Messages about eating and food Doctors/Health Professionals Diet books Media accounts of the latest findings Friends/relatives Health claims on food
Nutrition is a relatively young science Not always straightforward Many areas of grey Someday hopefully we will have definitive answers
What we do know... Western Diet Processed foods, meats, lots of added sugar and fat, lots of refined grain, lots of everything except vegetables High rates of diabetes, obesity, cardiovascular disease and cancers
What we do know... Populations eating a remarkably wide range of traditional diets generally dont suffer from these chronic diseases Very high fat ( seal blubber) High carbohydrate ( corn and beans) High protein (Masai in Africa – cattle blood, meat and milk)
There is hope... People who get off the Western style diet see dramatic improvements in their health! The effects of this poor quality diet can be rolled back, relatively quickly!
Evil nutrients Focus has been on the evil nutrients to put the blame The food industry likes it that way, tweak the food and make more money The more processed the food the more money it makes Confusion is good business!
What to eat? Eat food. Not too much. Mostly plants. Michael Pollan
Modest Change will make a difference! The potential for disease prevention by modest dietary and lifestyle changes that are readily compatible with life in the 21 st century is enormous. Walter Willet, MD, Chair, Department of Nutrition, Harvard School of Public Health
Eat more vegetables! Eat food, not too much, mostly plants! Aim for at least 4 servings a day (1/2 cup raw, cooked or 1 cup leafy greens). Eat a variety of vegetables and colors. Fill half your plate or container with vegetables.
Eat more plant proteins Plant proteins include: pulse and legumes like lentils, chickpeas, kidney beans, soy beans. nuts and seeds and their butters High in fibre, satisfying, low glycemic index carbohydrate, sustainable, cheap.
Eat more fish Dont overlook the oily little fish. Mackeral, sardines, anchovies are very nutritions species and fish stocks are abundant. Aim for 2 fish meals a week.
Eat whole grain foods Choose unrefined grains like quinoa, brown rice, whole grain seedy breads. The whiter the bread, the sooner youll be dead, Michael Pollan Food Rules
Drink water Avoid sweetened drinks or sodas, even fruit juice. Drink water for thirst. And... Coffee and tea without added sugar, sweetners and just a little milk if desired. Low fat milk without added sugar/ flavours.
Limit Eating Out Aim for no more than once a week. Restaurant food is full of salt, fat, sugar and calories. Portions are huge. Up sell –end up buying the beverage, dessert, appetizer.
Reduce your intake of processed food highly processed foodlike substances. Sugar, salt, fat, additives like preservatives, food coloring etc.. Look at ingredient list, the more ingredients in a packaged food, likely the more processed it is.
Eat Less Sugar Eat sweet foods as you would find them in nature – whole fruit. Reduce intake of sweetened beverages: coffees, juices, sodas. Avoid foods that have some form of sugar listed among the top 3 ingredients. Organic sugar is sugar too!
Eat Less Salt Avoid using the salt shaker. Use less process foods. Eat out less. Sodium 101 Guidelines Per serving 0-200 mg Go ahead 200-400 mg Watch out 400 mg + Too much
Eat Less Stop eating before you are full Eat slowly Eat when you are hungry, not when you are bored Eat slowly Buy smaller plates and glasses.