Life? Respondents: 2,985 (99.0%) Very Important: – 922 (31%) Fairly Important: – 1,079 (36%) Not Very Important: – 984 (33%)

210 210 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Important Fairly Important Not Very Important AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

211 211 Adopting Christianity in 301 A.D. was Beneficial to Armenians... Respondents: 2,987 (99.1%) Strongly Agree: - 1,095(36%) Somewhat Agree: - 1,079(36%) Somewhat Disagree: - 612(20%) Strongly Disagree: (6%) Dont Know: - 82 (2%)

212 212 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Strongly Agree Somewhat Agree Somewhat Disagree Strongly Disagree Dont Know AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

213 213 How Many Times did You Attend Church Services in the past month? Respondents: 2,952 (97.9%) 1 Time 622 (21%) 2-3 Times 254 (8.6%) 4 or More Times 109 (3.7%) None 1,967 (66.7%)

214 214 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST 1 Time Times or More Times None AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

215 215 Church Attended (overall) Respondents: 985 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Armenian Apostolic Armenian Catholic Armenian Evangelical Non-Armenian AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

216 216 How Many Days Do You Read the Bible in a Typical Week, Excluding at a Church? Respondents: 2,870 (95.2%) 1 Time: 628 (22%) 2 Times: 217 (8%) 3 Times: 129 (4%) 4 Times: 84 (3%) 5 Times: 153 (5%) 6 Times: 47 (2%) 7 Times: 329 (11%) None: 1,283 (45%)

217 217 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST 1 Time Times Times Times Times Times Times None AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

218 218 The Bible is the Written Word of God and is Totally Accurate in all its Teachings. Respondents: 3,005 (99.6%) Strongly Agree: - 926(31%) Somewhat Agree: - 769(26%) Somewhat Disagree: - 722(24%) Strongly Disagree: (12%) Dont Know: (7%)

219 219 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Strongly Agree Somewhat Agree Somewhat Disagree Strongly Disagree Dont Know AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

220 220 How Many Times Do You Pray in a Typical Week, Excluding at a Church? Respondents: 2,979 (98.8%) 1-3 Times: 831 (28%) 4-7 Times: 566 (19%) 8-12 Times: 278 (9%) 13 or More: 371 (13%) None: 933 (31%)

221 221 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST 1-3 Times: Times: Times: or More: None: AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

222 222 Do You Regularly Tithe (10%) Your Income to Your Church? Respondents: 2,945 (97.7%) YES: 417(14%) NO:2,028(69%) Not Applicable: 504(17%)

223 223 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST YES NO Not Applicable AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

224 224 Who Has Primary Responsibility for the Spiritual Development of Children? Respondents: 2,557 (84.8%) Parents:1,166(46%) Schools: 219 (9%) Churches: 717(28%) Friends: 106 (4%) Society: 73 (3%) Media: 44 (2%) Other: 232 (9%)

225 225 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST PARENTS SCHOOLS CHURCHES FRIENDS SOCIETY MEDIA OTHER AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

226 226 I Believe Satan to Be Real... Respondents: 2,950 (97.9%) Strongly Agree: - 577(20%) Somewhat Agree: - 482(16%) Somewhat Disagree: ( 31%) Strongly Disagree: (16%) Dont Know: (17%)

227 227 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Strongly Agree Somewhat Agree Somewhat Disagree Strongly Disagree Dont Know AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

228 228 I Believe that Absolute Moral Truth Exists. Respondents: 3,001 (99.6%) Strongly Agree: - 703(23%) Somewhat Agree: - 622(21%) Somewhat Disagree: - 959(32%) Strongly Disagree: (17%) Dont Know: (7%)

229 229 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Strongly Agree Somewhat Agree Somewhat Disagree Strongly Disagree Dont Know AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

230 230 To Get By in Life These Days, Sometimes You Have to Bend the Rules For Your Own Benefit... Respondents: 2,993 (99.3%) Strongly Agree: - 569(19%) Somewhat Agree: - 605(20%) Somewhat Disagree: - 922(31%) Strongly Disagree: (27%) Dont Know: - 79 (3%)

231 231 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Strongly Agree Somewhat Agree Somewhat Disagree Strongly Disagree Dont Know AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

232 232 It Does Not Matter What Religious Faith You Follow, Because all Faiths Teach Similar Lessons About Life... Respondents: 2,987 (99.1%) Strongly Agree: - 512(17%) Somewhat Agree: - 761(25%) Somewhat Disagree: - 799(27%) Strongly Disagree: (20%) Dont Know: (11%)

233 233 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Strongly Agree Somewhat Agree Somewhat Disagree Strongly Disagree Dont Know AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

234 234 Have You Made a Personal Commitment to Jesus Christ that is Still Important in Your Life? Respondents: 2,893 (95.9%) -YES: 617(21%) - NO:2,276(79%)

235 235 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST YES NO AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

236 236 What is Your Belief in God? Respondents: 2,764 (91.7%) God Is All Powerful: – 1,447 (52%) Everyone is God: – 24 (1%) God is Total Realization of Human Potential: – 314 (11%) There Are Many Gods, Each With Power & Authority: – 37 (1%) God Is Higher State of Consciousness: – 256 (9%) There is No Such Thing As God: – 297 (11%) Dont Know: – 389 (14%)

237 237 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST God Is All Powerful Everyone is God God is Total Realization of Human Potential There Are Many Gods, Each With Power & Authority God Is Higher State of Consciousness There is No Such Thing As God Dont Know AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

238 238 What Will Happen When You Die? Respondents: 2,715 (90.1%) I will go to Heaven because I have Obeyed the 10 Commandments: – 35 (1%) Go To Heaven Because Im a Good Person: – 588 (22%) Go Heaven Because I have Confessed My Sins: – 651 (24%) Go To Heaven Because God Loves All: – 817 (30%) Wont Go To Heaven: – 177 (7%) I Dont Know What Happens: – 447 (16%)

239 239 RESPONSE % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST I will go to Heaven because I have Obeyed the 10 Commandments Go To Heaven Because Im a Good Person Go Heaven Because I have Confessed My Sins Go To Heaven Because God Loves All Wont Go To Heaven I Dont Know What Happens AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

240 240 I am Very Happy with my Life... Respondents: 2,976 (98.7%) Totally Agree: - 1,187 (40%) Somewhat Agree: - 1,038 (35%) Do Not Agree: (21%) No Opinion: (4%)

241 241 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Totally Agree Somewhat Agree Do Not Agree No Opinion AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

242 242 Thing Will Be Better for Me Five Years from Now, than they are Today. Respondents: 2,935 (97.4%) Strongly Agree: - 609(21%) Somewhat Agree: - 819(28%) Somewhat Disagree: - 352(12%) Strongly Disagree: (9%) Dont Know: (30%)

243 243 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Strongly Agree Somewhat Agree Somewhat Disagree Strongly Disagree Dont Know AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

244 244 Do You Regularly Smoke Cigarette or any other Tobacco Product? Respondents: 2,865 (95.1%) -YES: 801(28%) - NO:2,064(72%)

245 245 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN &MID-WEST YES NO AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

246 246 Do You Occasionally Buy any Explicitly Sexually-Oriented Magazines or Movies? Respondents: 2,843 (94.3%) - YES: 611(21%) - NO: 2,232(79%)

247 247 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST YES NO AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

248 248 Do You Frequently Buy Lottery Tickets? Respondents: 2,876 (95.4%) - YES: 612(21%) - NO:2,264(79%)

249 249 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST YES NO AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

250 250 Are you currently involved in any Extramarital Affair? Respondents: 1,675 (55.6%) - YES: 251(15%) - NO:1,424(85%)

251 251 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST YES NO AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

252 252 Do You Occasionally Place a Bet or Gamble? Respondents: 2,759 (91.5%) -YES: 688(25%) - NO:2,071(75%)

253 253 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST YES NO AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

254 254 Do You Drink Enough Alcohol to be Considered Intoxicated? Respondents: 2,798 (92.8%) - YES: 203 (7%) - NO:2,595(93%)

255 255 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST YES NO AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

256 256 Do You Occasionally Visit Adults Only Websites on the Internet? Respondents: 2,836 (94.1%) YES: 581(20%) NO:2,255 (80%)

257 257 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST YES NO AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

258 258 Views & Opinions...

259 259 My Views On... Are: Abortion: – Respondents: 2,850 (94.6%) Favorable: 995 (35%) Unfavorable: 1,855 (65%) Gays/Lesbians: – Respondents: 2,807 (93.1%) Favorable: 468 (17%) Unfavorable: 2,339 (83%)

260 260 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Abortion Favorable Unfavorable Gays/Lesbians Favorable Unfavorable AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

261 261 My Views On... Are: Civil Union for Gays & Lesbians: – Respondents: 2,617 (89%) Favorable: 897 (35%) Unfavorable: 1,720 (65%) Gun Control Laws: – Respondents: 2,497 (83%) Should Be Stricter: 1,083 (44%) Are About Right: 851 (34%) Are Too Strict: 563 (22%)

262 262 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Civil Union for Gays & Lesbians Favorable Unfavorable Gun Control Laws Should Be Stricter Are About Right Are Too Strict AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

263 263 My Views On... Are: Prayer In Public School: – Respondents: 2,835 (94.1%) Favorable: 1,643 (58%) Unfavorable: 1,192 (42%) X-Rated Programs On T.V.: – Respondents: 2,797 (92.8%) Favorable: 578 (21%) Unfavorable: 2,219 (79%)

264 264 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Prayer In Public School Favorable Unfavorable X-Rated Programs On T.V. Favorable Unfavorable AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

265 265 My Views On... Are: Sex Education in Schools: – Respondents: 2,844 (94.3%) Favorable: 1,273 (45%) Unfavorable: 1,571 (55%) Ordination of Gay Clergyman: – Respondents: 2,720 (90.2%) Favorable: 672 (25%) Unfavorable: 2,048 (75%)

266 266 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Sex Education in Schools Favorable Unfavorable Ordination of Gay Clergyman Favorable Unfavorable AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

267 267 My Views On... Are: Same Sex Marriages: – Respondents: 2,659 (88.2%) Favorable: 497 (19%) Unfavorable: 2,162 (81%) Cohabitation: – Respondents: 2,534 (84.1%) Favorable: 1,321 (52%) Unfavorable: 1,213 (48%)

268 268 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Same Sex Marriages Favorable Unfavorable Cohabitation Favorable Unfavorable AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

269 269 My Views On... Are: Having a Baby out of Wedlock – Respondents: 2,478 (81%) Favorable: 644(26%) Unfavorable: 1,834(74%)

270 270 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Having a Baby out of Wedlock Favorable Unfavorable AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

271 271 What is Your Attitude Toward the Catholic Church? Respondents: 2,478 (81.2%) Very Favorable: - 324(11%) Mostly Favorable: - 863(30%) Mostly Unfavorable: - 388(14%) Very Unfavorable: (8%) Cant Rate: - 1,074 (37%)

272 272 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID- WEST Very Favorable Mostly Favorable Mostly Unfavorable Very Unfavorable Cant Rate AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

273 273 What is Your Attitude Toward the Armenian Catholic Church? Respondents: 2,851 (94.6%) Very Favorable: - 297(10%) Mostly Favorable: (33%) Mostly Unfavorable: (9%) Very Unfavorable: - 94 (3%) Cant Rate: - 1,268 (45%)

274 274 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Favorable Mostly Favorable Mostly Unfavorable Very Unfavorable Cant Rate AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

275 275 What is Your Attitude Toward the Protestant/Evangelical Church? Respondents: 2,909 (97.0%) Very Favorable: (13%) Mostly Favorable: - 1,015 (35%) Mostly Unfavorable: (8%) Very Unfavorable: - 52 (2%) Cant Rate: - 1,224 (42%)

276 276 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Favorable Mostly Favorable Mostly Unfavorable Very Unfavorable Cant Rate AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

277 277 What is Your Attitude Toward the Armenian Evangelical/Protestant Church? Respondents: 2,908 (96.5%) Very Favorable: - 622(21%) Mostly Favorable: - 992(34%) Mostly Unfavorable: - 332(11%) Very Unfavorable: (4%) Cant Rate: (29%)

278 278 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Favorable Mostly Favorable Mostly Unfavorable Very Unfavorable Cant Rate AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

279 279 What is Your Attitude Toward the Armenian Apostolic/Orthodox Church? Respondents: 2,953 (97.9%) Very Favorable: - 802(27%) Mostly Favorable: - 1,122(38%) Mostly Unfavorable: - 486(16%) Very Unfavorable: (11%) Cant Rate: (8%)

280 280 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Favorable Mostly Favorable Mostly Unfavorable Very Unfavorable Cant Rate AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

281 281 What is Your Attitude Toward the Muslims? Respondents: 2,937 (97.5%) Very Favorable: - 324(11%) Mostly Favorable: - 841(29%) Mostly Unfavorable: - 748(26%) Very Unfavorable: (11%) Cant Rate: (23%)

282 282 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Favorable Mostly Favorable Mostly Unfavorable Very Unfavorable Cant Rate AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

283 283 What is Your Attitude Toward the Jews? Respondents: 2,834 (94.0%) Very Favorable: (14%) Mostly Favorable: - 652(23%) Mostly Unfavorable: - 595(21%) Very Unfavorable: (13%) Cant Rate: - 822(29%)

284 284 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Favorable Mostly Favorable Mostly Unfavorable Very Unfavorable Cant Rate AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

285 285 What is Your Attitude Toward Cults? Respondents: 2,994 (99.3%) Very Favorable: (5%) Mostly Favorable: (5%) Mostly Unfavorable: (31%) Very Unfavorable: - 1,347 (45%) Cant Rate: (14%)

286 286 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Favorable Mostly Favorable Mostly Unfavorable Very Unfavorable Cant Rate AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

287 287 What is Your Attitude Toward Atheists? Respondents: 2,917 (96.8%) Very Favorable: (5%) Mostly Favorable: (5%) Mostly Unfavorable: - 728(25%) Very Unfavorable: (26%) Cant Rate: - 1,074 (36%) Never Heard of: - 73 (3%)

288 288 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Favorable Mostly Favorable Mostly Unfavorable Very Unfavorable Cant Rate Never Heard of AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

289 289 What are the Prospects for the Armenian Churches (in general) in the U.S.? Respondents: 2,925 (97.1%) Very Promising: - 312(11%) Somewhat Promising: - 944(32%) Not Promising: - 958(33%) Bleak: (8%) Dont Know: (16%)

290 290 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Promising Somewhat Promising Not Promising Bleak Dont Know AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

291 291 What are the Prospects for Armenian Schools in the U.S.? Respondents: 2,991 (99.2%) Very Promising: - 538(18%) Somewhat Promising: - 948(32%) Not Promising: - 641(21%) Bleak: (8%) Dont Know: (21%)

292 292 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Promising Somewhat Promising Not Promising Bleak Dont Know AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

293 293 What are the Prospects for Armenian Political Parties in the U.S.? Respondents: 2,982 (98.9%) Very Promising: (5%) Somewhat Promising: - 683(23%) Not Promising: - 1,254(42%) Bleak: (11%) Dont Know: (19%)

294 294 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Promising Somewhat Promising Not Promising Bleak Dont Know AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

295 295 What are the Prospects for Armenian Cultural/Youth Centers in the U.S.? Respondents: 2,985 (99.0%) Very Promising: (6.5%) Somewhat Promising: - 1,617 (54%) Not Promising: (21%) Bleak: (5.5%) Dont Know: (13%)

296 296 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Promising Somewhat Promising Not Promising Bleak Dont Know AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

297 297 What are the Prospects for the Armenian Media in the U.S.? Respondents: 2,921 (99.0%) Very Promising: - 95 (3%) Somewhat Promising: - 896(31%) Not Promising: - 1,189(41%) Bleak: (15%) Dont Know: (11%)

298 298 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Promising Somewhat Promising Not Promising Bleak Dont Know AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

299 299 What is the Most Important Issue Facing the United States Today? Respondents: 2,942 (97.6%) Economy73625% Education44115% Health Care32411% Terrorism29410% War in Iraq2659% Crime2358% Social Security2067% Moral Values1776% Taxes1184% Budget Deficit592% Drug Abuse291% Pollution291% Immigration291%

300 300 What is the Most Important Issue Facing the United States Today? Respondents: 2,942 (97.6%)

301 301 What is the Most Important Issue Facing Armenia Today? Respondents: 2,979 (98.8%) Economy65522% Exodus/Loss of Human Capital59620% Political Leadership44715% Corruption53618% Poverty2398% Education1495% Nagorno Karabagh1194% Decline in Moral Values893% Lack of Reform893% Cults602%

302 302 What is the Most Important Issue Facing Armenia Today? Respondents: 2,979 (98.8%)

303 303 Evaluation of Community Structures

304 304 How Would You Rate the Importance of: Professionalism Within the Structures in the Armenian American Community? Respondents: 3,009 (99.8%) Very Important: - 2,589 (86%) Somewhat Important: (14%) Not Important: - 0 (0%) No Opinion: - 0 (0%)

305 305 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Important Somewhat Important Not Important No Opinion AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

306 306 How Would You Rate the Importance of: Expansion of Youth Centers in the Armenian American Community? Respondents: 3,009 (99.8%) Very Important: - 2,494 (83%) Somewhat Important: (17%) Not Important: - 0 (0%) No Opinion: - 0 (0%)

307 307 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Important Somewhat Important Not Important No Opinion AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

308 308 How Would You Rate the Importance of: Youth Empowerment Services (i.e. suppressing gang involvement) in the Armenian American Community? Respondents: 3,009 (99.8%) Very Important: - 2,368 (79%) Somewhat Important: (21%) Not Important: - 0 (0%) No Opinion: - 0 (0%)

309 309 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Important Somewhat Important Not Important No Opinion AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

310 310 How Would You Rate the Importance of: Preparation of New Clergymen for the Armenian American Community? Respondents: 3,009 (99.8%) Very Important: - 2,354 (78%) Somewhat Important: (22%) Not Important: - 0 (0%) No Opinion: - 0 (0%)

311 311 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Important Somewhat Important Not Important No Opinion AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

312 312 How Would You Rate the Importance of: Character Building & Preventive Education for Good Citizenship in the Armenian American Community? Respondents: 3,009 (99.8%) Very Important: - 2,314 (77%) Somewhat Important: (23%) Not Important: - 0 (0%) No Opinion: - 0 (0%)

313 313 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Important Somewhat Important Not Important No Opinion AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

314 314 How Would You Rate the Importance of: Preparation of New Leaders for the Armenian American Community? Respondents: 3,009 (99.8%) Very Important: – 2,301 (76%) Somewhat Important: – 708 (24%) Not Important: – 0 (0%) No Opinion: – 0 (0%)

315 315 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Important Somewhat Important Not Important No Opinion AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

316 316 How Would You Rate the Importance of: Professional Counseling Services for Armenian Youth to Eradicate the Prison Population? Respondents: 3,009 (99.8%) Very Important: - 2,263 (75%) Somewhat Important: (17%) Not Important: - 0 (0%) No Opinion: (8%)

317 317 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Important Somewhat Important Not Important No Opinion AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

318 318 How Would You Rate the Importance of: Church Unity in the Armenian American Community? Respondents: 3,009 (99.8%) Very Important: - 2,184 (72%) Somewhat Important: (14%) Not Important: (11%) No Opinion: - 60 (3%)

319 319 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Important Somewhat Important Not Important No Opinion AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

320 320 How Would You Rate the Importance of: Introduction of Armenian Role Models to the New Generation in the Armenian American Community? Respondents: 3,009 (99.8%) Very Important: - 2,091 (69%) Somewhat Important: (17%) Not Important: -194 (6%) No Opinion: (8%)

321 321 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Important Somewhat Important Not Important No Opinion AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

322 322 How Would You Rate the Importance of: Cooperative Efforts Among All Armenian Organizations? Respondents: 3,009 (99.8%) Very Important: - 2,082 (69%) Somewhat Important: (15%) Not Important: (13%) No Opinion: - 61 (3%)

323 323 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Important Somewhat Important Not Important No Opinion AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

324 324 How Would You Rate the Importance of: Well Defined Short & Long Range Action Agendas for the Armenian American Community? Respondents: 3,009 (99.8%) Very Important: -1,927 (64%) Somewhat Important: (20%) Not Important: (12%) No Opinion: - 98 (4%)

325 325 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Important Somewhat Important Not Important No Opinion AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

326 326 How Would You Rate the Importance of: Expansion of Armenian Day Schools with Affordable Tuition? Respondents: 3,009 (99.8%) Very Important: - 1,845 (61%) Somewhat Important: (23%) Not Important: (16%) No Opinion: - 0 (0%)

327 327 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Important Somewhat Important Not Important No Opinion AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

328 328 How Would You Rate the Importance of: Active Participation in the American Political Process? Respondents: 3,009 (99.8%) Very Important: -1,733 (57%) Somewhat Important: (21%) Not Important: (16%) No Opinion: -161 (6%)

329 329 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Important Somewhat Important Not Important No Opinion AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

330 330 How Would You Rate the Importance of: Active Participation in Armenian Community Affairs? Respondents: 3,009 (99.8%) Very Important: -1,681 (56%) Somewhat Important: -760 (25%) Not Important: -514 (17%) No Opinion: - 54 (2%)

331 331 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Important Somewhat Important Not Important No Opinion AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

332 332 How Would You Rate the Importance of: Continuing Education Workshops for the Community-at-Large? Respondents: 3,009 (99.8%) Very Important: -1,483 (49%) Somewhat Important: (29%) Not Important: (20%) No Opinion: - 51 (2%)

333 333 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Important Somewhat Important Not Important No Opinion AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

334 334 How Would You Rate the Importance of: Integration into the Larger American Society? Respondents: 3,009 (99.8%) Very Important: - 1,163 (38%) Somewhat Important: - 1,013 (34%) Not Important: (20%) No Opinion: (8%)

335 335 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Important Somewhat Important Not Important No Opinion AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

336 336 How Would You Rate the Importance of: Total Assimilation into the Larger American Society & Losing the Armenian Identity? Respondents: 3,009 (99.8%) Very Important: (14%) Somewhat Important: (24%) Not Important: - 1,634 (54%) No Opinion: (8%)

337 337 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Very Important Somewhat Important Not Important No Opinion AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

338 338 Do You Have...

339 339 Cellular Phone: 2,633 (87.4%) Yes: 1,722(65%) No:911(35%) Digital Camera: 2,571 (85.3%) Yes: 742(29%) No:1,829(71%)

340 340 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Cellular Phone: Yes No Digital Camera: Yes No AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

341 341 Do You Have... DVD Player: 2,858(94.8%) Yes: 1,477(52%) No:1,381(48%) GPS System for Car: 2,761(97.6%) Yes: 379(14%) No: 2,382(86%)

342 342 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST DVD Player: Yes No GPS System for Car: Yes No AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

343 343 Do You Have... Home Theater System: 2,745 (91.1%) Yes: 297 (11%) No: 2,448 (89%) CD-ROM for PC: 2,888 (95.8%) Yes: 1,992 (69%) No: 896 (31%)

344 344 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Home Theater System: Yes No CD-ROM for PC: Yes No AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

345 345 Do You Have... Laptop/Notebook: 2,716 (90.1%) Yes: 933 (34%) No:1,783 (66%) Desktop Computer: 2,770 (91.9%) Yes: 2,216 (80%) No: 554 (20%)

346 346 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Laptop/Notebook: Yes No Desktop Computer: Yes No AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

347 347 Do You Have... Internet Access: 2,712 (90.0%) Yes: 2,288 (84%) No:424 (16%) Automobile: 2,785 (92.4%) Yes: 2,568 (92%) No:217 (8%)

348 348 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST Internet Access: Yes O No Automobile: Yes No AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

349 349 Do You Own... House: 2,879 (95.5%) Yes: 2,073 (72%) No:806 (28%)

350 350 RESPONSES % WESTERN EASTERN & MID-WEST House: Yes No AGE DISTRIBUTIONREGION

351 351 End of Survey

352 352 Armenian Americans are focus of research Two-year study by Mashdots College shows general attitudes, structure of ethnic group. By Tania Chatila, News-Press and Leader Glendale News Press/Los Angeles Times August

353 353 GLENDALE -- Armenian Americans, many of whom originate from Lebanon, Iraq, Russia and other countries, are linked by a common denominator of Armenian traditions. But as Armenian Americans in the United States struggle to hold onto these traditions, a new study has found the demographic is changing -- Armenian youth are not attending church services regularly, Armenian Americans trust American politicians more than those of their own ethnicity and while Armenians take interest in the general welfare of Armenia, a majority would rather stay in the United States than move back.

354 354 The 350-page study, conducted by Garbis Der Yeghiayan, founding president of Mashdots College in Glendale, attempts to define the structure of the Armenian community in the United States, and along with religion, touches on topics such as family, education, politics and Sept. 11. "It's about the Armenian-American community coast to coast," Der Yeghiayan said. "It's about where we are today and what are the prospects of the Armenian community in America. The study, which took about two years to complete, bases its findings on a questionnaire sent to 8,000 Armenian Americans from 22 states, of which 3,000 responded. Der Yeghiayan also did a study in 1991 focusing on Armenian American youth.

355 355 And of the key findings, the study shows that while Armenian Americans are very attached to their traditions and values, the younger generations are struggling with assimilation and are showing less interest in attending regular Armenian church services. "They have not changed drastically from where they come from," Der Yeghiayan said of the demographic. "They continue to value tradition." But as new generations are growing, they are also changing, and dealing with the internal and external conflicts of pleasing their parents and fitting in, he said. "They have parallel obligations," Der Yeghiayan said. "One, to their traditions as members of the Armenian community. But they also want to be recognized as part of the general society."

356 356 And this could in part explain the drop in Armenian church attendance by youth, something the Armenian American community should be concerned about, Der Yeghiayan said. "I think the church has realized that it needs to change with the times to be able to accommodate the youth," said Ani Asatryan, president of the Cal State Northridge Armenian Students Assn. and a Glendale resident. "That's not to say that they're not involved. It's a larger percentage that is surely and slowly becoming more involved. Only 1% of Armenian American youth are attending Armenian church services every Sunday, a significant downtrend since the 12% rate found in 1991, according to the study.

357 357 "Armenians for centuries have been supportive of their churches," he said. "But we have to revise and modernize our strategies and see what the needs are. If Armenian churches do not adjust their services to accommodate younger generations, Armenian American youth could lose their identities, he said. "I think the church has realized that it needs to change with the times to be able to accommodate the youth," said Ani Asatryan, president of the Cal State Northridge Armenian Students Assn. and a Glendale resident. "That's not to say that they're not involved. It's a larger percentage that is surely and slowly becoming more involved."

358 358 Among the other findings, 47% of Armenian Americans provide financial assistance to relatives and friends in Armenia; 67% of the demographic rated Armenian political leaders as mediocre or poor; 33% feel religion in life is not important; 83% say the American government has more of an obligation to recognize the Armenian Genocide and 65% feel their relationship with the Latino community needs improvement. "It's a wake up call," said Der Yeghiayan of the study. "We have to compare ourselves with ourselves -- where we were 25 years ago, where we are today and where we will be in the future. The study provides insight into a relatively new culture in the United States, Asatryan said.

359 359 "Considering the amount of Armenians, especially in Glendale where the population of Armenian Americans is so high and so concentrated, to have a study like this out provides the community with an understanding of who we are and where we come from and why we do the things we do," she said. "It's encouraging. For more information, contact Mashdots College at (818) or send to According to a study conducted by founding president of Glendale's Mashdots College Garbis Der Yeghiayan on Armenian Americans:

360 360 52% feel cohabitation -- unwed couples living together -- is favorable. 36% feel having a baby out of wedlock is favorable. 30% are registered Democrats. 65% feel the relationship with the Latino community needs improvement. * Of the languages spoken among Armenian Americans, English is first, Armenian is second and Arabic is third. 69% have an education beyond high school. 36% would like to be called Armenian. * 92% are interested in the current affairs of Armenia.


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