Honeywell.com Four types of humidity sensors –Capacitive: The best RH sensor; low cost –Resistive: Lowest cost; declining market share –Tin oxide: Poor interchangeability and stability –Aluminum oxide: Used in ultra-low RH conditions Honeywells HIH-Series use capacitive RH sensing plus circuitry –Thermoset polymer capacitor is more rugged –Laser trimming provides enhanced interchangeability –Relative Humidity Integrated Chip (RHIC) provides on-chip signal conditioning with the capacitor Relative Humidity Sensor Technology Comparison Thermoset polymer capacitor solution uses capacitive relative humidity sensing and circuitry to provide the best humidity range and lowest cost implementation.
Honeywell.com Honeywells HIH Series Humidity Sensors HIH Series of relative humidity sensing products are solid-state devices designed to offer a pre-packaged, small and highly accurate method of detecting the percentage of relative humidity. How the Complimentary Metal Oxide Semiconductor (CMOS)- based RH sensor works: –As the bottom thermoset polymer layer absorbs water, the dielectric of the capacitor and the observed capacitance increases. –The upper thermoset polymer layer provides additional physical protection. –Thermoset polymers provide much better environmental resistance than typical thermoplastic polymers.
Honeywell.com Honeywells HIH Series Portfolio Wide relative humidity sensing range Enhanced accuracy Enhanced response time Excellent, laser-trimmed 5% interchangeability Ratiometric, near-linear analog voltage output vs. %RH Chemically resistant Stable, low-drift performance Low current draw (typical 200 µA) Operating temperature range: -40 °C to 85 °C Supply voltage required: 4 Vdc to 5.8 Vdc RoHs compliant
Honeywell.com Relative Humidity Sensor Potential Applications HVAC –Humidistats –Commercial and residential building controls –Humidifiers –Dehumidifiers –Enthalpy sensors –Fan systems Additional applications –Transport and stationary container refrigeration systems –Medical respiratory and incubator equipment –Weather stations/radiosondes –Telecommunications cabinets –Office automation –Drying equipment –Air compressors –Processing/packaging equipment
Honeywell.com HIH-4000 Series Humidity Sensors SIP packages with 0.1 and 0.05 inch lead spacing Uncovered Lowest cost solution for CMOS type Mounts directly into PCBs 5% interchangeability (0% RH to 59% RH) Optional calibration data available Effective August 4, 2008, the HIH-4000 will adopt the same lead frame as that used on the HIH-4010 series
Honeywell.com HIH-4602-A/C Series Temperature/Humidity Sensors TO-5 can package Hydrophobic sintered stainless steel filter provides enhanced sensor protection On-board temperature sensor for direct temperature output A version features a 100 kOhm thermistor C version features 1k ohm platinum RTD 5% interchangeability (0 to 59% RH) Includes calibration data Often ideal for dew point and absolute humidity/moisture measurements 60µ pore hydrophobic sintered SST filter
Honeywell.com HIH-4602-L Harsh Environment Sensor TO-39 can package Slotted cap enables fast response while maintaining the robustness of an enclosed component On-board RTD temperature sensor for direct temperature output 5% interchangeability (between 0 to 59%RH) Calibration data available with HIH-4602-L-CP
Honeywell.com HIH-4010/4020/4021 Series Humidity Sensors HIH-4010: uncovered, SIP with 0.05 or 0.1 inch leads HIH-4020: covered with 0.05 or 0.1 inch leads HIH-4021: covered, condensation-resistant with 0.05 or 0.1 inch leads 5% interchangeability (0 to 59% RH) Optional calibration data available Smaller plastic package as compared to HIH-4000 Faster response time (5 sec) as compared to HIH-4000 (15 sec) Effective August 4, 2008, HIH-4000 will adopt same lead frame as that used on HIH-4010 Series HIH-4010HIH-4020 HIH-4021
Honeywell.com HIH-4030/4031 Series Humidity Sensors HIH-4030: uncovered, surface mount (SMD) HIH-4031: covered, surface mount (SMD) Supplied in 1000 piece, tape and reel packaging (often ideal for high volume applications) SMD packaging on tape and reel allows for use in high volume, automated pick and place manufacturing, eliminating lead misalignment to printed circuit board through-hole and lowers OEM manufacturing process cost 5% interchangeability (0 to 59% RH) Optional calibration data available Sample packs available for stocking: HIH S, -003S, HIH S, -003S
Honeywell.com HCH-1000 Series Humidity Sensors HCH : uncased, capacitive-output with 0.1 inch lead pitch HCH : cased, capacitive-output with 0.1 inch lead pitch (for dust protection/handling during OEM assembly) Capacitive polymer sensor consists of a grid top electrode, a polyimide layer, and a bottom electrode (grid top electrode on the bottom provides enhanced sensitivity) No active signal conditioning on board = capacitance type (pF) output 2% hysteresis/linearity, typical Operating temperature range: -40 °C to 120 °C Often ideal for high-volume, cost-sensitive applications where capacitance output is acceptable (i.e., $2 target price) RoHs compliant HCH HCH
Honeywell.com Ratiometric Output The output voltage is proportional to the supply voltage in a set ratio For example, the device output at 5 Vdc supply will typically be 0.8 Vdc to 3.9 Vdc
Honeywell.com Typical Sensor Output
Honeywell.com Interchangeability What does Interchangeability = ±5% at 0% RH mean? Defines the range of voltages for any population of sensors at this RH point. –This is compared to the baseline output for the RHIC chip, which is 0.8 V to 3.9 V (0 to 100% RH) with a supply voltage of 5 Vdc. If you take the typical slope*, V/%RH times ±5%RH you get ±0.155 V. This means that the output voltage for this device is 0.8 V ±0.155 V or a range of V to V. When exposed to an RH of 0%, the output of the entire population of sensors will fall within this range. The interchangeability increases with increasing RH since the RHIC die is actively trimmed only at 0% RH. Trimming at other RH values is impractical. *Typical slope = (3.9V - 0.8V)/100% RH = 0.031V/%RH
Honeywell.com Interchangeability and Accuracy 0%RH Interchangeability at 0% RH –Interchangeability lets you lower design costs by avoiding calibrating your system to each individual sensor. –The RHIC sensor keeps its interchangeability and accuracy advantages at higher humidity. Accuracy at 0% RH –Accuracy = Interchangeability ±5% when you dont calibrate your system to each sensor.
Honeywell.com Temperature Effects
Honeywell.com Humidity Application Questions What is the operating temperature range? What is the storage temperature range? What is the operating humidity range? What accuracy is needed from the sensor? Is there a required output from the sensor other than voltage? Is there a preference with SIP or surface mount (SMD)? Will there be condensation in the application? –(Preface condensation questions that the device is specified for non- condensing environments today.) –How many condensation cycles? –Does the sensor need to function while in a condensing environment? Timing of the project? What is the price target? What is the volume and ramp up scenario? Who is the competitor and do we know their part number?
Honeywell.com Humidity Sensors Contact Information Product Manager – Valerie Rothermel-Nelson Application Engineer – Bob Ward Thermal applications (Europe) – Alex Geddes Thermal applications (Asia-Pacific) David Rong General technical support and product cross reference –