Going Up…. Fast food consumption has increased 5 fold since 1977 Almost half of US food spending goes towards food eaten away from home Fast food spending has increased 900% from 1975 to 2004 American average calorie intake has increase by 200 kcal/day from 1976 to 1996
Also Going Up… Between 1962 and the year 2000, the number of obese Americans grew from 13% to an alarming 31% of the population. Among Americans age 20 and older, 145.0 million are overweight or obese (BMI of 25.0 kg/m2 and higher) According to the U.S. Surgeon General report in 2007, obesity is responsible for 300,000 deaths every year.
Previous Studies Environment as it relates to childhood obesity (Davis and Carpenter, 2009; Nielsen et al, 2002; Duffy et al, 2007) These studies have led to a number of troubling conclusions: FF restaurants within ½ mile of childs school resulted in childs reduced consumption of fruits & vegetables, increased consumption of soda and greater chance of being overweight Weekly consumption of fast food is related to 0.2 unit increase in BMI
Why a college campus? Eating habits formed in college can continue throughout ones life Living on a college campus typically results in more away from home eating Increased stress levels from work load, social life, and being away from home may increase the possibility of weight gain
A Brief Description Using a highly validated food and nutrition survey, the NEMS-R tool (Glanz, 2007 ), we conducted on- site evaluations of 130 eateries (94 restaurants, 36 food trucks) around Penns campus The parameters of Penns eating environment were determined by a student survey Restaurants and food carts were rated on a number of characteristics, all of which had some bearing on their nutritional rating
The Nutrition Environment Measures Survey The NEMS-R tool takes into account the following: Restaurant type Restaurant hours Seating capacity Signs and Promotions Menu Availability of low fat options Availability of 100% fruit juice, low fat milk, fresh fruits an vegetables Healthy entree options Main dish salad options Factors that encourage healthy and unhealthy eating habits Other factors
The Difficulty with Eating Healthy Availability of healthful entrees are few and far between Few eateries provide nutritional information for their foods The pricing and promotions of restaurants are encouraging overeating Eateries around Penns campus lack healthful value
Relevance Better eating behaviors of adults while in college may improve individual and population health. Nutritional characteristics of campus restaurants will allow students to make better informed eating decisions Help colleges and universities become more cognizant of their eating environments and which establishments they support
Lessons Learned Personal - Time Management Project- Its not easy being healthy SUMR- Health services research is a field Career – Many doors
Special Thanks Dr. Jane Jue To LDI, Joanne Levy, Kelly Johnson, Shanta Layton SUMR scholars
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