Presentation on theme: "Chapter 13 Roles of the President Powers of the President Electing a President."— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 13 Roles of the President Powers of the President Electing a President
Jumpstart Assignment Describe the following political cartoon.
Todays Agenda JumpstartJumpstart Notes: Ch. 13, Sec. 1 and 2Notes: Ch. 13, Sec. 1 and 2 Presidential Roles HatsPresidential Roles Hats The Heartbeat JobThe Heartbeat Job
Jumpstart Assignment Of the 8 roles of the President of the United States, which one do you think President Bush was most successful at? Which one was he least successful at? The roles are listed on pages 354 and 355 of your textbook.Of the 8 roles of the President of the United States, which one do you think President Bush was most successful at? Which one was he least successful at? The roles are listed on pages 354 and 355 of your textbook.
Demographic Characteristics of U.S. Presidents 100% male 100% Caucasian 97% Protestant 82% of British ancestry 77% college educated 69% politicians 62% lawyers >50% from the top 3% wealth and social class 0.5% born into poverty 69% elected from large states
Fortunate Son Recorded by Creedence Clearwater Revival (1969) Some folks are born made to wave the flag, Ooh, theyre red, white and blue. And when the band plays, Hail to the Chief, Ooh, they point the cannon at you, lord, It aint me, it aint me, I aint no senators son, son. It aint me, it aint me, I aint no fortunate one, no. Some folks are born silver spoon in hand, Lord, dont they help themselves, oh. But when the taxman comes to the door, Lord, the house looks like a rummage sale, yes, It aint me, it aint me, I aint no millionaires son, son. It aint me, it aint me, I aint no fortunate one, no.
Fortunate Son Recorded by Creedence Clearwater Revival (1969) Some folks inherit star spangled eyes, Ooh, they send you down to war, lord, And when you ask them, How much should we give? Ooh, they only answer more! more! more! yo, It aint me, it aint me, I aint no military son, son. It aint me, it aint me, I aint no fortunate one, one. It aint me, it aint me, I aint no fortunate son, son. It aint me, it aint me, I aint no fortunate son, no, no, no.
Constitutional Qualifications Must be at least 35 years old Must have lived in the United States for 14 years Must be a natural born citizen
Presidential Benefits $400,000 tax-free salary $50,000/year expense account $100,000/year travel expenses The White House Secret Service protection Camp David country estate Air Force One personal airplane Staff of 400-500 Christmas at the White House, 2004
Head of State Queen Elizabeth and President Reagan, 1983 President Kennedy speaks at Berlin Wall, 1963 The President is chief of state. This means he is the ceremonial head of the government of the United States, the symbol of all the people of the nation.
Chief Executive President Bush holds cabinet meeting in October, 2005 President Clinton with Janet Reno, the first female Attorney General, February, 1993 The Constitution vests the President with the executive power of the United States, making him or her the nations chief executive.
Commander-in-Chief President Bush aboard U.S.S. Lincoln, May, 2003 President Johnson decorates a soldier in Vietnam, October, 1966 The Constitution makes the President the commander in chief, giving him or her complete control of the nations armed forces.
Chief Legislator President Clinton delivers the State of the Union Address, 1997 President Roosevelt signs into law the Social Security Act, 1935 The President is the chief legislator, the main architect of the nations public policies.
Political Party Leader President Reagan & Vice-President Bush accepting their partys nomination in 1980 The President acts as the chief of party, the acknowledged leader of the political party that controls the executive branch.
Chief Administrator Vice-President Johnson sworn in aboard Air Force One after President Kennedys assassination, 1963 President Bush at Ground Zero after 9-11 The President is the chief administrator, or director, of the United States government.
Chief Diplomat President Lincoln during the Civil War, 1862 President Roosevelt and the Bully Pulpit, 1910 As the nations chief diplomat, the President is the main architect of American foreign policy and chief spokesperson to the rest of the world.
Chief Citizen The President is expected to be the representative of all the people.
Presidential Succession Presidential succession is the plan by which a presidential vacancy is filled. 1) Vice President 2) Speaker of the House 3) President Pro Tempore
Role of the Vice President
____ 1. The vice president is also the president of the Senate. _____2. The vice president is also head of the judicial branch and presides over the Supreme Court. ____ 3. The vice president and cabinet are part of the legislative branch. ____ 4. The vice president is first in the line of succession to the presidency. ____ 5. The Constitution notes only one official role for the vice president. ____ 6. The qualifications for the vice presidency are not the same as those for the presidency. ____ 7. The vice president administers the oath of office to the president.
Jumpstart Assignment Describe the following political cartoon. How does it relate to the power of the President and Vice President?
Formal Powers of the President Constitutional or expressed powers of the presidency Constitutional or expressed powers of the presidency Found primarily in Article II of the Constitution (the Executive Article) Found primarily in Article II of the Constitution (the Executive Article)
Formal Powers: Commander-in-Chief Commander in Chief of the Army & Navy Commander in Chief of the Army & Navy Making undeclared war Making undeclared war Limited by War Powers Act 1973 Limited by War Powers Act 1973 President can commit troops for 90 days President can commit troops for 90 days
Formal Powers: Chief Executive Faithfully execute the laws Faithfully execute the laws Grant pardons for federal offenses except for cases of impeachment Grant pardons for federal offenses except for cases of impeachment Nominate judges of the Supreme Court and all other officers of the U.S. with consent of the Senate Nominate judges of the Supreme Court and all other officers of the U.S. with consent of the Senate Fill vacancies that may happen during recess of the Senate (recess appointments) Fill vacancies that may happen during recess of the Senate (recess appointments)
Formal Powers: Foreign Affairs Appoint ambassadors, ministers and consuls Appoint ambassadors, ministers and consuls Make treaties subject to Senate confirmation Make treaties subject to Senate confirmation Receive ambassadors Receive ambassadors Diplomatic Recognition – acknowledging the legal existence of a country/state Diplomatic Recognition – acknowledging the legal existence of a country/state
Formal Powers: Chief Legislator Give State of the Union address to Congress Give State of the Union address to Congress Recommend measures to the Congress Recommend measures to the Congress Upon extraordinary occasions convene both houses of Congress Upon extraordinary occasions convene both houses of Congress
Formal Powers: Chief Legislator (cont.) Presidential Veto Presidential Veto Veto Message within 10 days of passing the House of origin Veto Message within 10 days of passing the House of origin Pocket Veto - President does not sign within 10 days Pocket Veto - President does not sign within 10 days Congress can override with 2/3 majority from both Houses Congress can override with 2/3 majority from both Houses Veto Politics Veto Politics Congressional override is difficult (only 4%) Congressional override is difficult (only 4%) Threat of veto can cause Congress to make changes in legislation Threat of veto can cause Congress to make changes in legislation
Those powers not explicitly written in the Constitution Similar to necessary and proper powers of Congress In the modern era (since 1933), the Presidents informal powers may be significantly more powerful than his formal powers Informal Powers
Executive Orders Orders issued by the President that carry the force of law Clintons Dont ask dont tell gays in the military policy FDRs internment of Japanese Americans GWB trying suspected terrorists in military tribunals Notice for Japanese relocation, 1942
Executive Agreements International agreements, usually related to trade, made by a president that has the force of a treaty; does NOT need Senate approval Jeffersons purchase of Louisiana in 1803 GWB announced cuts in the nuclear arsenal, but not in a treaty; usually trade agreements between US and other nations
Executive Privilege Claim by a president that he has the right to decide that the national interest will be better served if certain information is withheld from the public, including the Courts and Congress United States v. Nixon (1973) – presidents do NOT have unqualified executive privilege (Nixon Watergate tapes)
Jumpstart Assignment Describe the following political cartoon.
Todays Plan Jumpstart Presidential Review Questions Notes: Presidential Elections Jeopardy Review Test Next Class
Electing a President Step 1: –Primaries and Caucuses – determine who the Presidential candidates will be for each political party Caucuses -
Electing a President Step 2: – Convention – political parties formally nominate candidates - Party platform is established – basic principles and beliefs of the party
Step 3: –Electoral College – group of people from each state chosen to formally select the president and vice president Electing a President
Alternatives to Electoral College District Plan – each Congressional receives 1 electoral vote Proportional Plan – candidates receive electoral votes in proportion to the percentage of popular vote received Direct Popular Election – based strictly on popular vote (would require a Constitutional Amendment) National Popular Vote – states agree to give all electoral votes to popular winner