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FPGA-Based Arcade Emulation Danny Funk, Cory Mohling, Tony Milosch, David Gartner, John Alexander Advisor: Philip Jones Client: Joseph Zambreno.

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Presentation on theme: "FPGA-Based Arcade Emulation Danny Funk, Cory Mohling, Tony Milosch, David Gartner, John Alexander Advisor: Philip Jones Client: Joseph Zambreno."— Presentation transcript:

1 FPGA-Based Arcade Emulation Danny Funk, Cory Mohling, Tony Milosch, David Gartner, John Alexander Advisor: Philip Jones Client: Joseph Zambreno

2 Overview Project Plan and Design Design Challenges 2 nd Semester Implementation Final Results

3 Project Objective Goals o Showcase the capabilities of reconfigurable computing platforms o Have a system that can be used for demonstrations Problem o Demonstrating reconfigurable computing to non-technical users o Demonstrate capabilities in captivating way

4 Conceptual Solution FPGA Capabilities o Continue 09/10 Senior Design teams NES Emulation through FPGA o Entire NES and game selection contained on single FPGA board Presentations o Have wide selection of playable games o Create arcade machine that can be put on display

5 Concept Diagram Controls (I/O) Boot loader Compact Flash Card

6 Functional Requirements Emulator must support the instruction set used by the original NES System All NES-specific emulation must be performed entirely in hardware Physical interface shall support 2-player arcade style controls

7 Functional Requirements Graphical interface must allow for selection of all available games on compact flash card Boot loader must read ROM files and initialize emulator memories Cabinet must support 100 lb monitor, and run on standard 120 VAC power

8 Non-Functional Requirements All emulator components shall be implemented as individual modules Cabinet shall be safe for all age groups Users interaction with boot loader shall be understandable without additional help Cabinet shall be a vintage style arcade cabinet to house the system Cabinet shall be durable to withstand demonstrations

9 Considerations Constraints o System has to be designed around NES ROM files and NES instruction set o Only a limited amount of logic on FPGA board o Cabinet should be able to be moved from building to building on campus Technology o Using new monitor technology with old NES o Interfacing with arcade controls

10 Market Survey Another project currently exists (Veri NES). The source is not available. Various software emulators are available and will help with understanding the NES. Researched how similar arcade cabinets have been built. Took measurements of button layouts from original arcade cabinets.

11 Risks and Mitigations Unfamiliarity with FPGA coding and NES Architecture o Research with assistance of advisor Audio may require CPU to be rewritten o Start early on Audio Unforeseen extra design required o Start Early on FPGA work Little experience with woodworking o Seek outside advice and make detailed blueprints

12 Schedule Split team into 3 groups o Emulator, Boot Loader, and Cabinet

13 System Decomposition FPGA o CPU o PPU o Video output o Controller Input o Boot loader o Audio Cabinet o Physical Controls Joystick Buttons o Monitor

14 System Design- Controls Develop an arcade style interface for the NES emulator Create wire riggings for all the joysticks and buttons Each button is mapped directly to the controller status register

15 System Design-Boot Loader Develop boot loader using Microblaze Processor provided in Xilinx tools Present user with easy to use game selection screen Read NES Rom files from Compact Flash Parse NES Rom file and load contents into appropriate system memory for the FPGA Reset back to boot loader screen when reset is pressed

16 System Design

17 System Design- Cabinet Use Solid Works to design detailed cabinet drawings Used feedback from client Purchase custom marquees Build out of ¾ plywood Detachable Control Box Hidden screw and nail holes Hinged control box for easy viewing of FPGA

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19 System Design- Audio Write audio module that generates audio Connect audio module to CPU Map all audio related instructions from the CPU to the module Connect audio module to AC97 to produce sound output

20 System Design PPU o Map CPU memory to PPU registers to allow for game scrolling o Implement Memory mappers to allow for more games to be played o PPU is implemented using a 14 stage finite state machine to render each pixel o Each pixel is stored in a buffer that is then sent to the VGA output

21 Emulator Implementation Improved functionality of past groups design Tweaked PPU and CPU clocks to more closely match the original NES Cleaned up existing code to make it more understandable for future projects

22 Emulator Testing Tested modified pieces of emulator separately Ran tests found from NES development community in ModelSim that tested the entire system completely When tests passed in ModelSim, implementation was tested for robustness on the hardware CPU Timing Failure Sprite Test Failure

23 Emulator Design Revision True NES hardware emulation required more resources then initially predicted Adopted strategy of software emulation New design still met original goals of the project Allows for over 120 games to work

24 Boot Loader Implementation C code written to run on PowerPC processor Initializes memories for screenshots, fonts, and music Program displays metadata from compact flash card Graphical interface allows user to select desired game from list Loads game data from ROM files into emulator memories

25 Boot Loader Testing Tested boot loader with debug statements sent through UART Debug statements used to verify values in memory, and functionality of software

26 Cabinet Construction ¾ cabinet grade plywood used for economical strength and durability Kreg Joints hide screws without compromising strength Used Jim Jensen as resource while building the cabinet

27 Cabinet Construction Control box is removable from main cabinet assembly for demonstrations on any VGA monitor Wheels attached for easy transportation Construction presented interesting engineering challenges

28 Final Costs ItemCost Wheels$40.00 Speakers$20.00 Screws$10.00 Plywood$90.00 Marquee$20.00 Marquee Light$20.00 T-Molding$10.00 Paint/Primer$50.00 Monitor$ Cabinet Total$ Labor – 1130hrs$22,600.00

29 Final Results

30 Moving Forward Lessons Learned o Take the time to learn the tools o Allow for ample time to acquire supplies o Don't set goals until you understand the full complexity of the project o Don't be worried about asking stupid questions o Have a base understanding before diving in Future of the project o Cabinet can be reused o Networked gaming o Advanced systems

31 Questions


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