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111 Dr. Nihad Almughany University of Palestine Faculty of Applied Engineering and Urban Planning Dept. of Architecture 2nd Semester 2010 -2011 Introduction.

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Presentation on theme: "111 Dr. Nihad Almughany University of Palestine Faculty of Applied Engineering and Urban Planning Dept. of Architecture 2nd Semester 2010 -2011 Introduction."— Presentation transcript:

1 111 Dr. Nihad Almughany University of Palestine Faculty of Applied Engineering and Urban Planning Dept. of Architecture 2nd Semester 2010 -2011 Introduction to Interior Design ( EAGD 3217 ) Lecture 7 FURNITURE DESIGN

2 22 CONTENTS 1- Aims. 2- Review of Last Lecture ( Design of Interior Spaces ). 3-Factors Affecting Furniture Design 4- Classification of Furniture: A- According to Function B- According to Construction Method C- According to Location D- According to Material 5- Wooden Furniture 6- Metal Furniture 7- Comparison Between Wooden and Metal Furniture 8- Furniture Design Criteria 9- Furniture Styles 10- Conclusion

3 33 1- AIMS This lecture aims to: –Review of the last lecture ( Design of interior spaces). –Highlight the importance of furniture design. –Indicate the furniture design principles, tools and construction techniques. 3

4 44 2- REVIEW OF THE LAST LECTURE - FACTORS AFFECTING THE DESIGN OF AN INTERIOR SPACE. - VALUABLE INTERIOR SPACE. - INTERIOR SPACE IN TRADITIONAL PALESTINIAN HOME. -DESIGN CRITERIA OF INTERIOR SPACES: -Kitchens -Bedrooms -Offices -Bathrooms, WCs -Others

5 5 3-Factors Affecting Furniture Design : Furniture function / s. Material. Location ( interior – exterior ). Concept. Style.

6 6 4- Classification of Furniture: A- According to Function Home furniture –Kitchen cabinets, dining table and seats, coaches, chairs, beds, closets, accessories, etc Office furniture –Desks, cabinets, shelves, shelf cabinets, seats, tables, meeting tables and seats, etc. Hospital furniture –Beds, surgery room furniture, rolling tables, etc.

7 7 4- Classification of Furniture: A- According to Function ( cont. ) School furniture : –Desks, seats, cabinets, boards, hangers, labs, library shelves and tables, etc. Other building types furniture : Libraries, museums, theatres, restaurants, coffees, industrial, agricultural buildings, etc….

8 8 4- Classification of Furniture: B- According to Construction Method: Fixed furniture: –Strong but heavy and difficult to carry or move. –Appropriate to some functions as in public spaces. Mobile furniture: –Easy to move, to carry and change. –Appropriate for some functions as in domestic spaces.

9 9 4- Classification of Furniture: C- According to Location: Internal Furniture ( Indoors )External Furniture ( Outdoors )Gardens FurnitureInternal Furniture ( Indoors )External Furniture ( Outdoors )Gardens Furniture Internal Furniture (Indoors) Different interior spaces in housing, offices, educational and other buildings. External Furniture (Outdoors) Public spaces, streetscape, etc.. Garden furniture.

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13 13 4- Classification of Furniture: D- According to Material: Wooden furniture –Natural wood –Manufactured wood Bamboo furniture Metal furniture Plastic and acrylic furniture Glass furniture Combined furniture

14 14 5- Wooden Furniture: Furniture from natural wood for doors, tables, chairs, closets and others : ( Zaan, Suaid, Mahagony, …etc.) Furniture from Manufactured wood : –Ply wood ( laminated by different kinds of materials and colors ) –MDF for beds, closets, desks, cabinets, tables, etc. –Others. Furniture from Bamboo for chairs, tables, shelves and others.

15 15 6- Metal Furniture: Most familiar metals : –Steel: used for all kind of furniture and covered by different materials especially wood and leather. –Aluminum : used for many furniture items especially cabinets and tables. –Copper and Bronze : used for antiquities. Combined by other materials such as glass, acrylic and wood

16 16 7- Comparison Between Wooden and Metal Furniture: Design : –Wood : limited shapes –Metal : flexibility in forming and shape Weight –Wood : heavy –Metal : could be light ( Aluminum ) Firefighting –Wood: easy to burn –Metal : Does not burn easily Cleanness : –Wood : could be cleaned but it is difficult to use water / A material liked by insects that hide in. –Metal : Easy to clean by water and it is not a field for insects Shape and looking : –Wood : Fixed shape –Metal : Could have different shapes using colors and paints Construction : –Wood : Complicated using glue and nails –Metal : Could be fixed and unfixed easily Safety : –Wood : Needs efforts to be smooth and easy to scratch. –Metal : smooth surfaces and bears scratch / could be used for multi-loch doors.

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26 26 8- Furniture Design Criteria: Functional Comfortable Strong and Durable Matches the Style of the space enclosed. Beautiful and amusing Safe

27 27 9- Furniture Styles: The most familiar styles are: Classic. Modern. Post modern. Local - Arabic – Islamic. - Indian. - Italian. - American. - Etc.

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29 29 Modern

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31 31 Post Modern

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33 33 7- CONCLUSION -Furniture design is of vital importance in the design of interior and exterior spaces. -Furniture design depends on many factors. -Furniture should be functional, beautiful, strong, durable, comfortable, safe and matches the style of the space enclosed. -Furniture could be classified either by function, construction technique, location or material. -Furniture could be manufactured by a variety of materials such as wood, metal, plastic and others.


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