Presentation on theme: "Magnetic Circus for 2 nd grade 6 Demonstrations for 2 nd Grade Students Find the pole Levitating magnets Magnetic maze Fishing with magnets Floating Magnet."— Presentation transcript:
Magnetic Circus for 2 nd grade 6 Demonstrations for 2 nd Grade Students Find the pole Levitating magnets Magnetic maze Fishing with magnets Floating Magnet Mystery Magnetic Motion Boat
Activity Guide Challenge: look at the Challenge. Discuss what it means to create a toy that moves without electricity or batteries. (5- 10 minutes) Generate Ideas and Multiple Perspectives ( instructor choice ) Research and Revise (and Test Your Mettle) – Activity 1: demonstrate all 6 of the magnetic circus stations OR divide your students into 6 groups and let them rotate to each station while they complete the activities. Strongly suggest that you have assistants for each station. (24-30 minutes – about 4-5 minutes per station – Activity 2: go over the discussion questions. (5-10 minutes) Go Public: revisit the challenge (10 – 15 minutes, or instructor decides timing) to allow discussion and building opportunities.
Teacher Tips This activity is meant to be set up as 6 separate stations. – The teacher can present each station as a demonstration with the class traveling to each station as it is presented. – The teacher can also divide the class into 6 groups and allow the groups to participate in 6 hands-on activities; strongly suggested that helpers (older students, or parents, or volunteers) one per station is on hand and can explain the demonstration. It is helpful to practice with the magnets before presenting the demonstrations. – Finding the poles can be tricky and requires holding the magnet with the known poles at an angle to the unknown magnet. – The Floating Magnet Mystery requires patience, but truly looks like a mystery. You will need to fill the pitcher for the Magnetic Motion Boat with 2 liters of water before the activities begin.
Teacher Prep Obtain materials - in 2 nd grade cabinets – see next page. Prepare demonstrations - one each at 6 tables: – Find the pole – Levitating magnets – Magnetic maze – Fishing with magnets – Floating Magnet Magic – Magnetic Motion Boat Give each student a copy of Magnet Worksheet and a pencil Note that answers to the problems or further notes are found in the notes section found in presentation mode of this PowerPoint.
Materials for all demonstrations These are stored in bins in drawers. Image of all materials on next page 24 copies Magnets Worksheet stored in lower left filing drawer in mechanical room 24 pencils Finding the poles: 1 magnet with north and south marked 1 bar magnet 1 ring magnet 1 disc magnet Levitating magnets: 4 ring magnets with green dots 1 piece of ½-inch PVC 1 2-inch ball of clay Magnetic Maze: 1 maze laminated to cardstock 1 bar magnet 1 small piece of metal Magnetic Fishing: Fishing pole – pencil with a ring magnet tied one end Plastic container filled with: – Plastic balls – Pennies – Pieces of aluminum foil – Paper clips – Washers – Nuts – Pieces of cardboard – Marbles Floating Magnet Mystery 1 paper clip attached to 12-inch piece of nylon thread 1 bar magnet (the unmarked black magnets work great) Magnetic Motion Boat: 1 12-inch plastic bowl 1 sheet foam core with 8 sheet rock anchors in a circle 8 ring magnets with red dots 1 ping pong ball with disc magnet glued on bottom 1 plastic jug with 2 liters of water in it
Image of all materials
Location of All Materials Drawer 1a1 contents: Ring magnets marked with red dots and green dots Ring magnet - unmarked Bar magnets, ceramic, unmarked Fishing pole – pencil with ring magnet attached with string Box of 2 bar magnets, marked with North and South poles Paper clip with thread attached Ping pong ball with ring magnet glued on bottom Mechanical pencils Ball of modeling clay Drawer 1a3 contents: Pitcher to carry water Box of magnetic and non-magnetic objects Drawer 1a4 contents: Laminated maze 12-inch shallow white plastic dish Foam core with 8 sheet-rock anchors attached Magnet Worksheet: Stored in file cabinet in equipment room lower left as you walk in the door 1a1 1a3 1a4
Challenge The circus is in town. They need toys that do not use electricity or batteries. They asked your class to make toys for them. Use magnets to make a toy that moves without using electricity or batteries.
Guiding Question What is a magnet and what does it do? – What are poles in a magnet? – What does repel mean? – What does attract mean? – What is a magnet field?
Activity 1 – Rotate to the stations of the magnetic circus (24-30 minutes) Finding the poles Levitating Magnets Magnetic Maze Magnetic Fishing Floating Magnet Mystery Magnetic Motion Boat
Finding the poles Materials 1 magnet with north and south marked 1 bar magnet 1 disc magnet 1 ring magnet
Test disc magnet Lay the disc magnet down flat on the table. Holding the labeled magnet at a slight angle to the table, push the North end toward the top side of the disc magnet. What happened? Again holding the labeled magnet at a slight angle to the table, push the South end toward the top side of the disc magnet. What happened? Label the location of the disc magnet poles on your worksheet – question 1.
Test ring magnet Lay the ring magnet down on the table. Holding the labeled magnet at a slight angle to the table, push the South end toward the top side of the ring magnet. What happened? Holding the labeled magnet at a slight angle to the table, push the North end toward the top side of the ring magnet. What happened? Label the location of the ring magnet poles on your worksheet – question 1.
Test the bar magnet Lay the bar magnet down on its widest side. Holding the labeled magnet at a slight angle to the table, push the South toward the top side of the bar magnet. What happened? Holding the labeled magnet at a slight angle to the table, push the North toward the same top side of the bar magnet. What happened? Label the location of the bar magnet poles on your worksheet – question 1.
Levitating Magnets Materials 4 ring magnets with green dots on one side 3/4-inch diameter piece of PVC pipe, the post 1, 2-inch ball of clay
Set Up Stick ball of clay to table. Stick PVC in clay perpendicular to the table.
Add magnets to post Place magnets on post by sliding magnets over the post. Start sticker side up. Make sure that the magnets are placed sticker side to sticker side; plain side to plain side. – All the same poles are marked with stickers. What makes the magnets levitate? What are these forces called?
Discuss what happened? And why? What happened with the ring magnets when you pushed North poles against North poles? What is this force called? So if you put a ring magnet with its North pole facing the North pole of another ring magnet, what will happen? If these magnets are forced to stay on top of one another, what do they do? Answer question 2 on your worksheet.
Magnetic Maze Materials 1 maze laminated to cardstock 1 bar magnet – the black bar magnets work well 1 small piece of metal
Hold the maze so that it faces students
Hold the metal at the start line in front of the maze.
Place magnet in back of maze near the start line so that it holds the metal in place.
Manipulate magnet so that metal travels through maze.
How does this work? Is it magic? What kept the metal piece on the maze? – Answer the question 3 on your worksheet. Would this have worked with a plastic piece?
Fishing with magnets Materials Fishing pole – pencil with ring magnet tied to one end Plastic container filled with: – Plastic balls – Pennies – Pieces of aluminum foil – Paper clips – Washers – Nuts – Pieces of cardboard – marbles
Open the plastic container with magnetic and non-magnetic items inside.
Use fishing pole to fish in the container. Discuss what the magnet caught, what it could not catch, and why. What is an easy way to see if an object contains metal/iron? Answer question 4 on your worksheet. If the aluminum got caught by the fishing pole, what really was holding it in place? Is a magnet attracted to aluminum?
Floating Magnet Mystery Materials 1 paper clip tied to a 12-inch piece of nylon thread 1 ceramic bar magnet
Wrap loose end of thread around your finger leaving about 6-inches of thread between you and the paper clip.
- Float the magnet over the paper clip until it is attracted to the magnet, but not attached to it. - Force the paper clip to float in space.
How did this work? What forces kept the paper clip in the air? Answer question 5 on your worksheet.
Magnetic Motion Boat Materials 1 12-inch plastic bowl 1 sheet foam core with 8 sheet rock anchors in a circle 8 ring magnets with red stickers on one side 1 ping pong ball boat with disc magnet glued on bottom 1 plastic jug filled with 2 liters of water.
Set up magnetic pool Place ring magnets on sheet rock anchors so that all the stickers are facing down. Place bowl in center and ½ fill with water.
Place ping pong ball in center of water with magnet side down
Flip one magnet over What happens? Why?
Flip the same magnet back over What happens? Why?
Try different configurations of magnets See if you can make the ball move from one side of the bowl all the way to the other side.
What made the ball move in the water? Did anyone touch the ball to make it move? What do you call forces that made the ball move? Answer question 6 on your worksheet
Activity 2 - Discussion If you had several objects and you wanted to find out if they were magnetic, what would you do to test this? If you had a magnet with North and South Poles marked and several unmarked magnets that the teacher asked you to label with North and South poles, how could you do this?
Go Public – Revisit Challenge Challenge: The circus is in town. They need toys that do not use electricity or batteries. They asked your class to make toys for them. Use magnets to make a toy that moves without using electricity or batteries.
Vocabulary Magnet – an object that attracts certain materials, such as metal or iron. Repel – to push away Attract – to pull toward Magnetic field – the area around a magnet where the force of the magnet can attract or repel another magnet or a piece of steel/iron. Pole (on a magnet) – the place on a magnet where the forces are concentrated – the strongest part of the magnet.