Presentation on theme: "The Election of 1968 LBJ announces he will not seek reelection for president Democratic candidates 1. Hubert Humphrey 2. Eugene McCarthy 3. Robert Kennedy."— Presentation transcript:
Silent Majority Middle America who disapproved of the anti-war protestors and supported the Vietnam War This group would become what was known as the New Right who would be largely responsible for the conservative movement in the 1980s
Peace with Honor Pledged to pull troops out of war 1969: 540,000 troops 1972: 24,000 troops Vietnamization: Turning over more of the fighting in Vietnam to the South Vietnamese while gradually bringing troops home
Laos and Cambodia Nixon secretly ordered bombing campaigns and sent troops into both of these countries in 1969 and 1970 I want the North Vietnamese to believe that Ive reached the point where I might do anything to stop the war
Credibility Gap Widens America learns of My Lai Massacre in 1969 1971 the Pentagon Papers were leaked to the New York Times Secret government documents about the war which proved government was misleading Americans about the war
Watergate Scandal Jun 17, 1972 Five men broke into offices of the Democratic National Committee at the Watergate Hotel Office Complex in D.C. Installing or repairing advanced eavesdropping equipment and had cameras taking photographs of contents of filing cabinets
Committee to Re-elect the President (CREEP) Pulled off many Dirty Tricks for Nixon while in office Wire-Tap Devices in the Oval Office recorded every conversation Ever since the Pentagon Papers were leaked, Nixon put into place the Plumbers to plug these leaks
The Washington Post Bob Woodward & Carl Bernstein were the investigative reporters in charge of investigating Watergate Deep Throat (Mark Felt) Secret informant who provided the journalists with info. that Nixon was directly involved Why was Nixon involved???
Always give your best, never get discouraged, never get petty; always remember, others may hate you, but those who hate you dont win unless you hate them, and then you destroy yourself. -Richard Nixon August 8, 1974
The War Ends 1973: Paris Peace Accords Removal of all U.S. troops and military advisers but allowed North to remain in place
Both sides agreed to return P.O.W.s including over 600 Americans North and South would remain split and this meant that U.S. could withdraw keeping its promise of not allowing Communism to spread – aka the Domino Theory
South Vietnam Falls 1975 North Vietnam launched New offensive in the South Achieved victory in just 5 months May 1, 1975, Saigon became Ho Chi Minh City Last workers at embassy are pulled out in 1975
Vietnam by the Numbers 185,000 South Vietnamese soldiers and 450,000 civilians died 58,000 Americans dead, 300,000 wounded, and 2,500 missing Over 1,000,000 NVA and Vietcong were dead 1,500,000 refugees fled after Saigon was captured
Effects on Veterans Large number paralyzed & disabled returned home because of advanced medical conditions Lieutenant Dan from Forest Gump Veterans were targets of anger or shame, verbal abuse, and even of people spitting on them Also, they suffered from Post- Traumatic Stress Disorder
Political Impact More than $150 Billion spent on the Vietnam War Wars Powers Act 1973: Sets a 60-day limit on the presidential commitment of U.S. troops to foreign conflicts without specific Congressional authorization or declaration of war Distrust of Government
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