Presentation on theme: "Material Safety Data Sheets Hazards in the Lab Chemical Classes"— Presentation transcript:
1Material Safety Data Sheets Hazards in the Lab Chemical Classes Biotech Lab SafetyMaterial Safety Data SheetsHazards in the LabChemical Classes
2Why is safety and safety training important for laboratory work? Bell WorkAnswer the following question in your lab notebook:Why is safety and safety training important for laboratory work?
3ObjectivesIdentify specific biological/biohazardous/ chemical materials. (1.7)Students will locate the material safety data sheets for the facility, and identify appropriate internet MSDS resources.Students will create a safety map of the facility.Students will apply knowledge of material safety data sheets (MSDS) (1.3)
4Key Terminology Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) Biohazard A communication from a chemical’s manufacturer that contains vital information regarding safe use and disposal of the chemical and its properties.BiohazardA substance that poses a danger to life/living things.Safety Equipment GROUP Definition and Sort
5Safety Equipment With your table group: Based on our class definition: Define Safety Equipment on your whiteboard.Be prepared to share your table’s definition.Based on our class definition:Sort the Deck into “Safety” and “Non-Safety” groups.
6IntroductionScience may be hazardous, but can be done safely when hazards are controlled.Everyone is responsible: students, teachers, supervisors, and higher administrators.All safety information brought to you today applies to all science disciplines.Remember - each discipline has SPECIFIC and unique information and safety protocols.
7Hazards in the Lab: Biological Controls You will encounter biological materials throughout this course.Wear proper Personal Protective EquipmentUniversal Precautions: Treat everything like it is infectious.Disinfect your lab bench each day:School provided disinfectant sprayFreshly prepared solution of 1 part household bleach and 10 parts water70% Ethanol(alcohol)
8Hazards in the Lab: Biological Hazards What could be encountered?Bacteria, fungi/moldInjured student/ facultyHuman blood sampling, tissues(not common in high school labs)
9Hazards in the Lab? Where do you start? Gather Standard Operating Procedures and other information for your facilityMaterial Safety Data Sheets
10Material Safety Data Sheet Here is the MSDS for Sodium chloride (NaCl)What sections are found on an MSDS?1. Paste the MSDS into your Lab Notebook2. Highlight the sections listed on an MSDSSection 1 = ?Section 2 = ?Etc.
11Material Safety Data Sheets (MSDS) Contain all safety and use information about a chemical.Manufacturers are required to provide them when chemicals are purchased.MSDS are an important part of OSHA Hazard Communication Standard ( )MSDS must be readily available to employees.Be sure to read all sections before using a chemical.
12MSDS Activity Sheet Using the MSDS Activity Sheet: Think about the answers on the worksheetPair up, and SHARE with your neighbor what the answers would be….don’t write anything yet!
13Where’s the MSDS?Material Safety Data Sheets are required to be present in ANY facility that uses a chemical.Where are ours?Record the location in your lab notebookYou can even take a picture with your digital camera or phone if the teacher says yes, and paste that in your lab notebook
14Find One!Using the internet, or one of the MSDS Binders, locate an MSDS for a chemical used in our facility.Some chemicals used in our facility are:Copper Sulfate PentahydrateSodium HydroxideLB AgarAcetic AcidLB BrothTAE BufferEthidium BromideCrystal VioletEthanolGlucoseClick MSDS Search
15Thumbs Up-Thumbs DownWas the MSDS binder in an easily accessible location?
16Hazards in the Lab: Chemical Classes Chemicals are segregated according to class:Information about Toxicity, oxidation, etc are identified on the MSDSAcidsBasesSolventsFlammablesHalogenatedPyrophoricPeroxide FormingToxicOxidizers
17Chemical Classes: Acids Def: The pH range of acids is fromExamples: hydrochloric acid (HCl), acetic acid, nitric acid, phenol, sulfuric acidStorage Precautions:Store in large bottles of acids on low shelf or in acid cabinets.Segregate acids from bases.Have spill kit with neutralizers and absorbent.
21Chemical Classes: Bases Def: The pH range of basic solutions is fromExamples: sodium hydroxide (NaOH), ammonium hydroxide,Storage Precautions:Segregate bases from acidsHave a spill kit with neutralizers and absorbent.
22Chemical Classes: Flammables Def: Has a flash point of 60.5°C (141°F) or lowerExamples: acetone, ethanol, methanol, isopropyl alcoholStorage Precautions:Store in approved safety cans or cabinetsSegregate from oxidizing acids and oxidizersKeep away from any source of ignition: flames, localized heat, or sparks.Store highly volatile flammable liquids in a specially equipped refrigerator.
24Chemical Classes: Pyrophoric Def: A material which ignites spontaneously upon exposure to air (or oxygen).Examples: Powders: calcium, zinc, lead, iron, nickelStorage Precautions: Store sealed in a cool, dry place
25Chemical Classes: Peroxide-Forming Chemicals Def: Organic compounds that spontaneously form peroxides by a free-radical reaction with molecular oxygen in a process of auto-oxidation.Examples: ethyl ether, isopropyl ether, acetaldehydeStorage Precautions:Store in airtight containers in dark, cool, dry place.Label containers with receiving, opening, and disposal dates.Dispose of peroxide-forming chemicals before expected date of first peroxide formation.Test for presence of peroxides periodically.
26Chemical Classes: Toxic Def: Dangerous or extremely dangerous to health and life when inhaled, swallowed, or absorbed by skin contact.Examples: phenol, arsenic, chloroform, nitric acid, sulfuric acid, hydrogen peroxide, hydrochloric acidStorage Precautions:Store according to hazardous nature of chemical, using appropriate security when necessary.Turn to your partner – Where would you find the information about how to store the chemical?
27Find The Safety Equipment! Take a quick tour of your facility!Locate and record in your lab notebook the location(s) of:Hazards in the Lab (biohazards or chemical)Safety EquipmentChemical Storage Locations (look for labeled, specialty cabinets and standard cabinets with chemicals)
28Chemical Hazards Thumbs Up-Thumbs Down Key issue in use, storage, and disposal is:CHEMICAL COMPATIBILITY!!Thumbs Up-Thumbs DownIs chemical compatibility information on an MSDS?
30Closure Why are material safety data sheets required in a facility? Take one minute to THINK, then WRITE for one minute about why facilities require MSDS, and why YOU as a technician should read them often.
31Due tomorrow at the beginning of class. HomeworkComplete the MSDS Activity Sheet using the MSDS you found. If an electronic version is used, you DO NOT need to print it, but you do have to record your source website.Identify at least 3 hazards in your facility.Describe them, and determine ways to prevent or minimize them.Due tomorrow at the beginning of class.
32ReferencesRoy, Ken; Safe Science Series June 09, 2011.Lab SafetyJune 9, 2011June 9, 2011.Chemical Safety“Chemical Safety for Teachers and Their Supervisors- Grades 7-12”, A publication of the American Chemical Society and the ACS Board-Council Committee on Chemical Safety. Send to for a copy.MSDSJune 9, 2011Click MSDS Search June 10, 2011