2Conversation questions... Do you have a favourite bar or cafe? If so, where is it? Why do you like it the most?What is the cheapest food you can buy?What is the strangest thing you have eaten? Describe it.What is the most impressive experience you have ever had in a restaurant?Food of which country do you prefer? Describe some meals.What is the Slovak national meal? How do you prepare it?Does a typical American meal exist? What do you think it would be?If you were living abroad, what food would you miss the most?Which restaurant in this city would you recommend and why?How do waiters treat customers in your country? What do you think of their standard of service?Do you think that losing weight is a matter of diet or lifestyle in general? How can you tell?What do you eat when you feel sad? How does food change your mood? Give example.What eating habits do you dislike? What have your parents told you about table manners?What is your attitude towards fast food restaurants?Which food did you dislike as a child, but you like now?
3Content Eating habits in Slovakia, Great Britain, and the USA Menu Catering facilitiesTable mannersEating disordersHealthy principlesFood proverbsFood idioms
4eating habits in England What do you know abouteating habits in Englandand the USA?
5Eating habits in Britain breakfast - a cup of coffee or tea with milk, cereals - cornflakes with milk, fried bacon, eggs or sausages.elevenses later in the morning.brunch - is eaten for breakfast and lunch.lunch - usually fairly light, consisting of a warm dish and a dessert, or just ham and cheese sandwiches and some fruit.teatime - at around four o’clock in the afternoon. The meal consists of thin slices of bread and butter with cheese, fish, ham, some vegetables, cakes and several cups of strong tea with milk.dinner, the main meal, is served at around 7 pm. The meal consists of soup, fried fish and chips or meat with vegetables.The English cookery is famous for meat puddings and meat pies, which are usually served at dinner. As a dessert they can have a fruit salad, a pie, jelly, custard or ice cream.Later in the evening more tea, cocoa, milk, sandwiches, cold meat or biscuits may be eaten as supper.
6Eating habits in the USA The United States is a country with many different ethnic groups with different eating habits. Many popular dishes are of foreign origin and were brought to America by Italian, Mexican, Greek, Turkish, Chinese and other people.The breakfast usually consists of juice or coffee, eggs, toast, fruit and cereals. Pancakes and muffins are popular ,too.Lunch often consists of a BLT (bacon, lettuce, tomato) sandwich, hamburgers of various types, hot dogs or pizza.Many people in the U.S. have dinner between 5 and 7 o’clock. It is often the biggest meal of the day.
7Compare eating habits in Britain and Slovakia. What´s different?
8Eating habits in Slovakia The Slovak midday meal is the main meal of the day. We can have it at work, at school (canteen) cafeterias or in a restaurant.It´s usually a 3 course meal – soups (bouillon, clear and thick soups) main meal and a dessert.Traditional Slovak food: pasta with bryndza (a kind of cottage cheese), dumplings, roast pork and sauerkraut, goulash…Slovak cousine – few years ago our food wasn´t very healthy. We used to eat a lot of fat food – like bacon, a lot of meat, dumplings, etc. These days people tend to eat more vegetables and fruit, many became vegetarians.
9Look at the pictures and describe the fast food Look at the pictures and describe the fast food. What ingredients make good ham/cheese burgers? Use one of the pictures to name the most common fruit and vegetables. Which of these do you like the most?
10You would like to invite some people for dinner. Decide:- what dish you will make,- what drinks you will offer,- who will serve your guests.Talk in detail about your choice.
11Courses and Dishes – a Typical Menu Meat DessertsPork chop Chocolate fudge cakeLamb casserole Ice cream (various)Grilled chicken breast Hot apple strudel pieTop sirloin steak Fruit sorbetBarbecued back ribs CheesecakeFish BeveragesGrilled trout soft drinksCod in cheese sauce mineral water, juiceFried carp coffee, teaFish fingers´n´chips alcoholic beveragesdraught beer (light/dark)winebrandy, gin, vodkaDinnerStartersPrawn cocktailChilled melonGarlic mushroomsMain coursesSoupVegetable soupLeek and potatoTomato with corianderCream of mushroomChicken bouillonFish soup
13Catering Facilities and other Places to Eat and Drink snack-bar, cafeteria, salad barfast food restaurant, buffettake-away servicesdrive in/ drive throughcoffee shop (mostly in hotels, AM.)café, sidewalk cafésteakhousewine cellar, pubpizza parlourpatisserie, tearoomSome meals, especially pizza, can also be ordered to be delivered home.
14What can you tell about table manners? Are they the same in every country?
15„Good table manners“ differences in various parts of the world British are happy to have a business lunch and discuss business matters during the mealThe Japanese prefer not to work while eatingThe Germans like to talk business before dinnerThe French like to eat first and talk afterwardsItalian are always late for dinner when you invite them, the Americans tend to come 15 min.earlier, British 15 min.laterIn most countries people eat with knife and fork, in China they use chopsticks, and in parts of India and the Middle East people use their fingers and bread to pick up the foodMost Americans are one-handed eaters, they prefer to drink something during the meals, mostly the plain water, they eat slower – they talk during the mealSlovak people don´t talk while eating, we use fork and knife mostly, we drink water after the meal
19How Eating Disorders Develop You are born with themYou learn them from people around you – you want to be a modelYou were overweight and bullied in childhoodYou have other problems such as unhappiness at home or school,Someone you know dying, or a mixture of these and other things
20People with bulimiamake themselves SICK to get rid of what they've eatencan find it easy to HIDE their eating problemsdo serious DAMAGE to the teeth, heart, kidneys and muscles when they eat and vomit
21People with anorexia AVOID eating LOSE a lot of weight They often feel fat, even when they are very thinTAKE laxative tabletsGO to the toilet more oftenDO too much exerciseBECOME very weakCAN DIE without special help
22Binge Eating Some of the most common symptoms are: Eating large amounts of food, even when not physically hungry. Eating more rapidly than usual.Eating until uncomfortably full.Eating alone out of embarrassment at the quantity of food being eaten.Feelings of disgust, depression, or guilt after eatingComplications of Binge Eating disorderThe most common diseases include diabetes, high blood pressure, high cholesterol levels, gallbladder disease, heart disease, and some forms of cancer.
23How to find help? Don´t keep it secret Accept that you have a problem Talk to a friend and family orcall counsellor ChildLine for free on
24What and how to eat to be healthy and fit? Healthy principlesWhat and how to eat to be healthy and fit?
25Healthy principlesThere are 3 principles of how to eat to be healthy and slim:Water principle – about 70% of the human body consists of water.. If there is lack of water in our body we feel tired and we want to eat. So it is sometimes enough to drink and the body is satisfied. It is best to drink fruit juices, clean water, plant tea, mineral water, and the water contained in fruit and vegetables.Fruit eating principle – we should eat fruit half an hour before meals. We don´t feel so hungry and we eat less then. Fruit is the best food for loosing weight and cleaning body.Food combination principle – the theory of separated food is very popular.
26Some more tips we should eat slowly, 5 portions of fruit and veg a day start a day with a glass of water,do not eat after 7 p.m, eat only fruit till noon.do not keep sweets at home, drink a lot of waterWe should eat meat with vegetables, or potatoes with vegetables, but not meat and potatoes.Do some sportsDo things you enjoyHave a wide network of friends
27Comment on the Food proverbs The way to the man´s heart goes through his stomach.Man does not live by bread alone.One man´s meat is another man´s poison.You are what you eat.A smiling face is half the meal.
28Food Idioms and Sayings Match the phrases from the column A with the phrases from the column B"An apple a day keeps the doctor away.„"A piece of cake.""To sell like hot cakes.„"A big cheese„"As cool as a cucumber.„"Cry over spilt milk.„"Have a finger in every pie.„"Cup of tea."To cry or complain about something that has already happened.An important person, a leader (usually about business).To be involved in lots of different things.To remain calm under pressure. Eating fruit is good/healthy for you. Something one enjoys ordoes well.To sell quickly or rapidly. To find something easy to do.
29Task for You to do at home. Describe your favourite food. Include the ingredients and the preparation of the meal.
30Thank you for your attention. Mgr. Ľuboslava Vašková