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FIRE SAFETY ACT (FSA) & REGULATIONS S C O P E : Introduction Introduction Objectives of FSA Objectives of FSA FSA & Regulations FSA & Regulations Alarm.

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Presentation on theme: "FIRE SAFETY ACT (FSA) & REGULATIONS S C O P E : Introduction Introduction Objectives of FSA Objectives of FSA FSA & Regulations FSA & Regulations Alarm."— Presentation transcript:

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2 FIRE SAFETY ACT (FSA) & REGULATIONS

3 S C O P E : Introduction Introduction Objectives of FSA Objectives of FSA FSA & Regulations FSA & Regulations Alarm Systems Alarm Systems Site Planning & External Fire Fighting & Rescue Operations Site Planning & External Fire Fighting & Rescue Operations Conclusion Conclusion

4 LEARNING OBJECTIVE Explain the provision in FSA & Regulations.Explain the provision in FSA & Regulations. Know the provisions available in buildings (residential and commercial) in aiding fire-fighting.Know the provisions available in buildings (residential and commercial) in aiding fire-fighting.

5 FIRE SAFETY ACT 1993

6 FIRE SAFETY ACT (FSA) Passed in Parliament 1993 (Nov)Passed in Parliament 1993 (Nov) Operational 8 April 1994Operational 8 April 1994

7 REASONS FOR ENACTING THE ACT Consolidates Fire Service Act, Building Control Act & Petroleum ActConsolidates Fire Service Act, Building Control Act & Petroleum Act New Provisions to enhance safetyNew Provisions to enhance safety

8 ADAPTATION FROM 3 ACTS Previous legislation in forcePrevious legislation in force Some new provisions to formalise past practicesSome new provisions to formalise past practices Enhance previous powers on fire hazardsEnhance previous powers on fire hazards

9 IMPLEMENTATION OF FSA Enforcement SystemEnforcement System Fire Safety Manager SchemeFire Safety Manager Scheme Registered Inspector SchemeRegistered Inspector Scheme Fire Evacuation Plan SchemeFire Evacuation Plan Scheme

10 FIRE SAFETY ACT Part 1 – Preliminary Part 2 – Fire hazards in buildings Part 3 – Fire prevention in buildings Part 3a – Fire Safety Engineers Part 4 – Control of fire safety works Part 5 – Premises used for dangerous trades or purposes Part 6 – Control of petroleum & flammable materials Part 7 – Miscellaneous

11 FIRE SAFETY REGULATIONS Fire Safety (Bldg Fire Safety) RegFire Safety (Bldg Fire Safety) Reg Fire Safety (RI) RegFire Safety (RI) Reg Fire Safety (FEP) RegFire Safety (FEP) Reg Fire Safety (FSM) RegFire Safety (FSM) Reg Fire Safety (Petroleum) RegFire Safety (Petroleum) Reg Fire Safety (Dangerous Trades or Purposes)Fire Safety (Dangerous Trades or Purposes) Fire Safety (Composition of Offences) RegFire Safety (Composition of Offences) Reg Fire Safety (Exemption Order)Fire Safety (Exemption Order) Fire Safety (Designation of Premises Requiring FEP) NotificationFire Safety (Designation of Premises Requiring FEP) Notification Fire Safety (Specification of Premises Requiring FSM) NotificationFire Safety (Specification of Premises Requiring FSM) Notification

12 FIRE HAZARD IN BUILDINGS

13 FIRE HAZARD 1.Illegal addition & alteration 2.Overcrowding 3.Non-maintenance of fire safety measures 4.Obstruction of means of escape

14 PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH THE OBSTRUCTION OF ESCAPE ROUTES Impedes the smooth flow of people during evacuationImpedes the smooth flow of people during evacuation Obscures / Obstructs exit and exit directional signsObscures / Obstructs exit and exit directional signs Increases the risk of fireIncreases the risk of firespread

15 Dumping of Combustible Materials at Staircase Landing & Common Areas Dumping of Combustible Materials at Staircase Landing & Common Areas Here are some visual examples…

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19 Obstructed Fire Fighting/ Safety Systems

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22 Storage of combustible materials along fencing Storage of combustible materials along fencing

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25 Dangerous Practices

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27 Factory becomes illegal workers dormitory

28 Excessive & Improper Storage of LPG Excessive & Improper Storage of LPG

29 ENFORCEMENT OF FIRE HAZARDS Past - Limited action / success Past - Limited action / success Present - Enhanced powers Present - Enhanced powers Examples : Examples :RemovalClosureFines Court Action

30 Policing of fire hazard by Operational Divisions Policing of fire hazard by Operational Divisions Complaints from public Complaints from public FSSD- Centrally monitor FSSD- Centrally monitor

31 FIRE HAZARDS ENFORCEMENT POWERS Notice of Abatement (Eliminating/Annulling) Notice of Abatement (Eliminating/Annulling) Carry out abatement : Carry out abatement : remove or seize properties remove or seize properties carry out works carry out works bill expenses bill expenses Compound fine up to $500 Compound fine up to $500

32 Property & materials seized or removed Property & materials seized or removed ConfiscatedConfiscated Application within 2 weeks returnsApplication within 2 weeks returns Money from sales of property/ materialsMoney from sales of property/ materials SEIZURE OF PROPERITIES

33 SEIZURE OF PROPERITIES Examples Obstruction of means of escape Obstruction of means of escape Unauthorised change of use Unauthorised change of use Operating dangerous trades without licence Operating dangerous trades without licence

34 POWER TO CLOSE PREMISES Order to close premises up to 72 hours, if : Order to close premises up to 72 hours, if : immediate danger immediate danger substantial danger substantial danger Increased risk to life Increased risk to life no other means to secure safety no other means to secure safety

35 CLOSURE ORDER Examples: Recalcitrant cases of overcrowding, > 50%Recalcitrant cases of overcrowding, > 50% Unauthorised operation of fire hazardous tradesUnauthorised operation of fire hazardous trades

36 COURT ACTION Court may grant fire hazard order : Court may grant fire hazard order : – Abatement (Eliminating/Annulling) Order – Prohibition Order – Closure Order – Combination Penalty : max $ 10, 000 / 6 months jail or both Penalty : max $ 10, 000 / 6 months jail or both

37 FIRE PREVENTION IN BUILDINGS

38 FIRE PREVENTION IN BUILDINGS Fire Safety Manager Fire Safety Manager Fire Emergency Plan Fire Emergency Plan Fire Certificate Fire Certificate

39 Enhance fire safety standardEnhance fire safety standard FSM organize fire safety activities & implement fire prevention measuresFSM organize fire safety activities & implement fire prevention measures FSM assist owner or occupierFSM assist owner or occupier

40 Public & industrial buildings above 9 storey height Hospitals Gross floor area of 5000sq metres or more Occupant load of 1000 persons or more Industrial high risk premises

41 Prescribed Courses FSM Certificate CIFE Certificate Advance Diploma in Fire Safety Management Diploma in Building Services Engineering by Ngee Ann Polytechnic Diploma in Building & Real Estate Management Advanced Diploma in Safety, Health & Environment Management

42 Ensure that all occupants are to familiar with means of escape Prepare fire safety guidebooks Train the occupants in first-aid, fire-fighting and evacuation in the event of fire Supervise the operation of the Fire Command Centre in the event of a fire Organise campaigns, training courses, competitions, contests and other activities Any other works necessary for fire safety

43 FIRE EMERGENCY PLAN Required by SCDF Required by SCDF Prepare & execution Prepare & execution Organise & conduct fire drill on annual basis Organise & conduct fire drill on annual basis FEP not subject to approval FEP not subject to approval All Buildings (Commercial and Residential) must have a Fire Emergency Plan with the exception of private housing of single to 3 storey. (E.g. bungalows, terrace houses, semi-detached houses, etc…) All Buildings (Commercial and Residential) must have a Fire Emergency Plan with the exception of private housing of single to 3 storey. (E.g. bungalows, terrace houses, semi-detached houses, etc…)

44 FIRE EMERGENCY PLAN Duties & Responsibilities of Owner or Occupier Within 6 months, prepare FEP Within 6 months, prepare FEP According to guidelines According to guidelines Form Fire Safety Committee Form Fire Safety Committee Review FEP at intervals > 12 months Review FEP at intervals > 12 months Up-to-date records Up-to-date records FEP kept at FCC FEP kept at FCC Assembly Area Assembly Area Inform SCDF in writing within 14 days of completion of FEP Inform SCDF in writing within 14 days of completion of FEP

45 FIRE EMERGENCY PLAN

46 FIRE CERTIFICATE Public Building Occupant load > 200 persons Occupant load > 200 persons Industrial Building Occupant load > 1000 persons Occupant load > 1000 persons GFA (floor area + site area) > 5000 sq.m. GFA (floor area + site area) > 5000 sq.m. Height > 24 m (inhabitable height) Height > 24 m (inhabitable height) High Hazard Occupancy High Hazard Occupancy

47 FIRE CERTIFICATE Renew yearly Renew yearly Fire safety measures in good serviceable conditions & good housekeeping Fire safety measures in good serviceable conditions & good housekeeping No person shall occupy or use without FC No person shall occupy or use without FC

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49 Fire breakouts in unprotected areas can result in very severe fires. That is why Fire Alarm Systems are installed to prevent fire breakouts from elevating to uncontrollable levels before or when the Fire Fighters arrive to the scene.

50 The primary purpose of the fire alarm system is to enhance the safety of he occupants of a building by giving an early warning so that they may escape to safety. At the same time they will provide automatic alerting to the fire stations via DECAMS to ensure that fire fighters arrive at the premises before the fires get out of control.

51 Types Of Fire Alarm Manual Fire Alarm. The most primitive method of all. Manually operated sounder such as a gong or a hand bell. Manual Fire Alarm System. Electrical alarm initiated by the operation of a break glass alarm call point. Automatic Fire Alarm System. Electrical alarm initiated by automatic detection.

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55 Institutional. Building of 2 to 4 storey Building of more than 4 storey Manual Alarm System (If the institute provides lodging or stay-in facilities, an Automatic Alarm System will be required) Health Care Occupancy. (With Stay-In Facilities) Single storey Building of 2 or more storey (Without Stay-In Facilities) Single storey Building of 2 to 4 storey Building of 4 storey and above Manual Alarm System Automatic Alarm System Not Required Manual Alarm System Automatic Alarm System Office. Single storey Building of 2 to 4 storey Building of more than 4 storey Manual Alarm System Automatic Alarm System

56 Shop. Single storey building Building of 2 to 4 storey Building of more than 4 storey Manual Alarm System Automatic Alarm System Factory. Single storey Building of 2 or more storey Building of 4 storey and above Manual Alarm System Automatic Alarm System Hotels and Resort. Single storey Building of 2 to 4 storey Building of more than 4 storey Manual Alarm System Automatic Alarm System Storage. Single storey building Building of 2 to 4 storey Building of more than 4 storey Manual Alarm System Automatic Alarm System

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58 Give warning & apply water Access to seat of fire Lower smoke level Cool room temperature

59 Loss of life and property Interruption to business Lesser water damage compared to hose streams

60 Wet Pipe System Dry Pipe System Pre-Action System Deluge System

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63 ۞ Concealed Sprinkler

64 Sprinklers must be cleared from beams and pipes Distance from sprinkler to ceiling Distance from one sprinkler to another (Should not be too far nor too near) Ceiling Too NearToo Far Sprinklers Optimum Distance

65 Habitable height of more than 24m or Compartment area of more than 4000m 2 or Cubicle extent of each compartment is more than 15000m 3 or Has more than 3 storey interconnected

66 >24m More than 3 storey interconnected (e.g. Hall) Compartment area >4000m 2 1 st Storey 2 nd Storey 3 rd Storey 5 th Storey 4 th Storey 7 th Storey 6 th Storey 9 th Storey 8 th Storey More than 15000m 3 (E.g. Warehouse) An example of a building which will require the installation of a sprinkler system

67 1 st Storey 2 nd Storey 3 rd Storey 5 th Storey 4 th Storey 7 th Storey 6 th Storey An example of a building which will NOT require the installation of a sprinkler system <24m Only 2 storey interconnected Compartment area <4000m 2 Less than 15000m 3

68 Site Planning & External Fire-Fighting Provision Access way for fire-fighting appliances Access opening to building for fire-fighting Access to buildings with rising mains Fire hydrant

69 Fire Engine Access Road A fire engine access road is to allow a fire engine to move from one location to another within the development for fire-fighting purposes. Minimum width of 4 metres Able to sustain 24 tonnes of fire engine Overhead clearance should be at least 4.5 metres Should be kept clear of obstructions and other parts of building Fire Engine Access Way A fire engine access way is a metalled or paved road that has to withstand a loading capacity of a stationary 30 tonnes fire engine. Minimum width is 6 metres Gradient should not exceed 1:15 Nearer edge should not be less than 2 metres or more than 10 metres from the centre position of the access opening.

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71 > 4.5m > 4m

72 Opening on external wall for external fire-fighting and rescue operation. Easily opened from inside and outside (fitted with breakable glazing) Unobstructed at all time The opening is marked with a red/orange triangle The minimum size of the opening is 850 mm by 1000 mm The panels should be provided and evenly distributed along external walls up to 60m FAP to be spaced not more than 20m apart from each other

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74 Min 150mm Orange / Red Side facing the outside. Side facing the inside. FIRE FIGHTING ACCESS DO NOT OBSTRUCT >50mm Pasted on the wall area under the access panel.

75 At Least 1800mm in height Not more than 1100mm Not more than 20m apart

76 Purpose of the FAP – enable Fire Fighters to gain access FAP should not be placed in the plant/store room Do not open into protected area. E.g. Staircase, smoke stop lobby, fire fighting lobby May allow substitution of FAP with internal fire fighting facilities

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78 18m Fire Engine Access Way Breeching Inlet should not be more than 18m from Fire Engine Access Way Breeching Inlet Rising Main Landing Valve

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80 Not more than 100m Building Private Hydrant Every part of the fire engine access way in a private lot should be within an unobstructed distance of 50m from a hydrant. Where a public hydrant conforming to such requirement is not a available, a private hydrant shall be provided. PH Public Hydrant (PH) PH

81 Not more than 100m

82 FIRE SAFETY ENGINEERS

83 Owner Must engage a Registered Fire Safety Engineer Must engage a Registered Fire Safety Engineer Fire Safety Engineer – to formulate Fire safety engineering design brief Fire safety engineering design brief Fire safety engineering report Fire safety engineering report Detailed specifications and drawings Detailed specifications and drawings Buildings ops & maintenance manual Buildings ops & maintenance manual P ERFORMANCE-BASED ENVIRONMENT

84 Fire Safety Engineer Prepare or propose plans for fire safety works Prepare or propose plans for fire safety works Using alternative solution to satisfy any fire performance requirements Using alternative solution to satisfy any fire performance requirements

85 CONTROL OF FIRE SAFETY WORKS

86 APPROVAL OF PLAN FOR FIRE SAFETY WORKS Approval of plan Approval of plan Change of use Change of use

87 PROHIBITION OF FIRE SAFETY WORKS WITHOUT APPROVAL OF PLANS Offence to carry out or commence works without prior approval Offence to carry out or commence works without prior approval Fine not > $50,000 or to imprisonment not > 1 yr or BOTH Fine not > $50,000 or to imprisonment not > 1 yr or BOTH

88 WAIVER OF REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO FIRE SAFETY Grant or refuse waiver Grant or refuse waiver Appeal Appeal Appeals Advisory Board Appeals Advisory Board

89 TEMPORARY FIRE PERMIT/ FIRE SAFETY CERTIFICATE Completed fire safety works Completed fire safety works A certificate submitted by RI A certificate submitted by RI

90 REGISTERED INSPECTOR l Engage by owners/developer l Project QP l TFP/FSC Inspection

91 DUTIES OF REGISTERED INSPECTOR l Notify Comr any deviation or non- compliance l Act as agent l Inspect fire safety works l Keep all records l Certificate of Inspection (Form 1 OR 2) l Declaration - no professional or financial interest

92 DUTIES OF REGISTERED INSPECTOR l Engagement by owner, notify Comr within 14 days l Require QP l Supply plans l time & date of inspection l rectification works

93 Why Buildings in Singapore are safe… 1.Submit Plan for NOA 2.Comply to Technical Guidelines for Bldg under Construction 3.Cert. of Supervision 4.Inspection by RI 5.Issue of TFP/ FSC 6.Appoint FSM 7.FC

94 PREMISES USED FOR DANGEROUS TRADES OR PURPOSES Storage of matches Storage of matches Storage of calcium carbide Storage of calcium carbide Storage of cellulose solution Storage of cellulose solution Storage of acetylene Storage of acetylene

95 Control of Petroleum & Flammable Materials Class 0 Petroleum – LPG Class 0 Petroleum – LPG Class I Petroleum - flashpt <23 o C (petrol, naptha, toulene) Class I Petroleum - flashpt <23 o C (petrol, naptha, toulene) Class II Petroleum - >23 o C 23 o C <61 o C ( kerosene, jet fuel ) ( kerosene, jet fuel ) Licensing on storage & transport Licensing on storage & transport

96 FSSD TRANSPORT LICENCE REQUIRED FOR > 65 kg Class 0 > 65 kg Class 0 > 20 litres Class 1 > 20 litres Class 1 > 200 litres Class 2 > 200 litres Class 2

97 EXEMPTION QUANTITY OF PETROLEUM STORAGE CLASS O (LPG) - MAX QTY OF STORAGE Residential purposes Residential purposes –30 kg (2 x 15 kg) Commercial purposes Commercial purposes –Food Centres/Coffee Shops - 30 kg (2 x 15 kg) per eating stall, up to max of 210 kg per eating place –Restaurants kg (4 x 50 kg) per kitchen Industrial purposes Industrial purposes –Factory/Workshop kg (100 x 50 kg) or 10,000 litres (This includes LPG Bullet Tanks having an aggregate storage capacity of less than 10,000 litres)

98 CLASS 1 ( PETROLEUM HAVING A FLASHPOINT BELOW 23 O C) – MAX QTY OF STORAGE Residential/Private purposes - 20 litres Residential/Private purposes - 20 litres Commercial purposes - 20 litres Commercial purposes - 20 litres Industrial purposes litres Industrial purposes litres

99 CLASS 2 ( PETROLEUM HAVING A FLASHPOINT BETWEEN 23 O C & 61 O C) - MAX QTY OF STORAGE Residential/Private purposes litres Residential/Private purposes litres Commercial purposes litres Commercial purposes litres Industrial purposes litres Industrial purposes litres

100 CLASS 1 & CLASS 2 Underground storage at petrol service stations, industrial premises like factories are de- licensed Underground storage at petrol service stations, industrial premises like factories are de- licensed

101 CONCLUSION Management responsibilities Management responsibilities Concerted effort - Authority / Building owners / Professionals / General Public Concerted effort - Authority / Building owners / Professionals / General Public


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