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Cabinets -1- Type and Classification/ Terms/Material/ Size of cabinets.

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Presentation on theme: "Cabinets -1- Type and Classification/ Terms/Material/ Size of cabinets."— Presentation transcript:

1 Cabinets -1- Type and Classification/ Terms/Material/ Size of cabinets

2 Cabinet or Case Work u Cabinets commonly found in –kitchens, bathrooms –other home areas: family room, den, library –offices –store buildings –hospitals u Class discussion will center on residential type cabinets and details necessary for construction

3 Reference: Manual of Millwork u Woodwork Institute of California: 3164 Industrial Blvd. P.O.Box 980247 West Sacramento, CA 95798-0247

4 Residential Classification of Cabinets u Three major groupings of construction –Tract homes inexpensive & poor longevity –Architectural mill good quality & have a high standard of construction »economy »custom »premium –Showcase like fine furniture custom made for each job

5 Job versus Shop Construction u On the job cabinet construction –must be simple in design with very little intricate cutting –require special tools/equipment to give precise joints u Shop cabinet construction –basic unit completed in shop to assure quality –installation will require adaptations to make fit once delivered to site –many times counter tops are installed on site to eliminate cracking or damage from delivery

6 Cabinet Terminology Sub top-underlayment or web frame Banding Finish End Hidden End Partition Nail Ribbon Back Face Frame Top Rail Bottom Rail Stile Toeboard 1 Sub top -- Underlayment (solid) Web frame (open) 2 Edge banding (nosing) 3 Finished end 4 Hidden end 5 Partition 6 Nail ribbon (cleat) 7 Back 8 Face frame parts top rail bottom rail stile 9 Toeboard

7 Cabinet Terminology u Flush Door –fits inside face frame u Door stop –keeps door flush u Cleat (spacer) –nail rail or ribbon

8 Cabinet Terminology u Tilt Strip –prevents drawer from tipping u Web Frame –structural subframe u Dust Panel –separates drawer & shelving space u Stretcher –cabinet support (hidden)

9 Cabinet Terminology u Concealed portions –those parts of a cabinet that are never exposed to a view u Exposed portion –any part of a cabinet that is left exposed when the drawers and doors are left in a closed position u Semi-exposed –portions of the cabinet that become exposed when doors or drawers are opened

10 Cabinet Terminology u coped –to cut out a member to fit the form of another u dado –a rectangular groove or slot cut into a piece of wood perpendicular to the grain u plough (see sample) –a rectangular groove or slot cut into a piece of wood parallel to the grain

11 Cabinet Terminology u scribe –the process of marking and cutting a piece of wood that abuts a wall in such a way to avoid any gaps u trim –any nonstructural or non-operating member used to decorate or hide a joint

12 Cabinet Terminology u eased edge –slightly rounding off a corner u edge banding –hides raw plywood edge u self edge (similar to edge banding) –to apply to the edges of a piece of plywood or particle board the same material that covers the surface

13 Common Cabinet Materials (see samples) u Plywood (A & B grade) –A series of thin layers of wood veneer combined and glued at right angles to each other u Types of Plywood –veneer core –lumber core –particle board core

14 Common Cabinet Materials (see classroom samples) u Hardwood (closed and open grain) –oak, walnut, maple, ash, alder, mahogany, cherry, birch, etc. u Particleboard –small particles of wood bonded together with a synthetic resin u Fiberboards (high, medium, low-density) –MDF used for case goods, drawers, and kitchen cabinets, and cabinet doors u Laminated plastic (counter top material) –waterproof, somewhat heat- and acidproof

15 Common Cabinet Materials (see classroom samples) u Hardboard (tempered hardboard) –particle board made under heat and pressure –Masonite is a manuf name of this produce u Plastic backing sheet (prevents moisture) –thin sheet of plastic applied to opposite side of plywood with laminated plastic on other side u Krotron/Melymine –plywood or particle board covered with thin sheet of plastic vinyl (looks like laminated plastic) u Ceramic tile & Corian (counter top material)

16 Classification of Cabinets u Architectural Mill cabinets (3 groups) –Economy - the lowest grade, has no back and usually has a lipped door, underside of counters in not specially treated and can produce warpage –Custom - the average grade, does have back in all construction, plywood edges are covered, ends and divisions are solid, drawers have hardwood guides for better wear. –Premium - top of the line, best construction procedures and materials, corners are mitered, solid dust panels, drawers are hardwood, tops attached with hidden screws

17 Standard Cabinet Dimension/Ranges u Upper Kitchen Cabinets –30-33 high –12 wide (depth) u Base Kitchen Cabinets –36 high –24wide (depth) u Distance between upper & base cabinets –16-18

18 Drawing Exercise Continental Breakfast Counter (Scale 3=1-0) u The dimensions 24, 6, & 36 remove the break line u Make a break line on the wall, about mid-height, horizontal like the door break line on left side, also break line at drawer back u Place cross-hatching in the wall and floor area around the section (looks like brick symbol)

19 ASSIGNMENT u SHEET SD-1 Site Plan u Clean-up the engineering drawing for your use u Place and locate w/ dimensions the building on the site u ADD walks, parking, planting, drive approach This drawing will take the most time, do not wait until the last minute to start – very unorganized file.

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