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Executive Office of the President and the Cabinet Section 1 Chapter 8.

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Presentation on theme: "Executive Office of the President and the Cabinet Section 1 Chapter 8."— Presentation transcript:

1 Executive Office of the President and the Cabinet Section 1 Chapter 8

2 Focus Questions How is the Executive Office of the President organized? What is the role of the vice president How does the cabinet help carry out the work of the executive branch?

3 Executive Office of the President The Executive Office of the President is made up of the White House staff, the National Security Council, the Office of Management and Budget, the Council of economic Advisers, and the National Economic Council The vice president has also taken a key role in helping the executive carry out work

4 Executive Office of the President White House Staff Not until the Civil War did Congress appropriate funds for the president to hire White House personal staff This staff now is the presidents personal staff and close advisers The White House chief of staff manages all White House staff and controls access to the president

5 Executive Office of the President White House Staff The people under the chief of staff are separated into area– national security issues, domestic policy, speechwriting, relations with Congress, press secretary President Harding hired the first speech writer and that signaled the end of presidents writing their own speeches

6 Executive Office of the President White House Staff The scheduling and Advance Office plans presidential trips, which includes exact timings of arrivals, setting up motor cades, and even television cameras at the engagements

7 Executive Office of the President National Security Council The National Security Council was set up in 1947 (help coordinate departments that deal with national security) The CIA and departments of defense had not worked much together and this would help The National Security Advisor (appointed by the President) heads the NSC The NSC is now part of the presidents staff

8 Executive Office of the President Office of Management and Budget The Office of Management and Budget is key tool for influencing agencies (budget requests come through this agency) The OMB can withhold money from a program the president feels in ineffective

9 Executive Office of the President Council of Economic Advisors Council of Economic Advisors is set up to give expert economic advice to the president They work with several other White House staff in advising the president

10 Executive Office of the President National Economic Council Bill Clinton formed this council in 1993 Their main goal is to coordinate economic policy in the same way the National Security Council advises on foreign policy The Council monitors and advises the president on trade and industrial technology

11 Executive Office of the President The Vice President The Constitution states that the vice president presides over senate and is first in line for succession to the president In the past vice presidents did not have many other duties Recently presidents have given their vice presidents an active role in and responsibility for specific policy

12 The Cabinet In addition to the Executive Office of the President, there are 15 cabinet departments The heads of these departments are called secretaries The Attorney General is an exception to that rule as he is the head of the Department of Justice Cabinet departments are divided into units that perform the actual work of the government Before the growth of the Executive Office of the President– the Cabinet was the presidents main advisory body

13 The Cabinet Cabinets role is much less significant now The attorney general and the secretaries of defense, state, and treasury are still frequently consulted

14 The Cabinet Why do presidents rely so little on cabinets advise today? Presidents rely more on White House staff advice Cabinet meetings are impractical and time consuming Cabinet departments tend to be territorial (cabinet secretaries may offer advise that is beneficial to their specific areas of concern)

15 Focus Questions How is the Executive Office of the President organized? What is the role of the vice president How does the cabinet help carry out the work of the executive branch?


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