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1 QUEST FOR A BETTER DEMOCRACY Jashwant B. Mehta (Convener-Forum For Presidential Democracy) Part I – Present Scenario Part II – Solution Part III – Action.

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Presentation on theme: "1 QUEST FOR A BETTER DEMOCRACY Jashwant B. Mehta (Convener-Forum For Presidential Democracy) Part I – Present Scenario Part II – Solution Part III – Action."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 QUEST FOR A BETTER DEMOCRACY Jashwant B. Mehta (Convener-Forum For Presidential Democracy) Part I – Present Scenario Part II – Solution Part III – Action Programme Jashwant B. Mehta (Convener-Forum For Presidential Democracy) Part I – Present Scenario Part II – Solution Part III – Action Programme Forum for Presidential Democracy

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3 3 Part I – Present Scenario a. Ever-growing frustration and discontent against the present political system b. Rampant Corruption among politicians and bureaucrats. Has now reached unprecedented heights. Scams gallore. Spectrum 2G, Adarsh, Commonwealth Games..... c. Democracy is of the people, for the people & by the people. It is only a formal democracy where the word People seems to have been replaced by the politicians a. Ever-growing frustration and discontent against the present political system b. Rampant Corruption among politicians and bureaucrats. Has now reached unprecedented heights. Scams gallore. Spectrum 2G, Adarsh, Commonwealth Games..... c. Democracy is of the people, for the people & by the people. It is only a formal democracy where the word People seems to have been replaced by the politicians Forum for Presidential Democracy

4 4 Stability – Central Govt. Last 20 years - 8 Elections (3 mid-term) 10 Coalition Govts 6 governments collapsed prematurely Prime MinisterYear /Tenure Government V.P. Singh 1989 / 11 months National Front a make strift coalition of Janata Dal (143 M.P.s) & Telugu Desam, DMK & A.G.P. supported by B.J.P. & left front from outside (both diametrically opposite to each other). Collapsed due to withdrawal of support by BJP. Chandrashekhar 1990 / 5 months Break away Janata Dal with 64 M.Ps supported by Congress (197 M.Ps) from outside. Collapsed due to withdrawal of support by Congress. MID – TERM ELECTIONS 1991 Prime MinisterYear /Tenure Government V.P. Singh 1989 / 11 months National Front a make strift coalition of Janata Dal (143 M.P.s) & Telugu Desam, DMK & A.G.P. supported by B.J.P. & left front from outside (both diametrically opposite to each other). Collapsed due to withdrawal of support by BJP. Chandrashekhar 1990 / 5 months Break away Janata Dal with 64 M.Ps supported by Congress (197 M.Ps) from outside. Collapsed due to withdrawal of support by Congress. MID – TERM ELECTIONS 1991

5 5 Prime MinisterYear /Tenure Government Narsimha Rao 1991 – 96 Congress with 232 seats & other regional 5 years parties. Open allegations of pay-offs to JMM members to win vote on no confidence motion. Vajpayee 1996BJP (180 seats) could not rope in other parties 15 days Deve Gowda 1996 – 97 Coalition of 14 parties led by Janata Dal 11 months supported from outside by Congress (127 seats). Collapsed when support withdrawn by Congress. I. K. Gujral 1997 – 98United Front Coalition of 16 parties supported 10 monthsfrom outside by Congress (127 seats). Same fate as Deve Gowda when Congress withdrew support. MID – TERM ELECTIONS 1998 Vajapayee 1998 NDA led by BJP (182 seats) & 21 other parties. 15 months Collapsed due to withdrawal of support by Jayalalitha. (AIADMK – 18 seats) MID – TERM ELECTIONS do NDA coalition of 23 parties (296 seats) led by BJP (182 seats) Forum for Presidential Democracy

6 6 Prime MinisterYear /Tenure Government Manmohan Singh 2004 – 2009UPA consisting of Congress with 184 seats & 5 years21 other parties. Also supported by CPM from outside. Managed to survive when CPM withdrew support as Indo-American Civil Nuclear deal Mulayam Singh Yadav stepped in to save the Govt. (Price extracted as withdrawal of disproportionate assets case initiated by CBI in Supreme Court) -do-2009 UPA led by Congress with 206 seats and DMK onwards - 18 seats, NCP-9, TC-19, TMM-2, NC-3, RJP-4, Others -5. Virtual spectator Ministerships distributed as largesse as per coalition parties choice. Allowed to siphon off money without any control. Compromises have to be made in coalition. (P.M.s speech in press conference in Feb. 2011). At what cost? (Rs.1.76 Lakh crore Telecom Scandal involving great Raja & his Colleagues!) Forum for Presidential Democracy

7 7 STABILITY – State level Record even more dismal Our largest State UP Period : 1995 – Govts. with Presidents rule in between on 2 occasions which included 3 spells of Mayawati besides Kalyan Singh, Rajnath Singh etc. Period : 1967 – Govts. with 2 spells of Presidents rule in between which included 2 spells of CB Gupta and Charan Singh besides TN Singh, Bahuguna and Kamalapati Tripathi Forum for Presidential Democracy

8 8 Second largest State Bihar Period : 1967 – Govts. with 2 terms of Presidents rule in between which included Bhola Paswans 3 terms as Chief Minister and others included Mandal (well known for Mandal Commission), Karpoorie Thakur, Harihar Singh etc – members had changed the parties. Smaller States, still worse Meghalaya Period : 1992 – Govts. in a 15 year period Forum for Presidential Democracy

9 9 Goa Period : Govts. in a 10 year period. Pratap Singh Rane, Dr. Wilfred DSouza, Ravi Naik rotated post of Chief Minister 7 times among themselves Haryana Period : 1967 During 8 months spell it provided us with a new word Aayaram …… Gayaram. In a 81 member assembly, 31 members had defected one way or the other and some as many as for 4 times 1980 record unsurpassed till now in Indian politics when entire ruling Janata Party defected to Congress! Forum for Presidential Democracy

10 10 Enemies Zindabad ! Forum for Presidential Democracy Illustration : Vasant Halbe

11 11 Collapsible Support ! Forum for Presidential Democracy Illustration : Vasant Halbe

12 This is becoming a nuisance, a code must be evolved so that no government can be toppled for at least a couple of months! Courtesy : R.K. Laxman Forum for Presidential Democracy 12

13 13 Wiped out corruption, improved the lot of the common man, brought prosperity to plenty, when he governed as the chief minister between 17 th March, 1997 and 24 th March 1997 Courtesy : R.K. Laxman Forum for Presidential Democracy

14 14 Hold it ! Dont, dont ! I received news that he is no longer the chief minister. The opposition has just toppled him! Courtesy : R.K. Laxman Forum for Presidential Democracy

15 15 I had the majority support for full two days. If he had allowed me I would have formed a government by now! Courtesy : R.K. Laxman Forum for Presidential Democracy

16 16 1. Size determined by Necessity for Survival (Either for Govt or for Chief Minister or Prime Minister as Individuals) l New records established (i)Laloo prasads record of 67 member cabinet in Bihar broken by (ii)Kalyan Singhs cabinet of 93 members in UP (iii)Haryana had 33 ministers out of 90 member house (Ruling Party had 51 members which means for every 3 members, 2 were ministers!) l Compare l British Cabinet – 20 members (Tradition – No written Constitution) l Japanese Cabinet – 20 members (Constitution) l Australian Cabinet – 30 members (Constitution) l American cabinet – only 14 members 1. Size determined by Necessity for Survival (Either for Govt or for Chief Minister or Prime Minister as Individuals) l New records established (i)Laloo prasads record of 67 member cabinet in Bihar broken by (ii)Kalyan Singhs cabinet of 93 members in UP (iii)Haryana had 33 ministers out of 90 member house (Ruling Party had 51 members which means for every 3 members, 2 were ministers!) l Compare l British Cabinet – 20 members (Tradition – No written Constitution) l Japanese Cabinet – 20 members (Constitution) l Australian Cabinet – 30 members (Constitution) l American cabinet – only 14 members Our Jumbo Cabinets Forum for Presidential Democracy

17 17 Recommendations of Venkatachalliah Commission on Constitutional Reforms (year 2000) to restrict our cabinet to 10% of total no. of legislators in Assembly watered down to 15%. This also means 81 member Jumbo cabinet for the Central Govt. (543 M.Ps in Lok Sabha). Smaller states such as Goa, Sikkim etc. where no. of legislators less than 40, cabinet not to exceed 12 nos. (this would also mean atleast 30% of the legislators would be eligible for ministership. In case ruling party has 60% majority, this would mean atleast 60% of ruling party MLAs would get an opportunity to get coveted ministers gaddi. Forum for Presidential Democracy

18 18 Ministerships distributed as a Largesse a. M.C. Chagla –Ministership – A badge of disloyalty rather than a reward for merit b. Professionals play second fiddle Our Ministers a. Busy with the Party work b. More concerned with Public Image c. Large Majority Engrossed in personal gains for themselves / Party Bosses Ministerships distributed as a Largesse a. M.C. Chagla –Ministership – A badge of disloyalty rather than a reward for merit b. Professionals play second fiddle Our Ministers a. Busy with the Party work b. More concerned with Public Image c. Large Majority Engrossed in personal gains for themselves / Party Bosses Forum for Presidential Democracy

19 19 Secondary Largesse for left-out Legislators l Chairmanship of Public Corporations (State Electricity Boards, Finance Corporation, Tourism Corporation etc.) l Constitution amended to facilitate this. l M.P.s have quotas fixed for allotment of petrol pumps or gas agencies etc. l Allocation of Rs. 2 crores (now proposed to be raised to Rs.5 crores!) to be spent annually in their constituency as per their choice under MPLAD scheme (widely misused & misappropriated). l For Rajya Sabha members also same quota which can be spent anywhere in the State by them. l MLAs also entitled to such funding. Rs.2 crores alloted per member in State like Maharashtra. l In Britain Members of Parliament not allowed any office of profit l Chairmanship of Public Corporations (State Electricity Boards, Finance Corporation, Tourism Corporation etc.) l Constitution amended to facilitate this. l M.P.s have quotas fixed for allotment of petrol pumps or gas agencies etc. l Allocation of Rs. 2 crores (now proposed to be raised to Rs.5 crores!) to be spent annually in their constituency as per their choice under MPLAD scheme (widely misused & misappropriated). l For Rajya Sabha members also same quota which can be spent anywhere in the State by them. l MLAs also entitled to such funding. Rs.2 crores alloted per member in State like Maharashtra. l In Britain Members of Parliament not allowed any office of profit Forum for Presidential Democracy

20 20 If You Have a Hold You Have a Post ! Forum for Presidential Democracy Illustration : Vasant Halbe

21 21 Ministership, A Badge of Disloyalty ! Forum for Presidential Democracy Illustration : Vasant Halbe

22 22 Whether at Home or in Office, Obsessed with Party Work ! Forum for Presidential Democracy Illustration : Vasant Halbe

23 23 Any Measures to Woo the Voters ! Forum for Presidential Democracy Illustration : Vasant Halbe

24 24 The rumour is he is looking for a couple of really new faces to include in the new Cabinet! Courtesy : R.K. Laxman Forum for Presidential Democracy

25 Corruption at an Alarming Level Scams galore ! l 1991 Telgi scam Rs crores l 1996 Hawala scandal – Jain Brothers Rs.810 crores. Many prominent politicians were named l 1996 Fodder scam Rs.950 crores involving Bihar Chief Minister Laloo Prasad Yadav and his team l Public Distribution Scheme (PDS) (Mulayam Singh Yadavs tenure ). Food grains meant for the poor – smuggled outside the state as well as to countries like South Africa, Nepal and Bangladesh FIRs filed. Amt - ? l 2009 Madhu Koda (Ex. Chief Minister of Jharkhand and its subordinates) scam - Rs.4000 crores l 1991 Telgi scam Rs crores l 1996 Hawala scandal – Jain Brothers Rs.810 crores. Many prominent politicians were named l 1996 Fodder scam Rs.950 crores involving Bihar Chief Minister Laloo Prasad Yadav and his team l Public Distribution Scheme (PDS) (Mulayam Singh Yadavs tenure ). Food grains meant for the poor – smuggled outside the state as well as to countries like South Africa, Nepal and Bangladesh FIRs filed. Amt - ? l 2009 Madhu Koda (Ex. Chief Minister of Jharkhand and its subordinates) scam - Rs.4000 crores 25 Forum for Presidential Democracy

26 l 2010 Commonwealth games scandal. Original estimate in Rs.1620 crores. In the final cost Rs crores! (Two Ton A.C. costing Rs Hired for Rs.1.87 lakh each. High altitude Training Stimulators spent Rs.1.16 crore each at 20 times the market rate). Unbelievable! l Spectrum 2G – our great Raja (mind boggling Rs.1.76 lakh crores!) l Adarsh Housing Scam involving politicians, bureaucrats, defense and armed forces they have all made us forgot about the past scams such as Telgi etc. l The resources of the country mining leases or allotment of land etc. distributed like their personal jagir by our politicians with the help of obliging babus. l With every passing year, we are scaling new heights. l Transparency Internationals corruption perception Index – India ranked 85 in 2008 (from 72 in 2004) l Some of the African countries such as Malavi, Ghana & South Africa ranked better than India l 2010 Commonwealth games scandal. Original estimate in Rs.1620 crores. In the final cost Rs crores! (Two Ton A.C. costing Rs Hired for Rs.1.87 lakh each. High altitude Training Stimulators spent Rs.1.16 crore each at 20 times the market rate). Unbelievable! l Spectrum 2G – our great Raja (mind boggling Rs.1.76 lakh crores!) l Adarsh Housing Scam involving politicians, bureaucrats, defense and armed forces they have all made us forgot about the past scams such as Telgi etc. l The resources of the country mining leases or allotment of land etc. distributed like their personal jagir by our politicians with the help of obliging babus. l With every passing year, we are scaling new heights. l Transparency Internationals corruption perception Index – India ranked 85 in 2008 (from 72 in 2004) l Some of the African countries such as Malavi, Ghana & South Africa ranked better than India 26 Forum for Presidential Democracy

27 l Global Financial Integrity (Corruption watchdog) Rs.20,80,000/- (Rupees Twenty Lakhs Eighty ThousandCrores) (i.e. $4500 billion) money deposited by Indians in Swiss Bank. (Half of that could retire India of foreign debt and balance will leave Rs.14,000/- for every Indian). l Swiss Banking Association Report of 2008 reveals (Rs.8,50,950/- crores) (i.e. $1891 billion) in deposits by Indians. l I have no doubt that the bureaucracy is absolutely corrupt. I have been referring them as conjoined twins, the political as well as the executive legislature – Santosh Hegde (Karnatak Lokayukta) The most disturbing part is that it has now penetrated armed forces and judiciary which could be the death nail for the nation l Global Financial Integrity (Corruption watchdog) Rs.20,80,000/- (Rupees Twenty Lakhs Eighty ThousandCrores) (i.e. $4500 billion) money deposited by Indians in Swiss Bank. (Half of that could retire India of foreign debt and balance will leave Rs.14,000/- for every Indian). l Swiss Banking Association Report of 2008 reveals (Rs.8,50,950/- crores) (i.e. $1891 billion) in deposits by Indians. l I have no doubt that the bureaucracy is absolutely corrupt. I have been referring them as conjoined twins, the political as well as the executive legislature – Santosh Hegde (Karnatak Lokayukta) The most disturbing part is that it has now penetrated armed forces and judiciary which could be the death nail for the nation 27 Forum for Presidential Democracy

28 Corruption – whom does it affect most? l The Rich? The Middle Class? or The Poor? l Everyone, but most affected, poorest of the poor. (Based on the data provided by Shri N. Vittal, Ex-Chief Vigilance Commissioner year 2001 (when he was invited as a Chief Guest to speak on the Seminar held by the Forum on Minimizing Corruption in a Democratic Set-up). l 31% of food grains and 36% of sugar meant for PDS (Public Distribution System) is siphoned off. In terms of money this comes to Rs.5000 crores p.a. l In Delhi alone, every month Rs.40 crores collected as bribes by Police and Municipal Officers from Hawkers, Vendors and Rickshaw Pullers. (Shri Vittal managed to reduce this by convincing Vajpayee to remove licensing for this class of people). It is said that this is only the Tip of the Iceberg l The Rich? The Middle Class? or The Poor? l Everyone, but most affected, poorest of the poor. (Based on the data provided by Shri N. Vittal, Ex-Chief Vigilance Commissioner year 2001 (when he was invited as a Chief Guest to speak on the Seminar held by the Forum on Minimizing Corruption in a Democratic Set-up). l 31% of food grains and 36% of sugar meant for PDS (Public Distribution System) is siphoned off. In terms of money this comes to Rs.5000 crores p.a. l In Delhi alone, every month Rs.40 crores collected as bribes by Police and Municipal Officers from Hawkers, Vendors and Rickshaw Pullers. (Shri Vittal managed to reduce this by convincing Vajpayee to remove licensing for this class of people). It is said that this is only the Tip of the Iceberg 28 Forum for Presidential Democracy

29 29 Dubious role of CBI, a virtual tool at the hands of the ruling party. The most striking example Directed by Supreme Court – March 2007 to probe case of disproportionate assets of Mulayam Singh October 2007 CBI claims to have sufficient evidence July 2008 complete turn around by CBI (an outcome of Mulayams party giving support to UPA alliance to win No confidence motion on civil nuclear deal ?) December 5, 2008 – CBI moved Supreme Court to withdraw the application to register case against Yadav. Supreme Court Bench remarked this clearly means CBI is not acting independently but on behalf of the Government. Forum for Presidential Democracy

30 30 When things turned sour on distribution of seats in UP between Congress and CPI alliance during Lok Sabha elections of 2009, CBI shamelessly made another U turn stating that it stands by its recommendation of October 2007 that a disproportionate assets case is now made out against Mulayam Singh. In the process, CBI has made a laughing stroke of themselves. Perhaps the more appropriate name for CBI Corrupt Bureau of Investigation or Collaborating Bureau of Investigation. Forum for Presidential Democracy

31 31 l Yatha Raja Tatha Praja l Relationship between MPs – MLAs – Ministers l Prime Minister / Chief Minister – their very survival often depends on MPs / MLAs / Ministers. Irrespective of their (corrupt) background. l PM / CM Helpless to take any action against them l MPs too have their own vested interest to bear with corrupt C.M. / Prime Minister. l Result :- Undeclared partnership of mutual interest l Yatha Raja Tatha Praja l Relationship between MPs – MLAs – Ministers l Prime Minister / Chief Minister – their very survival often depends on MPs / MLAs / Ministers. Irrespective of their (corrupt) background. l PM / CM Helpless to take any action against them l MPs too have their own vested interest to bear with corrupt C.M. / Prime Minister. l Result :- Undeclared partnership of mutual interest Political corruption – root cause Forum for Presidential Democracy

32 32 l The honest bureaucrats are demoralised as the Money openly demanded and paid for creamy (!) postings. l Even the lowest recruitment of Hawaldar has a price to be paid. l Ministers have wide powers to influence bureaucrats to toe their line, including power to transfer. l Resulting in low morale of Bureaucrats l Eventually Both prefer to serve each others interest. l The honest bureaucrats are demoralised as the Money openly demanded and paid for creamy (!) postings. l Even the lowest recruitment of Hawaldar has a price to be paid. l Ministers have wide powers to influence bureaucrats to toe their line, including power to transfer. l Resulting in low morale of Bureaucrats l Eventually Both prefer to serve each others interest. Forum for Presidential Democracy

33 33 Afraid of Holding Enquiries ! Forum for Presidential Democracy Illustration : Vasant Halbe

34 34 A Farcial Exercise ! Forum for Presidential Democracy Illustration : Vasant Halbe

35 35 Help, The Party and Me ! Forum for Presidential Democracy Illustration : Vasant Halbe

36 36 I am more honest than you are. There are eight corruption charges against you and only six against me! Courtesy : R.K. Laxman Forum for Presidential Democracy

37 37 l Voting mainly on party lines l Application of mind – In-depth Analysis lacking l Legislations many a times based on vote-catching gimmicks rather than real welfare of the people l Legislators not bothered to apply their mind on legislations l Experts appointed on Committees whose reports never get due attention. Most of them gather dust or find a place in archives l Voting mainly on party lines l Application of mind – In-depth Analysis lacking l Legislations many a times based on vote-catching gimmicks rather than real welfare of the people l Legislators not bothered to apply their mind on legislations l Experts appointed on Committees whose reports never get due attention. Most of them gather dust or find a place in archives Legislative Matters Forum for Presidential Democracy

38 38 Issue of a Whip ! Forum for Presidential Democracy Illustration : Vasant Halbe

39 39 l Failed to produce leaders who could command confidence of the people Pre 1947 Period- Post 1947 Period Gandhiji, Nehru, Patel, Indira Gandhi, Advani, Jayprakash Narayan,Vajpayee, V.P. Singh, Acharya Kriplani, Rajajee,Manmohan Singh, Ambedkar, Shastri long list Dewe Gowda, Gujral None of them command respect or stature as earlier period leaders. l ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? l Failed to produce leaders who could command confidence of the people Pre 1947 Period- Post 1947 Period Gandhiji, Nehru, Patel, Indira Gandhi, Advani, Jayprakash Narayan,Vajpayee, V.P. Singh, Acharya Kriplani, Rajajee,Manmohan Singh, Ambedkar, Shastri long list Dewe Gowda, Gujral None of them command respect or stature as earlier period leaders. l ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? Lack of Promotion of Leadership Qualities Forum for Presidential Democracy

40 40 l Dubious means of collection of funds by political parties. l Part siphoned off for personal gains. l Favors granted as a Bargain. l Not mandatory to account for origin of funds and spending l Party Elections – not mandatory l Autocratic and Arbitrary appointment of Office bearers, Executive Committee Members etc. l Dubious means of collection of funds by political parties. l Part siphoned off for personal gains. l Favors granted as a Bargain. l Not mandatory to account for origin of funds and spending l Party Elections – not mandatory l Autocratic and Arbitrary appointment of Office bearers, Executive Committee Members etc. No Accountability by Political Parties Forum for Presidential Democracy

41 41 Election Campaign Funding l Bribing of voter increased in 5 years from Rs.100 per vote to Rs.1000 per vote ( ) l 2009 election total spending (unaccounted black money) by major political parties for Lok Sabha / State Assembly Elections (estimated to be Rs – Rs crores) l Politicians have now become smart venture capitalists. l Expected return 10-fold in corruption l (Rs.2,50,000 – Rs.50,00,000 crores) l All parties competing with each other l Cost of local elections not considered l Bribing of voter increased in 5 years from Rs.100 per vote to Rs.1000 per vote ( ) l 2009 election total spending (unaccounted black money) by major political parties for Lok Sabha / State Assembly Elections (estimated to be Rs – Rs crores) l Politicians have now become smart venture capitalists. l Expected return 10-fold in corruption l (Rs.2,50,000 – Rs.50,00,000 crores) l All parties competing with each other l Cost of local elections not considered Forum for Presidential Democracy

42 Grabbing the Chance for a Free Foreign Trip ! Forum for Presidential Democracy Illustration : Vasant Halbe

43 43 Mayor – Our City Level Leader Mere Show Piece ! Forum for Presidential Democracy Illustration : Vasant Halbe

44 44 Selection of Candidates l Merit secondary criteria Criteria l Loyalty to Party bosses l Bosses themselves keen to promote their own candidates l Candidates ability to raise resources at any cost - an important factor l Any sort of criminal record acceptable l Electorate has no say Consequences l Parties split l Candidates join other parties l Stand as independents l If elected they are Chief pawns in the game of defections l Criminals get free hand on being elected Selection of Candidates l Merit secondary criteria Criteria l Loyalty to Party bosses l Bosses themselves keen to promote their own candidates l Candidates ability to raise resources at any cost - an important factor l Any sort of criminal record acceptable l Electorate has no say Consequences l Parties split l Candidates join other parties l Stand as independents l If elected they are Chief pawns in the game of defections l Criminals get free hand on being elected Forum for Presidential Democracy

45 45 No Ticket – No Cap ! Forum for Presidential Democracy Illustration : Vasant Halbe

46 Preference for their close relations including sons / daughters / wives etc. of prominent politicians to get nominations from the Party Indira Gandhi / Sonia Gandhi (Sanjay Gandhi / Rajiv Gandhi / Rahul Gandhi) Rajesh Pilot (Sachin Pilot) Sharad Pawar (Ajit Pawar / Supriya Sule) Laloo Prasad Yadav (Rabridevi Yadav) Shaikh Abdulla (Farooq Abdulla / Omer Abdulla) Murali Deora (Milind Deora) Karunanidhi (Azhagiri / Stalin / Karimozhi) Charan Singh (Ajit Singh) ………. the list is pretty long. All have promoted their kiths & kins. Preference for their close relations including sons / daughters / wives etc. of prominent politicians to get nominations from the Party Indira Gandhi / Sonia Gandhi (Sanjay Gandhi / Rajiv Gandhi / Rahul Gandhi) Rajesh Pilot (Sachin Pilot) Sharad Pawar (Ajit Pawar / Supriya Sule) Laloo Prasad Yadav (Rabridevi Yadav) Shaikh Abdulla (Farooq Abdulla / Omer Abdulla) Murali Deora (Milind Deora) Karunanidhi (Azhagiri / Stalin / Karimozhi) Charan Singh (Ajit Singh) ………. the list is pretty long. All have promoted their kiths & kins. 46 Forum for Presidential Democracy

47 47 l Very little enthusiasm to vote l Image of all political parties – same l Honesty – Integrity etc. at very low level l First few years after Independence Choice between Good Not so good Later Period Bad – worse SubsequentlyWorse – worst NowHardly any choice l Very little enthusiasm to vote l Image of all political parties – same l Honesty – Integrity etc. at very low level l First few years after Independence Choice between Good Not so good Later Period Bad – worse SubsequentlyWorse – worst NowHardly any choice Point of no return ? Forum for Presidential Democracy

48 48 Same Contents Under Different Names ! Forum for Presidential Democracy Illustration : Vasant Halbe


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