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David Young September 2011 Agile and the PMO Version 2.1 Prepared by: David Young 21 st September 2011 Stand 25
Does This Situation Look Familiar? 2 © Bestoutcome Limited 2011 I want weekly reports of everything you are doing Were Agile. Stop disturbing us with useless requests and let us write code IT are useless. I spend a fortune and never get what I want. PMO Executive Business Developer
About Bestoutcome Services Project & Programme Management Consultancy Programme and project delivery PMO Health checks & turnarounds Agile methods and tools Scrum Masters CRM Consultancy CRM implementation Data migration Training & Support Customers Products PM3 Project Portfolio Management tool developed by practitioners for practitioners Governance, Resource Mgmt, Capacity Mgmt, Portfolio Prioritisation, Finance Mgmt, Risk & Issue Mgmt, Reporting SugarCRM Sales Force Automation, Marketing Automation, Customer Support, Reporting, Collaboration 3 © Bestoutcome Limited 2011 Stand 25
What is Agile? 4 © Bestoutcome Limited Effective Project Management, Robert Wysocki Solution/goal not known e.g. R&D, new product development Solution known at outset e.g. accounts, HR systems Change intolerant Part of solution unclear. Benefits from client interaction RUP, Prototyping Some change at increments Change welcomed Higher uncertainty of solution. Heavy client interaction Scrum, DSDM RUP=Rational Unified Process DSDM=Dynamic Systems Development Method ASD=Adaptive Software Development APF=Adaptive Project Framework Change expected Radical change expected Solution known at outset
And What is SCRUM? 5 © Bestoutcome Limited Scrum Alliance Product Owner represents the customer and ensures the Team delivers value to the business. Maintains and prioritises the product backlog. Team delivers the product. Typically 5–8 people with cross-functional skills: analysis, design, development, testing, communication, documentation, etc. Self-organizing and self-led. Scrum Master facilitates the scrum. Responsible for removing impediments that are hampering the sprint. The role of Project Manager does not exist in Scrum. A Scrum Master is a facilitator not a PM Many PM tasks may be distributed Scope Management -> Product Owner, Issue Management, Reporting -> Scrum Master, Scheduling -> Product Owner/Team Remaining tasks are line management and finance. Sprint Planning Sprint Review + Retrospective
Agile Manifesto and Large CompaniesHave you Heard of the Agile Manifesto? We are uncovering better ways of developing software by doing it and helping others do it. Through this work we have come to value: That is, while there is value in the items on the right, we value the items on the left more. 6 © Bestoutcome Limited 2011 Individuals and interactionsoverProcesses and tools Working softwareoverComprehensive documentation Customer collaborationoverContract negotiation Responding to changeoverFollowing a plan Outsourced development Software takes months/years Us & Them - Business & IT Change actively discouraged IT in large corporations is typically structured against Agile development Agile Linear
Our Experience Implementing Agile in a Large Corporation Worlds largest energy trading business Large $$ investment in IT Long periods of time between software releases Software development outsourced Bestoutcome is helping them to Develop an Agile Software Development Life Cycle based around Scrum, and Run a PgMO to implement Agile for a programme of development projects within the Front Office (traders and analysts) 7 © Bestoutcome Limited 2011
Which Projects are Suitable for Agile? Business users are accessible (ideally co-located) and are empowered to make decisions The requirements are not fixed and can be prioritised (i.e. not all mandatory) The team are experienced developers/testers and use tried and tested development tools (e.g. continuous integration, regression testing) The project is geared to product development or process improvement 8 © Bestoutcome Limited 2011 Products A negative response to some of the above doesnt necessarily mean you cannot do Agile but it identifies a risk and an area for improvement
What is the Role of Our PMO in Agile? Some things cannot change straight away, e.g. data centre restrictions, procurement, and executive reporting Although there are no PMs, there are still PM tasks to complete. The PMO takes on many of the administrative tasks for the teams, e.g. procurement Agile teams need to be grouped together as a programme to achieve economies of scale Co-ordinate a pool of resources that are shared, e.g. BAs, architects, testers Coordinate sprint schedules and dependencies across teams Protect the teams from requests for non-value adding meetings and information requests, e.g. report a high level view of the Programme and remove need to have individual project reports. 9 © Bestoutcome Limited 2011
What Else Does our PMO do? Identify benefits Ensure alignment with strategic objectives Communicate the progress and benefits of the Agile Programme to the business and manage expectations Ensure Agile is the right approach for each product – some may be better as a linear project. Manage a mix of Agile and Waterfall projects Manage governance for whole programme 10 © Bestoutcome Limited 2011 A PMO can be truly value adding by handling many of the interfaces to a corporation that would otherwise distract the Scrum teams
How does the Agile PMO Monitor & Control? To the rest of IT, scrum teams appear to be a bunch of cowboys ignoring process and causing chaos. How do we monitor and control Scrum without smothering it? Status Reporting Issue Management Schedule Management Scope Management & Change Control Performance 11 © Bestoutcome Limited 2011
Monitor/Control With Scrum Not Against It 12 © Bestoutcome Limited 2011
How do we do Status Reporting? Scrum Master maintains Planning Board. Use whiteboard or monitor to allow anyone to view progress. Scrums and Scrum of Scrums provide daily updates. Challenge the need for weekly project status reports which are immediately out of date. Produce a single Programme level report. Agile produces lots of statistics - do Executives understand them? Encourage stakeholders to attend Sprint Reviews for updates. 13 © Bestoutcome Limited 2011
How do we Manage Issues? Issue (impediment) resolution occurs at a more rapid pace through scrums and scrum of scrums. Static tracking of issue logs in weekly reports is pointless as it will always be out of date Use a tool to track impediments and escalate to Programme level or above, e.g. PM3 14 © Bestoutcome Limited 2011
How do we Manage Schedules? A scheduling tool such as MS Project is not needed as releases are time-boxed into sprints. A PPM tool such as PM3 provides a better way to track milestones and dependencies across a programme without all the noise 15 © Bestoutcome Limited 2011
How About Change Control? Change control is very different in Agile. Change is an integral part of Scrum and is captured in the product backlog. No programme change control board. Still need to use the central Change Control board for configuration management changes in production 16 © Bestoutcome Limited 2011
What Are the Agile Performance Metrics? Agile doesnt use Earned Value. It focuses on Burndowns and Velocity. Team performance can be monitored via the burn down chart. 17 © Bestoutcome Limited 2011 Teams get better at estimating their velocity. Performance of individual team members is very visible – there is no hiding for poor performers.
Our PgMO Experience of Monitoring and Controlling Agile Ensure that the Programme Management Office adds value - not just collecting data to churn into reports and spread-sheets Less documentation doesnt mean no documentation. May be captured in a different form/sequence, e.g. requirements document becomes product backlog There is benefit in writing certain things down to get a concrete decision or to hand over to support The PgMO can be the first step to introducing Agile into the central PMO. Challenge every deliverable that your organisation says you must produce. Some are important but many are just noise and busy work. There is plenty of value that a PgMO can add to monitor and control an Agile Programme. Work with the Agile processes rather than trying to impose traditional waterfall-style rules and constraints 18 © Bestoutcome Limited 2011
Finally, Other Tips on Moving to Agile It will not happen overnight. Take gradual steps Identify projects which can show success of rapid releases Scrum teams must be multi-skilled e.g. testing, architecture and tech writing as well as development Ensure project teams are fully trained in Agile Train and communicate the Agile approach to Product Owners and Management. They must understand it to make it successful. Dont juggle a Waterfall methodology about to develop an Agile one. Deliverables change radically/disappear Enjoy the freshness that Agile can breathe back into an organisation 19 © Bestoutcome Limited 2011
20 © Bestoutcome Limited Stand 25 Q&A
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