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Chapter 12: Life Insurance Planning

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1 Chapter 12: Life Insurance Planning

2 Objectives Identify the purpose of life insurance and the reasons for buying it. Recognize that the need for life insurance varies over the course of one’s life and identify the procedures used to calculate life insurance needs.

3 Objectives Distinguish among the various types of term and cash-value life insurance policies. Describe and explain the purpose of the major provisions of life insurance policies. Discuss important points to consider when choosing and buying life insurance.

4 What is the Purpose of Life Insurance?
To protect people who depend on you from financial loss related to your death 78% of all American households have it To make charitable bequests upon your death To save money for retirement or children’s education To leave as part of your estate To pay off a mortgage or other debts at the time of death

5 The Principle of Life Insurance
Mortality tables provide odds on your dying, based on your age and sex Your premium is based on the projections for the payouts for persons who die

6 Determining Your Life Insurance Needs - Ask Yourself...
Do you need life insurance? do you have people you need to protect financially? does your partner work? What are your objectives for life insurance? to accumulate money for retirement? to provide funds when you die? how much can you afford?

7 Estimating the Amount of Life Insurance You Need
The Easy Method typically, you will need to have enough insurance to cover 70% of your income for seven years The DINK (dual income, no kids) Method The “Nonworking” Spouse Method The “Family Need” Method looks at employer provided insurance Social Security benefits income and assets

8 Determining Life Insurance Needs
CALCULATING DOLLAR LOSS: Multiple-of-Earnings Approach

9 Types of Life Insurance Policies
Term life insurance protection for a specified period of time if you don’t pay premiums, coverage stops renewability option at the end of the term you can renew the policy without having a physical

10 Types of Life Insurance Policies
Term life insurance (continued) conversion option can change your policy from term to a whole life policy without a physical decreasing term insurance your premium stays the same, but the amount of coverage decreases as you age 12-8

11 Types of Life Insurance Policies
(continued) Whole life insurance you pay a premium as long as you live amount of premium depends on your age when you start the policy provides death benefits and accumulates a cash value you can borrow against the cash value or draw it out at retirement look carefully at the rate of return your money earns

12 Whole Life Policy Options
Nonforfeiture clause if you stop paying premiums you can use the cash value in a variety of ways. Limited payment policy pay higher premiums during your earning years only, keeping lifetime coverage Variable life policy minimum death benefit guaranteed, but can be more depending on how your premium dollars are invested

13 Whole Life Policy Options
(continued) Adjustable you can change your premium amount and thus your coverage Universal life lets you pay premiums in almost any amount combines term insurance and investment elements

14 Decreasing Term Insurance

15 Comparison of Term vs. Cash Value

16 Types of Policies Issued in 1994*
8% Term 22% Whole Life 45% Other Variable Universal Universal 11% Variable 2% Decreasing 2.0% 12-12 10% *1997 Insurance Fact Book

17 Other Types of Life Insurance Policies
Group life insurance often through an employer no physical required usually term insurance Credit life insurance debt is paid off if you die mortgage, car, furniture also protects lenders expensive protection

18 Life Insurance Contract Provisions
Naming your beneficiary (one or more) Length of grace period for late payments Reinstatement of a lapsed policy if it has not been turned in for cash Suicide clause during first two years Automatic premium loans uses the accumulated cash value to pay the premium if you do not

19 Life Insurance Contract Provisions
(continued) Misstatement of age provision Policy loan provision can borrow against your cash value Rider to add or alter benefits cost of living protection Waiver of premium disability benefit Accidental death benefit pays twice the policy face amount Guaranteed insurability option Accelerated benefits

20 Buying Your Life Insurance
Look at your income, savings, group life insurance, and Social Security benefits Compare policy costs which are affected by cost of doing business return on its investments mortality rate among policyholders features of the policy competition from other companies

21 Buying Your Life Insurance
(continued) Use the interest-adjusted index to compare policies takes into account the time value of money helps you make cost comparisons among insurance companies Determine from whom to buy your policy examine both private and public sources look up the company’s rating

22 Choosing Your Insurance Agent
Ask friends, parents and neighbors for recommendations Find out if the agent belongs to professional groups or is a CLU Is the person willing to take the time to answer your questions and find a policy that is right for you? Do they ask about your financial plan? Do you feel pressured? Are they available when needed?

23 Obtaining and Examining a Policy
Apply and provide medical history Read all of the contract After you buy it you have ten days to change your mind Give your beneficiaries and lawyer a copy

24 Choosing Settlement Options
Options are the choices for how you want the money paid out One lump-sum is most common Limited installment plan in equal installments for a specific number of years after your death Income for life payments to the beneficiary for life Proceeds left with the company pays interest to the beneficiary

25 Should You Switch Policies?
If benefits exceed costs of getting another physical and paying policy set up costs. Are you still insurable? Can you get all the provisions you want?

26 Financial Planning with Annuities
What is an annuity? a contract where you pay money in, and at a certain date get regular payments back during your lifetime Why do people buy annuities? to supplement retirement income and to shelter income from taxes How are annuities taxed? income deducted and interest earned is not taxed until you draw the money out

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