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English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/2010. 1 Abeer Abo Alam. مدرسة النهضة الثانوية الصناعية المعدنية منهج الصف الثالث الثانوى مادة اللغة الانجليزية.

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Presentation on theme: "English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/2010. 1 Abeer Abo Alam. مدرسة النهضة الثانوية الصناعية المعدنية منهج الصف الثالث الثانوى مادة اللغة الانجليزية."— Presentation transcript:

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2 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. مدرسة النهضة الثانوية الصناعية المعدنية منهج الصف الثالث الثانوى مادة اللغة الانجليزية اعداد أ/ عبيرأبوعلم

3 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ El Nahda Industrial school for Metallic Works. Book 3. English Language. Mrs.Abeer Abo Alam. El Nahda Industrial school for Metallic Works. Book 3. English Language. Mrs.Abeer Abo Alam.

4 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/

5 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ UNIT ONE Materials

6 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. Dialogue Salah : Ahmed,look at my windsurf board, do you like it ? Ahmed : Yes, its fantastic ! Whats it made of ? Salah : Its made of plastic foam, and its covered with fiberglass.

7 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. Ahmed : why is it made of those materials ? Salah : The plastic foam is light,It floats easily on the water, and its impossible to sink, the fiberglass is very tough,it cant be broken easily. Dialogue

8 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. Unit One Materials Names of materials : Fibreglass Steel iron rubber glass

9 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. Examples 1- Steel is tough.It doesnt bend. It doesnt break. 2 -Rubber is flexible. It bends easily. 3 -Glass isnt flexible It breaks easily. 4- Iron doesnt break easily. 5- Fibreglass isnt flexible. It doesnt bend.

10 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. What are these parts made of ? Material Part -plastic foam and fibreglass. -aluminium. -poluthene. -stainless steel. -polyester. -nylon. 1- board 2- mast 3- boom 4- window 5- universal joint 6- sail 7- rope

11 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. GRAMMAR Suffix : nouns and adjectives NounsAdjectives 1- ence/ency/ance Transparency. Resistance/Intelligence 1- ent / ant Transparent. Resistant. 2-ility Ductility. 2- ile Ductile. 3-ability /ibility Durability/Flexibility 3- ible /able Durable/Flexible

12 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. GRAMMAR Suffix : nouns and adjectives Nouns Adjectives 1- ence/ency/ance Transparency. Resistance/Intelligence 1- ent / ant Transparent. Resistant. 2-ility Ductility. 2- ile Ductile. 3-ability /ibility Durability/Flexibility 3- ible /able Durable/Flexible

13 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. Study 1- Property : Compressive Strength 2- Description : When you squeeze or press this material It doesnt break or bend. 3- Ex : Concrete

14 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. study 1- Property : Tensile strength 2-Description : When you pull this material, it does not stretch or break. 3- Ex : Stainless steel

15 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. Study 1- Property : Shear strength 2- Description : When you strike this material from the side, it does not break. 3- Ex : Fibreglass

16 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. Study 1- Property Ductility 2- Description : When you pull this material, it stretches, But doesnt break. 3-Ex : Copper

17 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. Some Prepositions In class Cooperative with Late for Willing to Prevent from Keenness for Keen on Act with Apply for Float on

18 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. EXERCISE Fill in the spaces with prepositions from the list : 1- I am never late ……school. 2- He is always willing …...help his friends. 3- She will apply……the job of a secretary. 4- I think you are keen……English and French 5- We should always act……love and honesty. for – on –of – with – for – to

19 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. Describing someones personality Adjectives and descriptions DescriptionAdjective He is clever.Intelligent. He is not late for school.Punctual. He listens carefully.Attentive. He is eager and willing to do something Keen. He works well with others.Cooperative. He never tells lies.Honest.

20 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ UNIT TWO MAINTENANCE MAINTENANCE

21 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. Dialogue Ahmed : How often do the propellers need to be lubricated ? Engineer : They need to be oiled before every flight. Ahmed : I see.And how regularly ought the wheels to be checked ?

22 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. Engineer : They should be checked after every flight. Ahmed : And how frequently do the ailerons need to be tested ? Engineer : It is important to test them every week.

23 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. Dialogue Ahmed : OK. And how often must the wings be inspected ? Engineer : It is necessary to inspect them every 5,000 km

24 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ UNIT TWO Expressing Necessity Must be Should be Has /Have to be + Be Is /Are to be Ought to be Need to be

25 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Examples 1- The wings must be checked every 5,000 km. 2- The engines should be tested before every flight 3- The propellers have to be inspected before every journey. 4- The ailerons are to be oiled every week. 5- The wheels need to be lubricated after every flight.

26 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Intervals ( time and space ) Examples : 1-Change the oil every 5,000 km. =Change the oil at 5,000 km. intervals. =Change the oil at intervals of 5,000 km. 2- Check the tyres every 3 month. =Check the tyres at 3 month intervals =Check the tyres at intervals of 3 month.

27 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Congratulation and Sympathising Congratulation 1- Congratulation. 2- Congratulation on your success. = I congratulate you on your success. 3- Well done.

28 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Sympathising 1- Im sorry. 2- Im sorry to hear that. 3- Im sorry for you. 4- Get well soon. 5- Better luck next time. 6- My condolences to you and your family.

29 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. Apologising 1- Im sorry. 2- That was careless of me. 3- Never mind. 4- Dont worry. WARNING 1- Hey. 2- Oh,Im sorry.

30 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. Hyphenated Adjectives Water – resistant Rust – resistant Corrosion – resistant Child – proof Slip – proof Water – repellent Insect – repellent Water – proof

31 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Exercise Rewrite the following sentences using the words in brackets to give the same meaning: 1-The engine needs to be checked every 3 Months. (…must…) 2- How often do the wings have to be tested? (…should…) 3- Many bridges are made of aluminium Because it is rust- resistant. (…does not rust..)

32 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Exercise 4- you must check the engine every month. (It is necessary …….) 5- It is important to clean the workshop every day. (….needs to….) 6- The project is to be finished by the end of this year. (We should…..) 7- Polyester has flexibility. (….flexible….)

33 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ UNIT THREE SAFETY

34 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. DIALOUGE Kamal : Where are your helmet, boots and gloves ? You are breaking the safety rules Worker : Im sorry, sir. Ill put them on after opening These bottles. Kamal : No, You must put them on before entering The building site.

35 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. GRAMMAR Gerund : ( verb + ing ) GerundVerb PlacingPlace GreasingGrease TransmittingTransmit LubricatingLubricate

36 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Structures Subject + { stop (s) \ prevent (s) } + object +from +gerund. 1- your goggles stop (=prevent) the drill from Injuring your eyes. 2- the guard prevents(=stops) the blade from cutting your hand.

37 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ structure Subject +{ is / are } = {is used /are used } + For + gerund 1-these tools are for (=are used for ) pressing the buttons. 2-this tool is for (= is used for ) drilling The wood.

38 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ structures An imperative verb + object + before /after + Verb + ing 1- Put on your helmet before entering the site. =put on your helmet before you enter the site. An imperative verb (negative) + object + without + Verb + ing 2-Don t enter the site without putting on your Helmet.

39 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. Structures From, For, By + Gerund 1- Make the motorbike slow down by pulling the brake lever. 2-The ailerons and flaps on the wings are for making the aeroplane go up and down. 3- The fire extinguisher prevents the fire From spreading.

40 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Structures AFTER Subject + present simple + AFTER + (gerund) Or (Subject + present perfect) EX :A sailor should only get into a boat after he has put on a life jacket.

41 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. Exercise 1- put on your helmet before you enter the site. (….entering ….) 2-Finsh the report then go out. ( Dont go out..) 3-Afire extinguisher prevents fires from spreading. (…is for …) 4-Dont use chemicals without wearing your gloves. (….after ….) 5- Wash your hands after using chemicals. ( …must …)

42 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Vocabulary 1-Take place = happen 2-Will be constructed = will be built 3-Immediately = at once 4-Have to = must 5-Data = information 6-Single = one 7-Increased x decreased 8-Top x bottom

43 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ The parts of a crane a) Counterweight. b) Outrigger. c) Soleplate. d) Load. e) Sling. f) Tail line.

44 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Communication Good News 1- I m pleased to tell you that ……… 2- We are delighted to inform you that … …… 3- Fortunately you are ……... Bad News 1-I m sorry to tell you that … …… 2-We regret to inform you that … …… 3- Unfortunately you are not … ……

45 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Unit Four ENVIRONMENT

46 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. Dialogue Pilot :Look down,Rehab. Can you see the desert ? Rehab : Yes I can. Pilot : A long time ago, all that land was fertile Rehab : What made the fertile land change into desert ? Pilot : The temperature rose and the rainfall Decreased. The winds blew and eroded the soil. This caused the desertification of the land.

47 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. Vocabulary 1-Release = Pull 2-The main ones = The main gases 3- Recycle = Reuse 4- Findings = Conclusions 5- Deforestation x Afforestation 6- Expansion x Contraction 7- Desertification x Reclamation

48 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. Dont Forget Nouns Verbs Flooding Flood Reclamation Reclaim MeltingMelt Increase Decrease

49 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. Grammar 1- Make + object + (inf) without (to) Ex : Those canals make water flow to the tower. 2-cause +object + to +inf Ex : these pipes cause oil to flow down to the city. 3- force +object + to +inf Ex : those pumps force water to move through the house.

50 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. Grammar 1- Allow + object + to + Inf Ex : These fans allow air to travel around the engine. 2- Let +object + (Inf) without (to) Ex : Those pipes let water move through the house. 3- Permit +object + to + Inf Ex : Those pumps permit oil to flow through the desert

51 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. Grammar Lead to + Noun ( Lead – Led – Led ) Ex : Expansion of sea water leads to flooding of the Nile Delta. Ex : Rise in global warming leads to expansion of Sea water. Ex : Destruction of forests leads to increase in Greenhouse gases.

52 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. Communication communicating in an organisation ( The parts of a ) Memorandum = Memo To : …………. From : ……… Date : ……….. Re : …………

53 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. Exercise Choose the correct answer from a, b, c or d : 1-Temperature increased, ….caused the land to turn into desert. a) who b) whose c) which d) where 2- Increase in temperature leads….the melting of ice caps. a) in b) for c) to d) through 3- When farmers….trees,the wind erodes less soil. a) planted b) plant c) are planting d) plants

54 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. Exercise 4- To ….global warming, we should use less fuel and recycle paper and aluminium. a) increase b) keep c) cause d) reduce 5- This pipe permits oil …..around the engine. a) flow b) to flow c) flows d) flowing 6- Fans …..air to travel around the room. a) Let b) allow c) make d) run

55 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. Translation A) Translate into Arabic : 1- The increase in accidents may have been due to poor training. 2- Air pollution in the capital city fell by 2% in 2001.

56 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ UNIT FIVE Inventions

57 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Dialogue Salah :Do you like my new invention, Ahmed ? Ahmed : It s fantastic. What s it called ? Salah : It s called a hoverboard. It consists of a body, an engine, a fan, a rubber skirt, and a handlebar. Ahmed : What s the function of the fan ? Salah : Its function is to suck in air and to Push it downwards. It acts as a thruster.

58 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. Grammar 1- Whats the function of the fan ? = Whats the purpose of the fan ? The answers 1- Its function is to thrust the air. 2- Its purpose is to thrust the air. 3- It acts as a thruster. 4- It functions as a thruster. 5- It operates as a thruster.

59 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. Agent Nouns Verb conductorconduct amplifieramplify receiverreceive generatorgenerate compressorcompress transmittertransmit

60 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Exercise Match one from ( A ) with apart from ( B ) : { B }{ A } a) control its speed. b) has a pump at the back c) acts as an amplifier of sound d) consists of a hull, a sail and a rudder. e) is to thrust the air. 1-The function of the fan 2-A sailing boat 3-A loudspeaker 4-The pedals of a car 5-The refrigerator.

61 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. The Electric Torch

62 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. The Electric Torch Their functions Electric parts connects circuit 1- switch produces light 2- bulb focuses beam to a point 3- lens directs light in a beam 4- reflector encloses battery 5- body generate power 6- batteries

63 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. Past Participles + Preposition 1- Suspended from 2- Connected to 3- Supported by 4- Surrounded by 5- Contained in 6- Enclosed in 7- Attached to

64 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. Communication Introducing Yourself And Others 1- Let me introduce myself. = Allow me to introduce myself. =Id like to introduce myself. 2- Pleased to meet you 3- Let me introduce my friend, Samir. =This is my friend, Samir.

65 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. Exercise Choose the correct word : 1- Allow me…..my friend Gamal, to you. a) Introduce b) introducing c) For introducing d) to introduce 2- …..generate electricity. a) Reflectors b) Batteries c) Switches d) Screws

66 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. 3- The purpose of the lens is to ……the beam to a point. a) Focus b) attach c) connect d) screw 4- A……control the direction of a ship a) Propeller b) rudder c) Platform d) skirt 5- The bulb,……is screwed into the reflector Provides light. a) Which b) where c) when d) who

67 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ UNIT SIX CAREERS

68 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. Dialogue Rehab : If I want to become an engineer, What will I do ? Engineer : Youll have to get a degree in engineering. Rehab : If I go to university, will I be able to get a degree ? Engineer : Yes you will, provided that you Study hard. What kind of degree do you want to be ?

69 English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Abeer Abo Alam. Grammar 1- am / is / are going to + ( inf ) Ex : Im going to be an engineer. 2- am / is / are planning to + ( inf ) Ex : Im planning to get a degree. 3- Want / plan + to + (inf ) Ex : I want / plan to become an engineer.

70 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Grammar 4- Would like to + ( inf ) Ex : I would like to be a doctor. 5- Will + ( inf ) Ex : I will become a doctor. 6- Can + (inf ) Ex : I can become a doctor.

71 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Grammar 1- Subject + will / can + (inf ) + if + on condition that provided that Subject + present simple Ex :You will be a craftsman if you are keen. Ex :You can become an engineer provided that you can do maths.

72 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Grammar 2- Subject +would / could + (inf ) + if + if only Subject + past simple. Examples Ex : You would be a diver if you could swim. Ex : You could become a policeman if only you Were taller.

73 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ structure Should you fail 1-Should + subject + inf. + subject + can /will / may + inf 2- If + subject +present simple + subject + can / will / may + inf. EX : Should you fail to do this, the appointment may be terminated. =If you fail to do this, the appointment may be terminated.

74 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Exercise 1- You can become a doctor if you get a degree In medicine. (….on condition….) 2- I cant be a policeman. Im not tall enough. ( If I were taller, ……) 3- Should arrive late, you will miss the train. ( If …….) 4- You can reach the highest level in a company If you work hard. ( on condition that ….)

75 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Communication Negotiation

76 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Negotiation Ahmed :How much does the watch cost ? Shopkeeper : LE 150. Ahmed :Thats too much. I cant pay LE150 Shopkeeper : But it is very good quality. Ahmed : What if I give you LE 80? Would you sell me the watch ? Shopkeeper : Thats too little, but I would give it to you for LE 100. Ahmed : OK, Ill take it. Does it have a guarantee Shopkeeper : Of course.

77 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Exercise { Samira wants to buy a new dress } Shopkeeper : Can I help you, madam ? Samira :I want to buy a dress. Shopkeeper :………………………...? Samira : I like a red one. Shopkeeper : Here is a very fashionable dress. Samira :………………………..? Shopkeeper : Its 120 pounds.

78 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Samira : Thats too much. ………………. Shopkeeper : 80 pounds is too little Ill give it to you for 100 pounds. Samira : OK. Ill take

79 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Unit seven Projects

80 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Dialogue Ahmed: when was the space station launched? Astronaut: The first modules were launched in 1998.it is still in progress. Ahmed: how big will the space station be, when it is finished? Astronaut: Its area will be twice as large as a football field. Its volume will be two times larger than a jumbo jet

81 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Dialogue Ahmed: before 1998, was there another space station? Astronaut: yes there was.it was called Mir. It was destroyed in2000. Ahmed: why was Mir destroyed. Astronaut: Because it was old and damaged. It used to have many fires and faults Once, it crashed into another spacecraft.

82 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Grammar 1-Used to + inf EX : I used to get up early. 2-Did + use to EX : Did Mir use to break down

83 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ structure as + adjective + as EX : Mona is as intelligent as Samir. Comparative degree of adjectives More than less than Larger than longer than EX : My ruler is three times longer than yours.

84 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ The parts of a space station a) Girder b) Robot arm c) Module d) Radiator e) Solar panel 2- Measuring tools and instruments a) Steel rule b) Outside callipers c) Inside callipers d) micrometer e) Slip gauges

85 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ communication Seeking agreement

86 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ communication Seeking Agreement 1- Lets go to the library. 2- Shall we go to the library? 3- Why dont we go to the library? 4- I suggest that we discuss this later. 5- Can we agree to meet again on Sunday? 6- Does anyone object if we have a vote now? 6-Are there any objections ?

87 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Exercise 1- Translate into Arabic : -When was the international space station launched ? 2- Translate into English - يقوم الذراع الألى باعمال التجميع و الصيانة

88 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Unit Eight Control

89 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Dialogue Salah : Look at that new invention, Ahmed. Its a robo-car Ahmed : What is a robo-car ? Salah : Its a vehicle which can drive itself, without a driver. It uses a computer sensors, which control the speed and direction of the car. Ahmed : What is a computer sensor ? Salah : Its a sensor which is connected to a computer. The sensor measures the space which Surrounds the car. It sends this information to

90 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ To the computer, which control the car Ahmed : What is a sensor ? Salah : Its a device that senses or measures Something in the environment, and Change it into a digital signal.

91 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Grammar Relative pronoun : Which = That EX : Signals are sent to the computer. The computer then control the car. = Signals are sent to the computer, which then controls the car.

92 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ study DescriptionTypeObject Puts out fireDeviceFire extinguisher Powered by electricityVehicleElectric car Measures temperature InstrumentThermometer Metal is beaten and Shaped ProcessForging Cuts wood quicklyApplianceElectric saw

93 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Exercise Match one part from (A) with a part from (B) : (B)(A) a) Are tools b) Are instruments c) Are processes d) Are appliances e) Are vehicles 1- Cars and buses 2-Saws and hammers 3-Washing machines 4-Thermometers 5-forging and tempering

94 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Conductivity Definition : The capacity to transmit heat And electricity Example : Silver

95 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Ductility Definition : The ability to be stretched into Fine wire without breaking. Example : Copper

96 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Elasticty Definition : The ability to return to its original shape after it has been deformed. Example : Rubber

97 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Hardness Definition : Resistance to deformation, bending and cutting Example : Steal

98 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Study 1- Where = in which Ex :This is the house where (= in which) we live. 2- When = on which Ex : Friday is the day when (=on which) I go shopping.

99 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Communication Describing Egypt to a tourist 1-What is the Aswan High Dam ? Its a hydroelectric dam which control the flow of the Nile.

100 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ What are the Nile Cataracts ? They are places where the River Nile Flows steeply downhill. 3- What is Ramadan ? It is a time when Muslims fast during daylight hours for one month.

101 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Exercise 1.Choose the correct answer from a,b,c or d: 1. A fire extinguisher is a device for putting ……… fire. a) out b) off c) on d) away 2. Casting is a ………. By which metal is melted and shaped. a) device b) tool c) vehicle d) process 3. A robo car is ………. Driven by a computer. a) tool b) a instrument c) a vehicle d) process

102 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Exercise 4. A ……… is an instrument for measuring temperature. a) helmet b) saw c) sensor d) thermometer 5. A hand drill is a tool which ……… holes in material. a) make b) makes c) is making d) has made 6. A computer sensor is a sensor which ……….. to a computer. a) connects b) is connected c) is connecting d) connected

103 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Exercise 7. A robocar is a vehicle ……… can drive itself. a) what b) when c) who d) which 8. A ……… is used for cutting wood. a) hammer b) vice c) saw d) drill

104 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Unit Nine Training

105 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Dialogue Kamal : Why is the car being crashed ? Trainer : Its being crashed so that we can make sure that this car model is safe. Kamal : Why is the air bag inflating? Trainer : Its inflating in order to protect the dummy.

106 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Kamal : Why are air bags made of nylon? Trainer : Nylon is used because of its toughness and its ability to stretch. Kamal : What is the seat belt made of ? Trainer : Its made of polyester,owing to its great tensile strength.

107 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Grammar Because = since + subject + verb EX :1- Why is rubber used ? Its used because it is flexible. EX :2- Why is steel used ? Its used since it is rigid.

108 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Grammar 1- To = In order to = So as to + (inf) Ex:Im pressing the pedal in order to stop the car 2-In order that = So that + subject + can + (inf) Ex: Im pressing the pedal so that I can stop the Car.

109 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Because of = Due to =Owing to + noun Ex :Copper is used in wires because of its ductility. 4-Because = since + subject + verb Ex :Copper is used in wires because it is ductile Grammar

110 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Exercises Rewrite the following sentences using the words in brackets, to give the meaning : 1-Wear safety boots to protect your feet from falling objects. (…so that…) 2- Glass is used for windows because it is transparent. (…due to…) 3- Owing to its hardness, cast iron is used for making vices. ( Because ………)

111 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Communication Formal question Ex : What is the function of the air bag ? Informal question Ex :What is this for ? Formal question Ex : What is the speed of the vehicle ? Informal question Ex : How fast does it go ?

112 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Exercise Fill in the spaces with words from the list : 1- A cut-away and an exploded view are ………… 2- The technician ……...the parts of the electric fan. 3- The……...of the new car was not strong enough. 4- The senior engineer made…….about the new equipment. 5- Seat……….are worn in cars and planes. Structure- visuals– reports –belts –put together - recommendation

113 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Unit Ten Invention

114 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Dialogue Rehab : did you invent that robotic snake? Inventor :Yes, I did.I designed it, and it was put together by team of engineers. Rehab : What can it do? Inventor : It can crawl into holes, it can creep along pipes and it can climb up scaffolding.

115 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Rehab : Can it climb up scaffolding quickly? Inventor : Yes,it can climb up it in one minute. Rehab : Can it pick up a wrench? Inventor : Yes, it can pick a wrench up, and put it down again carefully.

116 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Rehab : can you take it apart and put it together easily? Inventor : Yes, it can be taken apart and put together again in ten minutes.

117 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Grammar The passive past : Was / Were + PP Ex : The glass was broken. Ex : the glasses were broken. To make a question : ً1-Was the glass broken ? 2- Were the glasses broken ?

118 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Grammar Phrasal verbs ينظر : Look at يبحث عن : Look for يعتنى ب : look after يطفىء : Put out يتسلق : Climb up يزحف بطول : Creep along

119 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Phrasal Verbs Phrasal Verbs + noun / pronoun Ex : It can climb up scaffolding. =It can climb up it. Ex : Put on your helmet. = Put your helmet on.

120 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Exercise Choose the correct words from a, b, c or d : 1- The robotic snake can climb ….. Scaffolding. quickly. a) up b) at c) for d) with 2- The tools …… up ten minutes ago. a) picked b) were picked c) were picking d) was picked 3- The opposite of put on is …….. a) put off b) take off c) run off d) send off

121 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ A wrench is a ……. a) machine b) vehicle c) tool d) material 5- Safety goggles protect your ……… on a building site. a) legs b) hands c) ears d) eyes 6- The engineer took the robot a part and then …….. It together again. a) kept b) picked c) pulled d) put

122 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Communication Talking to a foreigner in English : 1- Introduce yourself. 2- Say something about yourself. 3- Talking about an interesting article or TV programme. 4-Describing Egypt. 5- Comparing Egypt with other countries. 6-Explain how Egypt food is cooked.

123 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Unit Eleven Good work

124 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Dialogue Manager : Salah,in your report you wrote that you had designed a new hoverboard. Salah : Yes, I did,sir. I designed it last February. Manager : Well done! You also wrote that you had invented something.

125 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Salah : Yes, Ive invented two new robots. Manager: When did you invent them ? Salah : I invented them last May. Manager: Good.And you wrote that you would test the new robots next year.

126 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Salah : Thats right.Ill test them in April next year. Manager: well done, Salah.youve done good work. I think Ill promote you !

127 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Grammar Direct Speech 1- We can use these verbs : - Said + that - Explained + that - Told + object + that Ex : Told me that

128 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Direct speech Reported speechDirect speech StartedStart Had startedStarted Had startedHave started Would Will

129 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Direct Speech Reported SpeechDirect Speech The previous day Yesterday The previous week Last week

130 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Example Direct speech - I started the project yesterday. Reported speech : - He said that he had started the project the previous day.

131 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Exercises 1- I will complete the report soon. (He explained that …) 2-I will send the money at once. (She promised to ……) 3- I started the new job yesterday. (He told me that …..) 4- I will finish the report on Monday. (She agreed to…)

132 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Communication Constructive Criticism

133 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Constructive Criticism A good example 1- If you are a manager.. * Dont get angry. * Add some praise to the criticism. * Be specific. * Dont criticise the person. * Give advice how to improve.

134 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ A constructive criticism: A good example 2-If you are an employees: * Dont get angry. * Thank your boss for the feedback. * Ask questions until you understand. * Ask for advice how to improve. * Show that you will learn from it.

135 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Unit twelve Job Hunting

136 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Dialogue Interviewer : Have you ever been employed in the field of electronics? Ahmed : Yes, I have, I was employed as a video repair man in Interviewer : Have you ever visited a film studio?

137 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Ahmed : Yes, I have. I used to visit the Red Sea film studios frequently. Interviewer : How often did you use to go there. Ahmed : I used to go every month. Now I visit the Cairo Film Studios every week.

138 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Interviewer : why do you visit the Cairo Film studios? Ahmed : So that I can learn about film technology. Interviewer : What career are you planning to follow ? Ahmed : Im hoping to become an audio technician in a film studio.

139 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Grammar The Present Perfect 1- Active : Has / Have + PP Ex : I have worked as a repair man.

140 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ The present Perfect 1- Passive : Has / have + been + PP Ex : She has been employed. Ex : They have been promoted.

141 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ The Present Perfect - When have you worked in Cairo ? 1- I have worked in Cairo since I have worked in Cairo for 8 years.

142 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Grammar The Past Simple - The Passive : Was / were + PP Ex : Active : They repaired the computer. Passive : The computer was repaired.

143 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ The Past Simple 1- When did you work in Cairo ? I worked in Cairo 8 years ago. 2- When was he employed as a repair man? He was employed as a repair man in When did you use to work as a technician? I used to work as a technician many years ago

144 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Talking about a CV Curriculum Vitae Personal details : تفاصيل (بيانات) شخصية Full name : الأسم بالكامل Nationality : الجنسية Date of birth : تاريخ الميلاد ID number : رقم البطاقة الشخصية Address : العنوان Telephone number : رقم التليفون Qualification (s) : المؤهل (أو المؤهلات) Education : التعليم Work experience : خبرة العمل Interests : الأهتمام

145 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ A letter of application

146 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Communication How to get a good job ? A guide to job interviews During the interview 1- Dont : Dress untidily. Be late for the interview. Be rude or impolite. Insult your previous employer. Answer only yes or no. Boast or show off.

147 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ How to get a good job 2- Do Answer every question fully. Be positive and honest about yourself. Ask questions about the job. Show your knowledge about the company. Show you are interested in the job. Talk about your ambitions.

148 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Exercise Choose the correct answer from a,b,c or d: 1-My father as a mechanical engineer 20 years ago. a) was employed b) was employing c) employed d) employs 2- Munir …….. as a repair man since a) is working b) works c) has worked d) had worked

149 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Samia ……. in Tanta in the 1990s. a) would live b) is leaving c) has lived d) used to live 4- The director is responsible ……. all the departments of the company. a) about b) for c) on d) off 5- Technicians in our company …… trouble shooting and car repairs. a) carry out b) put out c) go out d) keep out

150 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Portable audio equipment can be ……….. or moved easily. a) repaired b) bought c) made d) carried 7- I read the ……. in the newspaper and decided to apply for the job. a) guide b) advert c) report d) accident 8- Children are most …….. in computer games. a) unhappy b) careful c) careless d) angry

151 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Rewrite the following sentences, using the Word (s) in brackets,to give the same meaning. 1- My father is a bank manager. (….works….) 2- Tamer lived in Port Said ten years ago. (..used to..) 3- Amir has experience in maintaining video equipments. (….experienced in….) 4- I would like to learn German. (….want….)

152 Abeer Abo Alam.English for Industerial School. Book3.2009/ Thank you for joining us - Good bye and good luck 2009 / 2010


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