Presentation on theme: "Chapter 1 The Political Landscape"— Presentation transcript:
1Chapter 1 The Political Landscape To Accompany Comprehensive, Alternate, and Texas EditionsAmerican Government: Roots and Reform, 10th editionKaren O’Connor and Larry J. Sabato Pearson Education, 2009
2Roots of American Government Governments are policymaking vehicles.A citizen is a member of the community.Politics are who gets what, when, and how.
3Functions of Government Ideas drawn from Preamble to the Constitution.Establishing justice.Ensuring domestic tranquility.Providing for the common defense.Promoting the general welfare.Securing the blessings of liberty.
4Types of GovernmentMonarchy vests power in one in the interest of all.Totalitarianism vests power in one in self-interest.Oligarchy vests power in few in their own interest.Democracy is power for the people.
5Philosophical Origins Enlightenment changes views on government.Mayflower Compact as example of a social contract.Hobbes and Locke’s social contract theory.Hobbes wants a single ruler to protect the weak.Locke believes the protection of property is key.
6Government in the Colonies Colonists fear British-style monarchy.New England uses direct democracy.Most later colonies use indirect democracy.Citizens prefer the term republic to democracy.
7American Political Culture Personal liberty, or freedom from government.Political equality.Popular consent and majority rule.Popular sovereignty, which is based in natural law.Civil society, or the society created by the people.Individualism.Religious faith.
8Political Ideology Ideologies are beliefs that shape worldviews. Libertarians favor free markets and personal liberty.Conservatives want little regulation of economy.Social conservatives favor regulation of morality.Liberals want an active government.Labels can be problematic.
9Changing American People Population is increasing in size.Racial and ethnic composition is shifting.Country is aging.Families are becoming smaller and less traditional.
10Attitudes Toward Government Demographics shape our perspective.American dream is a goal for many citizens.People have high expectations.Voters can be apathetic.Americans may lack faith in leaders.The standard of living is quite high.