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WASTE MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS An Overview by. Our aim is to integrate & synchronize all waste management resources Our aim is to integrate & synchronize.

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Presentation on theme: "WASTE MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS An Overview by. Our aim is to integrate & synchronize all waste management resources Our aim is to integrate & synchronize."— Presentation transcript:

1 WASTE MANAGEMENT SOLUTIONS An Overview by

2 Our aim is to integrate & synchronize all waste management resources Our aim is to integrate & synchronize all waste management resources

3 Kindly write to us for our other solutions … The scope of this document is limited to the provision of an Immediate Solution through Bio Remediation to Alleviate the Suffering of the residents around existing land fills BIO REMEDIATION FOR ODOR REMOVAL & ACCELERATED COMPOSTING SIEVING DRY COMPOST FOR SEPARATION OF INORGANIC MATERIALS PYROLYSIS – BURNING INORGANIC MASS IN ABSENCE OF OXYGEN The information is furnished gratuitously, independent of any sale, and for your independent verification. Although we believe the data to be correct as of the date indicated, we make no representation as to the accuracy and such information may not be valid when the product is used in any process or combined with other materials. No representations, guarantees, or warranty, either expressed, implied, or of any nature, are made with respect to the product or date provided.

4 LAND FILLS – HOW & WHAT To view the movie, click above. To stop the movie, click on the movie. To continue with the next slide, click anywhere outside the movie screen.

5 LEACHATES – OMG!!! All liners leak… Leachates from landfill enters environment Closed landfill You may find that animated fly annoying. How would you feel if every meal you ate was with flies humming around and an overpowering stench is all pervading 24/7 ??? Where will you get clean drinking water if your source is contaminated by leachates?

6 BIO REMEDIATION Get rid of stubborn and persistent odors by safely altering and accelerating natural degradation processes. It is easy to use, environmentally safe, non-hazardous, non-toxic, non-corrosive, non-flammable and non-pathogenic.

7 APPLICATIONS Wastewater solids, sludge, Fats, oils, grease, biomass Sulphides in wastewater or petrochemicals Composting organic materials – fish, poultry litter, manure Fibre – pulp and paper wastewater Apply to trash piles, waste bins, hauling trucks, equipment Industrial, Government Facilities, Recycle Units, Solid Waste Facilities Food Processors, Animal Areas, Hauling Equipment Factories, Metal Processing, Wash down and Cleanup Areas and many more......

8 MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET Hazard Identification Potential Health Effects: Eye - may cause irritation Skin - exposure to open wounds may cause infection Ingestion - not harmful if ingested in small quantities, may cause stomach upset Inhalation - may cause nose or throat irritation. Chronic (Cancer) Information - unlikely to present a cancer hazard to humans. Composition / Information On Ingredients Natural Biotechnology Formulation 74.9% liquid nutrients for microbial enhancement and reproduction including Vitamins, Minerals, Amino Acids, Polysaccharides, Esters, Alcohols, Oils, Proteins, Enzymes, Surfactants 25.0% Odor Neutralizers 0.1% Hydrochloric Acid (for stable shelf life) First Aid Measures Inhalation - Seek fresh air location. Contact physician if condition persists. Skin or Eye Contact - Wash with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Ingestion - Drink plenty of water. Contact physician if condition persists. Fire Fighting Measures Non-flammable Extinguishing Media - Water Spray, dry chemical, foam, CO2 Accidental Release Measures Safeguards - Review fire fighting measures and handling personnel sections before proceeding with clean-up. Use appropriate personal protective equipment during clean-up. Contain spill and mop up or vacuum. Handling and Storage Handling - Do not get in eyes or on skin. Storage - Do not freeze or container may break. May be stored outside. Exposure Control / Personal Protection Engineering Controls - Use adequate ventilation to keep employee exposure to airborne concentrations below exposure limits. Personal Protective Equipment - Have the following available and wear as appropriate: gloves, dust mask, safety glasses and apron. Exposure Guidelines and Limits - None LIQUID MSDS Physical and Chemical Properties Boiling Point - 212°F / 100°C Vapor Pressure - 17 mm Hg Vapor Density - N/A Solubility in Water - 100% Specific Gravity Melting Point - N/A Evaporation Rate - N/A Water Reactive - No Appearance and Odor - Blue green and floral Stability and Reactivity Chemical Stability - Stable Incompatibility with Other Materials - Incompatible with strong bases, oxidizing or reducing agents Polymerization - Will not occur. Toxicological Information Mixture not tested but, based on components, may cause irritation to skin and eyes. Ingestion may cause nausea or diarrhea. Inhalation may cause nose and throat irritation. None of the components of this material are listed by IARC, NTP, OSHA or ACGIH as carcinogens. Ecological Information Biodegradable, non-toxic, non-hazardous, non-corrosive, non-pathogenic. Disposal Considerations Waste Disposal - Treatment, storage, transportation and disposal must be in accordance with applicable federal, state/provincial, and local regulations. Can pour into sewer system or applied to open field. Transport Information Shipping - Class 55 UN # - N/R DOT Label - N/R Oxidizer - No Poison - No Flammable - No Corrosive - No Regulatory Information Not classified as hazardous to users or for transport. US Federal Regulations - CERCLA and SARA Regulations (40 CFR 355, 370 and 3372); Does not contain any chemicals subject to the reporting requirements of SARA 313. Other Information NPCA-HMIS Rating Health - 0 Flammability - 0 Reactivity - 0 Personal protection rating to be supplied by user depending on use conditions. State Right-to-Know Laws - No substances on the state hazardous substances list are used in the manufacture of products on this Material Safety Data Sheet. While we have not specifically analyzed these products, the raw materials used in their manufacture, to the best of our knowledge, the products on this MSDS contain no such substances except for those specifically listed. Warning - Substances known to the state of California to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm do not exist in the product.

9 BROAD ROADMAP Technology Demonstration – As proof of product, we can neutralize odor from any municipal waste dump sized 300 Sq Mtrs in 4 days. – Demonstration to be certified by independent survey / inspection agencies and witnessed by stake holders. Stage 1 – Immediate neutralization of foul odour from Mavallipuram and Mandur Dumps. Stage 2 – Ground Water Survey report to be continuously monitored around existing dumps. – Await accelerated decomposition of dumps into compost heaps – Establish a cycle for tossing compost for sieving of In-Organic materials for further deterioration. Stage 3 - Expand engagement in following sectors. – Organized farm private sector, – Engage with agricultural institutions for trial evaluation for implementing in the Govt controlled sector since agriculture is a closely monitored industry by Govt and stake holders. – Engage with municipal corporations across the country to share knowledge. Financial Implications. – No cost for demonstration – live site re mediation upto 300 Sq Mtrs. – Subsequent sites to be paid for by Cash / Down payment (minimum 25%) and balance against confirmed LC..

10 VENUS BIO REMEDIATION SERVICES On-Site Services – Diagnosis of contaminated area and profiling. – Formulating action plans to optimize the quality and efficiency of the remediation Process – Executing, Managing and monitoring of the treatment process – Testing & Certification of the TPH levels after remediation Training Solutions Training Solutions Our team of experts will work with your internal remediation and project management team, in the form of hands on training that includes: – Determining the suitability of the product for its intended use – Determining the TPH level of contaminated area – Determining concentrations of the product to be used – Determining best method of remediation, odour control or cleaning – Safety, Mitigation, Handling and Regulation Protocols with the local government. Testing and Profiling – Our team of experts will perform specific on site testing necessary to validate recommendations, expectations, solutions and results. – Provide important mechanism for measuring and monitoring all aspects of remediation process. – The process will give clear and concise data that identifies the area and level of contamination. – Aim will be to meet your expectations before proceeding with our exact recommendations.

11 MAVALIPURAM : To view the movie, click above. To stop the movie, click on the movie. To continue with the next slide, click anywhere outside the movie screen.

12 INDEX TO SOLUTIONS Macro Level – Policy Drive Policy Drive – Bio Remediation Bio Remediation – Large Solar Stills Large Solar Stills Micro Level – Segregation at Source Segregation at Source – Bio Digesters Bio Digesters – Water Stills Water Stills – Grey Water Utilization Grey Water Utilization – Rain Water Harvesting – Composting at home. Composting at home – More Water Solutions More Water Solutions X Case Studies – Town garbage management. Town garbage management. – Marine Unit deodorization. – Resin & Chemical odor elimination. Movie Clips –Landfills & Implications.Landfills & Implications. –Agonies : Mavalipuram Land Fill (2010).Agonies : Mavalipuram Land Fill (2010) Proposed Road Map

13 Any Questions ? X

14 Dont Waste the Waste !! KITCHEN / BIO WASTE MANAGEMENT A household generates 200 to 300 bio waste every day (vegetable peels, waste food, etc) Single homes can use small compact bio digesters 0.5 Cu Mtrs. Apartment complexes can use larger compact digesters upto 6 Cu Mtrs capacity. Biogas generated from this waste can be used for hot water / power generation. Additional biomass can be cultivated on roof tops for providing feed to bio digester. A household generates 200 to 300 bio waste every day (vegetable peels, waste food, etc) Single homes can use small compact bio digesters 0.5 Cu Mtrs. Apartment complexes can use larger compact digesters upto 6 Cu Mtrs capacity. Biogas generated from this waste can be used for hot water / power generation. Additional biomass can be cultivated on roof tops for providing feed to bio digester. Dont Waste the Waste !!

15 How much CO2 in Waste Food ?? Wasted food doesn't just entail all the embedded carbon released during production and transportation. It generates more emissions once it's discarded on the trash heap. "A significant percentage of the household food that is wasted ends up in landfill, where it produces CO2 and methane gas," explained Richard Swannell, director of waste prevention at the UK-based Waste & Resources Action Programme (WRAP). "Methane is 23 times more potent than CO2 as a greenhouse gas," he added. As such, WRAP calculates that every ton of food and drink wasted roughly equates to 3.8 tons of greenhouse gas emissions that could otherwise have been avoided.

16 BIO DIGESTERS

17 Dont Waste the Waste… Instant Hot water (for Villa) Biogas / LPG will activate Geyser if temperature from Solar Water Heater is not adequate Wind Turbine Solar Panels Kitchen Waste Feed 1 to 2.5 kgs Enviro Controller Water Pump, Appliances, etc Gas Hot Water Geyser co located near Biogas Unit / Bathrooms Scrubbing, Pressuring & Storage Cooking (for Villa) Solar Water Heater CONTROLLER LED Luminaries Primary Backup (use it for Cooking, Hot Water & Lighting) Grid BIODIGESTER Compact Model Kitchen / Bath Use Bio Digester

18 Energy from Waste Bio Digesters need care. They are like human stomach. Stomach upsets can kill the good bacteria and stop gas production. Venus offers techniques to develop cultivation of good practice for home, commercial and industrial waste segregation methods. Different bio waste produces varying quantities of gas. However good bacteria can be regenerated to maximise gas production. Crushed mass may be used as mulch or composted.

19 CASE STUDY : BIOGAS STATUS IN KOLAR DISTRICT 40% rural domestic energy need and 20% total district need can be met. Only 5% tapped so far. Increase in Biogas generation can reduce tree felling. 60% people could not install due to financial constraints. Govt Subsidies & close support is essential to harness this energy Taking dung yield for cattle as 3 kg/animal/day, for buffalo 12 kg/animal/day at requirement of biogas as 0.34 m 3 /day per capita, 132 villages biogas can meet energy demand of 15% of population. In 130 villages biogas potential is sufficient to meet 15-30% of population's energy requirements. In 30 villages Biogas can meet energy demand of more than 45% of village population.

20 BIOGAS SCRUBBER H2S Scrubber Water Trap with Drain plug 6 or 8 3 to 5 8 to 10 Drain plug Lime Water Filling Cap CH4, H2S, CO2 CH4, CO2 CH4 Steel Wool / Iron Wire Mesh & Activated Carbon (Finely powdered charcoal) CH4 Purity Test with Alarms Biogas Plant Kit and Gas Scrubber Kit; all in a box… Do it yourself design & Ready Kits Purified Biogas (CH4) Output to Point of Use

21 Waste Water Solutions free water for everybody, forever… Water, water, every where,: And all the boards did shrink; Water, water, every where,: and now, lots and lots for all to drink

22 URBAN GREY WATER (BATHROOM WATER) RECYCLING Family of 4 uses 2,40,000 Ltrs per year. Kitchen & drinking water is only 10% of this.

23 Dont Waste the Waste !! GREEN WATER MANAGEMENT Rain Water Harvesting. Rain Water Harvesting. Waste Water Management. Waste Water Management. Green Solutions. Green Solutions. Dont Waste the Waste !! GREEN WATER MANAGEMENT

24 Solar Natural Chlorine Filter Dont Waste the Waste!! Rain Water Harvesting All processes are eligible for Green Building Certification points. In addition to rain water harvesting, Grey & Black water can be circulated. 40 to 80% of energy usage can be reduced. Water Energized Bio digester Water Storage Tank Solar Natural Chlorine Filter Water Storage Tank Water Tank Potable Drinking Water Potable Drinking Water Bath & Wash Water (Grey) Do it Yourself Kits Design / Assembled Excess Flow Recharge Ground Water

25 GREY WATER RECYLING 500 Ltrs capacity. Adequate for family of 10 people. Electronic chlorination system.

26 GREY WATER RECYLING Semi Commercial System with multiple 500 Ltrs capacity process tanks.

27 GREY WATER RECYLING- COMMERCIAL VERSION Fully Scalable & Automated to meet high demand.

28 NEW TECHNOLOGY IN BIO REMEDIATION OF SOILS & ODOR CONTROL You can see the effect in hours…

29 BIO REMEDIATION OF SOIL IN SITU & IMMEDIATE ODOR CONTROL Gets rid of stubborn and persistent odors by safely altering and accelerating natural degradation processes. Application by spraying at 20 Sq Mtrs per litre, every day for 4 consecutive days, microbes will work its way through the waste, help the indigenous microbes break down the waste and also neutralize odors at the same time. Easy to use, environmentally safe, non-hazardous, non-toxic, non-corrosive, non-flammable and non-pathogenic. It is highly competitive and withstands attacks from other organisms, which allows it to continue to work at its highest efficiency rate throughout the remediation. On site remediation of soil and contaminated media is most cost effective means of dealing with contamination. Once the process of conversion is complete, the organic waste is converted into a fertilizer, rich in nutrients and minerals. Microbes cease to work once all the organic waste are converted.

30 VENUS BIO REMEDIATION Municipal Waste Control is specifically designed to tackle the stubborn issues associated with municipal waste – namely offensive odours and decomposition of organic materials. And the bonus is, we get converted into a Class A fertilizer eliminating offensive odors. Municipal Waste Control is specifically designed to tackle the stubborn issues associated with municipal waste – namely offensive odours and decomposition of organic materials. And the bonus is, we get converted into a Class A fertilizer eliminating offensive odors. Sewage Remediator changes the way we treat sewage. The blend of microorganisms, enzymes and nutrients destroy all pathogens within hours of application by eliminating noxious odors within minutes. Other problematic elements like nano- materials are also digested and neutralized. The need for landfill disposal and incineration will be eliminated as the sewage will be converted into a class A suitable for agriculture applications. This product can be seamlessly integrated into any existing treatment facility bringing significant savings to cities and municipalities. Sewage Remediator changes the way we treat sewage. The blend of microorganisms, enzymes and nutrients destroy all pathogens within hours of application by eliminating noxious odors within minutes. Other problematic elements like nano- materials are also digested and neutralized. The need for landfill disposal and incineration will be eliminated as the sewage will be converted into a class A suitable for agriculture applications. This product can be seamlessly integrated into any existing treatment facility bringing significant savings to cities and municipalities. Aqua Purifier. Many rivers lakes and ponds are polluted by excess sewage and / or industrial effluents. Farms, factories and various other human activities all directly or indirectly contribute to fresh water pollution. Our solutions attacks and converts all the inert organic matter in the water into humic matter, which falls at the bottom and encourages the growth of plants that will naturally filter the water. Rehabilitation to natural state provided the influx of unwanted effluents is curtailed. Aqua Purifier. Many rivers lakes and ponds are polluted by excess sewage and / or industrial effluents. Farms, factories and various other human activities all directly or indirectly contribute to fresh water pollution. Our solutions attacks and converts all the inert organic matter in the water into humic matter, which falls at the bottom and encourages the growth of plants that will naturally filter the water. Rehabilitation to natural state provided the influx of unwanted effluents is curtailed.

31 APPLICATIONS FOR ODOR REMOVAL & ACCELERATED COMPOSTING Wastewater solids, sludge, Fats, oils, grease, biomass Sulphides in wastewater or petrochemicals Composting organic materials – fish, poultry litter, manure Fibre – pulp and paper wastewater Apply to trash piles, waste bins, hauling trucks, equipment Industrial, Government Facilities, Recycle Centers, Solid Waste Facilities Food Processors, Animal Areas, Hauling Equipment Factories, Metal Processing, Wash down and Cleanup Areas and many more......

32 APPLICATIONS Wastewater solids, sludge, Fats, oils, grease, biomass Sulphides in wastewater or petrochemicals Composting organic materials – fish, poultry litter, manure Fibre – pulp and paper wastewater Apply to trash piles, waste bins, hauling trucks, equipment Industrial, Government Facilities, Recycle Units, Solid Waste Facilities Food Processors, Animal Areas, Hauling Equipment Factories, Metal Processing, Wash down and Cleanup Areas and many more......

33 MATERIAL SAFETY DATA SHEET Hazard Identification Potential Health Effects: Eye - may cause irritation Skin - exposure to open wounds may cause infection Ingestion - not harmful if ingested in small quantities, may cause stomach upset Inhalation - may cause nose or throat irritation. Chronic (Cancer) Information - unlikely to present a cancer hazard to humans. Composition / Information On Ingredients Natural Biotechnology Formulation 74.9% liquid nutrients for microbial enhancement and reproduction including Vitamins, Minerals, Amino Acids, Polysaccharides, Esters, Alcohols, Oils, Proteins, Enzymes, Surfactants 25.0% Odor Neutralizers 0.1% Hydrochloric Acid (for stable shelf life) First Aid Measures Inhalation - Seek fresh air location. Contact physician if condition persists. Skin or Eye Contact - Wash with plenty of water for at least 15 minutes. Ingestion - Drink plenty of water. Contact physician if condition persists. Fire Fighting Measures Non-flammable Extinguishing Media - Water Spray, dry chemical, foam, CO2 Accidental Release Measures Safeguards - Review fire fighting measures and handling personnel sections before proceeding with clean-up. Use appropriate personal protective equipment during clean-up. Contain spill and mop up or vacuum. Handling and Storage Handling - Do not get in eyes or on skin. Storage - Do not freeze or container may break. May be stored outside. Exposure Control / Personal Protection Engineering Controls - Use adequate ventilation to keep employee exposure to airborne concentrations below exposure limits. Personal Protective Equipment - Have the following available and wear as appropriate: gloves, dust mask, safety glasses and apron. Exposure Guidelines and Limits - None LIQUID MSDS Physical and Chemical Properties Boiling Point - 212°F / 100°C Vapor Pressure - 17 mm Hg Vapor Density - N/A Solubility in Water - 100% Specific Gravity Melting Point - N/A Evaporation Rate - N/A Water Reactive - No Appearance and Odor - Blue green and floral Stability and Reactivity Chemical Stability - Stable Incompatibility with Other Materials - Incompatible with strong bases, oxidizing or reducing agents Polymerization - Will not occur. Toxicological Information Mixture not tested but, based on components, may cause irritation to skin and eyes. Ingestion may cause nausea or diarrhea. Inhalation may cause nose and throat irritation. None of the components of this material are listed by IARC, NTP, OSHA or ACGIH as carcinogens. Ecological Information Biodegradable, non-toxic, non-hazardous, non-corrosive, non-pathogenic. Disposal Considerations Waste Disposal - Treatment, storage, transportation and disposal must be in accordance with applicable federal, state/provincial, and local regulations. Can pour into sewer system or applied to open field. Transport Information Shipping - Class 55 UN # - N/R DOT Label - N/R Oxidizer - No Poison - No Flammable - No Corrosive - No Regulatory Information Not classified as hazardous to users or for transport. US Federal Regulations - CERCLA and SARA Regulations (40 CFR 355, 370 and 3372); Does not contain any chemicals subject to the reporting requirements of SARA 313. Other Information NPCA-HMIS Rating Health - 0 Flammability - 0 Reactivity - 0 Personal protection rating to be supplied by user depending on use conditions. State Right-to-Know Laws - No substances on the state hazardous substances list are used in the manufacture of products on this Material Safety Data Sheet. While we have not specifically analyzed these products, the raw materials used in their manufacture, to the best of our knowledge, the products on this MSDS contain no such substances except for those specifically listed. Warning - Substances known to the state of California to cause cancer, birth defects or other reproductive harm do not exist in the product.

34 VENUS BIO REMEDIATION SERVICES On-Site Services – Diagnosis of contaminated area and profiling. – Formulating action plans to optimize the quality and efficiency of the remediation Process – Executing, Managing and monitoring of the treatment process – Testing & Certification of the TPH levels after remediation Training Solutions Training Solutions Our team of experts will work with your internal remediation and project management team, in the form of hands on training that includes: – Determining the suitability of the product for its intended use – Determining the TPH level of contaminated area – Determining concentrations of the product to be used – Determining best method of remediation, odour control or cleaning – Safety, Mitigation, Handling and Regulation Protocols with the local government. Testing and Profiling – Our team of experts will perform specific on site testing necessary to – validate recommendations, expectations, solutions and results. – provide important mechanism for measuring and monitoring all aspects of remediation process. – The process will give clear and concise data that identifies the area and level of contamination. – Aim will be to meet your expectations before proceeding with our exact recommendations.

35 More Green Water Solutions Click on Links to see them again Solar Water Pumps Hybrid Solar Wind Water Pumps Drinking Water from – Solar Stills Solar Stills – Innovative solution coming soon… Ram Pumps

36 SOLAR WATER PUMPS Domestic Agriculture Waste Water

37 Features of Solar Water Pump from Venus Dry Running Protection Steel Casing No Corrosion MPPT High Efficiency Sand Slinger Auto Restart when Water Available Any Voltage

38 Case Study : Wind Potential Month Wind Velocity (kmph) Bagepalli Power Density (W/sq.m) Bagepalli Wind velocity (kmph) Chintamani Power Density (W/sq.m.) Chintamani AvgDayNightAvgDayNightAvgDayNightAvgDayNight Jan Feb Mar Apr May June July Aug Sept Oct Nov Dec Annual Bagepalli and Chintamani Taluks Our Wind solution is powered up with as little wind as 4 metres per second...

39 WIND MILL ONLY / SOLAR HYBRID

40 MORE HYBRID SOLAR WIND

41 GROUND WATER STUDY

42 CHEMICALS IN KOLAR GROUND WATER

43 Water Purification SOLAR STILLS

44 SOLAR DISTILLATION STILLS FOR PURE DRINKING WATER Drinking Water Dirty Water Condensate Water Basic Principle

45 SOLAR DISTILLATION STILLS FOR PURE DRINKING WATER In the Field

46 SOLAR DISTILLATION STILLS FOR PURE DRINKING WATER

47 SOLAR DISTILLATION STILLS FOR PURE DRINKING WATER SOLAR PANEL BASED STILL WITH HEATING TUBE

48 SOLAR DISTILLATION STILLS FOR PURE DRINKING WATER DRINKING WATER FROM THE SEA WATER

49 SOLAR DISTILLATION STILLS FOR PURE DRINKING WATER

50

51 PHILOSOPHY & POLICY

52 Some Recommendations Focus on efficiency in management of waste at source. Reorganizing a dedicated standing resources group for waste management. – Group to monitor implementing agency (say, BBMP) or other stake holders down to residential levels waste management adherence to policy guidelines. – Group to have suo moto penal powers for enforcing directives. Allocate funds for subsidizing capital cost directly to dealers with accelerated depreciation benefits. Special allocations for bio digestgers. Water resources- both Ground water as well as surface water needs to be declared as a common property resource and indiscriminate usage or wastage or contamination needs to be notified with penalty clauses. Direct all Government Offices to implement in canteens, etc. Costs to be budgeted against apportioned funds from amenities and related funds. Community participation in waste management is critical. – Management at the point of initiation – homes, commercial and industrial wastes. – NGOs involved in waste recycling. – Provide structured employment to a community dependant on this profession. – Education of the environment by through media, educational institutions, etc

53 Waste Segregation at Source

54 WASTE CATEGORIZATION 1. BIO DEGRADABLE : Food & kitchen waste like meat trimmings, vegetable peelings, cooked food, yard or green waste and paper. 2. RECYCLABLE : Generally non bio degradable waste like plastics, glass, metals, aluminum cans, etc. but also includes paper waste. 3. INERT WASTE : Not necessarily toxic but can be harmful to humans. Construction & demolition waste. 4. COMPOSITE WASTE : More than one material category, for example clothing, plastics toys, etc. 5. HOUSEHOLD HAZARDOUS WASTE : Medicines, paint, batteries, light bulbs, fertilizer & pesticide containers, e-waste like computers, printers, cell phones. These cannot be recycled or disposed off easily and special care is required.

55 WASTE SEGREGATION AT SOURCE

56 WASTE SEGREGATION AT SOURCE Meeting with all stake holders (Residents and local garbage clearance team). Briefing and distribution of hand outs on the procedure for waste segregation at source. Creation of facilities for dumping waste separately at local municipal garbage dumps. Using visual and print media to promulgate government directions for waste management – promote use of bio gas digesters & khambas. Issue instructions for use of Bio Digesters at all bulk cooking places like canteens, hostels, restaurants, etc Install bio digesters at all vegetable & meat markets. Encourage Zero Waste products. All options to be Sustainable.

57 ACCELERATED COMPOSTING AT SITE 1.Household Waste which would include organic and inorganic waste be dumped into a poly drum during the day. 2.In the evening, the drum is sprayed with the Bio Remediation Mix and closed. Air vents may be left open. 3.Next day, in the morning, the drum is removed by municipal staff and re-located in a yard and stocked for 60 days. Could have tumbler arrangements. 4.When the compost is ready (or when odor is completely eliminated) the poly drum is emptied and recycled for next collection. 5.The Compost is sieved for removal of inorganic elements for further disposal. 6.Enhance traditional composting with Khambas.

58 Solid Waste Management at a Site in Tamil Nadu BIOMIX FOR ACCELERATED MUNICIPAL WASTE MANAGEMENT

59 OVERVIEW OF PROJECT Site is 500 Mtrs from the Highway and located adjacent to a back water channel. The unit engages about 40 green agents who collect sweep specified areas of the town in rotation, collect segregated garbage from homes and establishments and transport the waste to the facility about 3 Kms outside town. Waste in segregated at source into organic and inorganic groups. Clean inorganic waste like paper, plastic bottles, rubber, etc are stocked into a storehouse for further segregating into more homogenous commodities which can be sold directly to scrap buyers. Organic and mixed waste are dumped onto a cement platform for odor elimination through sun drying for 3 to 4 days. Thereafter, waste is sieved into Bio Compost Bins (24) in one shed and into Vermi Compost Bins (14) in another shed at the rate of 1.5 T per bin. A total storage capacity of about 54 tons exists. Bio Compost yields every 90 days while Vermi Compost yields every 60 days. About 3 to 4 tons of cooked food is received every day which is crushed and fed into a bio digester whose output is used for running a generator for providing power to the facility. Unit is self sufficient after sale of processed products and a subsidy from town authorities

60 LAYOUT OF FACILITY 0.54 Km Perimeter (about 990 Sq mtrs) Unorganized Waste Dump Yard by other Contractors Legend 1 : Entry Gate 2.: Compost Storage Shed 3 : Waste Unloading & Drying Platform 4 : Bio Compost Shed 5 : Vermi Compost Shed 6: Bio Gas Digester 7: Gas Power Generator Shed 8: General Storage Shed 9: Plastic Waste Storage Shelter Facility has area inside this compound

61 FACILITY PICTURES Legend 1 : Entry Gate 2.: Compost Storage Shed 3 : Waste Unloading & Drying Platform 4 : Bio Compost Shed 5 : Vermi Compost Shed 6: Bio Gas Digester 7: Gas Power Generator Shed 8: General Storage Shed 9: Plastic Waste Storage Shelter and

62 BIO COMPOSTING Sieved Waste is moved from drying area into bio compost bins. Total of 24 Bins, each with capacity of 1.5 Tons are available. Waste is composted for 90 days. Bio Compost is recovered and sold as organic manure. Price of Bio Compost is very less

63 VERMI COMPOSTING Vermi Compost takes 60 days of careful cultivation & harvesting. 14 Bins of 1.5 Tons capacity exists. About 10 kgs earth worms are introduced per ton of waste. Harvest is skimmed every day. Vermi Compost is bagged and sold at a better price than Bio Compost.

64 BIO DIGESTER Converts plastic packet into pellets. Uses power from Generator. Gas Generator gives upto 12.5KVA 2KW Crusher runs on power from Gas Generator 2 X 1.5KW water pump runs on power from Gas Generator

65 INORGANIC WASTE PROCESSING Plastic Pellets are recycled by traders

66 INORGANIC WASTE PROCESSING Inorganic Waste Segregation

67 INORGANIC WASTE PROCESSING Baled Cardboards Plastic Bottles

68 INORGANIC WASTE PROCESSING

69 PROBLEM AREAS

70 PROCESS ISSUES Total capacity for Composting (Bio & Vermi) is 54 Tons in one batch which is about 264 Tons / year (ie., 36 tons x 4 turnarounds = 144 tons Bio) and 20 tons x 6 turnarounds Vermi). Waste Generated by the Town is more than what can be processed and hence leads to creation of an unstructured waste dumping as seen below.

71 ENVIRONMENT & HEALTH ISSUES Organic waste dumped on neighboring land releases bad stench. Habitation is coming up slowly as can be seen in the back ground. Sun Drying of waste in the facility also releases bad odour. Physical handling of waste after being dumped into the Sun Drying Platform, cultivating compost, particularly vermi compost exposes green volunteers to health risk.

72 OBJECTIVES We need to remove odour from two locations – When fresh garbage is dumped on the sun drying platform, it releases odor. Please considering total capacity of 3 to 6 tons per batch. – We need to neutralize odor from 990 Sq Mtrs of garbage dump in the neighboring plots. Suggested as trial site …

73 ACCELERATED COMPOSTING AT SITE 1.Household Waste which would include organic and inorganic waste be dumped into a poly drum during the day. 2.In the evening, the drum is sprayed with the Bio Remediation Mix and closed. Air vents may be left open. 3.Next day, in the morning, the drum is removed by municipal staff and re-located in a yard and stocked for 60 days. Could have tumbler arrangements. 4.When the compost is ready (or when odor is completely eliminated) the poly drum is emptied and recycled for next collection. 5.The Compost is sieved for removal of inorganic elements for further disposal. 6.Encourage traditional composting with Khambas.

74 Any Questions ? X


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