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Introduction to Hospitality, Fourth Edition John Walker ©2006 Pearson Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458 Chapter 8 Restaurant.

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Presentation on theme: "Introduction to Hospitality, Fourth Edition John Walker ©2006 Pearson Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River, NJ 07458 Chapter 8 Restaurant."— Presentation transcript:

1 Introduction to Hospitality, Fourth Edition John Walker ©2006 Pearson Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River, NJ Chapter 8 Restaurant Operations

2 Introduction to Hospitality, Fourth Edition John Walker ©2006 Pearson Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River, NJ After Reading and Studying This Chapter, You Should Be Able to: Apply the forecasting technique used in the chapter to measure expected volume of business Name and describe the various types of services Explain the important aspects of food production Describe the key points in purchasing, receiving, storing and issuing

3 Introduction to Hospitality, Fourth Edition John Walker ©2006 Pearson Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River, NJ After Reading and Studying This Chapter, You Should Be Able to: Explain the difference between controllable expenses and fixed costs Explain the components of an income statement and operating ratios Describe the important aspects of a control system for a restaurant operation Outline the functional areas and tasks of a foodservice/restaurant manager

4 Introduction to Hospitality, Fourth Edition John Walker ©2006 Pearson Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River, NJ Front of the House Curbside Appeal Organizational chart Dining Room Manager Hostess Servers Bussers

5 Introduction to Hospitality, Fourth Edition John Walker ©2006 Pearson Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River, NJ Restaurant Forecasting Budget projections Guest counts or covers Meal periods Day of week Special holidays Average guest check

6 Introduction to Hospitality, Fourth Edition John Walker ©2006 Pearson Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River, NJ Food and Beverage Occupancy Statistics Occupancy Statistics Cover = A guest Number of Turns = Number of Covers Number of Seats

7 Introduction to Hospitality, Fourth Edition John Walker ©2006 Pearson Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River, NJ Average Restaurant Check Average check = Food and Beverage Sales Number of Covers

8 Introduction to Hospitality, Fourth Edition John Walker ©2006 Pearson Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River, NJ Service Guests want less formal, yet professional Training is necessary Servers are salespeople Suggestive selling

9 Introduction to Hospitality, Fourth Edition John Walker ©2006 Pearson Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River, NJ Types of Restaurant Service French Service Russian Service American Service

10 Introduction to Hospitality, Fourth Edition John Walker ©2006 Pearson Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River, NJ Balancing the FOH with the BOH Purchasing Receiving Storing and issuing Food production Stewarding Budgeting Accounting and control

11 Introduction to Hospitality, Fourth Edition John Walker ©2006 Pearson Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River, NJ Food Production Based on expected volume of business Prep work done prior to service times Kitchen layout Cooking line Teamwork

12 Introduction to Hospitality, Fourth Edition John Walker ©2006 Pearson Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River, NJ Kitchen/Food Production Staffing and scheduling Training and development Management involvement Employee recognition

13 Introduction to Hospitality, Fourth Edition John Walker ©2006 Pearson Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River, NJ Production Procedures Production sheets Count the product on hand (par levels) Determine production level Determine actual sales Key to consistency and quality of food

14 Introduction to Hospitality, Fourth Edition John Walker ©2006 Pearson Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River, NJ Purchasing Use of standards (product specs) System of control for theft and loss Par stock and reorder points Who will do the purchasing? Who will handle receiving and storage?

15 Introduction to Hospitality, Fourth Edition John Walker ©2006 Pearson Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River, NJ Receiving, Storing and Issuing Time and date delivery is to be made Point of control Authorized requisitions FIFO

16 Introduction to Hospitality, Fourth Edition John Walker ©2006 Pearson Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River, NJ Food Cost Percentage Opening inventory Purchases are added to opening inventory Subtract returns, spoilage and complimentary meals Subtract closing inventory Final number = Cost of goods sold

17 Introduction to Hospitality, Fourth Edition John Walker ©2006 Pearson Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River, NJ Food Cost Percentage Food Cost Percentage (cont.) Food Cost / Food Sales X 100 = Food Cost %

18 Introduction to Hospitality, Fourth Edition John Walker ©2006 Pearson Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River, NJ Typical Cost Percentages Cost Percentages Labor costs 20 to 24% Food costs 28 to 32% Beverage costs 18 to 24%

19 Introduction to Hospitality, Fourth Edition John Walker ©2006 Pearson Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River, NJ Lease and Controllable Expenses Expenses Lease cost should be 5 to 8% of sales Typically also pay for insurance, utilities and commercial fees Controllable expenses are also variable expenses

20 Introduction to Hospitality, Fourth Edition John Walker ©2006 Pearson Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River, NJ Controls Loss of $20 billion a year due to theft and cash mishandling One out of every 3 employees will steal 35% of restaurants fail due to theft 75% of missing inventory is from theft 73% of all job applications are falsified Use of POS can solve some problems

21 Introduction to Hospitality, Fourth Edition John Walker ©2006 Pearson Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River, NJ Trends More flavorful food Increased takeout meals and home meal replacement Food safety and sanitation Guests becoming more sophisticated

22 Introduction to Hospitality, Fourth Edition John Walker ©2006 Pearson Education, Inc. Pearson Prentice Hall Upper Saddle River, NJ Trends More food court restaurants Steakhouses are again popular Segments are splitting into tiers QSRs in convenience stores Difficulty in finding good employees


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