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Tablature Notation The earliest known printed example of German lute tablature: Sebastian Virdung, Musica getutscht (1511)

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Presentation on theme: "Tablature Notation The earliest known printed example of German lute tablature: Sebastian Virdung, Musica getutscht (1511)"— Presentation transcript:

1 Tablature Notation The earliest known printed example of German lute tablature: Sebastian Virdung, Musica getutscht (1511)

2 Notations and Musical Worlds System 1 Western staff notation representing sounds aural (ideal) manual aural (real) unified tradition System 2 tablatures: instrumental, pop… representing actions manual aural parted traditions, transcription may helps to bridge

3 Tablature Notation from Latin tabula, table, score; It. intavolatura, Ger. Tabulatur use 2 systems of letters, numerals, diagrams or signs to indicate playing actions that produce the desired pitch and rhythm used since the early 14 th c. mainly for organ and lute, and also for folk instrumentseasy to learn

4 Lute Tablature Rhythm note stems with beams above the notes for rhythm usually barred regularly consecutive rhythm may be abbreviated valid for all voices only the shortest of the notes are notated only the points of attack are notated, not the duration polyphony to be reconstructed rhythm: | = (shorten to )

5 German Lute Tablature Virdung, Musica getutscht, 1511

6 German Lute Tablature invented in 15 th c. for 5-course (string) lute usual 16 th -c. tuning: in A

7 German Lute Tablature system open first fret:A a b c d e second fret:B f g h i ketc. fifth fret:E x y z & 9 (con)etc. red letter=pitch

8 German Lute Tablature Hans Neusidler, Ich klag den tag, Ein neues Lauttenbüchlein (Nürnberg, 1540) small cross e rxrx

9 Hans Neusidler, Ich klag den tag extras small cross (+) = tone held longer dot = plucked with index finger T = general pause 1l (be musical!) Sample of Transcription (first 5 bars):

10 Transcription: Steps meter, key function: for music or for playing voice-leading number of staff transposition

11 Italian Lute Tablature Intabulatura de Lauto, Libro primo (Venice: Petrucci, 1507)

12 Italian Lute Tablature with 6 lines for the 6 courses, bass on top! usual 16 th -c. tuning: in G

13 Italian Lute Tablature system: 0 (open) x extras: dot = plucked with index finger Sample of Transcription:

14 French Lute Tablature usual 16 th -c. tuning: in G nouveau ton 1650: A-d-f-a-d-f + several bass courses system: a (open) b c d e f

15 French Lute Tablature Ennemond Gaultier (1575–1651): Tombeau de Mezangeau, Livre de Tablature des Pieces de Luth (Paris, 1664) appoggiatura ce

16 French Lute Tablature: Sample of Transcription

17 French Lute Tablature

18 John Dowland (1562–1626): Flow, my tears (1600)

19 Chinese Qin Jianzipu Simplified character notation for the seven- string zither; part of the piece Waters and Clouds of the Xiao and Xiang Rivers, 1722 columns 1–4 contain the title and programme notes, and columns 5–8 and 10–12 give tablature symbols.


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