Presentation on theme: "The Federal Bureaucracy"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Federal Bureaucracy The Executive Office of the President, Executive departments, and Agencies
2 BureaucracyBureaucracy: a large administrative structure that handles the business of a large organizationThe Executive departments are an example of our executive bureaucracyAn organization that is built on one of these 3 principles is a bureaucracy:Hierarchical AuthorityJob SpecializationFormal Rules* Each person who works for this type of organization is a BUREAUCRAT
3 Our Federal Bureaucracy Made up of all of the agencies, departments, and people that allow our National Government to get their job accomplishedThrough the bureaucracy, public policy gets administeredThe people working within the bureaucracy are non elected positions
4 The BureaucracyThere are 3 different types of organizations within the bureaucracy that you should be aware ofExecutive DepartmentsExecutive AgenciesRegulatory Agencies (or Regulatory Commissions)Government Corporations
5 Executive Departments: create the cabinet positions The cabinet is the group of people that are the Presidents’ closest advisors; they specialize in a policy area and are in charge of one departmenti.e. Department of Treasury/ Secretary of Treasury15 Executive DepartmentsEach Department is headed by a SECRETARY
6 Cabinet Departments State Defense Treasury Justice Interior AgricultureCommerceLaborHealth and Human ServicesHousing and Urban DevelopmentTransportationEnergyEducationVeteran AffairsHomeland Security
8 Independent Agencies Regulatory Agencies THERE ARE MANY DIFFERENT TYPES OF AGENCIES!Generally, agencies are the non-cabinet level organizationsExamples: NASA, FDA (Food and Drug Admin), EPA (environmental Protection Agency)Regulatory AgenciesOne TYPE of agency, but they are a little more specific in their responsibilityMonitor economic activityThere are 12 of these organizations
9 Independent AgenciesGovernment Corporations: These organizations are controlled by the President, but they are different because they run business-like activitiesBest examples = the POST OFFICE
13 Nominating and Choosing Members President-elect draws up candidates for heads of departmentsMay “leak” names to media to test public opinionSenate holds confirmation hearings after the President officially appoints someone to office
14 What is the Cabinet?The cabinet is an informal advisory brought together by the President to serve his needs.There are now 15 cabinet posts, all created by past and present presidentsThe most recent is the Department of Homeland Security, created after 9/11/01
15 The Cabinet’s Role2 Main Roles: as individuals, they head one of the executive departments, and as a group they are an advisor to the PresidentDifferent Presidents have different views of how much advice they should take from the cabinet headsHow much information do you think Barack Obama has taken from his advisors?
16 Women and Minorities in the Cabinet Comparatively, there have been more white males appointed to cabinet members instead of women and minorities.However, we are taking steps in the right direction by appointing people such as Colin Powell, Alberto Gonzales, Condi Rice, and Margaret Spellings to heads of cabinets
17 Women in Cabinet The first woman appointed to a cabinet position was Frances T. Perkins.She was appointed by FDR and served from as Secretary of Labor
18 Independent AgenciesIndependent agencies were created after since then, the number of agencies has grown (150 agencies today)These agencies administer programs similar to the executive departmentsSo, why do we have them?
19 Independent Agencies Why do they exist? Some agencies don’t “fit” with any departmentSeparating them from the Executive Departments keeps the agencies’ work away from party politicsI.e. the Federal Election Commission is an agencyTheir functions are odd or sensitiveOr- they were made independent agencies on accident
20 In Conclusion…The three different structures that exist within the Federal Bureaucracy are the Executive Office of the President, Executive Departments, and Executive AgenciesThe Executive Office of the President is comprised of various offices that support the president’s and country’s needsThe Cabinet works to support the president and to head domestic and foreign administrative offices within the White House
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