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20th Century American Music The 1960’s

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1 20th Century American Music The 1960’s
E.J. Russell Elementary School 5th Grade Music Mrs. Sandor

2 LAUNDRY LIST 1. Melody 2. Harmony 3. Rhythm 4. Form 5. Style 6. Mood 7. Timbre: Instrumentation / Vocal 8. Tempo 9. Dynamics Elements of Music

3 LAUNDRY LIST Melody: A logical succession of musical tones, also called the tune. Harmony: Combination of musical notes sounded at the same time. Rhythm: The patterns of sounds & silences. Form: The overall plan of a piece of music.

4 LAUNDRY LIST Style: unique way in which the elements of melody, rhythm, timbre, texture, harmony and form are handled to create a special “sound.” Mood: state of mind or emotion that is relayed in composed music. Timbre: Tone color, the unique quality produced by a voice or instrument. Tempo: Speed of beat Form: The structure of a musical composition.

5 LAUNDRY LIST Dynamics: The volume of sound, the loudness, or softness of a musical passage; intensity, power.

6 1960s - HISTORY The 1960s and early 1970s were times of great civil unrest and change. Americans took on the issues of civil rights, the Vietnam War, women's rights, and the environment. Like the Civil War and the Great Depression, the process of social change during this period produced a number of songs, many of which remain popular today. Source: Silver Burdett Making Music, pg

7 1960s – SOCIAL ISSUES Social Issues: During the 1960s and early 1970s, there was a rising tide of protest against America's involvement in the Vietnam War. Unlike the popular support for participation in World War II, many Americans felt that the struggle in Vietnam was internal and best left to the Vietnamese to decide. Source: Silver Burdett Making Music, pg

8 1960s – SOCIAL ISSUES Social Issues: Encouraged by African American civil rights gains in the 1950s and 1960s, women expanded the issue of equality to include much more than voting rights. The main concerns of the women's movement from the 1960s to today are for economic, political, and social equality. Source: Silver Burdett Making Music, pg

9 1960s - FACTS John F. Kennedy was a young and charismatic President who was assassinated in His Vice President, Lyndon B. Johnson became president, and was reelected the following year. Source:

10 1960s - HISTORY America’s involvement in the Vietnam War started after the United States sent military advisors and then soldiers to prevent communist North Vietnam from overtaking South Vietnam. The Vietnam war ended in College students organized anti-war protests and sit-ins on campus. Source:

11 1960s - HISTORY President Johnson chose not to run for re-election. John F. Kennedy's brother, Robert, campaigned for the nomination for President and he, too was killed. Sources:

12 1960s - HISTORY Malcolm X (an African-American human rights activist) was assassinated in Martin Luther King, Jr., (American clergyman, activist, and prominent leader in the African-American Civil Rights Movement) was assassinated in 1968. Sources: and

13 1960s – SPACE RACE The “Space Race” was begun by the Soviets in 1957, and America continued to compete with them during the 1960s. Alan Shepard was the first American in space in In 1963, John Glenn was the first American to orbit the earth. Neil Armstrong and Buzz Aldrin, in Apollo XI, were the first men to walk on the moon in 1969. Sources:

14 1960s – HISTORY People became more concerned with their health and their environment. The Sierra Club, which was started in 1892, gained a following in the 1960s as people sought to protect our environment. The consumer movement was started by Ralph Nader. He was concerned about consumer protection, humanitarianism, and environmentalism. Sources: and

15 1960s - CLEARWATER Clearwater. Pete Seeger (American folk singer) launched a campaign in 1969 to help clean up the Hudson River in New York. He led a small group of river-lovers to try to change the conditions that were destroying the Hudson. The group wanted to reclaim a neglected and polluted historical natural treasure. So they built a boat, the sloop  Clearwater, and used it as a movable classroom to teach people how to care for our threatened waterways. Source: Silver Burdett Making Music, pg

16 1960s - GUITAR/BANJO Pete Seeger and other folk singers often accompany themselves on the guitar or the banjo. These instruments are portable, lightweight, and easy to play. String instruments with frets date to ancient times, but the modern versions of guitars and banjos took shape a few hundred years ago. The modern acoustic guitar, with its six strings and metal tuning pegs, dates from the mid-1800s. Source: Silver Burdett Making Music, pg. 378

17 1960s - GUITAR/BANJO An African prototype of the banjo was brought to the West by slaves, where it evolved into the banjo we know today. After the Civil War in the United States, the banjo became one of most popular instruments in America, and it became a staple of bluegrass, country, and folk music during the twentieth century. Source: Silver Burdett Making Music, pg. 378

18 1960s - FACTS The 1960s was the decade of youth, as 70 million children from the post-war baby boom became teenagers and young adults. The conservative 1950s gave way to more revolutionary ways of thinking and real change in the cultural fabric of American life in the 1960s. Source:

19 1960s - FACTS The changes affected education, values, lifestyles, laws, and entertainment. The Civil Rights movement made great changes in society in the 1960's. The movement began peacefully, with Martin Luther King and Stokely Carmichael leading sit-ins and peaceful protests, joined by whites and others. Source:

20 1960s - FACTS In the 1960s, the Life expectancy (how long people were expected to live) was 66.6 years for men, and 73.1 years for women. (To compare, in 2010, the life expectancy for women is 81.1, and 76.2 for men). Source: American Cultural History, Lonestar College

21 1960s - FACTS Average Salary: $4,743 (compared with $2,992 in the 1950s.) The minimum wage was $1.00 per hour. Source: Silver Burdett Making Music, pg. 356 and

22 1960s – ART Art in America of the 1960s was influenced by the desire to move into the modern age or future which the space age seemed to forecast. Artists wanted to inspire the viewer to leap into the unknown and experience art in their own way. A new artist who appeared was Andy Warhol, a leading name in pop art. Source:

23 1960s – POP ART Heinz Tomato Ketchup Box, 1964 Andy Warhol
Campbell's Soup Cans Source: aboutandy/biography/factoryyears/ /

24 1960s – LITERATURE Literature also reflected what was happening in the political arenas and social issues of America in the sixties. Women like Gwendolyn Brooks, Maya Angelou and Margaret Walker Alexander wrote about race and equality for women. Source:

25 1960s – MUSIC In 1960, male vocalists at the top of the charts were: Bobby Darin, Neil Sedaka, Jerry Lee Lewis, Paul Anka, Del Shannon and Frankie Avalon. Motown Records emerged; the company specialized in African American black rhythm and blues. Source:

26 1960s – FAMOUS ROCKERS Neil Sedaka Jerry Lee Lewis Bobby Darin

27 1960s – FAMOUS ROCKERS Elvis Presley Frankie Avalon Paul Anka
Source: Various

28 1960s – MOTOWN Motown launched female groups such as Gladys Knight and the Pips, Martha and the Vandellas, the Supremes, and Aretha Franklin. They also started the careers of some male African American artists like Smokey Robinson, James Brown, Jimi Hendrix, and the Temptations. Source:

29 1960s – MOTOWN The Supremes Gladys Knight and the Pips
Arethra Franklin The Supremes Source: Various

30 1960s – MOTOWN Smokey Robinson The Temptations James Brown
Source: Various

31 1960s – FAMOUS GROUPS The Beatles The Byrds The Beach Boys
The Martha and the Vandellas Source: Various

32 1960s – FOLK MUSIC Folk music reached its zenith in the 1960s. Contemporary folk music" is a type of folk music that also includes fusion genres such as folk rock, folk metal, electric folk, and others. Joan Baez’s career got started in 1958 but in the early 1960s, Baez moved into the forefront of the American folk-music revival. Sources:

33 1960s – FOLK MUSIC Other popular folk music groups included The Highwaymen, The Rooftop Singers, The Seekers, The Byrds, and Peter, Paul and Mary. Judy Collins and Bob Dylan are two famous folk singer/writers. The term "protest music" was often used to characterize folk music with topical political themes that evolved in the mid-1960s. Source: Major_performers_who_emerged_from_the_1940s_to_the_early_1960s

34 1960s - FASHION Youth predominated the culture of the 1960's. They swayed the fashion, the fads and the politics of the decade. The skateboard fad was started by California surfers, and took flight in 1963. Sources:

35 1960s - FASHION Crew cuts on men and bouffant hairstyles on women were all the fashion in the 1960s. Men's hair became longer and wider, with beards and moustaches. The “British invasion” of the Beatles created another fad. Sources:

36 “Flip” Hairstyle (Mary Tyler Moore)
1960s – HAIR STYLES Bubble Hairstyle “Flip” Hairstyle (Mary Tyler Moore) The Beatles Source: , Various

37 Crewcuts were Popular for boys and men
1960s – HAIR STYLES 1960s Mens’ Hairstyle Crewcuts were Popular for boys and men 1960s Womens’ Hairstyle Source: and Various

38 1960s – MEN’S FASHION Source: Various

39 1960s – WOMEN’S FASHION Source:

40 1960s – TEENAGE FASHION MW 1964 Sears 1966 Penneys 1968

41 1960s – TEENAGE FASHION MW 1967 MW 1967

42 1960s – TEENAGE FASHION Spiegel 1969 1960s

43 “Twiggy” British 1960s model
1970s – HIPPIE FASHION Tie Die Shirts Typical Hippie Dress in 1960s “Twiggy” British 1960s model “Flower Power” Sources: Various

44 1960s - CARS The 1960's saw the American automobile industry consolidating into the Big Three: (General Motors, Ford, and Chrysler) and American Motors. 1964 Rambler In 1960 American companies built 93 percent of the autos sold in the United States and 48 percent of world sales . Source:

45 1960s - AVIATION In the early 1960s, the public had become used to jet service for flights over long and even medium distances, such as between New York and Chicago. Boeing built the 727, a larger and faster jet with three engines, and perfect for both medium- and short-distance routes. Another major advance was the introduction of the wide-body jets.  Source:

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