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REPORTED SPEECH REPORTING VERBS REPORTING VERBS FOLLOWED BY A FOLLOWED BY A GERUND CHANGES IN CHANGES IN TIME REFERENCE TIME REFERENCE YES/NO QUESTIONS.

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Presentation on theme: "REPORTED SPEECH REPORTING VERBS REPORTING VERBS FOLLOWED BY A FOLLOWED BY A GERUND CHANGES IN CHANGES IN TIME REFERENCE TIME REFERENCE YES/NO QUESTIONS."— Presentation transcript:

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2 REPORTED SPEECH REPORTING VERBS REPORTING VERBS FOLLOWED BY A FOLLOWED BY A GERUND CHANGES IN CHANGES IN TIME REFERENCE TIME REFERENCE YES/NO QUESTIONS YES/NO QUESTIONS PRONOUN CHANGES PRONOUN CHANGES TENSE CHANGES TENSE CHANGES REQUESTS & ORDERS REQUESTS & ORDERS CHANGES IN CHANGES IN PLACE REFERENCE PLACE REFERENCE EXERCISE WH- & HOW WH- & HOW QUESTIONS REPORTING VERBS REPORTING VERBS FOLLOWED BY FOLLOWED BY AN INFINITIVE AN INFINITIVE

3 CLICK WHEN READY PRONOUN CHANGES FROM DIRECT TO INDIRECT CLICK WHEN READY Pronouns change if there is a shift in the reference point. T H E S P E A K E RT H E R E P O R T E R I have seen many countries, but your country is the best. R E F E R E N C E P O I N T REFERENCES MADE THE SPEAKER HIMSELF I OUR COUNTRY YOUR COUNTRY CLICK WHEN READY He says he has seen many countries but our country is the best. REFERENCES MADE THE SPEAKER HE OUR COUNTRY OUR COUNTRY ADVANCE TO THE NEXT SLIDE AN INHABITANT OF THE VISITED COUNTRY A VISITING TOURIST

4 CLICK WHEN READY PRONOUN CHANGES FROM DIRECT TO INDIRECT CLICK FOR MORE EXAMPLES T H E S P E A K E RT H E R E P O R T E R I think you have something that you hide, and I will find it. R E F E R E N C E P O I N T REFERENCES MADE THE INSPECTOR I THE SUSPECTYOU CLICK WHEN READY She says she thinks I have something that I hide and she will find it. REFERENCES MADE THE INSPECTOR SHE THE SUSPECT I ADVANCE TO THE NEXT SLIDE THE INTERROGATED SUSPECT AN INTERROGATING POLICE INSPECTOR THE SECRET IT THE SECRET IT

5 CLICK WHEN READY PRONOUN CHANGES FROM DIRECT TO INDIRECT CLICK FOR MORE EXAMPLES T H E S P E A K E RT H E R E P O R T E R I am here to help you because your worries are my unhappiness. R E F E R E N C E P O I N T REFERENCES MADE THE MOTHER I HELP FOR THE DAUGHTER HELP YOU CLICK WHEN READY She says she is here to help me because my worries are her unhappiness. REFERENCES MADE THE MOTHER SHE HELP FOR THE DAUGHTER HELP ME END OF TOPIC THE DAUGHTER IN NEED OF HELP A MOTHER WHO WANTS TO HELP THE DAUGHTERS WORRIES YOUR WORRIES THE DAUGHTERS WORRIES MY WORRIES THE MOTHERS UNHAPPINESS MY UNHAPPINESS THE MOTHERS UNHAPPINESS HER UNHAPPINESS

6 CLICK WHEN READY TENSE CHANGES FROM DIRECT TO INDIRECT T H E S P E A K E RT H E R E P O R T E R I AM GOING I WAS GOING SHE WAS GOING SHE HAD BEEN GOING ADVANCE TO THE NEXT SLIDE SHE SAID (THAT)... I HAVE BEEN GOING I GO SHE HAD BEEN GOING SHE WENT I WENT I HAVE GONE SHE HAD GONE SHE HAD GONE I HAD GONE I WILL GO SHE HAD GONE SHE WOULD GO The tense moves by one degree back in time if the reporting verb is in the past tense. WILL GO > WOULD GO GO > WENT WENT > HAD GONE HAS GONE > HAD GONE IS GOING > WAS GOING WAS GOING > HAD BEEN GOING

7 CLICK WHEN READY TENSE CHANGES FROM DIRECT TO INDIRECT CLICK WHEN READY T H E S P E A K E RT H E R E P O R T E R I have seen many countries, but your country is the best. THE TENSE OF THE DIRECT SPEECH HAVE SEEN IS CLICK WHEN READY He said he had seen many countries but our country was the best. THE SHIFT OF THE TENSE BY ONE DEGREE BACK IN TIME HAVE SEEN HAD SEEN IS WAS CLICK WHEN READYADVANCE TO THE NEXT SLIDE AN INHABITANT OF THE VISITED COUNTRY A VISITING TOURIST WILL GO > WOULD GO GO > WENT WENT > HAD GONE HAS GONE > HAD GONE IS GOING > WAS GOING WAS GOING > HAD BEEN GOING

8 CLICK WHEN READY TENSE CHANGES FROM DIRECT TO INDIRECT CLICK FOR MORE EXAMPLES T H E S P E A K E RT H E R E P O R T E R You are wasting your time playing that foolish guitar. THE TENSE OF THE DIRECT SPEECH AM WASTING CLICK WHEN READY He said I was wasting my time playing this foolish guitar. THE SHIFT OF THE TENSE BY ONE DEGREE BACK IN TIME WAS WASTING ADVANCE TO THE NEXT SLIDE THE SON A FATHER WHO IS DISAPPOINTED WITH WHAT HIS SON IS DOING WILL GO > WOULD GO GO > WENT WENT > HAD GONE HAS GONE > HAD GONE IS GOING > WAS GOING WAS GOING > HAD BEEN GOING

9 CLICK WHEN READY TENSE CHANGES FROM DIRECT TO INDIRECT CLICK FOR MORE EXAMPLES T H E S P E A K E RT H E R E P O R T E R I am going to Boston because I have been admitted to Harvard. THE TENSE OF THE DIRECT SPEECH AM GOING HAVE BEEN ADMITTED CLICK WHEN READY He said he was going to Boston because he had been admitted to Boston. THE SHIFT OF THE TENSE BY ONE DEGREE BACK IN TIME WAS GOING HAD BEEN ADMITTED END OF TOPIC THE MOTHER WHO RECEIVED THE GOOD NEWS ON THE PHONE THE SON WHO GAVE SOME GOOD NEWS A DAY AGO WILL GO > WOULD GO GO > WENT WENT > HAD GONE HAS GONE > HAD GONE IS GOING > WAS GOING WAS GOING > HAD BEEN GOING

10 CLICK WHEN READY C H A N G E S I N P L A C E R E F E R E N C E THE SPEAKERTHE REPORTER HERE HERE HERE THERE ADVANCE TO THE NEXT SLIDE THERE THERE HERE THERE NOT AT THE REFERRED PLACE AT THE REFERRED PLACE THE POSITION OF THE REPORTER NOT AT THE REFERRED PLACE AT THE REFERRED PLACE CLICK WHEN READY

11 C H A N G E S I N P L A C E R E F E R E N C E THE SPEAKERTHE REPORTER I AM BORED HERE. COULD THEY CHANGE THE MUSIC? MY GIRLFRIEND IS BORED HERE. COULD YOU POSSIBLY CHANGE THE MUSIC, SIR? ADVANCE TO THE NEXT SLIDE TO THE REPORTERTO THE WAITER BOTH AT A RESTAURANT CLICK WHEN READY

12 C H A N G E S I N P L A C E R E F E R E N C E THE SPEAKERTHE REPORTER YOU CAN T BRING YOUR CAR HERE UNTIL FRIDAY. WE HAVE A LOT OF WORK. THE MECHANIC SAID WE COULDNT TAKE THE CAR THERE UNTIL FRIDAY BECAUSE THEY HAD A LOT OF WORK END OF TOPIC TO THE REPORTERTO HIS WIFE AT THE REPAIR SHOP CLICK WHEN READY AT HOME

13 CLICK WHEN READY C H A N G E S I N P L A C E R E F E R E N C E THE SPEAKERTHE REPORTER NOW NOW NOW THEN END OF TOPIC AT THE MOMENT AT THE MOMENT AT THE MOMENT AT THAT MOMENT NOT AT THE TIME OF SPEAKING AT THE TIME OF SPEAKING THE TIME OF THE REPORT NOT AT THE TIME OF SPEAKING AT THE TIME OF SPEAKING CLICK WHEN READY YESTERDAY YESTERDAY YESTERDAY THE DAY BEFORE THE PREVIOUS DAY NOT ON THE SAME DAY ON THE SAME DAY TOMORROW TOMORROW TOMORROW THE FOLLOWING DAY THE NEXT DAY NOT ON THE SAME DAY ON THE SAME DAY CLICK WHEN READY

14 HE ASKED WHY…. HE ASKED WHAT…. HE ASKED WHEN…. HE ASKED HOW MUCH…. WHY… ? WHAT… ? WHEN… ? HOW MUCH… ? IYOUHESHEITWEYOUTHEY ASKED REPORTING WH- & HOW - QUESTIONS WHOWHATWHENWHEREWHYHOW HOW OFTEN HOW MANY HOW MUCH CLICK WHEN READYCLICK TO SEE WHERE EACH PHRASE GOES QUESTIONSTATEMENT WHERE… ? HE ASKED WHERE…. WHERE D DD DID YOU GO? D I D Y O U G O STATEMENT. Y O U H A D G O N E He asked where you HAD GONE S H E H A D B E E N H E R E HE asked why s ss she HAD BEEN here W A S S H E H E R E WHY W WW WAS SHE HERE? W A S H E D O I N G WHAT W WW WAS HE DOING? H E H A D B E E N D O I N G D I D H E G O WHEN D DD DID HE GO? H E H A D G O N E He asked what h hh he HAD BEEN DOING He asked when h hh he HAD GONE D I D Y O U H A V E HOW MUCH D DD DID YOU HAVE? Y O U H A D H A D He asked how much y yy you HAD HAD CLICK WHEN READYEND OF TOPIC

15 HE ASKED …. IYOUHESHEITWEYOUTHEY ASKED REPORTING YES / NO QUESTIONS IFWHETHER CLICK WHEN READYCLICK TO SEE WHERE EACH PHRASE GOES QUESTIONSTATEMENT WILL YOU COME? W I L L Y O U C O M E STATEMENT. Y O U W O U L D C O M E HE ASKED IF Y YY YOU W WW WOULD COME. Y O U W E R E K I D D I N G HE ASKED IF Y YY YOU WERE KIDDING. A R E Y O U K I D D I N G ARE YOU KIDDING? H A D S H E S E E N I T HAD SHE SEEN IT? S H E H A D S E E N I T D I D H E T R Y DID HE TRY? H E H A D T R I E D HE ASKED IF S SS SHE HAD SEEN IT. HE ASKED IF H HH HE HAD TRIED. D O E S S H E B E L I E V E I T DOES SHE BELIEVE IT? S H E B E L I E V E D I T HE ASKED IF S SS SHE BELIEVED IT. CLICK WHEN READY IFWHETHER END OF TOPIC

16 REPORTING THE ORDER REPORTING THE APPEAL REPORTING THE REQUEST REPORTING THE PLEA ORDERING BOB ASKING sth. FROM DAN REQUESTING sth FROM MEG BEGGING LISA IYOUHESHEITWEYOUTHEY ADVISED REPORTING REQUESTS & ORDERS MEYOUHIMHERITUSYOUTHEM CLICK WHEN READY GUESS WHAT THE SPEAKER AND THE REPORTER WILL SAY THE SPEAKERTHE REPORTER ADVISING JOHN REPORTING THE ADVICE YOU SHOULD KEEP YOUR ROOM CLEAN TO…. HE ADVISED JOHN TO K KK KEEP HIS ROOM CLEAN HE ORDERED BOB TO C CC CLEAN HIS CAR NOW D O E S N T W A N T T O B E L E T D O W N CLEAN MY CAR NOW! DONT LET ME DOWN COULD YOU PLEASE TURN IT DOWN? HE ASKED DAN N NN NOT TO LET HIM DOWN HE REQUESTED MEG TO T TT TURN IT DOWN PLEASE DONT LEAVE ME!HE BEGGED LISA N NN NOT TO LEAVE HIM CLICK WHEN READY ASKED BEGGED ORDERED REQUESTED TOLD NOT TO…. W A N T S J O H N S R O O M C L E A N W A N T S H I S C A R C L E A N W A N T S T H E M U S I C M O R E S I L E N T D O E S N T W A N T T O B E L E F T END OF TOPIC

17 Click for a sentence transformation exercise. Use the key word that appears on the right to complete the sentence with a maximum of 4 other words. Where have you seen it? asked Laura to me. it. Laura asked HAD where I had seen Could you please bring your laptop? asked Jim to Frank. Jim BRING requested Frank to bring his We were playing truant when we got lost, said the boys. The boys said TRUANT they had been playing truant You did a good job here yesterday, said the teacher as I left. As I left, the teacher said I had done a good job THE there the day before. Are you going to arrive early? asked the boss. The boss asked TO if I was going to arrive early. SENTENCE TRANSFORMATION REPORTED SPEECH laptop. when they got lost. ADVANCE TO THE NEXT SLIDE

18 I would rather you didnt smoke here, said the man to me. there. The man TOLD told me not to smoke How much did you pay for the ticket? asked Casey. Casey asked PAID how much I had paid We still havent finalised our decision yet, said the jury. The jury said COME they hadnt come to Are you having fun there? asked dad on the phone. On the phone, dad asked me FUN if I was having fun How much more will I wait? asked Rob to me. Rob asked me MORE how much more he would wait. SENTENCE TRANSFORMATION REPORTED SPEECH for the ticket. a conclusion yet. here. END OF THE EXERCISE

19 REPORTING VERBS FOLLOWED BY A GERUND BLAME FOR BLAME FOR REGRET SUGGEST ADMIT ACCUSE OF ACCUSE OF COMPLAIN ABOUT COMPLAIN ABOUT APOLOGISE TO FOR APOLOGISE TO FOR DENY MENTION

20 ADMIT DOING It was clear that her parents wouldnt believe her for the second time, so little Jenny had to admit breaking the vase. He is cross with us, but he wont say that this is true. with us. He wont ANGRY ADMIT BEING ANGRY Click for a sentence transformation exercise. Use the key word that appears on the right to complete the sentence with a maximum of 4 other words. TO STATE UNWILLINGLY THAT YOU HAVE DONE SOMETHING OR SOMETHING IS TRUE GERUND LIST VERBS FOLLOWED BY A GERUND Ok, it was me who spread this awful rumour, said Neil. Neil ADMITTED ADMITTED SPREADING THAT awful rumour.

21 ACCUSE OF DOING STH To everyones surprise, Brendan is a aa accused of giving away some secret information of the company. Nancy is claimed to be evading taxes. taxes. Nancy is OF ACCUSED OF EVADING Click for a sentence transformation exercise. Use the key word that appears on the right to complete the sentence with a maximum of 4 other words. TO SAY YOU BELIEVE SB. IS GUILTY OF DOING STH. BAD VERBS FOLLOWED BY A GERUND GERUND LIST Tom is believed to have destroyed the evidence on purpose. the evidence. They OF ACCUSE TOM OF DELIBERATELY DESTROYING

22 APOLOGISE TO FOR DOING STH This is neither the first nor the last time she has apologised to us for neglecting her work. She needs a very serious warning. I shouldnt have treated you like that, Tom, said Lisa. him that way. Lisa TO APOLOGISED TO TOM FOR TREATING Click for a sentence transformation exercise. Use the key word that appears on the right to complete the sentence with a maximum of 4 other words. TO SAY YOU ARE SORRY FOR A MISTAKE YOU HAVE MADE VERBS FOLLOWED BY A GERUND GERUND LIST I am sorry for my late arrival, Bob, said Gwen. late. Gwen ARRIVING APOLOGISED TO BOB FOR ARRIVING

23 BLAME FOR DOING STH Given all the bad experience she went through her marriage, no one should b bb blame Charlotte f ff for leaving him without any notice. We cannot hold Diana responsible for his resignation. to resign. We cannot CAUSING BLAME DIANA FOR CAUSING HIM Click for a sentence transformation exercise. Use the key word that appears on the right to complete the sentence with a maximum of 4 other words. TO SAY YOU BELIEVE SB. IS GUILTY OFDOING STH. BAD VERBS FOLLOWED BY A GERUND GERUND LIST Someone arsoned the building, but Clive should not be the subject of this accusation. to the building. We cannot SETTING BLAME CLIVE FOR SETTING FIRE

24 COMPLAIN ABOUT DOING STH Stop c cc complaining about having to get up at the crack of dawn. Do you want to go hunting or not? They brought their unhappiness about early working hours to our notice. so early. They ABOUT COMPLAINED ABOUT COMING TO WORK Click for a sentence transformation exercise. Use the key word that appears on the right to complete the sentence with a maximum of 4 other words. TO SAY YOU ARE UNHAPPY ABOUT SOMETHING VERBS FOLLOWED BY A GERUND GERUND LIST The complaint of the workers was about the poor payment. enough. The workers ABOUT COMPLAINED ABOUT NOT EARNING

25 DENY DOING Lying is Hannahs expertise, so she d dd denied seeing Tom at the party. Yet, we believe that she really did. Meg said she didnt love him, but her eyes spoke the truth., her eyes didnt. Though Meg BEING DENIED BEING IN LOVE Click for a sentence transformation exercise. Use the key word that appears on the right to complete the sentence with a maximum of 4 other words. TO REFUSE TO ACCEPT SOMETHING IS TRUE VERBS FOLLOWED BY A GERUND GERUND LIST Jack says it wasnt him who started the gossip. Jack DENIES DENIES STARTING THE GOSSIP.

26 MENTION DOING Jason m mm mentioned doing something for a change in the office. Do you remember what it was? He briefly referred to having to come to the office very early. come to the office very early. He HAVING MENTIONED HAVING TO Click for a sentence transformation exercise. Use the key word that appears on the right to complete the sentence with a maximum of 4 other words. TO BRIEFLY REFER TO SOMETHING WHEN SPEAKING OR WRITING VERBS FOLLOWED BY A GERUND GERUND LIST

27 REGRET BE SORRY FOR DOING I r rr regret not going to the party. They say it was awesome. When she realised the mistake she had made, Julia w ww was sorry for parting with Roy. I wish I hadnt said those bitter words. bitterly. I SO REGRET SPEAKING SO Click for a sentence transformation exercise. Use the key word that appears on the right to complete the sentence with a maximum of 4 other words. TO FEEL UNHAPPY ABOUT HAVING MADE A PARTICULAR MISTAKE I really shouldnt have lent him so much money. lot of money. I A REGRET LENDING HIM SUCH A VERBS FOLLOWED BY A GERUND GERUND LIST OR AM SORRY FOR SPEAKING SO

28 SUGGEST DOING I s ss suggest eating out today as I have no energy left for cooking. How about eating at a Thai restaurant tonight? Thai restaurant. I DINING SUGGEST DINING AT A Click for a sentence transformation exercise. Use the key word that appears on the right to complete the sentence with a maximum of 4 other words. TO TELL SOMEONE ABOUT WHAT SHOULD BE DONE I think we should leave her alone for the time being. be alone for some time. I LETTING SUGGEST LETTING HER VERBS FOLLOWED BY A GERUND GERUND LIST END OF TOPIC

29 REPORTING VERBS FOLLOWED BY AN INFINITIVE OFFER THREATEN to do IF V2 THREATEN to do IF V2 AGREE CLAIM PROMISE REFUSE

30 AGREE TO DO If she doesnt like it, she will never decide to come with us. Unless she likes it, she wont COME AGREE TO COME Click for a sentence transformation exercise. Use the key word that appears on the right to complete the sentence with a maximum of 4 other words. TO STATE THAT YOU WILL DO WHAT SOMEONE SUGGESTS INFINITIVE LIST He swore that it would be fun and we all a aa agreed to go to the theme park. with us. VERBS FOLLOWED BY AN INFINITIVE Alright, she said, I will tell you the secret. She TELL AGREED TO TELL US the secret.

31 CLAIM TO DO Brad says that he has seen my girlfriend with Tom. Brad CLAIMS CLAIMS TO HAVE SEEN Click for a sentence transformation exercise. Use the key word that appears on the right to complete the sentence with a maximum of 4 other words. TO STATE THAT SOMETHING IS TRUE NOW The boy c cc claims to run faster than Usain Bolt. my girlfriend with Tom. CLAIM TO HAVE DONE TO STATE THAT SOMETHING WAS TRUE IN THE PAST The boy c cc claims to h hh have seen a ghost. Brad says he knows a terrible secret about the boss. Brad CLAIMS CLAIMS TO KNOW a terrible secret about the boss. VERBS FOLLOWED BY AN INFINITIVE INFINITIVE LIST

32 OFFER TO DO He told her, I can help you to organize the tournament. He HELP OFFERED TO HELP HER Click for a sentence transformation exercise. Use the key word that appears on the right to complete the sentence with a maximum of 4 other words. TO SAY YOU HAVE SOMETHING TO GIVE THAT PEOPLE MIGHT NEED Because Toms car will be at the mechanics next week, I o oo offered to drive him to his office. organize the tournament. VERBS FOLLOWED BY AN INFINITIVE INFINITIVE LIST We told the old man we would be happy to carry his luggage if he liked. We offered THE TO CARRY THE OLD MANS luggage.

33 PROMISE TO DO Gill swore that Andy wouldnt get away with that. Gill REVENGE PROMISED TO TAKE HER REVENGE Click for a sentence transformation exercise. Use the key word that appears on the right to complete the sentence with a maximum of 4 other words. TO TELL SOMEONE THAT YOU WILL DEFINITELY DO SOMETHING After having a terrible row with her parents, Linda p pp promised n nn not t tt to come back home again. on Andy. VERBS FOLLOWED BY AN INFINITIVE INFINITIVE LIST I will definitely not do anything crooked again, said Nick. Nick NOT PROMISED NOT TO DO ANYTHING bad again.

34 REFUSE TO DO They couldnt force us to remain silent during the negotiations. We BE REFUSED TO BE Click for a sentence transformation exercise. Use the key word that appears on the right to complete the sentence with a maximum of 4 other words. TO SAY THAT YOU WILL DEFINITELY NOT DO SOMETHING When the publisher requested a different ending to the story, I r rr refused to change the storyline. silent during the negotiations. VERBS FOLLOWED BY AN INFINITIVE INFINITIVE LIST I am sorry, but I cant go to the party with you, said Carol to Seth. Carol GO REFUSED TO GO TO THE PARTY with Seth.

35 THREATEN TO DO IF V2 The robber said he would fire the gun if we didnt collaborate. The robber TO THREATENED TO FIRE IF WE Click for a sentence transformation exercise. Use the key word that appears on the right to complete the sentence with a maximum of 4 other words. TO SAY THAT YOU WILL CAUSE SOME HARM IF SOMETHING ISNT DONE She threatened never to see her family again if her father didnt consent to her marriage. didnt collaborate. VERBS FOLLOWED BY AN INFINITIVE INFINITIVE LIST END OF TOPIC She wanted me to stay. Otherwise, she would kill me. She threatened to LEFT KILL ME IF I LEFT.


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