Presentation on theme: "The Presidency Wilson 14A. Who Governs?To What Ends? Objective Questions Did the founders expect the presidency to be the most important political institution?"— Presentation transcript:
Who Governs?To What Ends? Objective Questions Did the founders expect the presidency to be the most important political institution? How important is the presidents character in determining how he governs? Should we abolish the electoral college? Is it harder to govern when the presidency and the Congress are controlled by different political parties?
Imperial PresidencyHelpless Giant Intent of the Presidency Unique to US Prime Minister Outsiders Separate Cabinets Divided government Rival branches Often no majority in Congress Gridlock? Unified government myth
Creation of the Institution Framers feared anarchy and monarchy equally Plural executive Elective monarchy Trusted/needed Washington Top concerns Use militia to overpower states Become a tool of the Senate Elections and terms ELECTORAL COLLEGE
Early Presidents Washington – legitimacy, factions, bureaucracy, foreign relations Washington Jackson – popular, growing union, challenge Congress Jackson Antebellum – weakened executive Lincoln – broad use of power Lincoln Reconstruction – opposition to Congress FDR – New Deal, legislative program, large staff, media FDR