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Jour 2 - Session 2: Définition des priorités. Phase 2. Priority setting and validation.

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Presentation on theme: "Jour 2 - Session 2: Définition des priorités. Phase 2. Priority setting and validation."— Presentation transcript:

1 Jour 2 - Session 2: Définition des priorités

2 Phase 2. Priority setting and validation

3 Phase 2. Setting priorities What: identify strategic areas where FAO should focus its support to the country - Priority Matrix How: Situation Analysis – scope (background work; focus) Assessment of Comparative Advantages – new SF/RF Prioritization – focus – fewer number of priorities and outcomes Principles: Alignment Complementarity/synerg y Strategic direction Strategic component of CPF document

4 Country analysis for UNDAF WHATS NEW? COUNTRY ANALYSIS – The Common Country Assessment (CCA) is no longer mandatory (FAO supported this change) and the UNCT can choose among 3 options: Contribute to government-led analysis Support targeted studies Full CCA

5 Défis majeurs Domaines stratégiques dintervention de la FAO Priorités du CPP Analyse des causes et effets Effets et produits du CPF Analyse de la situation Analyse des avantages comparatifs La hiérarchisation des priorités dans la formulation du CPP Priority Matrix Results Matrix

6 … identification of CHALLENGES (WHAT, HOW and WHO) Défis majeurs Domaines stratégiques dintervention de la FAO Priorités du CPP Analyse des causes et effets Effets et produits du CPF

7 ... consultez votre Guide à la page 30 : les questions essentielles suggérées pour guider votre analyse Phase 2 – Définition des priorités Analyse de la situation Comprendre les défis et les opportunités

8 Main elements of Situation Analysis – key questions? National context – main social and economic development challenges and opportunities with implication for agriculture sector and livelihoods Situation and outlook for FS,A, RD – current situation, trends – issues, challenges, opportunities Policy environment - National sector priorities, policies, strategies and programmes addressing the challenges and opportunities National stakeholders and capacity needs at policy, organizational and individual level Data and monitoring mechanism to measure progress

9 National context – what, how and who ? WHAT: Macro trends and challenges TIPS Economy 1.Positioning of the country (low income, etc.), food deficit country, general trends of the economy (GDP, employment, budget situation, indebtness, exchange rates and trade). 1.Sectoral performance and trends (GDP, employment rates, agricultural trade, main trade partners, etc) Demography Trends in population, urban/rural, by gender and age, migrations, etc. Institutions and governance Government stability, line agricultural ministries, structure of the agricultural sector (dual, smallholders vs large scale farms, representativity of farmers, land tenure, etc.), national capacities Technology ICT, R&D, level of absorption and potential Risk assessment Sources and frequency of risks. Coping mechanisms. How well is the country equiped to address risks. SWOT table

10 Policy context: what, how and who? WHAT: Policy context TIPS Development plans Identification of rel. nat. programing frameworks and plans (including UNDAF) identification of rel. dev. objectives and priorities of countries; Analyse consistency with challenges identify possible gaps; identify country priorities relevant to FAO mandated areas Policy decisions Review policy decisions (FAPDA), analyse their overall consistency with the development objectives, identify gaps International committments Including FAO Mapping of country priorities

11 Capacity Assessment – building block See: CPF tool 3. pg5 11 DimensionsCapacity areas Policy enabling Environment Policy and legal frameworks Economic framework and national public sector budget... International political commitments Organizations (public, private, CSO…) Which ministries are involved? Technical capacity? Is institutional knowledge sufficient in ARD? Practical experience? Individuals Skills levels (what skills are found in ARD sector, opportunities for their better preparation, …)

12 Travail de groupe (30 minutes) Revisez lextrait: Est-ce que......les défis majeurs ont été bien idéntifiés et présentés dans le document?...les strategies et les politiques nationales ont été suffisamment analysées?...les priorités nationales ont été idéntifiés? indiquez-les dans la Matrice des Priorités! les principes de programmation des NU ont été pris suffisamment en consideration?

13 Activity 1: Review of a country example 1.Review of a the situation analysis of Lebanon (pages 9 – 12) 2.Assess to what extent the key criteria (elements) are addressed ? See page. CPF guide for the main elements (Pg. 30, outline of CPF document: 48) See print of PPT

14 Jour 2 - Session 3: Avantages comparatifs

15 Plenary discussion– How to ensure strategic focus – i.e. prioritize at the country level ? If Country Offices asked you to provide them the tips on how to prioritize, what would be your advice

16 Preferably emerge from a dialogue with the national stakeholders Not imposed, yet some suggested for consideration 1 23 4 1.La haute prioritè – key strategic areas 2.High priority, although low likelihood for RM 3.La priorite moderèe – not Gvt priority 4.La basse prioritè – no CA, no capacity Enabling conditions and capacities for achieving the results Likelihood of sustainability Ability to produce the highest level of impact Contribution to the MDGs/IADGs Prioritization process - Criteria

17 Zooming into the comparative advantages

18 Comparative Advantages Mandat dintervenir Buts mondiaux Objectifs stratégiques et Organizational results Fonctions essentielles KEY QUESTIONS? Does it contribute FAO global goals? Does it fall under the areas that the members want FAO to focus on SO and ORs that FAO committed to achieve? Does it require application of FAOs core functions which are recognized FAO comparative advantages?

19 Phase 2 – Définition des priorités Avantages comparatifs Avantages comparatifs au niveau du pays Mandat dintervenir Capacité à intervenir En position dintervenir Buts mondiaux Objectifs stratégiques Fonctions essentielles Ressources Influence Parternariat Avantages révélés Avantages perçus Lacunes

20 Assessing FAO positioning in the country – Portfolio review To assess FAO positioning in the country, identify areas of performance and draw forward looking lessons on how to improve FAO delivery in country. Portfolio analysis : analysis of the information on the status and evolution/ trend of FAO portfolio. ( number of projects, amount of budget, delivery, breakdown by source of funds, by resources partners). (from FPMIS) Analysis of the performance in terms of status of implementation and achievements of expected key results of the completed and on-going projects, lessons learned. (from progress reports, evaluation reports). – Comparison vs other partners involved in the same areas of intervention of FAO : size and type and performance of FAO intervention vs other partners ) (from ADAM – resource partners matrix, profiles, government reports, partners reports, other) - Partners feed back on FAO country performance (surveys, external country assessment)

21 FPMIS Charts Ethiopia Historical

22 FPMIS Charts

23 FPMIS Delivery by Sector

24 Matrice des priorités du CPP- Modèle Priorités du CPP Priorités sectorielles Nationals pertinentes Priorités sousrégionales/ Régionales de la FAO Priorités pertinentes du PNUAD Autres cadres et engagements nationaux, régionaux et internationaux Domaine prioritaire A …

25 Validation Page 33 ou 34 du guide Pertinence

26 Travail de groupe (20) Complétez/révisez la Matrice des Priorités!

27 Jour 2 - Session 4: Arbre à problèmes

28 CAUSES EFFETS Problème central Construire un Arbre à problèmes Énoncer le problème de façon positive peut fournir le résultat ou limpact Aborder les causes permet didentifier des produits ou des activités possibles Tenir compte des effets permet didentifier des indicateurs possibles Mais pourquoi? Sont-ils importants?

29 Challenge: High prevalence of food insecurity Poor capacity of extension Workers Poor capacity of extension Workers Policy and legal framework Budgetary allocations Policy and legal framework Budgetary allocations Poor agricultural production and productivity Skills level of extension staff Dependency on rain fed cultivation Inefficient irrigation system Policy enabling environment Organizations Individuals Operational capacity of ext. units Situation analysis KEY MESSAGES BUT Why ? BUT Why ? Food availability

30 Challenge: High prevalence of food insecurity Poor capacity of extension Workers Poor capacity of extension Workers Policy and legal framework Budgetary allocations Policy and legal framework Budgetary allocations Poor agricultural production and productivity Skills level of extension staff Dependency on rain fed cultivation Inefficient irrigation system Policy enabling environment Organizations Individuals Institutional motivation – how active they are? Operational capacity of ext. units Institutional motivation – how active they are? Operational capacity of ext. units Situation analysis KEY MESSAGES BUT Why ? BUT Why ? Food availability

31 Nutrition As an entry point for country programming Making food systems work for people

32 Why use nutrition as an entry point for problem and solution trees? FAOs mandate: Raise levels of nutrition DG focus on Zero Hunger / Hunger Free Governments putting nutrition at top of political agenda (SUN) Ministries of agriculture tasked with demonstrating contribution to nutrition Understanding why people are not eating what they need leads to practical and comprehensive analysis of food insecurity (looks at food system) Nutrition is multi-sectoral: an analysis of causes of malnutrition demonstrates links to other sectors and agencies (relevant for UNDAF. See also: http://rconline.undg.org/wp- content/uploads/2011/11/Guidance-note-on-integrating-Food- and-Nutrition-Security-UNDG-approved-Oct-2011.pdf )http://rconline.undg.org/wp- content/uploads/2011/11/Guidance-note-on-integrating-Food- and-Nutrition-Security-UNDG-approved-Oct-2011.pdf

33 Nutrition as entry point for joint planning: practical tips Bring together a multi-disciplinary team Identify most food insecure population groups Use malnutrition as the central problem : Plant diseases Drought Poor access to enough foods Low crop & vegetable production production Poor access to market High prices Low level of knowledge & skills No possibility to find job Low income No information about useful foods Low consumption of diverse food Poor hygiene knowledge Low access to health facilities No health clinics Lack of cooperation of authorities Poor hygiene Dirty water Malnutrition Diseases Poor education facilities Other sectors FAO-related work

34 Food and nutrition security: impact pathways and indicators Improved nutrition is at impact level. – typical indicators: rates of acute / chronic malnutrition – data collected by health sector – collective responsibility for achieving this impact The food and agriculture sector (FAO) should improve diets: – Use indicators of food consumption, e.g. diet diversity score: http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/user_upload/wa_workshop/docs/FAO- guidelines-dietary-diversity2011.pdf http://www.fao.org/fileadmin/user_upload/wa_workshop/docs/FAO- guidelines-dietary-diversity2011.pdf – At individual level = indicator of consumption – At household level = indicator of household access to food Improved production / improved income are lower level objectives and may not be sufficient to improve diets

35 Adequate food consumption Quantity & Diversity Increased purchase of diverse foods Increased income Sale of food products Increased household food availability and acess throughout the year IMPROVED NUTRITIONAL STATUS ASSET BASE / CONTEXT and POTENTIAL PROGRAMME ACTIVITY AREAS Water; Land ; Livestock ; Agricultural inputs; Access to credit; Education /Knowledge ; Labour / employment opportunities; Access to markets ; Social networks; Social protection; Security; etc. Health & Hygiene Feeding Caring beliefs & practices Workload Market access Food availability Affordability Other expenses Debt Commercial viability of inc. generation activities Access to land, water, livestock, labour, technology, knowledge Increased production of diverse & safe foods Food storage, preservation and processing, Nutrition and health education, cooking classes, food demonstrations Nutrition education

36 legend of previous graph Food and nutrition security related outcomes GOAL (focus on nutrition) Constraints / factors that can affect the impact pathway Activities that can enhance the impact

37 Activité:… identifier les causes et les effets du défi sélectionné Référez-vous à votre boîte à outil CPP– Outil 2. Analyse des causes et effets, page 3 Outil 3. Évaluation des capacités, page 5 Choisissez une priorite et identifiez un defi clef|probleme principal du document CPP et inscrivez le sur le flipchart Construire un arbre à problèmes (à partir de lanalyse de la situation existante fournie dans létude de cas for that priority)

38 Travail de groupe (30) Arbre à problèmes

39 Activity 3. … identify causes and effects of the selected challenge Use your CPF toolkit as reference – Tool 2. Cause and effect analysis, pg.3 Tool 3. Capacity assessment, pg.5 Build a problem tree (from the existing situation analysis provided in the case study)

40 Options analysis

41 Increased Agricultural Productivity Build capacity of Extension Workers Reduce Soil Erosion Support Evidence Based Policy Build Knowledge of Farmers on Marketing Provide Access to Finance Increase Access to Value Chains and Technologies Land Tenure Regularization Improve Statistics System Inject into Govt. Revenue Options Analysis - key criteria GOV WB GTZ

42 Increased Agricultural Productivity Build capacity of Extension Workers Reduce Soil Erosion Support Evidence Based Policy Build Knowledge of Farmers on Marketing Provide Access to Finance Increase Access to Value Chains and Technologies Land Tenure Regularization Improve Statistics System Inject into Govt. Revenue Alignment and strategic fit? FAO comparative advantages ? Alignment and strategic fit? FAO comparative advantages ? Use objective criteria to analyse which objectives root to prioritise Options Analysis - key criteria 42 Relevance Feasibility Sustainability Technical feasibility and logical fit Staff and financial capacity? Potential to mobilize the resources Technical feasibility and logical fit Staff and financial capacity? Potential to mobilize the resources GOV WB GTZ SMAR T

43 Formulating Results Chain 43 Objectives Selected after Prioritisation Refined Results Chain Increased Agricultural Productivity CPF Outcome 1: Smallholder Commercialization Programme (SCP) is supported to improve productivity and processing Build Capacity of Extension Workers Output 1.1 Technical capacity of the agriculture sector staff at central and district level is strengthened. Improve Statistics System Output 1.2 A system for the collection, analysis and use of agricultural statistics (including fisheries, livestock, land and forestry) for policy making is improved. Increase Access to Value Chains and Technologies Output 1.3 Access to agro-services and value chain development improved Build Knowledge of Farmers on Marketing Output 1.4 Farmers know how for processing and marketing of agricultural and fisheries/aquaculture products is improved


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