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The commission marks Dublin as European City of Science and Host of ESOF The European Science Open Forum, Dublin 2012 Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands.

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Presentation on theme: "The commission marks Dublin as European City of Science and Host of ESOF The European Science Open Forum, Dublin 2012 Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands."— Presentation transcript:

1 The commission marks Dublin as European City of Science and Host of ESOF The European Science Open Forum, Dublin 2012 Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science 6 Artists were invited to submit a design for a new campus sculpture at Trinity College Dublin Aideen Barry Brian Duggan Bea McMahon Dennis McNulty Eilís OConnell Eva Rothschild

2 The impact of this experiment was so great, with such a significant influence on Science and knowledge in general, that Walton and Cockcroft were jointly awarded The Nobel Prize in Physics, 1951 Ernest T.S. Walton splitting the atom 80 years ago, in 1932, Ernest T. S. Walton and Sir John Cockcroft successfully carried out an experiment that was termed: Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science Artist: Thomas Ryan RHA

3 In fact, they split the nucleus of a Li (lithium) atom. The experiment was carried out in the Cavendish Laboratory in Cambridge Millions of Hydrogen protons were directed at Lithium nuclei at great speed, created artificially by a particle accelerator constructed by hand by Walton. The process was equated to shooting at a fly within a space the size of a cathedral! HOW? The aim was to get into the centre of the nucleus. After much persistence, Walton and Cockcroft succeeded, causing the Lithium nucleus to become unstable and to split, producing 2 Heliums + energy Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science

4 The equation is 4 He He 2 + Energy= which produced these alpha particle tracks 7 Li H 1 Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science

5 Albert Einstein confirmed that their experiment was the first demonstration of his Theory of Relativity E=mc 2 E (nergy) = M ass times the Speed of Light ( C ) squared Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science

6 Ernest T.S. Walton was Erasmus Smith Professor of Natural and Experimental Philosophy at Trinity College Dublin from He was known in particular for giving demonstration lectures in which he would carry out physics experiments during the lecture class He was by nature a quiet, gentle and religious man who was known for his humility Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science

7 Trinity College invited 6 artists to design a sculpture to celebrate: the persona of Walton his teaching his research achievements and his connection to Albert Einsteins E=mc 2 equation Each artist received the same briefing document and attended a briefing meeting where they had the opportunity to listen to and speak with Ernest T.S. Waltons colleagues, as well as his sons and daughters – some of whom became physicists themselves. Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science The School of Physics FitzGerald Building

8 Here are all 6 submitted designs presented alphabetically The selected design is revealed at the end Aideen Barry Brian Duggan Bea McMahon Dennis McNulty Eilís OConnell Eva Rothschild Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science

9 Aideen Barry Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science

10 Aideen Barry - Artists statement: Title: Quod Erat Demonstrandum Based on images of the alpha particle tracks taken by E.T.S. Walton, I began exploring the use of these as 3 dimensional form. The tracks from the alpha particles demonstrate the atom splitting. Though the images themselves convey an almost 2 dimensional action, I began exploring the notion of making this a 3 dimensional experience for the viewer. My proposed work can be seen as an experiment in motion. I explore the notion of a track through time, on a macro scale. I propose creating a track, mapping a ripple of that very experiment through a series of sand blasted engravings of the equation Lithium +Hydrogen >> Helium + Helium + Energy E = mc² This is sandblasted onto the glass. The shape looks abstract initially but as the viewer moves the glass segments reveal a three dimensional form. Side on, the work appears as a series of segments or slides. From the front the object appears to hold or encase a form that looks like a blast or explosion, the depth of which is further disorientated by the layers of glass. Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science

11 Artist: Aideen Barry

12 Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science Artist: Aideen Barry

13 Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science Artist: Aideen Barry

14 Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science Artist: Aideen Barry

15 Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science Artist: Aideen Barry

16 Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science Artist: Aideen Barry

17 Brian Duggan Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science

18 I propose a large 3m x 2m flat piece of stone, which is inspired by the idea of a blackboard as a physical way to transfer and teach knowledge. The blackboard will contain images containing a scene from his career, some of his original tools, as well as the formulae and some of his original writing inlayed into the stone. The central image would be the photograph of the lab in Cambridge where Cockcroft and Walton worked, shielded from electric fields, where the alpha particles produced in the experiment were detected. The actual colours will be worked out with a multitude of different stones including Kilkenny marble, porcelain, Chinese Granite, Indian Limestone, Bianco Carrara Polished Marble, Imperial Green Polished marble. Brian Duggan - Artists statement: Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science

19 Artist: Brian Duggan

20 Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science Artist: Brian Duggan

21 Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science Artist: Brian Duggan

22 Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science Artist: Brian Duggan

23 Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science Artist: Brian Duggan

24 Bea McMahon Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science

25 The sculpture consists of the form of a Pythagorean tetractys, fabricated out of polished stainless steel square tube with invisible welds, and laid flat at ground level. This triangular geometric form serves as a platform or stage. Above it hovers a large boulder split along the horizontal, the material of the top half is also stainless steel. The immutable quality of rock being a solid thing, a thing that we can think easily of as matter and as fixed, is perhaps fundamental to our understanding of physical objects. The platform, apart from being an aesthetic counterpart to the ruggedness of the natural rock, informs us of another language – one of geometry and number, promoted by the Greeks. It is a language to think in rather than one to use – one to give form to ideas, and find correspondences within nature. Bea McMahon - Artists statement: Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science

26 Artist: Bea McMahon

27 Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science Artist: Bea McMahon

28 Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science Artist: Bea McMahon

29 Dennis McNulty Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science

30 I began by designing six interchangeable module types, to be fabricated in satin-finish stainless steel. The order in which they were to be assembled was determined according to a fragment of a large number sequence which was generated by a series of dice throws. When applied to the modules, one particular sequence of fifteen numbers produced a twisting unfinished loop whose form, especially when considered in relation to the process by which it had been created, seemed to offer many potential readings in relation to Walton and his life. Walton suggested an orbit, a gap to be traversed or completed, was related to probability through its genesis, and was scaled in relation to the bodies of those who would experience it, with the 'missing link' positioned to hover above their heads. Dennis McNulty - Artists statement: Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science

31 Artist: Dennis McNulty

32 Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science Artist: Dennis McNulty

33 Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science Artist: Dennis McNulty

34 Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science Artist: Dennis McNulty

35 Eilís OConnell Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science

36 Having researched Walton's drawings at the Churchill Archives in Cambridge, I noted that he could convey the maximum amount of information with minimal line drawing and text. His minimal, reduced aesthetic approach influenced what I propose to make. The design is a tall stack of mirror-polished spheres; reflected in them are specially planted native Irish apple trees. Spheres as a formal sculptural element appealed to me because they were used to create spark gaps for the particle accelerator with which Walton and Cockcroft split the atom in This sculpture refers to what I perceive as Walton's most important characteristics - his intellectual rigour and hands-on ability to actually build the Particle Accelerator with which he and Cockcroft split the atom, and his nurturing ability as a teacher and, privately, as a grower of fruit trees. A man is not only defined by his academic achievements but also by the memories he leaves behind in others. Eilís OConnell - Artists statement: Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science

37 Artist: Eilís OConnell

38 Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science Artist: Eilís OConnell

39 Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science Artist: Eilís OConnell

40 Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science Artist: Eilís OConnell

41 Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science Artist: Eilís OConnell

42 Eva Rothschild Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science

43 A golden ring, a divided sun emerging from or melting in to the landscape. On attending the briefing session I was struck by the warmth with which not only Walton's family but also his colleagues spoke of him. Visually, I was also interested in the images of the nuclear traces - the movement of these tiny particles chimed with works I had made previously using leather and incense. The proposed sculpture evolved with reference to these images of energy in a state of transformation. I am constantly concerned with the idea of transformation in my own practice and the work reflects in a non-didactic way the states where matter, image, and presence hover on the threshold of change. The triple form has resonance with the experimental images of Waltons work; his three interests - physics, family and religion; and of course the location at Trinity College. Eva Rothschild - Artists statement: Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science

44 Artist: Eva Rothschild

45 Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science Artist: Eva Rothschild

46 Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science Artist: Eva Rothschild

47 Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science Artist: Eva Rothschild

48 Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science Artist: Eva Rothschild

49 Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science Artist: Eva Rothschild

50 The final design was chosen by the following Selection Panel The Walton family Trinity College Dublin: The School of Physics The Department of the History of Art and Architecture Curator of the College Art Collections Student Body Representative External visual arts experts: Public Arts Officer, Dublin City Council Director, The Dublin City Gallery The Hugh Lane Director, The Royal Hibernian Academy Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science

51 Selected sculpture design Eilís OConnell Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science

52 Come see the sculpture in the real at the end of 2012 Updates available at Website:www.tcd.ie/artcollections Facebook: TCD Art Collections Twitter: TCDArtCurator Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science

53 Thank you to: The Board of Trinity College Dublin Provost Patrick J. Prendergast Former Provost, Dr. John Hegarty ( ) The Walton Family The 6 Invited Artists: Aideen Barry, Brian Duggan, Bea McMahon, Dennis McNulty, Eilís OConnell, Eva Rothschild. All designs are courtesy of and © the artists. The School of Physics The Commission Project Group The Commission Selection Panel The Commission sponsors – The Board of Trinity College Dublin, The Walton Family, The School of Physics, The Trinity College Association and Trust, The Department of Education & Skills, The Science Gallery TCD The Library - in particular: Anne-Marie Diffley, Mark Brennan, Brendan Garrahan, Sharon McIntyre, and the staff of the Old Library Presentation designed and produced by The Trinity College Dublin Art Collections Curatorial Team: Catherine Giltrap, Emma Burke, Jennifer Duignam Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science

54 The End Celebrating Ernest T.S. Walton: Irelands Nobel Laureate in Science


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