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Souvenirs de Soho Roger-Maurice Bonnet Orsay 19 avril 2006.

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Presentation on theme: "Souvenirs de Soho Roger-Maurice Bonnet Orsay 19 avril 2006."— Presentation transcript:

1 Souvenirs de Soho Roger-Maurice Bonnet Orsay 19 avril 2006

2 Souvenirs de Soho The History of the Soho Mission MCE Huber, RM Bonnet, D. Dale, M. Arduini, C. Fröhlich, V. Domingo, 1996, ESA Bulletin 86

3 Disco ISO Science Team: A. Balogh, RM Bonnet, P.Delache, C. Fröhlich, et C. Harvey ESTEC Team: D. Wynn-Roberts, V. Domingo

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5 Soho: Rapport de Phase-A

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7 Objectifs scientifiques originaux

8 Lancement de Soho

9 Soho original Model Payload

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11 EIT

12 Sumer

13 Planning prévu Sélection de la CU:juin 88. Lancement de Soho: 2 décembre 95

14 Venise, Juin 1994

15 Horizon 2000

16 Garmisch-Partenkirchen

17 Garmisch-Partenkirchen

18 Février 1986: Autorisation de démarrage par le SPC du STP (Soho-Cluster) The Committee was giving scientific priority to the STP (solar-terrestrial physics) programme and agreed to the inclusion of this in ESAs scientific programme, thus starting on implementation of the Horizon 2000 long-term programme.The Committee was giving scientific priority to the STP (solar-terrestrial physics) programme and agreed to the inclusion of this in ESAs scientific programme, thus starting on implementation of the Horizon 2000 long-term programme. The STP programme should be carried on within the financial constraints mentioned at the top of page 22 of ESA/SPC(85)11, i.e. within the limits of a 400 MAU envelope (at 1984 economic conditions) plus a contingency margin.The STP programme should be carried on within the financial constraints mentioned at the top of page 22 of ESA/SPC(85)11, i.e. within the limits of a 400 MAU envelope (at 1984 economic conditions) plus a contingency margin. This decision is not to constitute a precedent for implementing the other cornerstones which, under the terms of ESA/SPC(85)11, have to be carried out within an overall envelope of 400 MAU at 1984 economic conditions that includes the contingency margin.This decision is not to constitute a precedent for implementing the other cornerstones which, under the terms of ESA/SPC(85)11, have to be carried out within an overall envelope of 400 MAU at 1984 economic conditions that includes the contingency margin. The STP programme should be carried out on a timetable compatible with an optimised and cost-efficient development programme, with the constraints resulting from the availability of free launches in , and finally with the need not to compromise the start-up of other missions that form part of the Horizon 2000 programme.The STP programme should be carried out on a timetable compatible with an optimised and cost-efficient development programme, with the constraints resulting from the availability of free launches in , and finally with the need not to compromise the start-up of other missions that form part of the Horizon 2000 programme. On the basis of the foregoing, the Committee unanimously approved the Director Generals proposal contained in section 3 of ESA/SPC(85)11.On the basis of the foregoing, the Committee unanimously approved the Director Generals proposal contained in section 3 of ESA/SPC(85)11.

19 De Disco à Soho!

20 Comment réduire le CaC de 275 Mau By November 1987, the complete package of science descoping/rationalisation, expanded international cooperation, together with the APEX opportunity for Cluster, offered a real opportunity for cost reductions within STSP, resulting in an estimated cost to ESA of 500 MAU, including launch vehicles: a saving of some 250 MAU! However, the problem still remained of how to meet the SPC limit of 400 MAU.By November 1987, the complete package of science descoping/rationalisation, expanded international cooperation, together with the APEX opportunity for Cluster, offered a real opportunity for cost reductions within STSP, resulting in an estimated cost to ESA of 500 MAU, including launch vehicles: a saving of some 250 MAU! However, the problem still remained of how to meet the SPC limit of 400 MAU. In dialogue with the SPC, it had been concluded that for the particular case of STSP, a special Cornerstone target revision from the canonical 400 MAU to 460 MAU (1984 economic conditions) could be permitted, but further actions had to be undertaken to identify further reductions below the 500 MAU estimate.In dialogue with the SPC, it had been concluded that for the particular case of STSP, a special Cornerstone target revision from the canonical 400 MAU to 460 MAU (1984 economic conditions) could be permitted, but further actions had to be undertaken to identify further reductions below the 500 MAU estimate. A very detailed and careful joint review of all project costs and cost-estimating history was conducted, and several economies were introduced into the project team (manpower, other ESA facility and manpower costs, together with estimates for the industrial elements). This resulted by end-1987/ early-1988 in a total STSP estimate of 484 MAU (1984 economic conditions), compared with the SPC's revised limit of 460 MAU.A very detailed and careful joint review of all project costs and cost-estimating history was conducted, and several economies were introduced into the project team (manpower, other ESA facility and manpower costs, together with estimates for the industrial elements). This resulted by end-1987/ early-1988 in a total STSP estimate of 484 MAU (1984 economic conditions), compared with the SPC's revised limit of 460 MAU. Working in close co-operation with Industry, the final cost estimate presented to the SPC amounted to 474 MAU, a figure that it found acceptable. The continuous pressure on cost initiated in 1986 had resulted in a mission saving to ESA of approximately 275 MAU and had provided a practical implementation opportunity for the first Cornerstone of Horizon 2000.Working in close co-operation with Industry, the final cost estimate presented to the SPC amounted to 474 MAU, a figure that it found acceptable. The continuous pressure on cost initiated in 1986 had resulted in a mission saving to ESA of approximately 275 MAU and had provided a practical implementation opportunity for the first Cornerstone of Horizon 2000.

21 EIT versus XI EIT versus XI

22 EIT versus XI (SPC Mars 88) The French Delegation supported the SSAC recommendation that… the payload had to be as intelligent as possible and it was therefore out of the question to decide against flying an imager, whether XI or EIT.The French Delegation supported the SSAC recommendation that… the payload had to be as intelligent as possible and it was therefore out of the question to decide against flying an imager, whether XI or EIT. The Committee unanimously supported the provision of accommodation for an imager on board Soho, and asked the Executive to come back at its June meeting with an assessment of this instruments prospects of being produced. Delegations were invited to provide the Executive with al1 information that could assist it in this task.The Committee unanimously supported the provision of accommodation for an imager on board Soho, and asked the Executive to come back at its June meeting with an assessment of this instruments prospects of being produced. Delegations were invited to provide the Executive with al1 information that could assist it in this task. Following discussions among the French and German Delegations and the Executive, it was agreed that all Member States which wanted an imager to be flown would be invited to take part in a workshop on 15 April The German Delegation mooted the possibility of the imager being regarded as a basic instrument of the mission and developed under the responsibility of the Space Science Department.Following discussions among the French and German Delegations and the Executive, it was agreed that all Member States which wanted an imager to be flown would be invited to take part in a workshop on 15 April The German Delegation mooted the possibility of the imager being regarded as a basic instrument of the mission and developed under the responsibility of the Space Science Department.

23 Crises de dernières minutes Juin 94: Mama Kaput! XDL choisi en remplacementJuin 94: Mama Kaput! XDL choisi en remplacement Juillet 95: Roues à inertie: retard de 6 mois du lancementJuillet 95: Roues à inertie: retard de 6 mois du lancement

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25 Non-conformant Material

26 The EOF at GSFC

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28 Héliosismologie: avant et après Soho

29 TSI : avant et après Soho

30 18 juin 1998: Roger, We have a problem… (P. Wenzel, private communication)


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