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Stuffed: The Role of the Food Industry in Obesity Prevention.

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Presentation on theme: "Stuffed: The Role of the Food Industry in Obesity Prevention."— Presentation transcript:

1 Stuffed: The Role of the Food Industry in Obesity Prevention

2 Key Messages Food industry holds the keys to solving the obesity crisis Your work is commendable, but falling short Things you can do

3 You represent the Defenders I am here to try to help you understand: How the food industry thinks and makes their decisions How you can motivate and drive them to doing whats best for the public good

4 Obesity Playing Field Perceived Roles Perpetrators Defenders Victims Government Advocates Researchers Health Care community Consumers Food & Beverage Cos. Restaurants

5 Obesity Playing Field Primary Motivations Perpetrators Defenders Victims Sales Market share Profit Taste Health (for some) The public health Advocacy

6 Obesity Playing Field Political Skews Perpetrators Defenders Victims CPG – Republican/Independent Rests – Conservative Wing Varied Advocates/Researchers - Liberal/Democrat Public Health Community - Varied

7 Current Model Industry Consumer health per se is not the primary driver Must make money to survive and flourish Not rewarded by their shareholders just for going healthier Quarterly earnings pressures push short term agendas Historically, industry resistant to change, especially restaurants Positions have been passive and not proactive Offer healthy options Consumers responsible for themselves

8 Current Model Defenders Skeptical of industrys willingness to change – Perhaps jaded by industry resistance to proposed changes Lack financial arrows in their quiver to educate the public

9 Current Model Defenders Skeptical of industrys willingness to change – Perhaps jaded by industry resistance to proposed changes Lack financial arrows in their quiver to educate the public Perceived as absolute/draconian – Good vs. bad foods – Bans – Taxation

10 The Defenders Education Not enough $ to counter marketing budgets of large food corporations Food Pyramid Guidelines difficult to interpret Emphasis on ingredients not end products Serving sizes still misunderstood Confusing – worst, not best foods at top (apex) On-package nutritional labeling required by NLEA has not stemmed tide of rising obesity Programs pushing fruits & vegetables have not increased frequency and consumption in the last decade So many well-intentioned initiatives, so few victories

11 The Defenders School vending machine initiatives underway to replace/reduce high calorie beverages and snacks Trans fats banned in select municipalities and California Calorie counts on restaurant chain menu boards in New York City 80% of consumer experienced sticker shock Recent Initiatives

12 Current Model Consumers Consumers challenged to change their behavior – Failed diets – Lack of exercise/movement – Stressed (time; mentally; physically) – Convenience Culture – Nutritionally confused – Most lack the discipline to say No (1) Only a minority plans/is structured enough to follow through Not an issue of Should – they know they should eat better (1) Source: Myers-Briggs Type Indicator Dont Expect to Solve the Problem

13 Results: America Still getting fatter No state recorded an obesity rate of 20% or higher in 1990; today only 1 state (Colorado) boasts an obesity rate under 20%! Southern tier in more dire straights Obesity rates in every state except Florida and Virginia @ 25% or more The only 3 states with obesity rates exceeding 30% are in the South Jury still out on newer initiatives

14 Implications Public health and regulatory initiatives are crucial….but alone will not get the job done

15 Epicenter of the Problem WMCs

16 So How Do We Address This? Solving the obesity crisis requires a whole new mindset

17 So How Do We Address This? Industry must make $...RESPONSIBLY Solving the obesity crisis requires a whole new mindset

18 So How Do We Address This? Industry must make $...RESPONSIBLY Defenders focus on guidelines not how- tos; acknowledge corporations must make a profit Solving the obesity crisis requires a whole new mindset

19 So How Do We Address This? Industry must make $...RESPONSIBLY Defenders focus on guidelines not how-tos; acknowledge corporations must make a profit Consumers passengers; let them eat healthier cake Solving the obesity crisis requires a whole new mindset

20 So How Do We Address This? Help the food industry profit from selling healthier food rather than penalizing them They NEED to make a profit (NOT optional) They are the best marketers They have the most money They can deliver the products consumers will buy They have the organizational structure to execute

21 If not out of altruism, then do it for greed - Former NY Gov. Mario Cuomo

22 A Modest Approach Defenders, with industry/associations, identify what the goals are Set overarching Guidelines With timelines or milestones Provisions for non-compliance Food industry figures out how to solve the problem

23 Primary Goal Focus on reducing calories across company portfolios Other offenders like fat/sugars reduced by default Calories

24 (Dietary) Energy Policy Example Guideline: A companys weighted # of calories per product across its portfolio must be (X) within 5 years Comparable to Corporate Average Fuel Economy (CAFÉ) standards (Average 35 mpg by 2020) Why? Not enough automobile fuel (oil), too much dietary fuel (calories) Why? Not enough automobile fuel (oil), too much dietary fuel (calories)

25 Case Examples Example #1 - School Vending Alabama has established Guidelines: limit/remove soft drinks and high calorie beverages replace with low/no calorie beverages

26 Case Examples Example #1 - School Vending Program Status (Nationally) Beverage calories shipped to schools down 58% Shift to waters, portion-controlled sports drinks and diet drinks 65% of vending machines changed over 79% of schools in compliance with national Guidelines

27 Case Examples Example #1 - School Vending Why This Works? For Industry Keeps them in schools Brand awareness & trial Source of high margin sales Substitute beverage profits comparable to soft drinks For Schools/Students Source of needed revenues Better for the kids

28 Case Examples Example #1 - School Vending Minneapolis District Test # vendors increased from 4 to 16 13 bottled water and/or juice (high traffic areas) 2 sports drinks 1 soft drinks (limited hours) Different pricing levels Bottled water$ 0.75 Juice/sports drinks$ 1.00 Soft drinks$ 1.25 Result: CSD sales down; total vending profits up $4K

29 Case Examples Example #2 – Controlled Calorie Packs Early evidence that 100 calorie packs are effective Center for Human Nutrition at the University of Colorado-Denver: People ate 120 calories a day less when eating from 100-calorie packs than when they were given the regular packages

30 Case Examples Example #2 – Controlled Calorie Packs Suggest 100-Calorie packs become de rigueur in snack aisles and school vending machines Win for manufacturers Higher gross margins per package Sustained visibility in schools Win for schools/students Less calories per purchase Provides revenue stream to schools

31 Case Examples Example #3a – Restaurant Initiatives Zero-sizing Beverages highly profitable reason for supersizing Price (32 oz.)$ 1.19 Cost.36 Gross Profit$ 0.83

32 Case Examples Example #3a – Restaurant Initiatives Zero-sizing Calories not a factor regardless of drink size Opportunity to retain economics of larger-sizes

33 Can This Be Implemented? Key issue: Self-serve beverage dispensers prevalent in QSRs Solution: New Dispenser Unit 100 + beverage options Promotional dollars for Zero-sizing Special code to only fill with Coke Zero or other low calorie drinks

34 Case Examples Example #3b – Restaurant Initiatives Healthier Beverages for Kids Issues: 1.Beverage options mostly high in calories Accentuated by free refill policies 2.Nutrition often lacking

35 Case Examples Example #3b – Restaurant Initiatives Healthier Beverages for Kids Branded product as base + Flavor ingredient(s) + Fruit garnish = New Beverage ½ calories of equivalent beverages Each contains a nutritional element e.g., Calcium; Vitamin C

36 Case Examples Example #3b – Restaurant Initiatives Benefits Premium price yields higher profits for restaurant Company secures more occasions to sell its products Parents pleased about child consuming a healthier beverage Kids happy about the taste + fun Healthier Beverages for Kids

37 Case Examples Example #3c – Restaurant Initiatives Capping Combos Combo meals a major source of excess calories Value proposition that trades customer up to additional item purchase(s) Drinks and fries are highly profitable

38 Case Examples Example #3c – Restaurant Initiatives Capping Combos Opportunity to cap total calories in a Combo Meal Example Guideline: Cap the calories at 750 Ensures bundled items dont become Weapons of Mass Consumption

39 Weapons of Mass Consumption Example Monster Thickburger ® 1420 cals Large Crispy Curls 480 cals Soft Drink (32 oz.) 388 cals 2288 cals

40 Case Examples Example #3c – Restaurant Initiatives Capping Combos Example Little Thick Cheeseburger 470 cals Small Crispy Curls 260 cals Diet Dr. Pepper 0 cals 730 cals

41 Case Examples Example #3c – Restaurant Initiatives Capping Combos Example Double Cheeseburger440 cals Small Fries230 cals Coca-Cola Zero 0 cals 670 cals

42 Will Industry Go For This? Must show them that not trying to truncate their profits Just want them to lower the calories for the public good Must even the playing field – Guidelines must apply to all chains/large players Dont get caught up in the details

43 What Else Can You Do?

44 The Southern Block Southern Block Consider forging a Southern Block to effect change All Top 10 Most Obese states are Southern Southern states > 35% of population Fast food and soft drink sales skew disproportionately to Southern states As a block, can influence what is sold in restaurants, grocery and convenience stores

45 The Way to Win-Win Set overarching Guidelines to lower obesity rate Package up win-win ideas for business Show industry how they can still make $ Let the corporations figure it out how to implement If they dont do what they agree to do….

46 From HarperCollins/Ecco Available 1/27/09 Special Southern Obesity Summit rate (SOS@stuffednation.com)SOS@stuffednation.com For More Information on These Ideas

47 Stuffed: The Role of the Food Industry in Obesity Prevention Thank You


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