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Enhanced Monitoring and Planning of Network Infrastructure with Remote Data Collection Presentation to Technical Advisory Board by the Research Team: The.

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Presentation on theme: "Enhanced Monitoring and Planning of Network Infrastructure with Remote Data Collection Presentation to Technical Advisory Board by the Research Team: The."— Presentation transcript:

1 Enhanced Monitoring and Planning of Network Infrastructure with Remote Data Collection Presentation to Technical Advisory Board by the Research Team: The University of Arizona Arizona State University German Aerospace Research Center (DLR) April 27, 2010

2 Outline 1.Brief Scope of Proposed Project 2.Background and Review of Experience 3.Details of Proposed Tasks – Task 1 4.Details of Proposed Tasks – Task 2 5.Details of Proposed Tasks – Task 3 6.Role of partners and collaborators

3 Brief Scope of Project Three Major Tasks: 1.Data fusion of simultaneous data collected from airborne and ground sensors for infrastructure monitoring 2.Use of remotely collected data for developing better models for network planning and emergency operations 3.Develop tools and enhance enabling technologies for airborne data collection. Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners Will give details shortly!

4 Key Investigators German Aerospace o Martin Ruhé ( Dipl.-Ing, Stuttgart) Associate Head, Institute of Transportation Research, DLR o Reinhart Kühne ( Ph.D. in Physics, University of Stuttgart), Director and Head of the Institute for Transportation Studies, DLR University of Arizona o Mark Hickman (PI) (PhD, MIT) Associate professor in transportation engineering in the Department of Civil Engineering and Engineering Mechanics (CEEM). o Yi-Chang Chiu (PhD, U. Texas). Assistant professor in transportation engineering in CEEM. Arizona State University o Pitu Mirchandani (Sc.D., MIT). Professor in the Department of Computation, Informatics, and Decision Sciences (CIDS). o Ron Askin (PhD, Georgia Tech). Professor and Department Head on CIDS.. Research: Use of airborne imaging technologies to analyze traffic flows, both for level-of-service analysis and for detailed vehicle trajectory data. Research: Traffic Modeling and Simulation Research: Remote sensing of traffic. Theories, models and algorithms for decision making in transportation and traffic systems. Research: Applied Statistics Research: Automated image analysis for traffic data collection and pollution measurement. Research: Traffic flow theory. Transportation engineering. Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners

5 Potential Benefits of Research Availability of affordable technologies to do the above for routine and commercial applications. Better calibration of infrastructure planning models: weaving, estimating queue lengths, traffic impacts of development, bottleneck analysis, etc. Real-time estimation of network conditions using multiple data sources including airborne sensors Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners Logistics for airborne systems for real-time monitoring and incident/disaster management.

6 Background and Review of Experience o Mark Hickman and Pitu Mirchandani were part of the NCRST-F team, where they (1) developed preliminary algorithms for stabilizing images from moving platforms, (2) automatically tracked vehicles, (3) computed vehicle speeds and queues from these tracked vehicles, (4) developed approaches to compute measures of traffic performance on freeways and arterials, … o Hickman-Mirchandani were also part of the CRESTA consortium where we used remote sensing to study queues and delays at border crossings Will discuss some results shortly! Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners Past RITA/USDOT sponsored research

7 Background and Review of Experience o Hickman-Mirchandani-Chiu have been developing and studying evacuation models and scenarios, with support from Arizona DOT and NSF, where they (1) developed simulation models, (2) developed strategies for mass evacuation, and (3) analyzed hypothetical scenarios in the Phoenix area o Mirchandani and colleagues at the ATLAS center have data fusion approaches for real-time prediction of travel times on arterials, and developed a web-based interface Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners

8 Background and Review of Experience Data Collection Technologies RITA- USDOT

9 Background and Review of Experience NCRST-F: Traffic performance measures and studies o Traffic flow, density, speed, travel time o Intersection delay o Freeway level of service o Origin-destination flows Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners RITA- USDOT

10 Background and Review of Experience NCRST-F: Tracking individual vehicles o Travel times on urban arterials o Trajectories of vehicles o Estimating speeds Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners RITA- USDOT

11 Flow Density Distance Headway Time Headway Platoon Dispersion Background and Review of Experience NCRST-F: Tracking individual vehicles o Travel times on urban arterials o Trajectories of vehicles Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners RITA- USDOT

12 Background and Review of Experience NCRST-F: Tracking individual vehicles o Travel times on urban arterials o Trajectories of vehicles o Estimating speeds Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners

13 Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners Background and Review of Experience NCRST-F: Tracking individual vehicles o Travel times on urban arterials o Trajectories of vehicles o Estimating speeds Georeferencing RITA- USDOT

14 Background and Review of Experience NCRST-F: Technology Development of TRAVIS Vehicle Tracking Software Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners RITA- USDOT

15 Background and Review of Experience Current TRAVIS User Interface for off-line Tracking Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners RITA- USDOT

16 Arterial Video Unregistered Videoorig_tuc.aviorig_tuc.avi Registered Videotuc_int_340.avituc_int_340.avi Registered Video with Tracking track_cars_cc.avi track_cars_cc.avi Background and Review of Experience Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners

17 Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners Background and Review of Experience DLR: ANTAR and TrafficFinder

18 Background and Review of Experience o DLRs TrafficFinders outputs (real-time) Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners

19 Background and Review of Experience o DLR TrafficFinders predicted trajectories Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners

20 Background and Review of Experience As members of the CRESTA consortium, Hickman and Mirchandani used remote-sensing technologies for investigating queues and delays at border crossings Composite Photo Feb. 27, :00 pm Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners RITA- USDOT

21 Background and Review of Experience 1: Pre-screening stations 2: Primary inspection 3: Secondary inspection 4: X-ray inspection 5: Arizona DOT inspection 6: Last weight check station Mariposa Port of Entry Operations Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners RITA- USDOT

22 Background and Review of Experience Results from simulation modeling and calibration Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners RITA- USDOT

23 Background and Review of Experience Queuing Analysis at Stations Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners RITA- USDOT

24 Background and Review of Experience Image Analysis for Queue Lengths RITA- USDOT

25 Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners Background and Review of Experience CRESTA Project : Using DLR TrafficFinder for tracking vehicles RITA- USDOT

26 Background and Review of Experience CRESTA Project : Using DLR TrafficFinder for tracking vehicles Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners RITA- USDOT

27 Background and Review of Experience Chiu-Hickman-Mirchandani have also done extensive simulation and traffic management for evacuations Safe zone Hypothetical Sink Node Evacuation Zones Evacuation Origin Nodes Evacuation Destination Nodes Intermediate Nodes Intermediate Zones Need a fast WAY OUT from evacuation zones to safe zones

28 Background and Review of Experience Model-based Estimation of System State Sensor media Fixed and Mobile Sensors measurements Feedback & Actions Model-based Optimization of Traffic Flow Objective: e.g. min evacuation. time Management and control decisions Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners

29 Background and Review of Experience Simulation plays major role in the systematic evaluation –For tactical/operational planning – off-line what if scenario analysis –For analysis of operations decisions – used as testing real-time strategies (since strategies cannot be easily tested during real events) The research team is developing MALTA simulation software for this purpose. Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners

30 Background and Review of Experience MALTA (Multi-resolution assignment and loading of traffic activities) simulation architecture Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners

31 Background and Review of Experience Procedure for simulation-based analysis o collect network and traffic data o develop network model o calibrate model with available data o develop evacuation scenarios o develop evacuation strategies o study strategies based on simulation model outputs o as case studies: Operational and tactical planning for no-notice bomb threat at a Phoenix Cardinals game Feedback control for management of evacuating traffic during floods (short- notice) Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners

32 Background and Review of Experience SPARTA : System for prediction and analysis of real-time traffic on arterials: real-time data collection, real-time arterial monitoring (travel times, queues, turn ratios,…), and traffic images on the web. Data fusion plays a major role in computing arterial performance measures. Also can get real-time images on the web. Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners

33 Background and Review of Experience SPARTA uses the Living Laboratory at UA (supported by Tucson) Campbell Euclid Park Country Club Tucson Cherry Mountain Elm 3rd Speedway Grant Garage ATLAS RHODES Communications Cabinet Traffic Cabinets Video Detectors Fiber & Wireless Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners

34 Task 1: Near Real-Time Traffic Monitoring with Ground-based and Remotely Sensed Data Major focus on Data Collection and Data Fusion. Existing data sources. 1-sec loop data from City of Tucson, City of Tempe, Maricopa County DOT Video data from Living Laboratory (City of Tucson) Historical travel times on freeways and major arterials from probe vehicles, from MAG and PAG congestion studies Historical traffic volumes on freeways and major arterials, from MAG and PAG count programs Probe vehicle data from buses, from Sun Tran (City of Tucson) and Valley Metro (City of Tempe) New Data Collection. 20 hours of flight time (10 hours per year) for airborne surveillance on Speedway and I-10 in Tucson and in Tempe and US 60 in Phoenix Ground-based video Problem Motivation and Existing Literature Real-Time Tracking Problem definition Problem P1 Problem P2 Problem P3 Conclusions and Further Steps Need significant cooperation and support from public agencies

35 Task 1: Near Real-Time Traffic Monitoring with Ground-based and Remotely Sensed Data Develop Model-based Statistical Approaches to estimate Flows Speeds Queue lengths on arterials Densities on freeways. Calibrate model with ground truth More Data Collection (year 2) to validate model (for use in real-time data fusion) Develop software tool based on data fusion approach Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners

36 Task 1: Near Real-Time Traffic Monitoring with Ground-based and Remotely Sensed Data Develop routing and scheduling logistics for mobile platforms With current fixed sensors With new fixed sensors (include location decisions in logistics model) Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners

37 Task 1: Near Real-Time Traffic Monitoring with Ground-based and Remotely Sensed Data Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners Subtask 1.5: Mobile platform routing and scheduling logistics This subtask focuses on the real-time routing and scheduling of airborne platforms, such as helicopters, airplanes or UAVs, to collect meaningful real- time traffic data in a roadway network. Both the roadway networks in Tucson and Phoenix metro area will be used as case studies to evaluate these heuristics. - Optimization models development for determining the logistics of mobile data collection - Methods development to solve these very complicated problems. Off-line study: for planning monitoring activities On-line scheduling: for real-time monitoring

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39 Task 2: Use of Airborne Sensors for Enhanced Network Planning and Emergency Operations Currently we calibrate MALTA with census and ground data. In this task (2.1) we will also use data from remote sensors – airborne imagery and vehicles with GPS locations Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners

40 Task 2: Use of Airborne Sensors for Enhanced Network Planning and Emergency Operations Task 2.2 will include arterial contra-flow and signal metering at intersections for evacuation. Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners

41 Task 2: Use of Airborne Sensors for Enhanced Network Planning and Emergency Operations Task 2.3 will allow us to simulate data collection from airborne sensors for performance measurement. Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners

42 Task 2: Use of Airborne Sensors for Enhanced Network Planning and Emergency Operations It is essential that one monitors the unfolding evacuating scenario in developing evacuation strategies. Task 2.4 will allow us to test different sensor configurations during emergencies, e.g., strategies with only ground-based sensor data, with only airborne sensor data, and a some intermediate levels of both sensor types. Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners

43 Task 3: Enhancement of Software Tools for Individual Vehicle Tracking and Simulation The goal of Task 3 is to develop affordable technologies to monitor traffic performance for routine and commercial applications. Effectively this will enhance TRAVIS so that it is more user friendly and can be used for real-time applications. Subtask 3.1: Enhancement of GUI and manual tracking features We will improve the interface for manual tracking, so that a user may be allowed to identify existing vehicles and vehicles subsequently entering the field of view, so that they are tracked by the software. Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners

44 Task 3: Enhancement of Software Tools for Individual Vehicle Tracking and Simulation Subtask 3.2: Development and testing of road mask concepts Exact identification of vehicle positions from airborne imagery, to better locate vehicles within specific lanes, requires the clear identification of roadways. Road masks will allow us to do this in real-time since it will decrease image size for processing. We will work with DLR to research and develop a real- time approach. Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners

45 Task 3: Enhancement of Software Tools for Individual Vehicle Tracking and Simulation Subtask 3.3: Investigation of remote sensing for monitoring vehicle emissions DLR is investigating remote sensors for monitoring emissions and integrating emissions sensing in ANTAR. The UA-ASU-DLR research team will study the incorporation of remote emission sensing also in TRAVIS. Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners

46 Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners o City of Tucson / Living Laboratory: loop detector data, probe vehicle data from buses, intersection camera imagery o City of Tempe: loop detector data, probe vehicle data from buses o Arizona Department of Transportation: freeway detector data, ramp meter data o Maricopa Association of Governments: historical traffic volumes, probe vehicle data, still imagery o Pima Association of Governments: historical traffic volumes and probe vehicle data o Maricopa County Department of Transportation: loop detector data The public agencies can provide data and can work with us on the calibration of models.

47 Summary Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners The proposed project consisting of 3 major tasks: Data fusion for traffic and infrastructure monitoring Use of remotely collected data for developing better models for network planning and emergency operations Develop enabling technologies for airborne data collection The anticipated benefits are: Better calibration of infrastructure planning models Real-time estimation of network conditions in emergency and disaster conditions Development of affordable technologies for airborne traffic monitoring for routine, emergency and commercial applications

48 Conclusion End of Presentation! Any questions? Brief Scope Background Task 1 Task 2 Task 3 Role of Partners


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