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General Education Office

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1 General Education Office
BUSINESS ENGLISH LA.231/LA.331/LA.3501 Unit 5: Food and Entertaining

2 Objectives By the end of this class you should be able to…
Describe a range of food and etiquette. Order a meal Use grammar points ‘some’ and ‘any’ and (un) countable nouns 4. Choose a restaurant for a business meal

3 A Variety of Dishes…. a b d c e g h f 1 Fillet of Haddock
3 Prawn Cocktail 5 Roast Leg of Pork 7 Crudités 2 Chicken Kiev 4 Beef Madras 6 Chicken Liver Pate 8 Lyonnaise Potatoes

4 A Variety of Gourmet Dishes….
b c a d f e 1 Fondue Valaisane (White wine and cheese) 2 Les escargots en chausson (Snails in puff pastry) 3 L’emince de veau zurichois (Sliced veal and mushrooms) 4 Les Mignons de porc (Sliced loin of Pork) 5 Delices de Grison (Air dried beef) 6 Sorbet au marc de champagne (Iced champagne)

5 Food Food has always been an important part of society. Doing business will often use dining as a good way to communicate the business deal in a comfortable manner.  Food can communicate things we do not need to say, such as… status, nationality, and identity.

6 Dining Out  “Dining Out”, or “Eating Out”, is a phrase that means to eat outside of home, usually in a restaurant or other public place. In the past, only high society or rich people would eat out, but nowadays it is popular to dine out for business deals. Usually, business dining will be during lunch, because dinners are typically considered a time to eat with family in most countries. Is this the same in your country?

7 Dining Culture There are many things to know about dining with people from a different culture, but especially when those people are going to do business with you. For example, some cultures consider leaving food on your plate polite, whereas other cultures consider it rude. Some cultures will use only one utensil, like a spoon or fork, at a time, but other cultures will use both at the same time. What are the dining rules for your culture? Can you name some others?

8 Dining Culture Timing is also important to remember.
Some cultures will serve all the food in a meal at the same time, so that the diners will be able to eat anything at anytime. But in most Western cultures the different parts of the meal are served at different times. For example, the starter is served first, the main course is served second, the dessert (sweet) is served third. There are always many differences between cultures, so always research the dining culture habits before conducting business.

9 Vocabulary - Adjectives
What kind of food do you like? Make ADJECTIVES: China Japan Thailand India Turkey Italy France Germany Russia Sweden the UK I like Chinese food. I love Italian food. 4.1 C P34 - Track 32

10 Vocabulary – Adjectives / Matching
Match the typical dishes (1-8) to the adjectives(a – h) 1 curry a) American 2 snails b) Italian 3 sushi c) Indian 4 spaghetti d) French 5 goulash e) Hungarian 6 hamburger f) Chinese 7 paella g) Japanese 8 sweet and sour chicken h) Spanish 4.1 C P34 - Track 32 What other typical dishes do you know?

11 Vocabulary – Eating out
Choose the odd one out in each group of food words below. Use food types to explain your answer. salmon tuna cod onion beef apple lamb chicken carrots peas trout broccoli veal grapes cherries peach cabbage eel cauliflower aubergine 4.1 C P34 - Track 32 “ Onion – it’s a kind of vegetable.”

12 Reading – Dining Etiquette
a) Discuss these questions. Do foreigners eat your national food in the same way as you do? What changes do people in your country make to foreign dishes? Look through the article on page 44 and complete this fact file. Founder/Manager Name of Restaurant Location Type of food served Alan Yau ________ 1 ________ 2 ________ 3 ________ 4 Brasserie Roux ________ 5 ________ 6 Noboyuki Matsuhisa ________ 7 USA ________ 8 Chop Stick ________ 9 ________ 10

13 Word Matching Match these words (1-6) to their meanings (a-f).
Use a good dictionary to help you. etiquette a) change something to make it suitable for a new situation innovative b) the way a situation is developing or changing insist (on doing something) c) knowing a lot about fashion and culture adapt d) new, original sophisticated e) the rules of polite behavior trend f) keep doing something that other people don’t like Sophistication is the quality of refinement — displaying good taste, wisdom and subtlety rather than (not) crudeness, stupidity and vulgarity.

14 Reading – Dining Etiquette
D) Decide whether each statement is true or false. Alan Yau says that tastes in food are changing in Asia only. (false) Thai people don’t understand etiquette very well, according to Yau. Hughes Jaquier finds it strange that some people drink coffee with their meals. 4 Nobu adapts his dishes for American customers. Japanese restaurant goers don’t like to try different cuisines. In Japan, adapting Western food and etiquette is not something new.

15 Language Focus 1 - some / any
We use some in positive sentences. There are some very good restaurants in the city centre. We also use some when we offer things and ask for things. Would you like some more coffee? Can I have some tea? We use any in most questions. Do you have any beef? We also use any in negative statements. We haven’t got any beef today.

16 Language Focus Tick the correct sentences. Correct the mistakes in the other sentences. I’d like any water. Could I have any more coffee? Are there any restaurants near here? There isn’t some wine left. I’d like some cheese please. Do you have any soft drinks?

17 Language Focus B) Read the dialogue about choosing a restaurant. Underline the correct words to complete it. Mina There are some/any good restaurants in the centre. Ivan Yes, but there isn’t some/any parking. We could go to the Texas Steakhouse near the airport. Mina Do they serve some / any vegetarian dishes? Ivan I don’t thinks so. How about the Marina? They do some/any great fish dishes, and they have some/any vegetarian starters, too. Mina Good idea. I’ll see if they’ve got a table for 9 o’clock.

18 Listening – Ordering a Meal
A man and woman are ordering a meal in a restaurant. Listen and write M for man and W for woman. 1 Starter Salad  Snails  Soup 2 Main course Spaghetti  Paella Sushi  3 Dessert Ice-cream  Fruit  Apple pie 

19 Listening – Ordering a Meal
Put this dialogue into the correct order: You should try the roast duck. It’s delicious. No thanks, I’m full. Would you like a starter? Right. I’ll get the bill. I’d like the soup, please. Would you like a dessert? What do your recommend for the main course? Thanks very much. That was a lovely meal. I really enjoyed it. D) Listen and check your answers.

20 (Un) countable nouns A) Tick the countable nouns: 1 reservation 9
1 reservation 9 information 17 table 2 fax 10 seat 18 tip 3 air conditioning 11 luggage 19 transport 4 bathroom 12 flight 20 soup 5 bill 13 menu 21 work 6 employee 14 money 22 shopping 7 equipment 15 overtime 23 suitcase 8 hotel 16 receipt 24 leisure

21 (Un) countable nouns B) Correct the mistakes in these sentences.
Use a lot of , many, or much They don’t have much vegetarian dishes here many How many does it cost? The restaurant hasn’t got much tables left. I don’t have many time at the moment. I drink much coffee. There aren’t much hotels in the city centre. It costs much money. I don’t want many spaghetti. There’s ice-cream for dessert. much many a lot of

22 Skills - Entertaining Two managers are discussing how to entertain a group of important foreign visitors. Complete the dialogue below with words from the box. right recommend book entertain invite call about Lee How can we _entertain__ our visitors next week? Cary Why don’t we _____________ them for dinner? Lee Good idea. Which restaurant do you _____________? Cary The food is always good at Pierre’s. Lee That’s _____________, but it’s actually very busy. Cary How _____________ a restaurant by the river? Lee Yes. There’s a good Italian restaurant there. Shall I _____________ a table for Wednesday night? Cary Yes, please. Can you _____________ the restaurant as soon as possible, please? Listen and check your answers.

23 Skills - Entertaining You are in a restaurant. Match what you thinks (1 – 7) to what you should say (a – g) You think You say I want a steak. A) Can I have the bill, please? The fish is good. B) Are there any vegetarian dishes? What is the best dish? C) I’d like the steak, please. I need to pay. D) I need a few more minutes. I don’t eat meat. E) Can I have the wine list, please? I want to choose some wine. F) What do you recommend? I’m not ready to order yet. G) I recommend the fish.

24 Skills - Entertaining Listen to a waiter in a restaurant. Use responses from previous to reply. You hear: Are you ready to order? You say: I need a few more minutes. A) Can I have the bill, please? B) Are there any vegetarian dishes? C) I’d like the steak, please. D) I need a few more minutes. E) Can I have the wine list, please? F) What do you recommend? G) I recommend the fish.

25 Skills – Useful Language
Work in pairs. Student A, play the role of the waiter (see P148. Student B, see how many of the responses you can remember, then change roles) Suggesting Why don’t we…..? Shall I ……? How about……? Giving Opinions I think…. is the best restaurant. The food is delicious. We need to go to …. Restaurant. It’s close to the office. Agreeing Disagreeing Yes, because…. I see what you mean but…. I agree, because. I don’t know about that. I think….. That’s right. That’s right, but………

26 Summary Today we have learned how to:
Describe a range of food and etiquette. Order a meal Use grammar points ‘some’ and ‘any’ and (un) countable nouns 4. Choose a restaurant for a business meal

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