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VERB LEXICALIZATION IN RUSSIAN (on the example of verbs of motion) Alona Soschen Massachusetts Institute of Technology Ekaterina Pechenkova

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Presentation on theme: "VERB LEXICALIZATION IN RUSSIAN (on the example of verbs of motion) Alona Soschen Massachusetts Institute of Technology Ekaterina Pechenkova"— Presentation transcript:

1 VERB LEXICALIZATION IN RUSSIAN (on the example of verbs of motion) Alona Soschen Massachusetts Institute of Technology Ekaterina Pechenkova evp_lab@cs.msu.su Lomonosov Moscow State University Vladimir Polyakov polyakovvn@misis.ru Moscow Steel and Alloys Institute Ekaterina Khomenko Lomonosov Moscow State University C M L - 2 0 0 5 V a r n a S e p t e m b e r, 5 t h 2 0 0 5

2 RESEARCH INLINGUISTICS RESEARCH IN LINGUISTICS : Introspection

3 RESEARCH INLINGUISTICS RESEARCH IN LINGUISTICS : Introspection Corpus analysis W – 1 SVO – 10 SOV – 2

4 RESEARCH INLINGUISTICS RESEARCH IN LINGUISTICS : Introspection Corpus analysis Behavioral experiment AD BC

5 MEASURING LEXICALIZATION W(1/sec) (Polyakov, 2003)

6 VERBS OF MOTION IN RUSSIAN pairs of verbs: идти-ходить [to walk], бежать- бегать [to run], плыть-плавать [to swim], лететь-летать [to fly], тащить-таскать [to drag], катить-катать [to roll], носить-нести [to carry] troponyms of MOVE: describe someones motion or a motion of an object caused by someone/something, and a specific manner of the motion all verbs are in imperfective aspect in most cases, both verbs in a pair are similar morphologically

7 HYPOTHESES: POSSIBLE LEXICALIZATION FACTORS Path, or trajectory of a motion (e.g. linear vs. circular) Regularity (cyclicity, periodicity, repetitions) Motion space (open or closed) Target vs. aimless, chaotic motion Goal-driven behavior (causal attribution)

8 METHOD: HOW WE CAN STUDY THE NARRATOR EXPERIMENTALLY? Stimuli (flash animations) Descriptions (forced choice of a verb, sentence completion, free descriptions) Hypothetical lexicalization factors Results (portion of choices against each condition)

9 HYPOTHESES: POSSIBLE LEXICALIZATION FACTORS Path, or trajectory of a motion Regularity Motion space Target vs. aimless motion Goal-driven behavior

10 HYPOTHESES: POSSIBLE LEXICALIZATION FACTORS Path, or trajectory of a motion Target vs. aimless motion linearzigzagcircularchaotic no obvious target stationary visible target moving visible target

11 STIMULI 60 flash animations (5-25 sec) 6 characters, realistic and abstract 3 environments (overland, water, air) all movies share the same script distractors – unrelated movies EXAMPLES Sentence completion protocols: Собака __________________ (что делает?) The dog __________________ (what does it do?) DESCRIPTIONS 34 Moscow students (native speakers of Russian, 17 women, specializing in either psychology or computer science) PARTICIPANTS

12 RESULTS 1: MOTION PATH

13 RESULTS 2: MOTION TARGET

14 MORE RESULTS: REALISTIC VS. ABSTRACT CHARACTER

15 CONCLUSIONS The motion path is shown to represent a significant determinant of the verb choice from a pair of verbs of motion while an observer describes a scene of motion The target of a motion, as given to an observer, is an important factor that influence upon the verb choice The type of the target (stationary or moving) targets also affects the verb choice.

16 CONCLUSIONS The behavioral experiment is demonstrated to be an appropriate tool for lexicalization studies

17 FURTHER RESEARCH More lexicalization factors More verbs Correlations of lexicalization and causal attribution


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