2Objective Questions Who Governs? To What Ends? Did the founders expect the presidency to be the most important political institution?How important is the president’s character in determining how he governs?Should we abolish the electoral college?Is it harder to govern when the presidency and the Congress are controlled by different political parties?
3Intent of the Presidency Imperial PresidencyHelpless GiantUnique to USPrime MinisterOutsidersSeparate CabinetsDivided governmentRival branchesOften no majority in CongressGridlock?Unified government myth
4Creation of the Institution Framers feared anarchy and monarchy equallyPlural executiveElective monarchyTrusted/needed WashingtonTop concernsUse militia to overpower statesBecome a tool of the SenateElections and termsELECTORAL COLLEGE
5Early PresidentsWashington – legitimacy, factions, bureaucracy, foreign relationsJackson – popular, growing union, challenge CongressAntebellum – weakened executiveLincoln – broad use of powerReconstruction – opposition to CongressFDR – New Deal, legislative program, large staff, media