To believe that something begins to exist spontaneously and without a cause, is to believe in Hocus pocus If existence can have no cause, then why not all the time?
Unless you believe the universe is infinite. 1.Cosmological Argument : a. Whatever begins to exist has a cause. b. The universe began to exist.
Infinity is an idea, not a reality. Bertrand Russel The Universe is just there, and thats all. BBC, 1948
The Universe is not infinite because: Philosophical: - cant be an infinite number of things or past events. Physics: a. Big Bang … universe had a starting point. (General Theory U. is expanding, red shift in light from distant galaxies, etc.). b. Second Law thermo dynamics … it all winds down, so if there was an infinite past we would not be here. We live in a finite universe, not an infinite one. Cosmological: - Gorde, Goth/Vilenkin Theorem: any expanding universe (or multiverse) cant have an eternal path.
1.Cosmological Argument : a. Whatever begins to exist has a cause. b. The universe began to exist. THEREFORE c. The universe had a cause.
What can we say about this cause? Must be uncaused Must be changeless, timeless, immaterial Must transcend space, time, and all things natural Must be personal because a will caused things to come into existence. Must be extremely powerful.
What is this Cause? God! In the Beginning, God created the Heavens and the Earth
2. The Moral Argument For God a. If God does not exist, objective moral values do not exist. a. Objective moral values do exist. c. Therefore, God does exist.
a.If God does not exist, objective moral values do not exist. -All values are subjective and depend on personal opinions. - This is a fundamental secular principle. -If we are alone as humans, then … - we can easily come up with subjective theories of the existence of values.
b. Objective moral values exist. The Holocaust was wrong Most believe this to be objectively true, even though Nazis think otherwise. There is no Objective, Absolute Truth! - Is that true? Do we believe there is truth independent of us?
Then God said, Let Us make man in Our image, according to our likeness … Genesis 1:26 c. Therefore, God exists.
The Reciprocal Argument: The Problem of Evil. -If there is evil in the world, then there cannot be a good and all powerful God. My argument against God was that the universe seemed so cruel and unjust. But how had I got this idea of just and unjust? A man does not call a line crooked unless he has some idea of a straight line. What was I comparing this universe with when I called it unjust?... C.S. Lewis -By the same logic, if there is objective evil, there must be an objective good God.
3. The Design Argument of Fine Tuning What is Fine Tuning?
The universe is fine tuned on about 40 parameters -strength of gravity - atomic weak force -tilt of earth, size of moon -distance from sun, placement in galaxy - constant universe expansion, mass. - ratios of gases etc. Small change means no life.
3.The Design Argument of Fine Tuning. a. Fine tuning is caused by chance, necessity, or design. b. It is not caused by necessity or chance. c. Therefore it is caused by design.