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2005 Pan American Health Organization The Experience of Building Momentum in GHD on Chronic Disease Prevention and Control: From the Caribbean toward the.

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Presentation on theme: "2005 Pan American Health Organization The Experience of Building Momentum in GHD on Chronic Disease Prevention and Control: From the Caribbean toward the."— Presentation transcript:

1 2005 Pan American Health Organization The Experience of Building Momentum in GHD on Chronic Disease Prevention and Control: From the Caribbean toward the UN Summit 2011 C. James Hospedales, Senior Advisor & Coordinator, NCD Prevention & Control PAHO/WHO The Experience of Building Momentum in GHD on Chronic Disease Prevention and Control: From the Caribbean toward the UN Summit 2011 C. James Hospedales, Senior Advisor & Coordinator, NCD Prevention & Control PAHO/WHO

2 2005 Pan American Health Organization Overview Background CARICOM Summit on Chronic Disease Lessons learned in GHD Next Steps towards the UN Summit Background CARICOM Summit on Chronic Disease Lessons learned in GHD Next Steps towards the UN Summit

3 2005 Pan American Health Organization CARMEN Network 32 Members Members Argent, Anguilla, Ant&Barb, Aruba, Barbados, Bahamas, Brazil, Can, Colombia, Costa Rica, Cuba, Curacao, Chile, Dominica, Ecuador, El Salvador, Grenada, Guatemala, Guyana, Jamaica Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Puerto Rico, St Kitts & Nevis, St Lucia, Trin. & Tobago, Uruguay Prospective Members Honduras, Venezuela, Bolivia Special USA-Mexico (border) Caribbean CARMEN Collaborating members Collaborating members SLU,USF,NHLBI,CDC, PHAC AMNET, RAFA,ILSI,F&V CARMEN SCHOOL

4 2005 Pan American Health Organization English-Speaking Caribbean; 14 countries, 7.5million people

5 2005 Pan American Health Organization All is not well in Paradise

6 2005 Pan American Health Organization UN High Level Meeting /Summit on Chronic Diseases, September 2011 Many things have contributed: What was the role of the Caribbean in leading to this major opportunity for health?

7 2005 Pan American Health Organization What has led the UN General Assembly to convene the UN Summit in 2011? May 2000 World Health Assembly endorses the 'Global strategy on the prevention and control of NCDs September 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development (Joburg) adopts 'Plan for Implementation on NCDs May 2003 World Health Assembly endorses the 'WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control'. May 2004 World Health Assembly endorses the 'Global strategy on diet, physical activity and health'. December2006 UN General Assembly adopts resolution A/RES/61/225 (develop national policies for diabetes) September2007 Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Heads of Government adopt declaration on NCDs May 2008 WHA endorses WHO 'Action Plan for the Global Strategy for the Prevention and Control of NCDs'. April 2009 Summit of the Americas Conclusion includes Articles 28 and 29 on NCDs November 2009 Commonwealth Heads Government issued a statement to combat NCDs. January 2010 Drafting group led by the Caribbean Community convenes to develop a resolution on NCDs. May 2010 A/RES/64/265 adopted unanimously by the UN GA; co-sponsored by 78 countries, including Canada and USA May 2000 World Health Assembly endorses the 'Global strategy on the prevention and control of NCDs September 2002 World Summit on Sustainable Development (Joburg) adopts 'Plan for Implementation on NCDs May 2003 World Health Assembly endorses the 'WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control'. May 2004 World Health Assembly endorses the 'Global strategy on diet, physical activity and health'. December2006 UN General Assembly adopts resolution A/RES/61/225 (develop national policies for diabetes) September2007 Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Heads of Government adopt declaration on NCDs May 2008 WHA endorses WHO 'Action Plan for the Global Strategy for the Prevention and Control of NCDs'. April 2009 Summit of the Americas Conclusion includes Articles 28 and 29 on NCDs November 2009 Commonwealth Heads Government issued a statement to combat NCDs. January 2010 Drafting group led by the Caribbean Community convenes to develop a resolution on NCDs. May 2010 A/RES/64/265 adopted unanimously by the UN GA; co-sponsored by 78 countries, including Canada and USA

8 2005 Pan American Health Organization The CARICOM Heads Summit on NCDs, Sept 15, 2007, Trinidad & Tobago We, the Heads of State of the Caribbean Community…. 15-point Port of Spain Declaration; multi-sectoral Tobacco – Ratify and implement the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control: taxation, packaging, earmark some revenue for health promotion & disease prevention, ban smoking in public places Healthy Diet - Trade policies on food imports, agriculture policies, Healthy school meals, Food labeling, reduce or eliminate trans fats Physical activity-physical education in schools; physical activity in work places; improve public facilities for physical activity Health services - screening and management of NCDs to achieve 80% coverage by 2012; primary and secondary prevention, comprehensive health education Monitoring - Surveillance of risk factors; monitoring of the actions agreed upon in Declaration (CARICOM Secretariat, CAREC, UWI & PAHO/WHO) Mobilizing Society - National Commissions on NCDs; including public, private sector and civil society, media and communications industry Caribbean Wellness Day – Second Saturdays in September We, the Heads of State of the Caribbean Community…. 15-point Port of Spain Declaration; multi-sectoral Tobacco – Ratify and implement the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control: taxation, packaging, earmark some revenue for health promotion & disease prevention, ban smoking in public places Healthy Diet - Trade policies on food imports, agriculture policies, Healthy school meals, Food labeling, reduce or eliminate trans fats Physical activity-physical education in schools; physical activity in work places; improve public facilities for physical activity Health services - screening and management of NCDs to achieve 80% coverage by 2012; primary and secondary prevention, comprehensive health education Monitoring - Surveillance of risk factors; monitoring of the actions agreed upon in Declaration (CARICOM Secretariat, CAREC, UWI & PAHO/WHO) Mobilizing Society - National Commissions on NCDs; including public, private sector and civil society, media and communications industry Caribbean Wellness Day – Second Saturdays in September

9 2005 Pan American Health Organization What are the lessons learned in Global Health Diplomacy from the CARICOM?

10 2005 Pan American Health Organization Lessons Learned – from case study and from reflection 1.Progression and confluence of factors; not one single effort 2.Absolute need for evidence / data 3.Making the case: Speaking to head, heart and pocket 4.Political structure, and history of Caribbean cooperation in health 5.Importance of Champions: Political, technical, public health 6.Pre-selling by visiting countries/ Cabinets 7.PAHO-CARICOM collaboration 8.Country involvement in planning and preparation 9.Media and NGO involvement 10.International partners; especially Canada 1.Progression and confluence of factors; not one single effort 2.Absolute need for evidence / data 3.Making the case: Speaking to head, heart and pocket 4.Political structure, and history of Caribbean cooperation in health 5.Importance of Champions: Political, technical, public health 6.Pre-selling by visiting countries/ Cabinets 7.PAHO-CARICOM collaboration 8.Country involvement in planning and preparation 9.Media and NGO involvement 10.International partners; especially Canada

11 2005 Pan American Health Organization 1. Progression and confluence of factors; not one single effort 1.Nassau Declaration of 2001: The Health of the Region is the Wealth of the Region, CARICOM Heads Conference 2.Caribbean Commission on Health and Development, : identified Chronic Diseases, HIV/AIDS, and injuries and violence as super priorities for health 3.National level events, T&T, Barbados, Jamaica 4.Global /hemispheric awareness emerging 1.Nassau Declaration of 2001: The Health of the Region is the Wealth of the Region, CARICOM Heads Conference 2.Caribbean Commission on Health and Development, : identified Chronic Diseases, HIV/AIDS, and injuries and violence as super priorities for health 3.National level events, T&T, Barbados, Jamaica 4.Global /hemispheric awareness emerging

12 2005 Pan American Health Organization 2. Absolute need for evidence / data Caribbean Epidemiology Centre (CAREC) – mortality and risk factor trends Caribbean Food and Nutrition Institute – dietary trends, obesity trends University West Indies – economic impact data U of Toronto, W Bank, CARICOM Trade desk – tobacco, financing issues, trade policy options, respectively Caribbean Epidemiology Centre (CAREC) – mortality and risk factor trends Caribbean Food and Nutrition Institute – dietary trends, obesity trends University West Indies – economic impact data U of Toronto, W Bank, CARICOM Trade desk – tobacco, financing issues, trade policy options, respectively

13 2005 Pan American Health Organization 2. Absolute need for evidence / data Caribbean Epidemiology Centre (CAREC) – mortality and risk factor trends Caribbean Food and Nutrition Institute – dietary trends, obesity trends University West Indies – economic impact data U of Toronto, W Bank, CARICOM Trade desk – tobacco, financing issues, trade policy options, respectively Caribbean Epidemiology Centre (CAREC) – mortality and risk factor trends Caribbean Food and Nutrition Institute – dietary trends, obesity trends University West Indies – economic impact data U of Toronto, W Bank, CARICOM Trade desk – tobacco, financing issues, trade policy options, respectively Data are necessary but not sufficient!

14 2005 Pan American Health Organization 3. Speaking to Head, Heart and Pocket NCDs: Biggest cause premature death in the Caribbean

15 2005 Pan American Health Organization Speaking to Head, Heart and Pocket 45-yr old man with diabetes and amputation NCDs: Biggest cause premature death

16 2005 Pan American Health Organization Speaking to Head, Heart and Pocket 3-5% GDP loss due to diabetes, hypertension in T&T, Jamaica, Barbados 45-yr old man with diabetes and amputation NCDs: Biggest cause premature death

17 2005 Pan American Health Organization Speaking to Head, Heart and Pocket 3-5% GDP loss due to diabetes, hypertension in T&T, Jamaica, Barbados 45-yr old man with diabetes and amputation NCDs: Biggest cause premature death Tobacco control could save lives and raise $150M revenue in CARICOM

18 2005 Pan American Health Organization 4. Political Structure, and History of Caribbean Cooperation in Health A political structure that facilitated regional appreciation of the problem and could mandate regional action, complementary to national action. The Caribbean Community (CARICOM) is a formal political structure supported by the Treaty of Chaguaramas and a Secretariat Council of Human & Social Development; Ministers of Health & others Conference of Heads of Government – twice yearly Caribbean Cooperation in Health – since 1986; polio, measles, rubella elimination; regional health institutions A political structure that facilitated regional appreciation of the problem and could mandate regional action, complementary to national action. The Caribbean Community (CARICOM) is a formal political structure supported by the Treaty of Chaguaramas and a Secretariat Council of Human & Social Development; Ministers of Health & others Conference of Heads of Government – twice yearly Caribbean Cooperation in Health – since 1986; polio, measles, rubella elimination; regional health institutions

19 2005 Pan American Health Organization 5. Importance of Champions: Political, Technical, Public Health Dr Eddie Greene, Asst Sec General Human & Social Development CARICOM Sir George Alleyne Chancellor UWI Former D/PAHO Dr Mirta Roses D/PAHO

20 2005 Pan American Health Organization

21 2005 Pan American Health Organization 6. Pre-selling by visiting countries/ Cabinets Chairman or members of Commission on Health and Development visited all CARICOM Countries and spoke to Cabinet, PM, Parliament between Allowed individual persuasion and consideration of situation of country Chairman or members of Commission on Health and Development visited all CARICOM Countries and spoke to Cabinet, PM, Parliament between Allowed individual persuasion and consideration of situation of country

22 2005 Pan American Health Organization 7. PAHO/WHO-CARICOM Collaboration – critical for success

23 2005 Pan American Health Organization 8. Country involvement in planning and preparation Planning team included 4 CARICOM Chief Medical Officers Survey of national NCD capacity and policies Standard template for posters of national situation to be presented at the Summit Progress reported regularly to Health Ministers Planning team included 4 CARICOM Chief Medical Officers Survey of national NCD capacity and policies Standard template for posters of national situation to be presented at the Summit Progress reported regularly to Health Ministers

24 2005 Pan American Health Organization 9. Media and NGO Involvement Not as intensive as planned One Caribbean Media conglomerate printed free Summit supplements and distributed in Sunday newspapers in most territories prior to the Summit Media articles, interviews Healthy Caribbean Coalition born; a civil society alliance to combat chronic disease and risk factors Not as intensive as planned One Caribbean Media conglomerate printed free Summit supplements and distributed in Sunday newspapers in most territories prior to the Summit Media articles, interviews Healthy Caribbean Coalition born; a civil society alliance to combat chronic disease and risk factors

25 2005 Pan American Health Organization 10. Importance of International Partners: Special Role of Canada Public Health Agency of Canada provided a grant to PAHO support the Summit implementation and preliminary steps after WHO Collaborating Centre on NCD Policy in PHAC provided technical assistance with case study of 26 key informants on perceptions of the Summit CIDA provided a grant to the CARICOM Secretariat to support conduct of the Summit Public Health Agency of Canada provided a grant to PAHO support the Summit implementation and preliminary steps after WHO Collaborating Centre on NCD Policy in PHAC provided technical assistance with case study of 26 key informants on perceptions of the Summit CIDA provided a grant to the CARICOM Secretariat to support conduct of the Summit

26 2005 Pan American Health Organization Lessons Learned – from case study and from reflection 1.Progression and confluence of factors; not one single effort 2.Absolute need for evidence / data 3.Making the case: Speaking to head, heart and pocket 4.Political structure, and history of Caribbean cooperation in health 5.Importance of Champions: Political, technical, public health 6.Pre-selling by visiting countries/ Cabinets 7.PAHO-CARICOM collaboration 8.Country involvement in planning and preparation 9.Media and NGO involvement 10.International partners; especially Canada 1.Progression and confluence of factors; not one single effort 2.Absolute need for evidence / data 3.Making the case: Speaking to head, heart and pocket 4.Political structure, and history of Caribbean cooperation in health 5.Importance of Champions: Political, technical, public health 6.Pre-selling by visiting countries/ Cabinets 7.PAHO-CARICOM collaboration 8.Country involvement in planning and preparation 9.Media and NGO involvement 10.International partners; especially Canada

27 2005 Pan American Health Organization Next Steps So you had the Summit; so what? Implementation is key and in countries lags behind political statements Twice-yearly monitoring mechanism helps greatly Caribbean Wellness Day – amazing mobilization Application of lessons learned to South and Central America Healthy Caribbean Coalition – civil society alliance to combat NCDs and risk factors – beginning a texting campaign to create the global demonstration UN Summit So you had the Summit; so what? Implementation is key and in countries lags behind political statements Twice-yearly monitoring mechanism helps greatly Caribbean Wellness Day – amazing mobilization Application of lessons learned to South and Central America Healthy Caribbean Coalition – civil society alliance to combat NCDs and risk factors – beginning a texting campaign to create the global demonstration UN Summit

28 2005 Pan American Health Organization NCD Progress Indicator Status / Capacity by Country in Implementing NCD Summit Declaration - September 2010

29 2005 Pan American Health Organization UN Summit on NCDs 2011 Unique policy window opening; think big Need to Unite forces in NCDs, Risk Factors, H. Prom Need roadmap/battle plan: before, during, after Country by country advocacy campaign Evidence - packaged to speak to head, heart & pocket How do we create a Global Demonstration? Champions, going viral, media advocacy Be clear on the ask Unique policy window opening; think big Need to Unite forces in NCDs, Risk Factors, H. Prom Need roadmap/battle plan: before, during, after Country by country advocacy campaign Evidence - packaged to speak to head, heart & pocket How do we create a Global Demonstration? Champions, going viral, media advocacy Be clear on the ask

30 2005 Pan American Health Organization SICA Presidential summit LAC Civil Soc G-8 France Obesity Forum

31 2005 Pan American Health Organization Running through the tape… of the UN Summit

32 2005 Pan American Health Organization THANK YOU OBRIGADA MUCHAS GRACIAS


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