Presentation on theme: "Managing Libraries with Creative Data Mining Learning to Use Your Librarys Data Warehouse to Understand and Improve the Services You Provide Ted Koppel."— Presentation transcript:
Managing Libraries with Creative Data Mining Learning to Use Your Librarys Data Warehouse to Understand and Improve the Services You Provide Ted Koppel The Library Corporation Computers in Libraries 2005 Session B203, March 17, 2005
The Plan What is data mining and why is it useful? Who else does it? Does it make sense for libraries? Are libraries already doing data mining? What data can libraries mine? How much sophistication do I need?
What is Data Mining? Collection and Analysis of ones own data in order to make better business decisions. More than simple data storage Business intelligence technology for discerning unknown patterns from large databases Uses statistics, artificial intelligence, various modeling techniques Related to, but different from, bibliomining
Value and Importance By identifying patterns and predicting future trends … –Make decisions based on facts, not guesswork –Develop sensible processes –Reduce costs or increase services by efficient use of resources Serve the customer better
High Level planning Remember -- GIGO. Define the data mining goals Data collection Data organization and normalization Analysis Reiteration
Who is Data Mining now? Manufacturing –process control Banks and financial institutions – full service Government and law – fraud, abuse Sports – RHP versus LHB? Sucker for a curve ball? Service industries – almost all CRM systems Retail: product stock and placement Travel: airline overbooking Las Vegas: guest tracking for comps and benefits Groceries: affinity cards Internet: GoogleAds
Nuggets Found by Mining Chase Bank: minimum balance versus other bank business Home Depot hurricane planning WalMart (UK) diapers and beer (actually a hoax, but an informative one) Casino security in Las Vegas - fraud
Implementer Level Tools Oracle® Data Mining Suite Microsoft SQL Server 2000 SPSS and similar Statistica STATSOFT Open Source: –Cornell Univ. Himalaya Data Mining Tools –WEKA Waikato Environment for Knowledge Analysis (Univ. of Waikato, NZ)
Looking for the Dog that Doesnt Bark NORA – Non Obvious Relationship Awareness –Examines third ++ level relationships between datasets ANNA – Anonymized Data –Double-blind application/offshoot of NORA that deals with personal attributes anonymously
Vocabulary Lesson Bagging (averaging) Boosting (calculating predictive data) Drilling down Stacking (combining predictions from different models) Predictive mining (using X to predict Y) Data Models: –CRISP = Cross Industry Standard Process for DM –SEMMA = Sample, Explore, Modify, Model, Access
Value to Libraries a Tool Citizens demand more/better service at a time of reduced funding. Anticipate USER behavior Anticipate STAFF behavior Service hours and staffing needs, facilities planning Collection development – anticipating customer needs
Do Libraries Use DM? Association of Research Libraries ARL Spec Kit 274 (2003) – Mento and Rapple –124 surveys, 65 responses –40% already doing some data mining –90% had plans Major areas of activity –Research and Collection Support –Administration –Repository management (future)
ARL Member Benefits Seen Serials cancellation projects Collection Development tuning Budget allocation by material use Workflow analysis Weeding OPAC and Web presence usability and redesign Hacking and break-in analysis (defensive data mining)
Other Library Data Mining Kun Shan University of Technology (Taiwan) –ABAMDM Model = Acquisition Budget Allocation Model based on Data Mining –More material use More money –Compared: Circulation Collection size Department size # of courses # students/faculty per department
Other Library Data Mining (2) OCLCs ACAS (Automated Collection Analysis System) (recently upgraded!) –Analyzes bibliographic records by call number ranges (LC 4-digit, Dewey tens for example) –Subdivides by years and aggregated years –Subdivides by branch / collection –Collection conspectus as a way to: Compare library collections Identify collection deficiencies
Other Library Data Mining (3) Univ. of Florida with FCLA –Decision Support System for acquisitions activities –Extracted from NOTIS bib files; saved to DB2 –Screen scraped Acq files –Created large database of bib and in-process records which allowed querying: Circ history of approval versus firm orders? $ spent on titles that never circulate Do originally-cataloged items circulate? More or less than copy cataloged items? How many items circulate more than n times? –Assesses collection development and tech service activity
Libraries are fountains of data
Everything is countable ( example: Circulation transaction ) Book: branch location Media type pubdate size color thickness #circs cost vendor holds Extractable: Census Tract Curriculum Holds Circ History Repairs User: age Location Language Sex Zipcode phone# School Loan history delinquencies Multiply this by 10 million times a year!
Expand to: Acquisitions information (book attributes, vendor history and performance, fund history, requester and department, etc.) OPAC searching and navigation (databases, searches, not founds) Metasearch usage (databases, usage) Reference desk interactions (who, what, how long?). VRD by extension Resource sharing (NCIP, ILL) In-house usage transactions Physical plant: elevator, restroom, copier use
Crunch (Data) Creatively Unlikely variables give interesting data Ideas: –Sex of user versus color of book –Call # range vs. age of item vs. circulation ratio by avg. $ paid per item –Story hour attendance vs. Adult circ vs. Fines collected –Best sellers cost vs. Trade books by cost per circ –Etc.
If you can count it, you can analyze it But remember - QUALITY and CONSISTENCY
Library Automation vendor for over 30 years Family-owned, customer focused LibrarySolution® LibrarySolution for Schools CARLSolution® CARLX
LibrarySolution Reports Utilizes ReportNet software Drag and Drop Report Design Completely Web-based Fitted to Library.Solution data framework Zero footprint on workstations Central reporting with enhanced distribution Multiple export formats Charts, tables, etc. Powerful
Using Library Data Outside the Library City, County, RCOG, State Planning and Development Authorities –Require solid statistics about population, educational level, etc. –Quality of Life and capital budget services planning Preserve user anonymity but share trends Input to GIS systems for real time projection of future library needs
Applying GIS in the Library Market Library.Decision product Works with ILS vendors including TLC Focus collections development Strengthen advocacy planning; undertake cardholder development campaigns Support grant applications Site new facilities Calculate service indicators Evaluate service delivery in relation to the unique needs of your community
In closing … Libraries are producing data every minute of every day You need: –Some tools –Some creativity –Some analytical ability Knowledge is Power !
Acknowledgements Nicholson and Stanton, Gaining strategic advantage through bibliomining. At Banerjee, Is Data Mining Right for your library? Computers in Libraries, Nov. 98 Kao, Chang, and Lin. Decision Support for the Academic Library…, Information Processing and Management 39(2003) Fabris. Advanced Navigation. CIO May 1998 Library Administration and Management (journal) Winter 1996, section on Data Mining
Thank You Contact information Ted Koppel The Library Corporation (800)