Presentation on theme: "LPAT Briefing Session (English Language)"— Presentation transcript:
1LPAT Briefing Session (English Language) Date: 10 November 2012 (Saturday) Time: 1:00pm - 3:30pm Venue: Hotung Secondary SchoolSpeakers: Dr Neil DRAVE :00pm – 2:20pm Manager - Assessment Development(LPAT English Language), HKEAAEvian TONG 2:45pm – 3:15pmLanguage Proficiency Assessment Section, EDB
2Introduction to the LPATE Dr. Neil DRAVEManager of Assessment Development, HKEAA
3Rundown Aims of the Session How the LPATE is assessed Outline of the PapersPaper 1 (Reading)Paper 2 (Writing)Paper 3 (Listening)Paper 4 (Speaking)Break (& Question submission time)Questions (Paper 1 – 4)Paper 5: Classroom Language Assessment (CLA)Questions (Paper 5)
4Aims Introduce the assessment approach Introduce each LPATE paper, with examples from recent assessmentsGive you some hints about how to do wellAnswer questionsMore information in the Handbook for Candidates
5Assessment Types Norm-referenced vs. Standards-referenced
6Structure of the LPATEStandards-referenced test for (prospective) English teachersDirect and indirect tests, HKEAA and EDBProfile reportingRun every spring since 2001 (& sometimes 2x/year)About 2500 candidates5 levels (Level 3 = benchmark)
7Paper 1 Reading Duration: one hour 30 minutes Duration: one hour 30 minutes3 Reading Comprehension passagesPassages are about 1 page of A4 eachOne longer, two shorter (may change from year to year)Most require phrases or sentences as answersTopics and genres will be of different kindsSome MC questions (4 options) – blacken the circle
8RubricPassage A Please answer the following questions. You may use words from the passage or your own words except where explicitly stated. You do not have to answer each question in complete sentences but make sure that your answers are full enough and coherent enough for the assessor to understand.
9Sample Passages (2010) Passage B With all its book lovers and gadget and technology buffs, Japan would seem to have the makings of a large market for electronic books. [continues]Passage CThe DinosaurIn my grandmother’s dining-room there was a glass-fronted cabinet and in the cabinet a piece of skin. It was a small piece only, but thick and leathery, with strands of coarse reddish hair. [continues]
10Sample Questions (1) Question 1 (Passage B) Answer ‘What factors suggest that electronic books might become popular in Japan?’AnswerBook lovers and gadget/technology buffs [information retrieval]
11Sample Questions (2) Question 2 ‘What does ‘This’ (line 10) refer to?’ [reference - exact words or paraphrase]Question 3‘What may be the reasons that electronic comic books are profitable in Japan?’ (2 marks)[inference – 2 reasons]
12Sample Questions (3) Question 4 (Passage C) ‘What phrase suggests that what the workmen did was very challenging?’Passage (transporting a frozen dinosaur)‘I pictured blood and ice, flesh and salt, gangs of workmen and lines of barrels along a shore - a work of giants and all to no purpose.’Answera work of giants [be specific]
13Paper 1 SuggestionsRefer to the text for answers (don’t rely on personal knowledge or experience)Copy, summarise or paraphrase information in the textIf copying, don’t copy too much: only your FIRST answer (or section) will be markedPay attention to the number of marks2 marks usually means more than one piece of information1 mark MAY mean one piece of information or may mean that it is two closely linked pieces e.g. Q = ‘Where did the writer find materials in English’ A = Record stores and second-hand book stores (1 mark)Make sure answers are grammatical
14Paper 2 Writing Part 1: Task 1 Composition Writing Part 2: Task 2A Correcting errors in a student’s compositionTask 2B Explaining errors in a student’s composition
15Part 1: Task 1 Composition Different text types to write (expository, narrative, descriptive etc.)Text input of about 200 wordsSuggested length – 400 wordsScales and descriptors used to judge quality of writing
16Sample Part 1 Prompt (2010)Read the following letter about an interesting form of exercise.Dear EditorAs Chairman of the HK Love for Parkour Association, I am unhappy about the misconceptions of Parkour that I have seen in the media recently, and am writing to clarify what Parkour is really about.[continues 150 – 200 words total]
17Sample Writing Part 1 Task (2010) Write a letter to the Editor, responding to the letter above. In your letter, give your opinion on whether Parkour should be promoted to help Hong Kong people become fitter. You should also give two other suggestions, with justifications, of suitable activities to improve the (physical) fitness of HK people.Write about 400 words.
18Sample Writing Part 1 Task (2007) Your Principal has provided HK$2000 to run a campaign to promote healthy eating in your school. He is now asking for suggestions on how best to spend this money.Write to the Principal outlining some of the problems with students’ eating habits and suggesting two ways of using the funds provided. Write about 400 words.
19Scales and Descriptors Scale 1 Organisation and CoherenceScale 2 Grammatical & Lexical Accuracy/RangeScale 3 Task Completion
20Scale 1: Organisation and coherence Unity: each paragraph should deal with one topic onlyCoherence: the overall flow/development should be clearCohesion: use cohesive devices such as conjunctions, referencing and repetition of key words and phrases wisely - make sure that connectives aren’t overusedConciseness: do not write more than is necessary
21Scale 2: Grammatical & lexical accuracy/range Sentence structureAgreementTense and aspectVoiceCollocationVariety (complexity, naturalness)Vocabulary and phrasingFixed expressions vs. cliché
22Scale 3: Task completion Read the task instructions carefullyIdentify the specific areas to be addressedPlan how you will address each for a balanced piece of writing
23Composition marking and grading All scripts are double markedDiscrepancies are 3rd marked by CE or Assistant CEMany scripts are check-markedAll scripts undergo a Fair Averaging process to cancel out any effects of marker leniency or harshness
24Paper 2 Part 1 Suggestions Read English texts e.g. opinion pieces in newspapersBecome familiar with the basic structure of different types of textsIncrease your vocabulary using a thesaurus & other toolsDon’t just copy ideas from the prompt – expand upon them
25Paper 2 Part 2Task 2A – Detecting & Correcting Errors / Problems in a Student CompositionTask 2B – Explaining Errors / ProblemsQuestions are in the Question booklet, write answers in the Question Answer booklet
26Sample Task 2A (2008) Correcting Errors Global warming: What can we do?I think this not good to our planet. (1) We had to work to stop damaging us planet. There is much things we may do (2) to less the pollution like not to smoke, not drive and not to waste electricity. [continues]
27Task 2A Suggested Answers (1) We had to work to stop damaging us planet.(2) to less the pollution like not to smoke, not drive and not to waste electricity.(3) even so my 15-years old sister.(1) Sample only – answer will be given(2) to lessen the pollution, like not smoking(3) even my 15-year old sister.
28Writing Task 2B Sample Questions (1) 2009 Item 17: we celebrated at a very (17) good restaurant he help prepare the foodThere are two errors in this sentence. The first relates to the need for a/an (a) _________________ ‘where’ to tell the reader the location of the father’s food preparation. The second error is one of agreement. The subject is ‘he’, which is (b) ___________________________, and so the verb should be ‘helps’ not ‘help’.
29Sample Answers (1)Item 17: we celebrated at a very (17) good restaurant he help prepare the foodThere are two errors in this sentence. The first relates to the need for a/an (a) relative pronoun ‘where’ to tell the reader the location of the father’s food preparation. The second error is one of agreement. The subject is ‘he’, which is (b)third person singular, and so the verb should be ‘helps’ not ‘help’.
30Sample Questions (2) 2008Item 17: … polar bear is (17) too cuter than the pandaThere is one error. The writer has used a/an (a)______________ ‘too’; however, the (b)_____________ ‘cuter’ is sufficient.
31Sample Answers (2)Item 17: … polar bear is (17) too cuter than the pandaThere is one error. The writer has used a/an (a) modifier [adverb/intensifier] ‘too’; however, the (b) comparative (adjective) ‘cuter’ is sufficient.
32Paper 2 Task 2 Suggestions (1) LPATE for teachers of EnglishTasks 2A and 2B, though related, are two separate tasksTask 2ACorrect only the underlined and numbered itemsDo not make unnecessary changes e.g.‘My mother also likes fastly cars…’‘My mother also likes fast cars…’ ‘My mother also likes to drive cars quickly…’
33Paper 2 2A/2B Suggestions (2) Task 2BRefer back to student compositionBe specific e.g. the type of pronoun / conditionalRevise basic grammatical terminology (‘metalanguage’)Various answers (‘systems’) are allowedGrammar bookeasy to usefrom a reputable publisherIf in doubt, put more detailSpelling is important but mistakes will be penalised only once
34Paper 3 Listening Duration: One hour Pauses included throughout & 10 minutes at the end3 or 4 texts e.g. radio discussions, debates, monologues, podcasts/webcastsDifferent topics (not necessarily education related)Up to 4 speakers & hostNative speakers of English & non-native speakersMale & Female‘Normal’ speed for the type of discourseComplete answers as you listen
35Question types (1) 1. Open-ended How does Carmen send a message to Jeff Orlando?She writes a message on the notepad and draws a line to his name[need BOTH parts]2. Gap-filling in a connected paragraphComplete the summary below. Use NO MORE THAN ONE WORD for each answer (8 marks) David believes that the reforms are moving in the right (i) directionbut he is unsure as to whether the new system will really be a(ii) better alternative.
36Question Types (2) Filling in blanks in a flowchart Filling in or ticking cells in a tableFilling in gaps in a bulleted listMultiple choiceDiagram labellingNumbers and datesSentence completion using speaker’s exact words
37Paper 3 SuggestionsRead upcoming questions carefully during pausesUse background knowledge (topics, context)Grammar ONLY important in ‘one word answer’ sectionConnie agrees David’s view Connie supports David’s view Spelling ONLY important for proper names & job titles, unless the meaning is changedTourist Management Tourism Management Board based education Broad based education
38Part 2 Group Interaction Paper 4 SpeakingPart 1 (individual)Task 1A Reading aloudTask 1B RecountPart 2 Group Interaction
39Assessment Format Part 1 10 minutes to prepare for both parts5 minutes for the test (both parts)Task 1A Reading Aloud (prose)Task 1B Telling/Recounting/Presenting (monologue)
40Part 2 Group Interaction Assessment Format 5 minutes to prepare in the classroom3 or 4 candidates in a group (random assignment)Time limit10 Minutes (3 candidates)13 minutes (4 candidates)Discuss an education-related topic / situationE.g. planning something, deciding what to do about something, reflecting on the past, coming up with a policy…
41Scales and Descriptors Task 1A Reading aloudScale 1. Pronunciation, stress and intonationScale 2. Reading aloud with meaningTask 1B Recounting / PresentingScale 3. Grammatical & lexical accuracy / rangeScale 4. Organisation & cohesionTask 2 Group interactionScale 5. Interacting with peersScale 6. Discussing educational matters with peers
42Reliability All oral examiners are from HK tertiary institutions Two examiners per assessmentPre-assessment training & standardisationDuring assessment - monitoring by Chief Examiner
43Recording Your performance will be recorded If you agree to sit for the assessment, you agree to the recordingReasonsAppeals & complaintsExaminer trainingResearch
45Suggestions Group discussion Reading aloud Recounting Conversational styleDon’t try to dominateDon’t just ask questionsBuild upon what others have saidRefer to your actual (learning/teaching) experience if possibleReading aloudRead phrase by phrase, not word by wordDon’t try to be too dramaticDon’t be too slow – 2.5 to 3 minutes is about rightRecountingHow much can you do in 1 – 2 minutes?Two or three main pointsClear structureCan be in a conversational or an ‘oral presentation’ style
46Handbook for Candidates (+CD, DVD) – New version 2010
47Concluding RemarksLPATE is a test for teachers, not a general English testIt is possible to practice for it (see past papers)Treat it like a driving test, with certain skills to be demonstrated under controlled conditionsMarkers and Oral Examiners are well-trained experts who want a fair assessment