Presentation on theme: "DeltaV Tune for Fieldbus PID"— Presentation transcript:
1DeltaV Tune for Fieldbus PID Support in DeltaV v7.2 and v7.3
2Implementation Options with Fieldbus Where will PID be Assigned??DeltaV allows all elements of the control loop to be assigned to fieldbusThe loop PID may be assigned to the transmitter or the valve.Portions of the control loop, such as the PID, may be assigned to the DeltaV controller and the remaining functions such as AI and AO done in fieldbus devices.
3Control Performance Achieve Using Fieldbus Function block execution, maximum response time for compel data and slot time ( dependent of the device technology/design – specific to manufacturer) - see ISA2002 Fieldbus TutorialWhether control is done in the field or in the control system (customer decision)Scheduling of block execution and communications on the FF segment.
4Scheduled Control Execution With Fieldbus 250msAIPIDAOCDDATAMacro Cycle2.3 ms5.4 msBus Traffic
5Minimum Execution Time With Only One(1) Control Loop on an H1 Segment AIPIDXFRAO20ms ms ms ms msMacrocycle = 165 msAssumptions: 3rd Generation Transmitter, AI&PID executed in Transmitter, Second generation Valve executes AO
6Executing PID in the Valve Reduces the Number of Communications But Increases Loop Execution Time AIXFRPIDAO20ms ms ms msMacrocycle = 230 msAssumptions: 3rd Generation Transmitter, AI executed in Transmitter, Second generation Valve executes AO&PID
7Minimum Execution Time With Only Two(2) Control Loop on an H1 Segment AIPIDXFRAOAIPIDXFRAOXFRACYCLIC20ms ms ms ms ms ms msMacrocycle = 250 msAssumptions: 3rd Generation Transmitter, AI&PID executed in Transmitter, Second generation Valve executes AO, 50ms for every 125ms of the execution schedule (for display update)
8Impact of Splitting Control Between Fieldbus and Control System DeltaV module execution is not synchronized with function block execution on fieldbus segments.Lack of synchronization introduces a variable delay into the control loop as great as the segment macrocycle e.g. 1/2 sec loop may have up to 1/2 sec of added variable delay when control is split between fieldbus device and the DeltaV controller.Added delay will impact control loop tuning and result in increase variability in fast control loop.
9PID executed in the Control System 250PIDPID250Minimum DelayMax Delay250250PIDPID250AIAOCDDATA250AIAOCDDATAMacrocycleMacrocycle
10Recommendation on Splitting Control Between Fieldbus and Control System Execute control loops in Fieldbus for better performance when the process dynamics are fast e.g. liquid pressure or flow.If target loop execution is ½ sec or faster, then implement the control in fieldbus and limit the number of control loops to no more than two(2) per segment.
11Original DeltaV Tune Capability Only supported PID/ Fuzzy Blocks in DeltaV ControllerDynamics are captured by a (hidden) Autotuner Modifier so no error is introduced by communications delay/jitter.
12DeltaV v7.2 Tuning Support for all Manufacturer’s FF Devices Shadow PID with Autotune ModifierDeltaV Tune appears and operates the same.The PID mode changing to Man (rather than LO) during the Test phaseTuning of fast loops may be conservative because of deadtime introduced by fieldbus communications.Patent pending.
13Launching DeltaV TuneThe DeltaV Tune application may be launched in context by right clicking on the module or fieldbus block
14Testing the ProcessWhen “test” is selected, the PID Autotune modifier changes the PID output by the amount specified and captures the process response.
15Select Tuning RuleThe default ( “normal” user ) tuning rules be used with fieldbus PID.The “normal” rules apply to all process dynamics
16DeltaV v7.3 Tuning Support for Emerson Fieldbus Devices All new Emerson fieldbus devices will include the Autotune modifier as part of the PID. Initially available on 3244, 3051, 3144DeltaV Tune looks and operates the same.No communications delay or jitter in identifed dynamics.Patent pendingIn Emerson fieldbus devices
17ConclusionTuning of PID in any fieldbus devices is supported in v7.2. Conservative tuning will be obtained for fast loops.An improved tuning capabilty is provided in v7.3 for Emerson fieldbus devices. Even the fastest loop may be accurately tuned.DeltaV Tune support of fieldbus devices enables utilizing control in the field. This can lead to reduced control variability for fast process dynamics.