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Internet of Things: Introduction

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1 Internet of Things: Introduction
NETW 1010 Internet of Things: Introduction Dr. Eng. Amr T. Abdel-Hamid Fall 2013

2 Table of Contents Answering the W’s What is IOT?
When? (History and Future of IOT) Where? (Applications) Why? (Advantages of using it) How? (Enabling Technologies) Course Administrative work + Project

3 Starting from the Internet
Internet appears everywhere in the world but it is still a connection between people and people

4 What is the Internet of Things?
Internet connects all people, so it is called “the Internet of People” IoT connects all things, so it is called “the Internet of Things”

5 What’s the Internet of Things
Definition (1) The Internet of Things, also called The Internet of Objects, refers to a wireless network between objects, usually the network will be wireless and self-configuring, such as household appliances. ------Wikipedia (2) By embedding short-range mobile transceivers into a wide array of additional gadgets and everyday items, enabling new forms of communication between people and things, and between things themselves. ------WSIS 2005 WSIS: World Summit on the Information Society, it’s a pair of conference about information society

6 Will it affect your life?

7 Welcome to our NEW DIMENSION
An interesting conclusion

8 Table of Contents Answering the W’s What is IOT?
When? (History and Future of IOT) Where? (Applications) Why? (Advantages of using it) How? (Enabling Technologies) Course Administrative work + Project

9 Why Internet of Things? 1 and 2 factors are about Resource Efficiency,
Dynamic control of industry and daily life Improve the resource utilization ratio Better relationship between human and nature Forming an intellectual entity by integrating human society and physical systems Flexible configuration Universal transport & internetworking Accessibility & Usability 1 and 2 factors are about Resource Efficiency, Energy conservation is a prerequisite for the Internet of Things. Therefore research producing new knowledge on how to develop more energy efficient electronics will influence the design of all electronics. Concept of energy harvesting will enable larger and larger portions of the consumed energy to be generated by ambient renewable sources available locally thus reducing the losses in long distance energy distribution. Similar effects will be experienced by road transport and cars. Already today there are hybrid cars available harvesting the kinetic energy of the drive. This, in combination with better and more environmentally friendly energy storage in the future will make electrical vehicles achieve longer range and become more attractive alternatives. Abundant sensory information will enable unprecedented energy optimised control. Climate control is the most energy consuming activity in modern buildings. The house could adjust the room temperatures according to the personal preferences of those in the room, and avoid heating or cooling rooms excessively without benefits to the inhabitants. 3. is the pollution and disaster avoidance 4.

10 Table of Contents Answering the W’s What is IOT?
When? (History and Future of IOT) Where? (Applications) Why? (Advantages of using it) How? (Enabling Technologies) Course Administrative work + Project

11 History of the Internet of Things
1997, “The Internet of Things” is the seventh in the seri es of ITU Internet Reports originally launched in 1997 un der the title “Challenges to the Network”. 1999, Auto-ID Center founded in MIT 2003, EPC Global founded in MIT 2005, Four important technologies of the internet of thin gs was proposed in WSIS conference. (RFID, Nano, Wirel ess sensors, smart tech) 2008, First international conference of internet of things: The IOT 2008 was held at Zurich. Auto-ID Center focus on EPC-IOT, EPC is Electric Product Code, It’s a family of coding schemes created as a low-cost method of tracking goods using RFID Technology, it generated Auto-ID Lab and EPCGlobal, former one is to do R&D and second one is to set standard and run marketing. Four important technologies are nano tech , wireless sensor, RFID and smart tech

12 NOW is the time

13 What does 50 billion means

14 EVERY Where

15 The Applications of Iot
Regional Office Biosensor taken by people Network House Equipment in public place Application area should be divided by that two Transportation Vehicle Virtual Environment

16 2 Examples For the public and the society For business and enterprises

17 Example 1: Pachube "The Internet of Things Real-Time Web Service and Applications" Platform to connect sensors and other hardware Platform to build IoT services and applications RESTful APIs

18 After the Fukushima Disaster on Pachube

19 Many People Connected Radiation Sensors…

20 Cool, but … Data quality of various sources
Accuracy of each data point Sensor reliability and availability Time of measurement Important for trust! Unit jungle: nGy/s, mSv/h, Sv/h, Bq/kg, cpm … Sometimes misleading, sometimes just hard to compare… Mix of data sources Real sensors Virtual sensors (data scraping from web pages, e.g.,

21 Business Web A Platform and Marketplace for Business Services
The Business Web is a cloud-based business environment that provides access to the necessary infrastructure, applications, content, and connectivity to deliver end-to-end business services optimized for mobility and ease of participation

22 M2M Scenario – Ice Cream Cabinets
The application provides consumer products companies with detailed information about the location and status of its ice cream cabinets. This information can be used to find these cabinets, supply them with new ice cream in time, and monitor their temperature in order to avoid ice cream becoming bad due to a defective ice cream cabinet. The ice cream cabinets become smart items that monitor their energy consumption, send alarms, and become an active part in the companies operation processes as well as sustainability efforts.

23 IoT Configuration 2.5 millon ice cream cabinets Sensoring
Worldwide distributed Biggest growth markets: China and India Sensoring Need to refill Avoid stock-outs Location Reliably find and refill Temperature / power outage Detect failures and avoid product loss Behavioral statistics Conclude conversion rate

24 IoT Integration into Business Processes
Roles and processes CPG Backend Operational BI on supply chain efficiency User behavior monitoring and campaign efficiency 3rd Party Supplier Dispatcher: Improved planning of daily logistics processes Get refill priorities and alarms on power outage and temperatures Truck Driver: Guidance and real-time integration into process Store Owner Push alarms to store owners for immediate actions Resolve power outage / close lid to save energy Consumer Guidance to next ice cream cabinet (source of happiness) 3rd Party Supplier Scenario estimated benefit is 45 million additional profit per year Consumer Augmented Reality App: Guide me to the next ice cream opportunity

25 Table of Contents Answering the W’s What is IOT?
When? (History and Future of IOT) Where? (Applications) Why? (Advantages of using it) How? (Enabling Technologies) Course Administrative work + Project

26 IoT Enabling Technologies
Sensor Technologies To collect and process the data to detect the changes in the physical status of things Microcontrollers RFID Energy harvesting technologies Wireless Communication and Networking To enable the communication between the sensors and the system machine-to-machine interfaces and protocols of electronic communication Smart Technology and Computing Cloud Big Data To enhance the power of the network by devolving processing capabilities to different part of the network Actuators (NANO TECH) To make the smaller and smaller things have the ability to connect and interact.(nano-tech

27 Why Cloud?

28 Internet of Things vs. Cloud Properties

29 State of the Art of IoT Research Groups 1 2 3
MIT Auto-ID Lab & EPC Global. Stanford University Georgia Institute of Technology Cambridge Univ EPFL & ETH Zurich Information and Communication Systems Research Group Chemnitz University of Technology VSR Group Nokia SAP IBM GOOGLE AMBIENT Metro Group Siemens Sun Cisco GE Need to improve about the research groups and projects

30 State of the Art of IoT Diagram of the whole system of IoT business and R&D Add some content of economic system of IoT and what it related with other part of society

31 The Challenge of IoT Technological Standardization in most areas are still remain fragmented. Huge amount of Data Managing and fostering rapid innovation is a challenge for governments Privacy and security Testing of Multi-Discipline Systems Absence of governance Absence of governance is the first main challenge One major barrier for the widespread adoption of the Internet of Things technology is the absence of governance. Without an impartial governing authority it will be impossible to have a truly global “Internet of Things”, accepted by states, companies, trade organizations and the common people. Today there is not a unique universal numbering scheme as just described: PCglobal and the Ubiquitous Networking Lab propose two different, non- compatible ways of identifying objects, and there is the risk to have them competing in the coming future over the global market. There is also the need of keeping governance as generic as possible, as having one authority per application field will certainly lead to overlap, confusion and competition between standards. Objects can have different identities in different contexts so having multiple authorities would create a kind of multi-homing, which can lead to disastrous results.

32 Privacy Example How to convincing users that the IoT technology will
protect their data and privacy when tracking Potential Solutions Privacy and security In order to have a widespread adoption of any object identification system, there is a need to have a technically sound solution to guarantee privacy and the security of the customers. While in many cases the security has been done as an add-on feature, it is the feeling that the public acceptance for the IoT will happen only when the strong security and privacy solution are in place. This could be hybrid security mechanisms that for example combine hardware security with key diversification to deliver superior security that makes attacks significantly more difficult or even impossible. The selection of ssecurity features and mechanisms will continue to be determined by the impact on business processes; and trade-offs will be made between chip size, cost, functionality, interoperability, security, and privacy. The security and privacy issues should be addressed by the forthcoming standards which must define different security features to provide confidentiality, integrity, or availability services. There are also a range of issues related to the identity of people. These must be dealt with in politics and legislation, and they are of crucial importance for the efficient public administrations of the future. Although many of the proposed technologies are based on RFID or smart systems, they will not be discussed in this report whose focus is on objects and things and the related technological and application challenges. Legal & Regulatory Technical Control Market Self-regulation Social Ethic

33 Course Content Introduction of the Internet of Things (IoT)
Technology and Platforms: Introductions to electronics and micro-controllers, Introduction to Sensors and Actuators, Operating Systems. Overview of Wireless Technologies: Wireless channel, Channel models. IOT Networking: MAC protocols for wireless networks, performance metrics for MAC protocols for low power wireless networks Review the different routing classes, basics of IPv6, Neighbor Discovery, and Stateless Address Auto configuration, 6LowPAN, IEEE , Bluetooth 4. Application Layer: Objectives of the application layer, Goals of CoAP, Review the "development" of applications with "queries“ IOT Security considerations. Testing and Verification of IOT: Review the different environments for studying wireless networks, Review the characteristics of testbeds for wireless multi-hop networks. Which steps are mandatory?

34 Course Grading Exams Quizzes 3 Quizzes: best 2 (15 %)
Final exam (45 %) NO Midterm Theoretical Assignments (0 %) Lecture/Tutorial Quizzes (will set best % later) Programming Assignments over the emulator. Project (40 %)

35 Smart Project Course Project:
The proposition and prototyping of a CREATIVE IOT system in the following fields: Home Campus Office Project groups are due in two week 5 persons Max. Not from the same Department starts in 2 weeks Best Project Competition Final Project Evaluation/Presentation will be announced. External Evaluation Committee Smart

36 In time & It is too LATE Policy
Late presentation of project and assignments is NOT possible. Honor code 100% penalty for both copier and copy-giver of Any Report/CODE.

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