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FIRE SAFETY ACT (FSA) & REGULATIONS

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Presentation on theme: "FIRE SAFETY ACT (FSA) & REGULATIONS"— Presentation transcript:

1 FIRE SAFETY ACT (FSA) & REGULATIONS
FIRE SAFETY ACT AND REGULATIONS FIRE SAFETY ACT (FSA) & REGULATIONS S/N 51

2 S C O P E : Introduction Objectives of FSA FSA & Regulations
Alarm Systems Site Planning & External Fire Fighting & Rescue Operations Conclusion

3 LEARNING OBJECTIVE Explain the provision in FSA & Regulations.
Know the provisions available in buildings (residential and commercial) in aiding fire-fighting.

4 FIRE SAFETY ACT

5 FIRE SAFETY ACT (FSA) Passed in Parliament 1993 (Nov)
Operational 8 April 1994

6 REASONS FOR ENACTING THE ACT
Consolidates Fire Service Act, Building Control Act & Petroleum Act New Provisions to enhance safety

7 ADAPTATION FROM 3 ACTS Previous legislation in force
Some new provisions to formalise past practices Enhance previous powers on fire hazards

8 IMPLEMENTATION OF FSA Enforcement System Fire Safety Manager Scheme
Registered Inspector Scheme Fire Evacuation Plan Scheme

9 FIRE SAFETY ACT AND REGULATIONS
Part 1 – Preliminary Part 2 – Fire hazards in buildings Part 3 – Fire prevention in buildings Part 3a – Fire Safety Engineers Part 4 – Control of fire safety works Part 5 – Premises used for dangerous trades or purposes Part 6 – Control of petroleum & flammable materials Part 7 – Miscellaneous S/N 51

10 FIRE SAFETY REGULATIONS
Fire Safety (Bldg Fire Safety) Reg Fire Safety (RI) Reg Fire Safety (FEP) Reg Fire Safety (FSM) Reg Fire Safety (Petroleum) Reg Fire Safety (Dangerous Trades or Purposes) Fire Safety (Composition of Offences) Reg Fire Safety (Exemption Order) Fire Safety (Designation of Premises Requiring FEP) Notification Fire Safety (Specification of Premises Requiring FSM) Notification

11 FIRE HAZARD IN BUILDINGS

12 FIRE HAZARD Illegal addition & alteration Overcrowding
Non-maintenance of fire safety measures Obstruction of means of escape

13 PROBLEMS ASSOCIATED WITH THE OBSTRUCTION OF ESCAPE ROUTES
Impedes the smooth flow of people during evacuation Obscures / Obstructs exit and exit directional signs Increases the risk of fire spread

14 Here are some visual examples…
Dumping of Combustible Materials at Staircase Landing & Common Areas Here are some visual examples…

15 FIRE SAFETY ACT AND REGULATIONS
RESTRICTED Next lesson is fire hazards and its prevention 1-37 RESTRICTED S/N 51

16 FIRE SAFETY ACT AND REGULATIONS
RESTRICTED Next lesson is fire hazards and its prevention 1-37 RESTRICTED S/N 51

17 FIRE SAFETY ACT AND REGULATIONS
RESTRICTED Next lesson is fire hazards and its prevention 1-37 RESTRICTED S/N 51

18 Obstructed Fire Fighting/ Safety Systems

19 FIRE SAFETY ACT AND REGULATIONS
RESTRICTED Next lesson is fire hazards and its prevention 1-37 RESTRICTED S/N 51

20 FIRE SAFETY ACT AND REGULATIONS
RESTRICTED Next lesson is fire hazards and its prevention 1-37 RESTRICTED S/N 51

21 Storage of combustible materials
along fencing

22

23 FIRE SAFETY ACT AND REGULATIONS
RESTRICTED Next lesson is fire hazards and its prevention 1-37 RESTRICTED S/N 51

24 Dangerous Practices

25 FIRE SAFETY ACT AND REGULATIONS
RESTRICTED Next lesson is fire hazards and its prevention 1-37 RESTRICTED S/N 51

26 Factory becomes illegal workers dormitory

27 Excessive & Improper Storage of LPG

28 ENFORCEMENT OF FIRE HAZARDS
Past - Limited action / success Present - Enhanced powers Examples : Removal Closure Fines Court Action

29 Strategy of Operation Policing of fire hazard by Operational Divisions
Complaints from public FSSD- Centrally monitor

30 FIRE HAZARDS ENFORCEMENT POWERS
Notice of Abatement (Eliminating/Annulling) Carry out abatement : remove or seize properties carry out works bill expenses Compound fine up to $500

31 SEIZURE OF PROPERITIES
Property & materials seized or removed Confiscated Application within 2 weeks returns Money from sales of property/ materials

32 SEIZURE OF PROPERITIES Examples
Obstruction of means of escape Unauthorised change of use Operating dangerous trades without licence

33 POWER TO CLOSE PREMISES
Order to close premises up to 72 hours, if : immediate danger substantial danger Increased risk to life no other means to secure safety

34 CLOSURE ORDER Examples:
Recalcitrant cases of overcrowding, > 50% Unauthorised operation of fire hazardous trades

35 COURT ACTION Court may grant fire hazard order :
Abatement (Eliminating/Annulling) Order Prohibition Order Closure Order Combination Penalty : max $ 10, 000 / months jail or both

36 FIRE PREVENTION IN BUILDINGS

37 FIRE PREVENTION IN BUILDINGS
Fire Safety Manager Fire Emergency Plan Fire Certificate

38 Fire Safety Manager Enhance fire safety standard
FSM organize fire safety activities & implement fire prevention measures FSM assist owner or occupier

39 Types Of Premises Requiring FSM
Public & industrial buildings above 9 storey height Hospitals Gross floor area of 5000sq metres or more Occupant load of 1000 persons or more Industrial high risk premises

40 Training/Qualification of FSM
Prescribed Courses FSM Certificate CIFE Certificate Advance Diploma in Fire Safety Management Diploma in Building Services Engineering by Ngee Ann Polytechnic Diploma in Building & Real Estate Management Advanced Diploma in Safety, Health & Environment Management

41 Duties of FSM Ensure that all occupants are to familiar with means of escape Prepare fire safety guidebooks Train the occupants in first-aid, fire-fighting and evacuation in the event of fire Supervise the operation of the Fire Command Centre in the event of a fire Organise campaigns, training courses, competitions, contests and other activities Any other works necessary for fire safety

42 FIRE EMERGENCY PLAN Required by SCDF Prepare & execution
Organise & conduct fire drill on annual basis FEP not subject to approval All Buildings (Commercial and Residential) must have a Fire Emergency Plan with the exception of private housing of single to 3 storey. (E.g. bungalows, terrace houses, semi-detached houses, etc…)

43 FIRE EMERGENCY PLAN Duties & Responsibilities of Owner or Occupier
Within 6 months, prepare FEP According to guidelines Form Fire Safety Committee Review FEP at intervals > 12 months Up-to-date records FEP kept at FCC Assembly Area Inform SCDF in writing within 14 days of completion of FEP

44 FIRE EMERGENCY PLAN

45 FIRE CERTIFICATE Public Building Industrial Building
Occupant load > 200 persons Industrial Building Occupant load > 1000 persons GFA (floor area + site area) > 5000 sq.m. Height > 24 m (inhabitable height) High Hazard Occupancy

46 FIRE CERTIFICATE Renew yearly
Fire safety measures in good serviceable conditions & good housekeeping No person shall occupy or use without FC

47 Fire Alarm Systems

48 Fire breakouts in unprotected areas can result in very severe fires.
That is why Fire Alarm Systems are installed to prevent fire breakouts from elevating to uncontrollable levels before or when the Fire Fighters arrive to the scene.

49 Fire Alarm System The primary purpose of the fire alarm system is to enhance the safety of he occupants of a building by giving an early warning so that they may escape to safety. At the same time they will provide automatic alerting to the fire stations via DECAMS to ensure that fire fighters arrive at the premises before the fires get out of control.

50 Fire Alarm System Types Of Fire Alarm Manual Fire Alarm.
The most primitive method of all. Manually operated sounder such as a gong or a hand bell. Manual Fire Alarm System. Electrical alarm initiated by the operation of a ‘break glass’ alarm call point. Automatic Fire Alarm System. Electrical alarm initiated by automatic detection.

51 Manual Fire Alarm System

52 Automatic Fire Alarm System
Heat Detectors

53 Automatic Fire Alarm System
Smoke Detectors

54 Buildings Requiring Fire Alarm System
Institutional. Building of 2 to 4 storey Building of more than 4 storey Manual Alarm System (If the institute provides lodging or stay-in facilities, an Automatic Alarm System will be required) Health Care Occupancy. (With Stay-In Facilities) Single storey Building of 2 or more storey (Without Stay-In Facilities) Building of 4 storey and above Automatic Alarm System Not Required Office.

55 Shop. Single storey building Building of 2 to 4 storey Building of more than 4 storey Manual Alarm System Automatic Alarm System Factory. Single storey Building of 2 or more storey Building of 4 storey and above Hotels and Resort. Storage.

56 Automatic Sprinkler System

57 Purpose of Installing the Automatic Sprinkler System
Give warning & apply water Access to seat of fire Lower smoke level Cool room temperature

58 Loss of life and property Interruption to business
Safeguard Loss of life and property Interruption to business Lesser water damage compared to hose streams

59 Types of Sprinkler Systems
Wet Pipe System Dry Pipe System Pre-Action System Deluge System

60 Wet Pipe Sprinkler System Dry Pipe Sprinkler System

61 Pre-Action Sprinkler System Deluge Sprinkler System

62 Concealed Sprinkler Sprinkler Heads

63 Location of Sprinklers Distance from sprinkler to ceiling
Sprinklers must be cleared from beams and pipes Distance from sprinkler to ceiling Distance from one sprinkler to another (Should not be too far nor too near) Sprinklers Ceiling Too Near Too Far Optimum Distance

64 Sprinkler Systems Installed
Buildings Requiring Sprinkler Systems Installed Habitable height of more than 24m or Compartment area of more than 4000m2 or Cubicle extent of each compartment is more than 15000m3 or Has more than 3 storey interconnected

65 Compartment area >4000m2
An example of a building which will require the installation of a sprinkler system 9th Storey More than 15000m3 (E.g. Warehouse) 8th Storey >24m 7th Storey 6th Storey 5th Storey 4th Storey More than 3 storey interconnected (e.g. Hall) 3rd Storey 2nd Storey 1st Storey

66 Only 2 storey interconnected
An example of a building which will NOT require the installation of a sprinkler system Compartment area <4000m2 7th Storey <24m Less than 15000m3 6th Storey 5th Storey Only 2 storey interconnected 4th Storey 3rd Storey 2nd Storey 1st Storey

67 Site Planning & External Fire-Fighting Provision
Access way for fire-fighting appliances Access opening to building for fire-fighting Access to buildings with rising mains Fire hydrant

68 Access For Fire-Fighting Appliances
Fire Engine Access Road A fire engine access road is to allow a fire engine to move from one location to another within the development for fire-fighting purposes. Minimum width of 4 metres Able to sustain 24 tonnes of fire engine Overhead clearance should be at least 4.5 metres Should be kept clear of obstructions and other parts of building Fire Engine Access Way A fire engine access way is a metalled or paved road that has to withstand a loading capacity of a stationary 30 tonnes fire engine. Minimum width is 6 metres Gradient should not exceed 1:15 Nearer edge should not be less than 2 metres or more than 10 metres from the centre position of the access opening.

69 Fire Access Road

70 > 4.5m > 4m Fire Access Road

71 Fire Access Panel Opening on external wall for external fire-fighting and rescue operation. Easily opened from inside and outside (fitted with breakable glazing) Unobstructed at all time The opening is marked with a red/orange triangle The minimum size of the opening is 850 mm by 1000 mm The panels should be provided and evenly distributed along external walls up to 60m FAP to be spaced not more than 20m apart from each other

72

73 Pasted on the wall area under the access panel.
Min 150mm Orange / Red Side facing the outside. Side facing the inside. Pasted on the wall area under the access panel. FIRE FIGHTING ACCESS DO NOT OBSTRUCT >50mm

74 At Least 1800mm in height Not more than 1100mm Not more than 20m apart

75 Fire Access Panel Purpose of the FAP – enable Fire Fighters to gain access FAP should not be placed in the plant/store room Do not open into protected area. E.g. Staircase, smoke stop lobby, fire fighting lobby May allow substitution of FAP with internal fire fighting facilities

76 Access to Buildings with Rising Mains

77 Access to Building with Rising Mains
Breeching Inlet should not be more than 18m from Fire Engine Access Way 18m Fire Engine Access Way Landing Valve Breeching Inlet

78 Provision of Fire Hydrant

79 Provision of Hydrant Building Building PH Not more than 100m
Public Hydrant (PH) Not more than 100m Not more than 100m Building Building Not more than 100m Private Hydrant Every part of the fire engine access way in a private lot should be within an unobstructed distance of 50m from a hydrant. Where a public hydrant conforming to such requirement is not a available, a private hydrant shall be provided.

80 Not more than 100m

81 FIRE SAFETY ENGINEERS

82 PERFORMANCE-BASED ENVIRONMENT
Owner Must engage a Registered Fire Safety Engineer Fire Safety Engineer – to formulate Fire safety engineering design brief Fire safety engineering report Detailed specifications and drawings Buildings ops & maintenance manual

83 PERFORMANCE-BASED ENVIRONMENT
Fire Safety Engineer Prepare or propose plans for fire safety works Using alternative solution to satisfy any fire performance requirements

84 CONTROL OF FIRE SAFETY WORKS

85 APPROVAL OF PLAN FOR FIRE SAFETY WORKS
Change of use

86 PROHIBITION OF FIRE SAFETY WORKS WITHOUT APPROVAL OF PLANS
Offence to carry out or commence works without prior approval Fine not > $50,000 or to imprisonment not > 1 yr or BOTH

87 WAIVER OF REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO FIRE SAFETY
Grant or refuse waiver Appeal Appeals Advisory Board

88 TEMPORARY FIRE PERMIT/ FIRE SAFETY CERTIFICATE
Completed fire safety works A certificate submitted by RI

89 REGISTERED INSPECTOR Engage by owners/developer Project QP
TFP/FSC Inspection

90 DUTIES OF REGISTERED INSPECTOR
Notify Comr any deviation or non-compliance Act as agent Inspect fire safety works Keep all records Certificate of Inspection (Form 1 OR 2) Declaration - no professional or financial interest

91 DUTIES OF REGISTERED INSPECTOR
Engagement by owner, notify Comr within 14 days Require QP Supply plans time & date of inspection rectification works

92 Why Buildings in Singapore are safe…
FC Appoint FSM Issue of TFP/ FSC Inspection by RI Cert. of Supervision Comply to Technical Guidelines for Bldg under Construction Submit Plan for NOA

93 PREMISES USED FOR DANGEROUS TRADES OR PURPOSES
Storage of matches Storage of calcium carbide Storage of cellulose solution Storage of acetylene

94 Control of Petroleum & Flammable Materials
Class 0 Petroleum – LPG Class I Petroleum - flashpt <23oC (petrol, naptha, toulene) Class II Petroleum - >23oC <61oC ( kerosene, jet fuel ) Licensing on storage & transport

95 FSSD TRANSPORT LICENCE REQUIRED FOR
> 65 kg Class 0 > 20 litres Class 1 > 200 litres Class 2

96 EXEMPTION QUANTITY OF PETROLEUM STORAGE CLASS O (LPG) - MAX QTY OF STORAGE
Residential purposes 30 kg (2 x 15 kg) Commercial purposes Food Centres/Coffee Shops - 30 kg (2 x 15 kg) per eating stall, up to max of 210 kg per eating place Restaurants kg (4 x 50 kg) per kitchen Industrial purposes Factory/Workshop kg (100 x 50 kg) or 10,000 litres (This includes LPG Bullet Tanks having an aggregate storage capacity of less than 10,000 litres)

97 CLASS 1 (PETROLEUM HAVING A FLASHPOINT BELOW 23OC) – MAX QTY OF STORAGE
Residential/Private purposes - 20 litres Commercial purposes - 20 litres Industrial purposes litres

98 CLASS 2 (PETROLEUM HAVING A FLASHPOINT BETWEEN 23OC & 61OC) - MAX QTY OF STORAGE
Residential/Private purposes litres Commercial purposes litres Industrial purposes litres

99 CLASS 1 & CLASS 2 Underground storage at petrol service stations, industrial premises like factories are de-licensed

100 CONCLUSION Management responsibilities
Concerted effort - Authority / Building owners / Professionals / General Public


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