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Public-private partnerships in sustainable development: the Biogas Väst case study Kim Cornelissen Master Degree in Urban Planning School of Management,

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Presentation on theme: "Public-private partnerships in sustainable development: the Biogas Väst case study Kim Cornelissen Master Degree in Urban Planning School of Management,"— Presentation transcript:

1 Public-private partnerships in sustainable development: the Biogas Väst case study Kim Cornelissen Master Degree in Urban Planning School of Management, UQAM, Montréal Göteborg, September 11 2007

2 Context of the research Political issues in 2004 i Québec Public hearings on a by-law proposal on sustainable development Public hearings a by-law proposal on Public-Private partnerships (PPP)

3 Research question In a context of globalization, can public-private partnerships between the City and the Industry be used in a vision of sustainable development?

4 Axis of public hierarchy Source: adapted from Proulx, Bourque and Savard, 2005 ABC Public sector doesnt share its power with private sector or NGO (hierarchy) Public sector shares some responsibilities with private sectors or NGOs Public sector shares equal power with private sector or/and NGOs (no hierarchy) contractualcooperation complementarity collaborationrepression third party rivalry competition Contract PPP Consensus PPP Does not induce use of PPP

5 Public-private partnership (PPP) ContractConsensus Fixed project Fixed planning Fixed period Development project Flexible planning Flexible period Legal Agreement Agreement based on trust Public servicesCommon goal ConsortiumNetwork Investments in project Investments out of the project Alternate choiceInterdependence

6 Example of a Contract PPP (Arlanda-Stockholm rail link) Public partner: Swedish Government Private partner: Arlanda Link Consortium Alstom, John Mowlem, NCC, Siab and Vatenfall

7 Figure 2: Example of a Consensus PPP (USAid Campaign to Reduce Child Mortality) Private NGOs Public Source : UsAid, Unicef, Unilever et al. 2002:2

8 Contract PPPs Objectives Some Uses: Infrastructures (ex: roads, schools, jails) Public services (taxes, public transport) Utilities (ex: water, energy) Consensus PPPs Objectives Some Uses: Social issues (ex: health, education) Environment (ex: awareness campaigns) Innovation (ex: new markets) PPP involving Cities

9 Involvement of the industry in City projects Government Support (infrastructures and education) Laboratory for new products and services Attractiveness for high-skilled employees World-City Status Objectives World-City characteristics 2 nd city status: the post-industrial city PPP between the City and its Industry

10 Sustainable Development Definitions A development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. IUCN (1980) Brundtland (1987)

11 Sustainable Development in City Planning Local Agenda 21 Planning private NGOs public population Projects NGOs Projects public private Projects PUBLIC NGO: non-governmental organization

12 Environmental and social questions MUST be addressed Role of actors in Sustainable Development PUBLIC PRIVATE Environmental and social questions CAN be addressed

13 The Biogas Väst Project Source: Biogasmax

14 Groupe TRUST (1994) Göteborg Volvo Cars Corp. AB Volvo BRG, Göteborg Energi, Traffikkontoret BIOGAS VÄST (2000-2005) Coordination: Business Region Göteborg Västra Götaland Göteborg and 11 other municipalities Volvo Cars Corp./AB Volvo, LRF Göteborg Energi, Traffikkontoret, Gatubolaget, Renova, Gryabb Vägverket FordonsGas Steering Committee (2003) Coordination: Business Region Göteborg Västra Götaland/Göteborg/ municipalities Renova, Traffikkontoret FordonsGas, LRF Biogas Cities (2005) Coordination: Business Region Göteborg Västra Götaland/Göteborg Volvo Cars Corp./AB Volvo Göteborg Energi, Traffikkontoret FordonsGas Regional DevelopmentInternational Development Partners in Biogas Väst

15 NPrevious work or actions in environment Previous work with other partners Private sector420 Public sector (elected) city/region 331 Public sector (employed) regional and national 420 Parapublic sector311 Others (civil society)531 Total 19113 Interviews (19)

16 PPP definitions Strategic partnership where municipalities, the public organizations and the private organizations take part on an equal footing. Complete cooperation…not the legislation, its something else. When, as a municipality, you dont want to wait for public money so you ask private investments. * *

17 Definitions of Biogas Väst as a PPP A highway construction project, its more of a financing system. Biogas Väst, its more like a cooperation project. * Cooperation project between the companies and the public sector…with a vision…some projects and the same ideas that we will develop the market within this area… * Cities and the private partners can go together because we need each other, for the legitimacy of all of us.

18 Public-private partnership (PPP) ContractualCooperative Fixed project Fixed planning Fixed period Development project Flexible planning Flexible period Legal Agreement Agreement based on trust Public servicesCommon goal ConsortiumNetwork Funds in projectFunds out of the project Alternate choiceInterdependence

19 Göteborg and Volvos Interdependence Think Global, Act Göteborg! Dependency on the transport industry Model citizen for employees Shared credibility and legitimity Shared responsibilities Shared image: green and innovative

20 Göteborg wants to be seen as… National and International Leader Leader in sustainable transport Leader in environmental industries Exceptional Quality of Life (Event City)

21 Brundtland definitions In small steps, were gonna make the World more and more healthy to visit: out with the bad, in with the good. A technology which doesnt destroy it for the future generations. Finding possibilities for people to transport themselves in the future, without questioning the environment. * *

22 IUCN definitions The economy, the ecology and the social. None of them can be alone. The possibility of combining the environmental progress, the industrial opportunities and the city growth. A development where you combine the needs of men with the care of the Nature. * *

23 Environmental Impacts of Biogas Väst CO2 reduction Replacement for petrol Alternative to ethanol Smog reduction Benefits Benefits or Challenges Multiple Biogas Production Sites can be good for local energy independence or there can be a excess of infrastructures in the future

24 Economic Impacts of Biogas Väst Local jobs offer Laboratory for new products/services Export opportunities Support of local economy Benefits Challenges Small impact in the global environmental issues Insufficient biogas production

25 Social Impacts of Biogas Väst Increase of individual Awareness Increase of Individual Empowerment Improve health conditions Independence from fossil fuels Benefits Challenges Research on health issues (biogas emissions) is required Lack of women in the energy sector

26 Comments on the absence of citizens and NGOs in Biogas Väst Population not targeted There should be inclusion of NGOs (i.e.women/ecologists groups) No participation without investment

27 Planning Sustainable Development (public) Local Agenda 21 Planning private NGOs public citizens Projects publicNGOs Projects PUBLIC privatepublic votersconsumers

28 Role of Partners in Biogas Väst Göteborgs Aalborg Charter Planning private NGOs public citizens Biogas Väst consumers Planning: LA 21 Projects in neighbourhoods private NGOs public citizens voters public private PPP public Weather station

29 Conclusion type is consensus it complies with Brundtland and IUCN it complies with LA21/Aalborg Charter PPPs in sustainable development can be used between the City and the Industry if…

30 More research needed on… Contract public-private partnerships in sustainable development

31 Second-cities strategies to become World Cities More research needed on…

32 Sales and political support to sustainable partnerships More research needed on…

33 Why should we pay if we do something for the environment? We should pay less!


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