Presentation on theme: "Chapter 13 Powers of the President Electing a President"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 13 Powers of the President Electing a President The Power of theAmerican PresidencyRoles of the PresidentPowers of the PresidentElecting a President
2Describe the following political cartoon. Jumpstart AssignmentDescribe the following political cartoon.
3Today’s Agenda Jumpstart Notes: Ch. 13, Sec. 1 and 2 Presidential Roles HatsThe Heartbeat Job
4Jumpstart AssignmentOf the 8 “roles” of the President of the United States, which one do you think President Bush was most successful at? Which one was he least successful at? The roles are listed on pages 354 and 355 of your textbook.
5Demographic Characteristics of U.S. Presidents 69% politicians62% lawyers>50% from the top 3% wealth and social class0.5% born into poverty69% elected from large states100% male100% Caucasian97% Protestant82% of British ancestry77% college educated
6Fortunate Son Recorded by Creedence Clearwater Revival (1969) Some folks are born made to wave the flag,Ooh, they’re red, white and blue.And when the band plays, “Hail to the Chief,”Ooh, they point the cannon at you, lord,It ain’t me, it ain’t me, I ain’t no senator’s son, son.It ain’t me, it ain’t me, I ain’t no fortunate one, no.Some folks are born silver spoon in hand,Lord, don’t they help themselves, oh.But when the taxman comes to the door,Lord, the house looks like a rummage sale, yes,It ain’t me, it ain’t me, I ain’t no millionaire’s son, son.It ain’t me, it ain’t me, I ain’t no fortunate one, no.
7Fortunate Son Recorded by Creedence Clearwater Revival (1969) It ain’t me, it ain’t me, I ain’t no military son, son.It ain’t me, it ain’t me, I ain’t no fortunate one, one.It ain’t me, it ain’t me, I ain’t no fortunate son, son.It ain’t me, it ain’t me, I ain’t no fortunate son, no, no, no.Some folks inherit star spangled eyes,Ooh, they send you down to war, lord,And when you ask them, “How much should we give?”Ooh, they only answer more! more! more! yo,
8Constitutional Qualifications Must be at least 35 years oldMust have lived in the United States for 14 yearsMust be a natural born citizen
9Presidential Benefits $400,000 tax-free salary$50,000/year expense account$100,000/year travel expensesThe White HouseSecret Service protectionCamp David country estateAir Force One personal airplaneStaff ofChristmas at the White House, 2004
11Head of StateThe President is chief of state. This means he is the ceremonial head of the government of the United States, the symbol of all the people of the nation.Queen Elizabeth and President Reagan, 1983President Kennedy speaks at Berlin Wall, 1963
12Chief ExecutiveThe Constitution vests the President with the executive power of the United States, making him or her the nation’s chief executive.President Clinton with Janet Reno, the first female Attorney General,February, 1993President Bush holds cabinet meetingin October, 2005
13Commander-in-ChiefThe Constitution makes the President the commander in chief, giving him or her complete control of the nation’s armed forces.President Johnson decorates a soldierin Vietnam, October, 1966President Bush aboard U.S.S. Lincoln, May, 2003
14Chief LegislatorThe President is the chief legislator, the main architect of the nation’s public policies.President Clinton delivers the State of the Union Address, 1997President Roosevelt signs into law the Social Security Act, 1935
15Political Party Leader The President acts as the chief of party, the acknowledged leader of the political party that controls the executive branch.President Reagan & Vice-President Bush accepting their party’s nomination in 1980
16Chief AdministratorThe President is the chief administrator, or director, of the United States government.President Bush at Ground Zero after 9-11Vice-President Johnson sworn in aboard Air Force Oneafter President Kennedy’s assassination, 1963
17Chief DiplomatAs the nation’s chief diplomat, the President is the main architect of American foreign policy and chief spokesperson to the rest of the world.President Lincoln during the Civil War, 1862President Roosevelt and the “Bully Pulpit,” 1910
18Chief CitizenThe President is expected to be “the representative of all the people.”
19Presidential Succession Presidential succession is the plan by which a presidential vacancy is filled.1) Vice President2) Speaker of the House3) President Pro Tempore
21Role of the Vice President ____ 1. The vice president is also the president of the Senate._____2. The vice president is also head of the judicial branch and presides over the Supreme Court.____ 3. The vice president and cabinet are part of the legislative branch.____ 4. The vice president is first in the line of succession to the presidency.____ 5. The Constitution notes only one official role for the vice president.____ 6. The qualifications for the vice presidency are not the same as those for the presidency.____ 7. The vice president administers the oath of office to the president.
22Jumpstart AssignmentDescribe the following political cartoon. How does it relate to the power of the President and Vice President?
25Formal Powers of the President Constitutional or expressed powers of the presidencyFound primarily in Article II of the Constitution (the Executive Article)
26Formal Powers: Commander-in-Chief Commander in Chief of the Army & NavyMaking undeclared warLimited by War Powers Act 1973President can commit troops for 90 days
27Formal Powers: Chief Executive “Faithfully execute” the lawsGrant pardons for federal offenses except for cases of impeachmentNominate judges of the Supreme Court and all other officers of the U.S. with consent of the SenateFill vacancies that may happen during recess of the Senate (recess appointments)
28Formal Powers: Foreign Affairs Appoint ambassadors, ministers and consulsMake treaties subject to Senate confirmationReceive ambassadorsDiplomatic Recognition – acknowledging the legal existence of a country/state
29Formal Powers: Chief Legislator Give State of the Union address to CongressRecommend “measures” to the CongressUpon “extraordinary occasions” convene both houses of Congress
30Formal Powers: Chief Legislator (cont.) Presidential VetoVeto Message within 10 days of passing the House of originPocket Veto - President does not sign within 10 daysCongress can override with 2/3 majority from both HousesVeto PoliticsCongressional override is difficult (only 4%)Threat of veto can cause Congress to make changes in legislation
32Informal PowersThose powers not explicitly written in the ConstitutionSimilar to “necessary and proper” powers of CongressIn the modern era (since 1933), the President’s informal powers may be significantly more powerful than his formal powers
34Executive OrdersOrders issued by the President that carry the force of lawClinton’s “Don’t ask don’t tell” gays in the military policyFDR’s internment of Japanese AmericansGWB trying suspected terrorists in military tribunalsNotice for Japanese “relocation,” 1942
36Executive AgreementsInternational agreements, usually related to trade, made by a president that has the force of a treaty; does NOT need Senate approvalJefferson’s purchase of Louisiana in 1803GWB announced cuts in the nuclear arsenal, but not in a treaty; usually trade agreements betweenUS and other nations
37Executive PrivilegeClaim by a president that he has the right to decide that the national interest will be better served if certain information is withheld from the public, including the Courts and CongressUnited States v. Nixon (1973) – presidents do NOT have unqualified executive privilege (Nixon Watergate tapes)
39Jumpstart AssignmentDescribe the following political cartoon.
40Today’s Plan Jumpstart Presidential Review Questions Notes: Presidential ElectionsJeopardy ReviewTest Next Class
41Electing a President Step 1: Primaries and Caucuses – determine who the Presidential candidates will be for each political partyCaucuses -
42Electing a President Step 2: Convention – political parties formally nominate candidates- Party platform is established – basic principles and beliefs of the party
43Electing a President Step 3: Electoral College – group of people from each state chosen to formally select the president and vice president
44Alternatives to Electoral College District Plan – each Congressional receives 1 electoral voteProportional Plan – candidates receive electoral votes in proportion to the percentage of popular vote receivedDirect Popular Election – based strictly on popular vote (would require a Constitutional Amendment)National Popular Vote – states agree to give all electoral votes to popular winner