5 FIRE SAFETY ACT (FSA) Passed in Parliament 1993 (Nov) Operational 8 April 1994
6 REASONS FOR ENACTING THE ACT Consolidates Fire Service Act, Building Control Act & Petroleum ActNew Provisions to enhance safety
7 ADAPTATION FROM 3 ACTS Previous legislation in force Some new provisions to formalise past practicesEnhance previous powers on fire hazards
8 IMPLEMENTATION OF FSA Enforcement System Fire Safety Manager Scheme Registered Inspector SchemeFire Evacuation Plan Scheme
9 FIRE SAFETY ACT AND REGULATIONS Part 1 – PreliminaryPart 2 – Fire hazards in buildingsPart 3 – Fire prevention in buildingsPart 3a – Fire Safety EngineersPart 4 – Control of fire safety worksPart 5 – Premises used for dangerous trades or purposesPart 6 – Control of petroleum & flammable materialsPart 7 – MiscellaneousS/N 51
10 FIRE SAFETY REGULATIONS Fire Safety (Bldg Fire Safety) RegFire Safety (RI) RegFire Safety (FEP) RegFire Safety (FSM) RegFire Safety (Petroleum) RegFire Safety (Dangerous Trades or Purposes)Fire Safety (Composition of Offences) RegFire Safety (Exemption Order)Fire Safety (Designation of Premises Requiring FEP) NotificationFire Safety (Specification of Premises Requiring FSM) Notification
37 FIRE PREVENTION IN BUILDINGS Fire Safety ManagerFire Emergency PlanFire Certificate
38 Fire Safety Manager Enhance fire safety standard FSM organize fire safety activities & implement fire prevention measuresFSM assist owner or occupier
39 Types Of Premises Requiring FSM Public & industrial buildings above 9 storey heightHospitalsGross floor area of 5000sq metres or moreOccupant load of 1000 persons or moreIndustrial high risk premises
40 Training/Qualification of FSM Prescribed CoursesFSM CertificateCIFE CertificateAdvance Diploma in Fire Safety ManagementDiploma in Building Services Engineering by Ngee Ann PolytechnicDiploma in Building & Real Estate ManagementAdvanced Diploma in Safety, Health & Environment Management
41 Duties of FSMEnsure that all occupants are to familiar with means of escapePrepare fire safety guidebooksTrain the occupants in first-aid, fire-fighting and evacuation in the event of fireSupervise the operation of the Fire Command Centre in the event of a fireOrganise campaigns, training courses, competitions, contests and other activitiesAny other works necessary for fire safety
42 FIRE EMERGENCY PLAN Required by SCDF Prepare & execution Organise & conduct fire drill on annual basisFEP not subject to approvalAll Buildings (Commercial and Residential) must have a Fire Emergency Plan with the exception of private housing of single to 3 storey. (E.g. bungalows, terrace houses, semi-detached houses, etc…)
43 FIRE EMERGENCY PLAN Duties & Responsibilities of Owner or Occupier Within 6 months, prepare FEPAccording to guidelinesForm Fire Safety CommitteeReview FEP at intervals > 12 monthsUp-to-date recordsFEP kept at FCCAssembly AreaInform SCDF in writing within 14 days of completion of FEP
45 FIRE CERTIFICATE Public Building Industrial Building Occupant load > 200 personsIndustrial BuildingOccupant load > 1000 personsGFA (floor area + site area) > 5000 sq.m.Height > 24 m (inhabitable height)High Hazard Occupancy
46 FIRE CERTIFICATE Renew yearly Fire safety measures in good serviceable conditions & good housekeepingNo person shall occupy or use without FC
48 Fire breakouts in unprotected areas can result in very severe fires. That is why Fire Alarm Systems are installed to prevent fire breakouts from elevating to uncontrollable levels before or when the Fire Fighters arrive to the scene.
49 Fire Alarm SystemThe primary purpose of the fire alarm system is to enhance the safety of he occupants of a building by giving an early warning so that they may escape to safety.At the same time they will provide automatic alerting to the fire stations via DECAMS to ensure that fire fighters arrive at the premises before the fires get out of control.
50 Fire Alarm System Types Of Fire Alarm Manual Fire Alarm. The most primitive method of all. Manually operated sounder such as a gong or a hand bell.Manual Fire Alarm System.Electrical alarm initiated by the operation of a ‘break glass’ alarm call point.Automatic Fire Alarm System.Electrical alarm initiated by automatic detection.
54 Buildings Requiring Fire Alarm System Institutional.Building of 2 to 4 storeyBuilding of more than 4 storeyManual Alarm System(If the institute provides lodging or stay-in facilities, an Automatic Alarm System will be required)Health Care Occupancy.(With Stay-In Facilities)Single storeyBuilding of 2 or more storey(Without Stay-In Facilities)Building of 4 storey and aboveAutomatic Alarm SystemNot RequiredOffice.
55 Shop.Single storey buildingBuilding of 2 to 4 storeyBuilding of more than 4 storeyManual Alarm SystemAutomatic Alarm SystemFactory.Single storeyBuilding of 2 or more storeyBuilding of 4 storey and aboveHotels and Resort.Storage.
63 Location of Sprinklers Distance from sprinkler to ceiling Sprinklers must be cleared from beams and pipesDistance from sprinkler to ceilingDistance from one sprinkler to another (Should not be too far nor too near)SprinklersCeilingToo NearToo FarOptimum Distance
64 Sprinkler Systems Installed Buildings RequiringSprinkler Systems InstalledHabitable height of more than 24m orCompartment area of more than 4000m2 orCubicle extent of each compartment is more than 15000m3 orHas more than 3 storey interconnected
65 Compartment area >4000m2 An example of a building which will require the installation of a sprinkler system9th StoreyMore than 15000m3 (E.g. Warehouse)8th Storey>24m7th Storey6th Storey5th Storey4th StoreyMore than 3 storey interconnected (e.g. Hall)3rd Storey2nd Storey1st Storey
66 Only 2 storey interconnected An example of a building which will NOT require the installation of a sprinkler systemCompartment area <4000m27th Storey<24mLess than 15000m36th Storey5th StoreyOnly 2 storey interconnected4th Storey3rd Storey2nd Storey1st Storey
67 Site Planning & External Fire-Fighting Provision Access way for fire-fighting appliancesAccess opening to building for fire-fightingAccess to buildings with rising mainsFire hydrant
68 Access For Fire-Fighting Appliances Fire Engine Access RoadA fire engine access road is to allow a fire engine to move from one location to another within the development for fire-fighting purposes.Minimum width of 4 metresAble to sustain 24 tonnes of fire engineOverhead clearance should be at least 4.5 metresShould be kept clear of obstructions and other parts of buildingFire Engine Access WayA fire engine access way is a metalled or paved road that has to withstand a loading capacity of a stationary 30 tonnes fire engine.Minimum width is 6 metresGradient should not exceed 1:15Nearer edge should not be less than 2 metres or more than 10 metres from the centre position of the access opening.
71 Fire Access PanelOpening on external wall for external fire-fighting and rescue operation.Easily opened from inside and outside (fitted with breakable glazing)Unobstructed at all timeThe opening is marked with a red/orange triangleThe minimum size of the opening is 850 mm by 1000 mmThe panels should be provided and evenly distributed along external walls up to 60mFAP to be spaced not more than 20m apart from each other
73 Pasted on the wall area under the access panel. Min 150mmOrange / RedSide facing the outside.Side facing the inside.Pasted on the wall area under the access panel.FIRE FIGHTING ACCESSDO NOT OBSTRUCT>50mm
74 At Least 1800mm in heightNot more than 1100mmNot more than 20m apart
75 Fire Access PanelPurpose of the FAP – enable Fire Fighters to gain accessFAP should not be placed in the plant/store roomDo not open into protected area. E.g. Staircase, smoke stop lobby, fire fighting lobbyMay allow substitution of FAP with internal fire fighting facilities
79 Provision of Hydrant Building Building PH Not more than 100m Public Hydrant (PH)Not more than 100mNot more than 100mBuildingBuildingNot more than 100mPrivate HydrantEvery part of the fire engine access way in a private lot should be within an unobstructed distance of 50m from a hydrant. Where a public hydrant conforming to such requirement is not a available, a private hydrant shall be provided.
85 APPROVAL OF PLAN FOR FIRE SAFETY WORKS Change of use
86 PROHIBITION OF FIRE SAFETY WORKS WITHOUT APPROVAL OF PLANS Offence to carry out or commence works without prior approvalFine not > $50,000 or to imprisonment not > 1 yr or BOTH
87 WAIVER OF REQUIREMENTS RELATING TO FIRE SAFETY Grant or refuse waiverAppealAppeals Advisory Board
88 TEMPORARY FIRE PERMIT/ FIRE SAFETY CERTIFICATE Completed fire safety worksA certificate submitted by RI
89 REGISTERED INSPECTOR Engage by owners/developer Project QP TFP/FSC Inspection
90 DUTIES OF REGISTERED INSPECTOR Notify Comr any deviation or non-complianceAct as agentInspect fire safety worksKeep all recordsCertificate of Inspection (Form 1 OR 2)Declaration - no professional or financial interest
91 DUTIES OF REGISTERED INSPECTOR Engagement by owner, notify Comr within 14 daysRequire QPSupply planstime & date of inspectionrectification works
92 Why Buildings in Singapore are safe… FCAppoint FSMIssue of TFP/ FSCInspection by RICert. of SupervisionComply to Technical Guidelines for Bldg under ConstructionSubmit Plan for NOA
93 PREMISES USED FOR DANGEROUS TRADES OR PURPOSES Storage of matchesStorage of calcium carbideStorage of cellulose solutionStorage of acetylene
94 Control of Petroleum & Flammable Materials Class 0 Petroleum – LPGClass I Petroleum - flashpt <23oC (petrol, naptha, toulene)Class II Petroleum - >23oC <61oC( kerosene, jet fuel )Licensing on storage & transport
95 FSSD TRANSPORT LICENCE REQUIRED FOR > 65 kg Class 0> 20 litres Class 1> 200 litres Class 2
96 EXEMPTION QUANTITY OF PETROLEUM STORAGE CLASS O (LPG) - MAX QTY OF STORAGE Residential purposes30 kg (2 x 15 kg)Commercial purposesFood Centres/Coffee Shops - 30 kg (2 x 15 kg) per eating stall, up to max of 210 kg per eating placeRestaurants kg (4 x 50 kg) per kitchenIndustrial purposesFactory/Workshop kg (100 x 50 kg) or 10,000 litres (This includes LPG Bullet Tanks having an aggregate storage capacity of less than 10,000 litres)
97 CLASS 1 (PETROLEUM HAVING A FLASHPOINT BELOW 23OC) – MAX QTY OF STORAGE Residential/Private purposes - 20 litresCommercial purposes - 20 litresIndustrial purposes litres
98 CLASS 2 (PETROLEUM HAVING A FLASHPOINT BETWEEN 23OC & 61OC) - MAX QTY OF STORAGE Residential/Private purposes litresCommercial purposes litresIndustrial purposes litres
99 CLASS 1 & CLASS 2Underground storage at petrol service stations, industrial premises like factories are de-licensed
100 CONCLUSION Management responsibilities Concerted effort - Authority / Building owners / Professionals / General Public