Presentation on theme: "Risk Management Department"— Presentation transcript:
1 Risk Management Department Site Safety Teams4/1/2017Risk Management DepartmentHazard CommunicationApril, 2008Risk Management Department
2 Hazard Communication “Right To Know” Site Safety Teams4/1/2017Hazard Communication“Right To Know”There was a time when employees had no right to information about the hazardous substances they used at work. They demanded a "Right-to-Know," or the right to have access to such information. Risk Management Department
3 Hazard Communication Hazard Communication Standard Site Safety Teams4/1/2017Hazard CommunicationHazard Communication StandardAs a result, OSHA implemented the Hazard Communication Standard, otherwise known as the Right to Know Standard (29 CFR ), which requires employers to evaluate the hazards of chemicals in the workplace and communicate information concerning hazards and appropriate protective measures to employees.Risk Management Department
4 Hazard Communication Goals of Right to Know: Site Safety Teams4/1/2017Hazard CommunicationGoals of Right to Know:1. To help you reduce the risks involved in working with hazardous materials2. To transmit vital information to employees about real and potential hazards of substances in the work place3. To reduce the incidence and cost of illness and injury resulting from hazardous substances4. To encourage a reduction in the quantity and toxicity of hazardous substancesRisk Management Department
5 Hazard Communication APS’ Hazard Communication Program Written Plan Site Safety Teams4/1/2017Hazard CommunicationAPS’ Hazard Communication ProgramWritten PlanInventoriesMaterial Safety Data SheetsLabelingStoragePlacardingProtection from Chemical HazardsHazardous WasteHazardous Chemical Spills & EmergenciesMedical Consultation and EvaluationEmployee TrainingRisk Management Department
6 Hazard Communication 1. Written Plan Site Safety Teams4/1/2017Hazard Communication1. Written PlanTo protect employees and students and to comply applicable State and Federal laws and standards dealing with chemical use and disposal APS has developed the written Chemical Management Program. This program serves as the district’s written processes and procedures for the use, storage and disposal of chemicals in the school workplace.It is available on-line from the RiskManagement website.Risk Management Department
7 Hazard Communication 2. Chemical Inventories Site Safety Teams4/1/2017Hazard Communication2. Chemical InventoriesAll sites are required to keep and maintain a written inventory of hazardous chemicals present and used on-siteInventories may be compiled for the entire site or for individual work areasThe site administrator shall be responsible for maintaining the inventory and shall designate a location or locations where inventory information is available to employees in the event of an emergencyRisk Management Department
8 Hazard Communication 3. Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) Site Safety Teams4/1/2017Hazard Communication3. Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS)The Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) is a detailed information bulletin prepared by the manufacturer or importer of a chemical that describes the physical and chemical properties, physical and health hazards, routes of exposure, precautions for safe handling and use, emergency and first-aid procedures, and control measures.Information on an MSDS aids in the selection of safe products and helps prepare employers and employees to respond effectively to daily exposure situations as well as toemergency situations.Risk Management Department
9 Site Safety Teams4/1/2017Hazard CommunicationMaterial Safety Data Sheets must be in English and must include the following information:Chemical IdentityHazardous IngredientsPhysical & Chemical CharacteristicsFire and Explosion Hazard DataReactivity (Instability) DataHealth HazardsRisk Management Department
10 Hazard Communication Section I. Chemical Identity Site Safety Teams4/1/2017Hazard CommunicationSection I. Chemical IdentityThe chemical and common name(s) must be provided for single chemical substances.An identity on the MSDS must be cross-referenced to the identity found on the label.Risk Management Department
11 Hazard Communication Section II. Hazardous Ingredients Site Safety Teams4/1/2017Hazard CommunicationSection II. Hazardous IngredientsThe chemical and common names of the ingredients that are associated with the hazards, and the common name of the mixture must be listed.If the chemical is a mixture that has not been tested as a whole the chemical and common names of all ingredients determined to be health hazards and comprising 1 percent or greater of the composition must be listed.Risk Management Department
12 Hazard Communication Section II. Hazardous Ingredients (cont’d) Site Safety Teams4/1/2017Hazard CommunicationSection II. Hazardous Ingredients (cont’d)Chemical and common names of carcinogens must be listed if they are present in the mixture at levels of 0.1 percent or greater.All components of a mixture that have been determined to present a physical hazard must be listed.Risk Management Department
13 Site Safety Teams4/1/2017Hazard CommunicationSection III. Physical and Chemical CharacteristicsThe physical and chemical characteristics of the hazardous substance must be listed.These include items such as boiling and freezing points, density, vapor pressure, specific gravity, solubility, volatility, and the product's general appearance and odor.These characteristics provide important information for designing safe and healthful workRisk Management Department
14 Hazard Communication Section IV. Fire and Explosion Hazard Data The compound's potential for fire an explosion must be described.Also, the fire hazards of the chemical and the conditions under which it could ignite or explode must be identified.Recommended extinguishing agents andfire-fighting methods must be described.
15 Hazard Communication Section V. Reactivity (Instability) Data This section presents information about other chemicals and substances with which it reacts.Information on any hazardous decomposition products, such as carbon monoxide, must be included.
16 Hazard Communication Section VI. Health Hazards The acute and chronic health hazards of the chemical, together with signs and symptoms of exposure, must be listed.In addition, any medical conditions that are aggravated by exposure to the compound, must be included.The specific types of chemical health hazards defined in the standard include carcinogens, corrosives, toxins, irritants, sensitizers, mutagens, teratogens, and effects on target organs (i.e., liver, kidney, nervous system, blood, lungs, mucous membranes, reproductive system, skin, eyes, etc.).
17 Hazard Communication Section VI. Health Hazards (cont’d) The route of entry section describes the primary pathway by which the chemical enters the body. There are three principal routes of entry: inhalation, skin, and ingestion.If the compound is listed as a carcinogen (cancer-causing agent) this information must be indicated on the MSDS .
18 Hazard CommunicationSection VII. Precautions for Safe Handling and UseThe standard requires the preparer to describe the precautions for safe handling and use.These include recommended industrial hygiene practices, precautions to be taken during repair and maintenance of equipment, and procedures for cleaning up spills and leaks.Some manufacturers also use this section to include useful information not specifically required by the standard, such as EPA waste disposal methods and state and local requirements.
19 Hazard Communication Section VIII. Control Measures The standard requires the preparer of the MSDS to list any generally applicable control measures.These include engineering controls, safe handling procedures, and personal protective equipment. Information is often included on the use of goggles, gloves, body suits, respirators, and face shields.
20 Hazard Communication 4. Labeling Containers of hazardous materials or chemicals must be marked with the following information:Identity of the hazardous chemical(s) contained thereinAppropriate hazard warningsIdentity information and hazard warnings must be legible, in English and prominently displayed on the container. Other languages may be added as long as the information is presented in English
21 Hazard Communication 4. Labeling Sites shall not remove or deface existing labels on incoming containers of hazardous chemicalsLabels are not required on portable containers into which hazardous chemicals are transferred from labeled containersand which are intended only for immediate use
22 Hazard Communication 5. Storage Procedural Directive Hazardous Materials prohibits sites from maintaining hazardous chemicals in quantity or toxicity which would pose a threat to students.Hazardous materials and chemicals must be kept in locked storage cabinets when not in useFlammable chemicals must be stored inlocked fire cabinetsUsers must be aware of incompatiblestorage combinations and locations
23 Hazard Communication 6. Placarding APS buildings will have NFPA diamonds located on exterior entrance doors. Each color of the diamond represents a different hazard.Blue = Health Hazard Red = Flammability Yellow = Instability White = Special Hazard Information
24 Hazard Communication 6. Placarding A numerical rating will also be provided in the blue, red, and yellow diamonds. This number indicates the severity of the hazard, with a 0 indicating no hazard and 4 indicating the most severe hazard.These placards represent the "worst" of what is in the building, but they will not provide specific chemical names, quantities, or locations. They are designed to give emergency personnel a general idea of the worst hazards present in a building or area.
25 Hazard Communication7. Protection from Chemical HazardsProcedural Directive Hazardous Materials states: “Schools should not have chemicals in sufficient quantity or toxicity which would endanger students.”
26 Hazard Communication 7. Protection from Chemical Hazards Employees using chemicals shall take reasonable steps to protect themselves, students and other employees from forseeable hazards. This includes:The use of appropriate Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) as recommended by Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)Knowledge of emergency and first-aid practices required for chemicals as recommended by Material SafetyData Sheet (MSDS) and chemical container labelKnowledge of appropriate emergency programs
27 Hazard Communication 8. Hazardous Waste Sites shall seek to minimize the generation of hazardous waste by:Purchasing and maintaining smaller quantities of chemicalsSeeking to transfer unneeded or excess chemical stock to other site or facility which may have a legitimate useHazardous wastes can be accumulatedonsite for as long as six-months providedon-site accumulation poses no immediatesafety hazard
28 Hazard Communication 8. Hazardous Waste Store hazardous waste in closed containers clearly labelled with contents and marked “WASTE”Do not mix hazardous wastesDocument date accumulation of hazardous waste was started on containerWhen ready for disposal, contact Risk Management Department to arrange for transport
29 Hazard Communication 9. Hazardous Chemical Spills & Emergencies In the event of a chemical spill or emergency, the safety of students and staff members shall be of paramount importance!In the event of a hazardous chemical spill or emergency, employees shall:A. Isolate spill area to prevent widening area of contaminationB. Follow spill recommendations listed inMaterial Safety Data Sheet (MSDS)C. Evacuate building if spill poses safetyhazard to facility
30 Hazard Communication 9. Hazardous Chemical Spills & Emergencies In the event of a chemical spill or emergency, the safety of students and staff members shall be of paramount importance!In the event of a hazardous chemical spill or emergency, employees shall:D. Alert emergency services providers– police, fire, EMS – if necessaryE. Provide first-aid to injured asrecommended by Material SafetyData Sheet (MSDS)
31 Hazard Communication 10. Medical Evaluation & Consultation Medical evaluation shall be performed for employees when:a. An employee develops signs or symptoms associated with hazardous chemical to which the employee may have been exposed in the workplaceb. An event takes place in the work area such as a spill, leak, explosion or other occurrence resulting in the likelihood of a hazardous exposure.Employees shall report exposure incidents orsymptoms to their supervisor using the Noticeof Accident form and the Nurse triage reportingline - see Procedural Directive Reporting On-The-Job Injures
32 Hazard Communication 11. Employee Information & Training Employees shall be provided with effective information and training on hazardous chemicals in their work area at the time of their initial assignment and whenever a new physical or health hazard the employees have not previously been trained about is introduced into their work area.Information:Any operations in their work area wherehazardous chemicals are presentThe location and availability of the writtenChemical Management Program including therequired lists of hazardous chemicals andMaterial Safety Data Sheets
33 Hazard Communication 11. Employee Training & Information Training Methods and observations that may be used to detect the presence or release of a hazardous chemical in the work areaThe physical and health hazards of the chemicals in the work areaThe measures employees can take toprotect themselves includingemergency procedures,personal protective equipment andworkplace controls