Presentation on theme: "“If we use fuel to get our power, we are living on our capital and exhausting it rapidly. This method is barbarous and wantonly wasteful and will have."— Presentation transcript:
1“If we use fuel to get our power, we are living on our capital and exhausting it rapidly. This method is barbarous and wantonly wasteful and will have to be stopped in the interest of coming generations. “Nicola Tesla
2"I believe that water will one day be employed as fuel, that hydrogen and oxygen which constitute it, used singly or together, will furnish an inexhaustible source of heat and light, of an intensity of which coal is not capable.“Jules Verne
3SARASOTA CLASSIC CAR MUSEUM 5500 N. Tamiami Trail in Sarasota, Fla. Catalytic Carbon - HYDROGEN ON DEMAND( CC-HOD )By Pat Gaddy and Howard PhillipsHHO GAMES & EXPOSITIONFEB. 8, 9 & 10, 2013SARASOTA CLASSIC CAR MUSEUM5500 N. Tamiami Trail in Sarasota, Fla.
4Catalytic Carbon Data Collection Center Previous Presentation Nov 2011, at HHO GamesCatalytic Carbon Data Collection CenterBy Pat Gaddy, PEand Howard Phillips; Phillips CompanyPresented at HHOgamesNovember 11, 2011Presented again, by request, on November 12, 2011
5Catalytic Carbon Data Collection Center Presentation last year, at HHO GamesCatalytic Carbon Data Collection CenterImplementation: During 2012, the Data Collection Center was incorporated into HODINFO.com
6“This country needs an all-out, all-of-the-above strategy that develops every available source of American energy - a strategy that’s cleaner, cheaper, and full of new jobs.”President Obama2012 State-of-the-Union address
7Hydrogen = 67% of all the water in the world Catalytic Carbon can split water to obtain all the hydrogen the world needs.
9In a chemical reaction, a catalyst lowers the activation energy, Ea What is a CATALYST?In a chemical reaction, a catalyst lowers the activation energy, Ea
10Method to make HODWaterA better idea, to get more hydrogenCatalyst
11Advantages: High reaction rate – lots of hydrogen. New CATALYSTInputOutputAdvantages: High reaction rate – lots of hydrogen.No electrical input, no electrolyte, no corrosion, no emissions and no environmental problems.What is CC?
12What is Catalytic Carbon? Normal carbon, chemically treated to become a heterogeneous catalystPatent PendingInputOutputNot consumedAdvantageOther advantages?
13Advantages One Aluminum atom three hydrogen atoms Water to aluminum ratio = 3FUELMore advantages …
14Catalytic Carbon will be cheaper, pound-for-pound than bottled water. AdvantagesWhen Catalytic Carbon is in production, what will be the COST?Catalytic Carbon will be cheaper, pound-for-pound than bottled water.And…What about aluminum?
15Pure water NOT required From Water to HydrogenPure water NOT required
16Advantages Pure water NOT required. Salt water works well. More advantages …
17Advantages 100% of Emissions are Eliminated No Smokestack needed No Particulate MatterNo Carbon DioxideNo Nitrous OxidesNo Sulfur DioxideNo MercuryTechnology Verified?
19AdvantagesAluminum is the world's most abundant metal. It is extracted from Bauxite. Current reserves of Bauxite = enough to meet our needs for Aluminum for the next few centuries.Ref:More advantages …
20Advantage: Aluminum is cheap Use Scrap Aluminum!U.S. Dollars per metric tonMore advantages …
21CC-HOD Advantages1. No electricity needed. Heat from any source, so electrical heating is optional.2. No power inputrequired to sustainhydrogen production4. pH neutral5. No electrolyteNo CorrosionMore advantages …
22Automatic separation of hydrogen and liquid Recycling AdvantagesAutomatic separation of hydrogen and liquidGas vapor(bubbles)Stays in liquid.Can be recycled.More advantages …
23Advantages 1. Any temp Any pressure In liquid We prefer 180F, in water, at 1 ATMHydrogenbubblesTemp = 174FMore advantages …
25Technology Verification Flame testHydrogen purity testThe purity of our hydrogen was measured to be approximately 93%.The hydrogen production began with air in the container and in the tubes leading to the measurement instrumentation.The remaining 7% was believed to be water vapor/air; the amount of the water vapor depends on the temperature.93% H2Independent Test Lab
26Technology Verification Flame testHydrogen purity testFlow ratemeasurementsHydrogen at 1 LPM to 20 LPMSimple, easy, cheap
27Technology Verification Flame testHydrogen purity testFlow rate demonstration4. Car testFull report online at32% increase in gas mileage;first test run.
28Technology Verification Flame testHydrogen purity testFlow rate demonstrationCar testWorld-wide test 45 locationsAlso in ArizonaCatalyzed-Carbon.com Office cell (Don) Evaluation of CC: 12 countries and 18 states in the USA
29Can this method be scaled up? This data updated 4/10/2012No energy input needed after the water is warmed up to about 180F
33Hydrogen Design Conference First Hydrogen-for-fuel CC-HOD equipment design conferenceDate: Monday, April 8, 2013Location: Millerton, Oklahoma USABased on the world’s first demonstration of hydrogen production at high flow rates held Jan 21st 2013 using water and scrap material.For more info see:Path forward
34Manufacturing Companies to Commercialize this process. 2013Phillips Company invitesManufacturing Companies to Commercialize this process.Engineering chemistryCommercialization
35This file is all about the construction of the CA cell.Howard has put one on his vehicle and is using it to produce approximately 32% better fuel mileage.In his testing, Howard has used between 0.3 and 0.5 lpm to get these results.The second section of this file has Howard’s latest Cell Design and Fabrication method.Howard uses a step-by-step approach that makes the construction very simple, and straightforward.
36This is the test vehicle with the latest prototype installed. The shelf was installed and the grill removed to simplify testing.This is a close up of the prototype. In the circle is the one-way check valve at the top of the bubbler.The generator cell is inside the hollow tube to the right of the bubbler.The amp meter, breaker and switch are for the heaters controller and anode.
37The major fuel is water. This cell design includes a water tank. The gravity-flow water tank is higher than the cell.Pumps are not needed in this design. The water tank serves a dual purpose -- itfunctions as a bubbler to prevent material from the cell entering the hydrogen-outputplastic tube.Note that the output line is clean and clear of both carbon and aluminumparticles.
38Don’t do this. A glass container was used to provide “see through.” Glass cell.Don’t do this.Don’t use glass for a container. Remember this is just a prototype system.A non-glass container for the cell is a safety precaution that will prevent glass shards from flying about in the event of a hydrogen explosion in the cell.
39This design has two tubes, as shown This design has two tubes, as shown. One tube (copper pipe) carries water into the cell.The other tube (plastic Tygon tubing) is used for flowing hydrogen out of the cell.The copper pipe provides a rigid structure so that it can be easily pushed into the semi-solidaluminum (or CA) fuel bed.Filter on the end of the copper pipe.
40The liquid is pH neutral, with no electrolyte added, and This design uses a lead strip for an anode. Lead is corrosion resistant, which is onereason it is used in lead-acid batteries. In this design, there is virtually no corrosion, for two reasons:The liquid is pH neutral, with no electrolyte added, andthe current is very low (less than 0.1 Ampere). The anode potential is 12 VDC.The assembly is bound by epoxy. We have used J-B weld epoxy with good results.We use immersion heaters which are manufactured for use inheating a cup of tea or coffee.They are available as 12-volt products.
41This design uses a lead strip for an anode This design uses a lead strip for an anode. Lead is corrosion resistant, which is one reason it is used in lead-acid batteries.In this design, there is virtually no corrosion, for two reasons:The liquid is pH neutral, with no electrolyte added, andThe current is very low (less than 0.1 Ampere). The anode potential is 12 VDC.
43The only connection to the engine fuel system is shown (red circle O) in the above figure. The only additional connections to the engine are the 12 volt connections to thebattery and to the ignition system.Note: When pure hydrogen (not HHO) is used, no modifications to the engine are required. Oxygen sensors are not modified. Tuning of the engine is not required.“Air/fuel ratio” adjustments are not required. “Timing” adjustments are notrequired.
44Problems and comments1) Our designs used glass jars for hydrogen containers. This is not a good idea, because of safety concerns. Better materials can be used.We occasionally experienced clogging of the water line that delivers water (fuel) from the water tank to the hydrogen cell. We used only a simple screen to limit material from entering the copper-pipe. Better filters or screens are available.3) Our design heats slowly. From a cold start, about 10 minutes is required to heat the contents of the cell to the desired operating temperature range = 180F to 195F. A better design might use a better heating system.
45Our design uses electrical energy from the battery for heating Our design uses electrical energy from the battery for heating. Other builders may want to use heat from the exhaust system or heat from the engine coolant system.Either source of heat may be useful, if the cell contents can be rapidly heated to the desired operating temperature range = 180F to 195F.For high-hydrogen-flow-rate systems, a cell largerthan a quart jar may be useful. This may be thecase for larger engines, such as diesel enginesfor trucks.We do not have a diesel-truck test vehicle, so weleave this experimentation to others.Our prototype is much larger than it needs to be, and othersystem builders will, no doubt, build smaller systems.Our prototype was mounted outside the car, for convenient access during the experimental phase. There is no doubt that better systems can be built and installed under the hood to make the installation virtually invisible.
46Operation of the hydrogen system The system operated without major problems for weeks at a time. Fuel replacement because of fuel depletion was not a problem, because much of our use was under very low hydrogen generation rate conditions.We were surprised that 30% to 35% increase in gas mileage was obtained when operating the system with a hydrogen output of only 30 to 50 milliliters per minute -- much less hydrogen than expected, by comparison with reports from HHO electrolysis system users.The hydrogen flow rate output can be adjusted by changing the set-point temperature for the temp controller. We had good operation at various set temps ranging from 170F to 195F.
47We used both CC/Al fuel and CA fuel Both fuels work well in our prototype.We prefer CA fuel because no mixing (CC / Al / water) is needed, making the fueling process more convenient and with fewer variables that can affect performance of the system.Another advantage of CA fuel is that it uses less than 2% CC (because of CC/Al bonding) whereas the use of CC/Al/water typically requires that 20% to 30% of the volume be made up of CC.Clearly, CA provides an advantage in that less CC is needed.Because less CC is needed when CA fuel is used, the heating rate can be better because there is less material in the cell to be heated, for a given amount of aluminum in the cell.More details about CC / Al / water fuel can be found online atmore details about CA fuel can be found online at
49How to evaluate this new H2 system Might you be interested to evaluate this new method of producing hydrogen? Please see the following information, online:Hydrogen and CC:How to obtain Catalytic Carbon:How to obtain Catalyzed Aluminum:Hydrogen News: .com/PRH6.pdfCatalyzed Aluminum (CA) info:Hydrogen tech business model:
50This presentation is online at www.PhillipsCompany.4T.com/PatHHO.pps